The Ngarakbal Githabal are part of the Yoocum Yoocum moiety from the most eastern point on the Australian continent…..and Guyoongun Bootheram means Star-Lore in Ngarakbal Githabal language…..
This is a small film extract from a lecture I gave at the Science-Art Research Centre in Uki, Northern New South Wales…..it was 2007…. during José Argüelles [Mayan Prophecies] tour of Australia…..I was given permission by the Elders of the Ngarakbal Githabal to present their lore on their ancestral country…it was a great honour and a big responsibility…..it was also my very first lecture to a large crowd whilst being filmed…….I was very nervous…… many of the senior Elders were in attendance, including Elders from Central America, South America, Canada and New Zealand….as well as Jose, and a myriad of enlightened and learned souls…This is only about 10 minutes out of the 75 minute film….just the beginning…..Hope you enjoy it
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To achieve Civil Rights recognition in 1967, the Ngarakbal Githabal Elders told their stories….some of the stories were ancestral Lore Bootheram, and some of the stories were historical parables about what had happened in the invasion wars….But all of these stories were vitally important in bringing about unity…and through unity, success…
….“The Invasion of the Northern Rivers of NSW by Europeans began in earnest in 1821 when the Penal settlement of Port Macquarie was established on the Hastings River…In later years cedar getters arrived and harvested cedar apart from the Penal Settlement”….N.C. Keates.”Wollumbin”…………..
The ‘accepted history’ books tell us that the Tweed / Gold Coast environs were established in the mid 1840’s….The first Cedar getters [wood cutters] were claimed to have arrived by boat in 1844…commencing the indiscriminate ‘clear fell’ denuding of the Gondwana Super Forest from the Brunswick River, just North of Byron Bay…However, the oral traditions of the indigenous Aboriginal people tell of this lands invasion beginning well before the 1830’s…The first white skinned invaders they say also arrived by sail boat long before Cook claimed the country for the crown…. contrary to the contemporary history presented by Australian authorities the traditional Aboriginal people tell of a prior arrival of the Spanish in the 1500’s coming to Byron Bay……..but, this has been eradicated from the authorised historical records….prior arrival in Australia would nullify the Crowns claim of Terra Nullus as unoccupied lands….and this is not a popular political option…..
The authorised histories also tell us that John Oxley had discovered the entrance of the Tweed River and sailed into the Tweed Caldera on his Northern voyage (1823) scouting for a suitable penal colony location, but the treacherous Tweed bar, the density of the Caldera jungle and the numerous (200+) angry natives was not ‘conducive’ to a fledgling settlement and so he pushed North to Moreton Bay/Brisbane…and here in 1824 they built the northern jail colony – to operate simultaneously to the southern Port Macquarie settlement
Now, both of these penal colonies were established by British soldiers who had served in the Napoleonic wars – mercenaries…..and scrutiny of the authorised academic records, and the more elusive ships logs, shows these invading mercenaries used classic Roman ‘pincer’ strategy to invade the Yoocum Yoocum ancestral lands……Advancing simultaneously from both the northern and southern penal colonies….pushing upriver, into the mountains….the goal was trapping everyone in the middle…thus, the brutal invasion of the Yoocum Yoocum – ‘Bird Tribe’ lands began…..
The northern Invading forces pushed West, South West from Brisbane…And, at the same time, in the South another group of soldier mercenaries were rampaging West, North West, traveling upwards into the mountains, advancing via the southern flows …
The two Rivers they followed were the Northern Logan/Brisbane and the Southern Clarence…These rivers come from the one source – The Condamine Catchment of the Murray Darling River complex – which to the ancestral Yoocum Yoocum moieties is ‘Rainbow Serpent Dreaming’…The mercenary invaders followed the rivers (like roads) to the headwaters…. massacring many along the way….
Thousands of traditional owners fled into the safety of the Tweed Caldera highland escarpments…traditional site of creation lore of the Rainbow Serpent Bootheram [Dreaming]…high volcanic jungle….
