Traditional Ownership of Ancestral Aboriginal Lore

In Traditional Aboriginal Lore and in accordance with current Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [moral rights],  Traditional Owners [Aboriginal People] are owners of land, and through it owners of songs, ceremonies and designs associated with that land, primarily by virtue of descent in a clan or estate group associated with a particular Tribal Estate.

057_lindsay
Mt Lindsay – ‘Julgunboong’ significant sacred site of the Githabal

Attributes such as place of conception and birth also have implications in relation to Traditional rights of ‘ownership’.  In all groups there is ownership of land, sites, ritual, stories, paintings, music, designs and so on; A set of attributes which are linked together…which comprise the Tribal Estate

There are clear distinctions with ownership of land by clans or estate groups, with mainly religious and symbolic significance, and use of land by bands, which has economic significance.

The Ngarakbal and Githabal own specific spiritual area’s,  or djuribil which are  extremely important to the individual and family who are ‘responsible’ for that area.  This principal  is fundamental to ones sense of identity, spirituality , and well being…This is a foundation truth associated with all the Traditional lore’s and customs of all the Marriage clans….

The djuribil sites have ‘clear’ owners, the djuribil are there for their individual use and protection.  Furthermore, it is dangerous for a person to go near another family’s djuribil without permission…or to reproduce Totemic Design, Song or Lore

Important fundamental connections and obligations to and for specific sites is stated by the  Githabul in the reports prepared by HLA-Envirosciences for the Dept of Environment & Heritage  for the Cultural Significance assessment for the Githabul  Native Title determination applications and subsequent transfer of the National Park properties in 2007

Charlotte Page -NNTT

All land is sacred to Githabul people but there are places that are extra special.  There are powerful places like jurbihl sites…Jurbihl sites were created by the buthara [sic] people.  They are spirit ancestors of the Githabul people.  They taught us how to look after our country.  They were real people but they transformed themselves into djaru’s,  jali, springs and mountains…..informant B 2001:4

[HLA-Envirosciences Pty Ltd – for the Dept of Environment & Heritage May 2006] 

And Further:

Jurbihl could be an area, tree, rock or animal that belongs to that area. They’re clever.  They can make you sick or they can protect you.  You can call on them. They can be used for things.  These jurbihl are part of who we are.  You can take something from your jurbihl and keep it with you.  But you can only do that with your own jurbihl…”…Informant D 2001:5

..”…People should only talk about their own jurbihl, but only if they want to…We know those jurbihl are always there. They do not show themselves to everyone..”…Informant E 2001:5

…”…These sites are precious. It is part of who we are.  We need to look after these places…it would cause a great deal of harm to /Githabul people if those places were disrespected or interfered with..”…Informant D 2002:7

Githabul people have areas that are special for particular families.  They may have their jurbihl there.  There is jurbihl for our family.  Other families have their own places.  We inherit responsibilities and obligations to our country as well as it belonging to us in a physical way…Informant C 2002:3

…”…Marrying a Githabul person does not make that person Githabul.  They are of course accepted as one of the family and one of the community.  But they just would not be able to speak for Githabul people or about Githabul things…”….Informant C 2002:3

[HLA-Envirosciences Pty Ltd – for the Dept of Environment & Heritage May 2006]

 

Advertisements