Carved by the waters…ringed by the rivers…for the traditional peoples fleeing from the terror of (never seen) guns the Tweed Caldera was a strategic point of survival because of its rugged topography…… and blessed with an abundance of resources….a natural fortress…..
Over Twenty [undocumented] years the initial invasion war’s raged in the Yoocum Yoocum lands …and, like the sanitised maps, these years were cleaned from the authorised histories….but, despite the cover-up campaigns, the oral histories of the survivors recount how the invaders continued to come…like invading ants … lusting for land and the red gold of Cedar wood – later followed by the Gold-diggers establishing the first gold fields behind the lush volcanic lands…despite the reprisals of the Traditional people the invaders continued to come………. “Savage Ants” – the oral metaphor for the numbers and ferocity at which they attacked the ancestral peoples…
Here is one account from Mr. Alex Vesper, who was one of the Ngarakbal Githabal Elders that had been removed from his ancestral country and sent to Stony Gully Aboriginal Reserve near Kyogle….Mr Vesper was later sent to Mulli Mulli Aboriginal Station when the Stony Gully Reserve was revoked by the authorities… Along with the other survivors of his people he was given no rights of recognition as a Human being…so, Mr Vesper, with his fellow elders, rallied his people to overcome the divisions that the ‘invaders’ had so skilfully manipulated…bringing all the people together to lobby as one….dropping ‘old grievances’ and working together they brought about the Civil Rights recognition of the people in 1967…These people are heroes that authorities refuse to acknowledge……..Over-coming manipulation, putting aside self-interests and working together for a positive outcome, together….
To achieve their monumental success the Elders told their stories….some of the stories were ancestral Lore, and some of the stories were historical parables about what had happened to their lands, lore and language by succumbing to the divide and conquer mechanism of the invaders manipulations, in the past…..
In the following account, called ‘The Attack on Tabulam’, Mr Alex Vesper relates an historical event about a Mr Ogilvie who was a Squatter that established a sheep grazing station in the ancestral lands of the Yoocum Yoocum ….Now, this is a landscape that had seen many invasions and has had a long history of inter-tribal warfare as a result…
The Squatters, which were exactly as the name implies – illegal occupiers, quickly figured out the inter-tribal dynamics and would manipulate the ancestral tribes – drawing on the ‘Old scores’ – setting one tribe against another …text-book ‘divide and conquer’ mechanisms…the Squatters led the tribes to attack one another – and do so willingly on behalf of the Squatters…unfortunately, little did the ancestral peoples realise what they were being led to do….and so, Mr Vesper told this story to remind everyone to work together during the decade of the Civil Rights campaigns……forget ‘old scores’, stay unified, and succeed
The Attack at Tabulam – by Mr Alex Vesper
………….”The shooting of the Aborigines in Ogilvie’s time was the beginning of fear in the Aborigine and a terrifying of him which eventually drove him from his tribal life and place. It happened about 1835.
Ogilvie started a grazing station at Baryulgil, and the area of his grazing even came as far as the southerly part of Tabulam. He had sheep grazing on the area, and it was reported to him that his sheep were being killed. He came up to the place where the sheep-killing had been reported. He blamed the aborigines for killing the sheep instead of blaming the dingoes. He got aboriginal and white stockmen from Grafton and they gathered to attack the tribe at Tabulam.
Through the night, they prepared to surround the camp of the aborigines and to attack at dawn to get everybody unawares.
So, when the aborigines at Tabulam knew that they were going to be attacked, they were warned by their divine powers. They also prepared.
They told their women and old men to pack up and go up Rocky Creek to the mountainous country at a place they call Bull-Dog. All the clever-fellers, the Wee-uns, were left with the war-faring aborigines to await the attack.
The clever-fellers, the Wee-uns, said, “We’ll wait until they attack the camp and then we’ll see who has the power. The bullets will not hurt us. We’ll stop them with our magic power.”
So they waited. Of course, the aborigines who were affiliated with Ogilvie thought with delight how they would have the women of the Tabulam men after the camp was attacked. That was the custom of the aborigines, to take such women back to their own camp.
Well, on the morning of the attack, Ogilvie and his stockmen surrounded the camp while it was still dark. The Tabulam aborigines had kept fires going in the camp all night. Apple-wood was the notable wood used, it would burn all night.
Just at dawn the attackers had the camp surrounded. The Tabulam men were painted up, they were painted white, waiting for the attack. They were singing their sacred songs in order to paralyse the gun-power.
At daybreak the attackers sang out to the camp, “Hoy! Hoy!” The white painted aborigines came out of the camp and the attackers had them surrounded with their guns.
Then Ogilvie and his men said, “Will you surrender?”
The Tabulam aborigines said, “We won’t surrender, but if any of us get shot in the legs or arms, we’ll finish you. You’ll pay the penalty.” But Ogilvie and his men pulled out their guns and started firing.
The Tabulam aborigines never flinched. Their sacred songs had paralysed the guns. The bullets were deflected, and half the guns never went off.
The Tabulam aborigines called out, “Look out if you hit any of us, you’ll pay the penalty.”
So, when one of the Tabulam blokes who wasn’t so clever was hit in the arm, he sang out in the language, “I am hit!”
“All right,” said the Tabulam clever-fellers. “That’s good enough.”
Then one of the Wee-uns, the clever-fellers, pulled out a spear and speared the white man, who had shot the Tabulam man, through the heart.
Ogilvie, when he saw this, threw up his arms and cried, “That’s enough! That’ll do now!” He surrendered, and all his mate surrendered.
Then the Tabulam Aborigines sang out, “We Jabilum! We Jabilum!” and stamped on the ground. This meant, “We belong to this place. We are the originals!”
“Hello,” Ogilvie said, “we’re friends now!” And he told his aborigines to make friends. The Tabulam aborigines said that since Ogilvie had surrendered they would make peace.
They buried the man who was speared. Then, afterwards, Ogilvie invited the ‘Jabilum’ men down to Baryulgil. The aborigines explained that the sheep had never been taken by them. They had no need to kill sheep, they had plenty of food of their own, possum, duck, fish, wallabies and yams. They told the white men that it was a bad report that they had been killing the sheep.
And Ogilvie quite admitted, by surrendering and making peace, that he was wrong. And the tomb of the man who was speared is there to this day at Tabulam……”………Mr Alex Vesper – recorded by Roland Robinson in 1966.
The use of parables to illustrate collective visions is nothing new….His-story has used it to grand effect to validate the appropriation of tribal nations globally…
The stories of the Yoocum Yoocum Elders brought about unity, and through that unity recognition….by looking deeply into the strengths and the weaknesses of the people, and moving forward together……..It’s important to remind ourselves that we are all wanting a better world to “grow up the future”……so, here’s a nice reminder of what the future is about….enjoy…
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Here is further proof of the theft of Australia, and the cover-up of that theft by destroying the maps….which they STILL do today…the following story appeared in the Canberra Times on the 18th of January 2014….it was posted on a facebook thread of my previous blog by an angel named Silvia ….its so wonderful that the truth of what our ‘Original Elders’ held for centuries is coming out at last….thanx Silvia….
Wrong turn over the first maps of Australia’s coasts
January 18, 2014
Why is the National Library hiding away the first maps of Australia’s coasts – made by the Portuguese?
……….”the voyage that led to these discoveries, its origins are to be found in Portugal in 1519. By then, a mere two decades after Vasco da Gama’s epic voyage to India, Portugal under King Manuel I had been transformed from one of Europe’s poorest countries to one of its richest, thanks to its monopoly of the spice trade from the East.
But one other lucrative prize still remained to be found – Marco Polo’s fabulous ”Island of Gold, the world’s largest island”, said to lie ”south-east of Sumatra” (in present-day terms, in the vicinity of Australia)….”.
…”So why is the NLA not displaying either of its newly acquired Dieppe maps in its blockbuster exhibition?……The library’s stated reason (when asked) for not putting its Desceliers map on display is that this is not the original. Strictly speaking this is true – but then the original no longer exists, having been destroyed by a fire in 1915….”
Another Fire????……well it worked for the Romans in Egypt
For more information on the alteration of geospatial data and the COVER UP of the theft of Australia visit my blog at stellawheildon.com.au ………..and if you would like to receive more of my posts then join my newsletter [its free] and they will be emailed to you direct….Hoo Roo
Australia [OZ] the ‘Great Southern Land’ was claimed in 1606, by the Dutch on the West coast and the Spanish on the East coast…..and then in 1770 it was ‘re-claimed’ due to a mucky ‘divorce’, treasonous mutiny, Religious squabbles and the lucrative slave trade legacies of the Northern Hemisphere…..for 164 years we have been denied the truth due to deliberate alteration of cartographic records – MAPS…It’s the missing link to the truth of what really happened in OZ…and, here’s my [short] version of how it happened….in 3416 words…and as always, there is a nice cultural surprise at the end….but please read the info first…its important…thanx
Marriage is a sacred contract and an age old means of alliance and tenure of nations globally…..and, sometime marriages break down….and when they do, assets must be divided….and this, often, leads to WAR….Australia and its people were an asset…a land of wealth and toil…toil, as in SLAVES….
Slavery was abolished in British Colonies in 1834, but slaves were ‘apprenticed’ until 1838… this is a horrible legacy we share with many other Southern Hemisphere nations….but it was a war that took place in 1718 that would seal the fate of Australia as a Commonwealth Nation…but that war was not on Australian soil…and the evidence of why and how it happened was buried in a mountain….a mountain of cartographic geospatial paperwork…
Now, we all know that the “Alteration of Traditional Lore” by invading governance has occurred globally….Conquerors kill off knowledge holders [seen as adult threats] and then they commence destroying maps, libraries and all records of the native adults that could re-surface to be used in later times as evidence to shows prior tenure of lands….The pattern usually goes on to appropriate the cultural ‘temples’ of the invaded nation, enslave adult survivors and commence reprograming the ‘orphaned’ children to forget their ancestral heritage and become compliant slaves….
We can trace this pattern in the dissemination and subsequent assimilation [or abrogation] of ancient global lore’s….much of it can be identified in the biblical texts….and it is from the biblical texts that the legal instruments regarding Laws of Land and Title to Land have been developed….Laws that ‘validate’ tenure, and conveniently absolve the souls of those who commit the dirty deeds….
A further process of classic ‘divide and conquer’ tactics is to outlaw the use of ancestral language and replace it with the language of the conqueror – by indoctrinating the child survivors….and this too is part of ‘validating’ tenure….for Lore Land and Language are linked…So, as each ancestral land and culture are ‘claimed’ and the conquered either killed or enslaved, the conquerors then busy themselves in rewriting cartographic records [maps] – renaming places and obliterating languages associated with specific locations of the original people – they do this as quickly as they can….These processes I refer to as being ‘geospatial alterations’ ….and this type of modus operando process can be traced all the way back to the Roman invasions of Egypt…
I began learning about this stuff by default….I was a ‘helper’ for an original ancestral Australian, Mrs. Marlene Boyd – of the Ngarakbal Githabal people on Australia’s east coast…and in helping her I began to see a pattern of what appeared as geospatial alteration….our focus of attention was a sacred Ngarakbal mountain…’Wollumbin’, which had been gazetted as Mount Warning by Captain Cook… the administration were trying to have it dual named – recognise it as being a sacred site named “Wollumbin”…but that wasn’t the problem – the problem was they the administration was trying to say that the ancestral language of the location was NOT Ngarakbal, but another language from another location and another tribe ….lots of letters and meetings with departments ensured….over time a clear pattern emerged…at first it was just in Ngarakbal Githabal lands, but I quickly realised it had, and was indeed still, occurring all over Australia…but most notably [and traceably] on the east coast……So I would like to tell you a story….it’s actually His-story…no, actually it’s Her-story….and to understand how it happened in Oz we need to begin in Egypt.
The destruction of the Library of Alexandria ‘ended’ the Library of Alexandria…it was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world…..famous for having been burned, resulting in the loss of many scrolls and books, and it has become a symbol of “knowledge and culture destroyed”……..Ancient and modern sources identify four possible occasions for the partial or complete destruction of the Library of Alexandria….. Julius Caesar’s fire during his civil war in 48 BC….. the attack of Aurelian in AD 270 – 275…..the decree of Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD…..and the Muslim conquest of Egypt in (or after) AD 642…..
Whilst the library was sacked…some of the records survived….most notably the maps to the treasures of the ancient world….which included the maps of the Egyptian voyages to the lands of the Red Kings – or Australia….the land of the Bird Tribes, and Birds are what the Ngarakbal Githabal call the Feathered Serpents….
Ok….Now we need to fast forward to England to the middle- ages…to the reign of Henry VIII – 1491 to 1547….Enter, the legal instrument of DIVORCE
All-righty…so…before becoming King in 1491, Henry was the Prince of Wales…..he then became, Henry VIII and he was a Roman Catholic, under the authority of the Pope in Rome – the same ‘line’ that had invaded Egypt and sacked the library of Alexandria……The Catholic Church did not recognize divorce, and Henry wanted a divorce from his first wife, Catherine of Aragon because she could not bear him any children (specifically, male heirs)…….. He wanted to marry another young woman named Anne Boleyn…but first he needed a divorce…..so, after failing to get the Pope in Rome to give him a “papal dispensation” (which would have given him special treatment by allowing the divorce), he basically forced the Archbishop to grant him a divorce, in direct opposition to the Pope, leading to a breaking away from the Catholic Church….
By having his own Church Henry believed he had now solved his problems…. He got to marry Anne, and he saved his soul from Catholic ‘damnation’….and then he decided to behead Anne… anyway….point is regardless of Anne’s demise, the Church of England was born…..Rome was NOT happy.
So, after Henry VIII died, his son, Edward VI ruled until his death 9 years later……and before shuffling off Edward changed his will so that his cousin, Jane Grey, would become queen even though she was the 4th in line (because if not, then Mary, a staunch Roman Catholic married to the King of Spain, would succeed and reverse all Henry’s breakaway reforms)………. Poor Jane ruled for just 9 days until Edward’s sister, Mary, came and beheaded her for treason…….then, Mary ruled until her death…doing exactly what Edward feared and with great bloodshed…….. Then, Elizabeth I [I = the first] took the throne and ruled for a rich 45 years…and she also beheaded her cousin, [but] then named the cousin’s son her successor and this successor was James I ……… and he ruled England from 1603 to 1625….and it here, at this crossroads, where the invasion of Australia – and the sorry tale of the legacy of Henry’s mucky divorce – began…
It is during James I reign that Australia is ‘discovered’…. in 1606, by both Spain [Portugal] on the East and Holland [Dutch] on the West….one Catholic, one Protestant…..thanks very much Henry
Here is a brief over-view of the timeline of events……..
James I was the son of Mary Queen of Scots, so when James became King of England, he was already a king – King James VI of Scotland…… He was the first monarch to rule both countries and the first to call himself ‘King of Great Britain’…and James was married to Anne of Denmark – a Lutheran and a direct descendant of the Viking Kings – the oldest monarchy in Europe – global seafarers…..also at this time James I authorised the translation of the King James Bible…and by 1604 England and Spain make peace, whilst Spain and the Netherlands agree to an armistice
So…then…. in 1605 the ‘Gunpowder Plot’ was hatched…Guy Fawkes, and his Catholic friends, tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament, but were captured before they could do so…and at this same time, the King of Spain, along with the Pope had sent a Spanish Captain Pedro Fernandez de Quiros orders and resources to sail to the Great Southern Land, via South America……
So the Dutch set out for the Great southern land and on 26 February 1606, the made landfall near the modern town of Weipa and the Pennefather River, but were promptly attacked by the original people… the Dutch Captain, Janszoon, then proceeded down the coast for some 350 km. He stopped in some places, but was met by ‘hostile natives’ and some of his men were killed. At the final place, he initially had friendly relations with the natives, but after he forced them to hunt for him and appropriated some of their women, violence broke out and there were many deaths on both sides. These events are recorded in Aboriginal oral history that has come down to the present day…..Here Janszoon decided to turn back, the place later being called Cape Keerweer – Dutch for “turnabout”.….
Meanwhile, the Spanish [Portuguese] appeared to sail to South America…then sailed off [unnoticed] and claimed the Australian east coast – establishing a colony in Gladstone Queensland and travel along the east coast to the lower latitudes to chart – and they too experienced reprisals from the ancestral original peoples…….but they did name the continent as Terre Australe Du S Espirit….and they left other artifacts
….”A tiny drawing of a kangaroo curled in the letters of a 16th century Portuguese manuscript could rewrite Australian history.
The document, acquired by Les Enluminures Gallery in New York, shows a carefully-drawn sketch of kangaroo (know as a ”canguru” in Portuguese) nestled in its text and is dated between 1580 and 1620. It has led researchers to believe images of the marsupial were already being circulated by the time the Dutch ship Duyfken – long thought to have been the first European vessel to visit Australia – landed in 1606.
The pocket-sized manuscript, known as a Processional, contains text and music for a liturgical procession and is inscribed with the name Caterina de Carvalho, believed to be a nun from Caldas da Rainha in western Portugal….”…..Charli Newton 16th Jan 2014 – Sydney Morning Herald
Also….See my previous post for the transcripts of de Quiros… https://stellawheildon.com/2014/09/03/east-coast-of-australia-colonised-over-400-years-ago-164-years-before-cook/
So….The entire modern world has been totally indoctrinated to believe that Australia was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook….whole Libraries are filled with books espousing this as gospel truth – right around the planet….but of course, it isn’t – it’s a cartographic sleight of hand….you see the maps got changed by the conquerors….it was the same old pattern of divide and conquer and geospatial alteration….and Australia, often noted as being a nation of sheep with a “she’ll be right mate” attitude, forgot to remember the truth, let alone question it…..so, how did the British wipe out 164 years of pre-crown Australian occupation…and fool the world for 160years
Well….for a start – it’s the era of SLAVERY….and there are many twists and turns to a good story…but to tell it straight we need to stick to the timeline……so, after the Great South Land, Terre Australe Du S Espirit was colonised in 1606…what then?….
By 1625 James I second son Charles was crowned King of England and he was married to Maria of France….Charles fought against Parliament and caused a civil war and as a result got himself executed on 30th Jan 1649…..
Now, the English Civil War had begun in 1642 when Charles, seeing his rights as King slashed by the parliament, stormed the Palace of Westminster to have five members of parliament arrested for treason…but all the politicians escaped on him…and, as a result the civil war between the Roundheads [supporters of Parliament] and the Cavaliers [supporters of the King] commenced….The Civil War led to the trial and execution of Charles I, the exile of his son Charles II, and the replacement of the English monarchy with first Commonwealth of England….(1649–1653) and then with a Protectorate (1653–1659), under the personal rule of Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector……thus, England became a republic for eleven years [1649-1660]….and then the Commonwealth was declared on 19th May 1649……
So, It is this Commonwealth [Parliament] , that goes on to re-claimed Terre Australe Du S Espirit – and order the geospatial alteration of the prior 1606 colonisation of the east coast by the Portuguese…..but, it has to kick the Monarchy out first, which it does – and there has not been a Queen (or King) of England since 1707 – just figureheads [constitutional Monarch only] and the whole of the Commonwealth is controlled by the Parliament…thus, age old Marriage Lore and alliances between nations were no longer relevant….Britain and its colonies become totally administrative…kind of the same way that corporate parliament has now operated in Australia since 2001…
Ok…back to the timeline…so after the parliament takes control of the Commonwealth The South Sea Company was formed – in 1711 – supported by Robert Harley as a Tory competitor for the Whig Bank of England……The company was promised a monopoly of all trade to the Spanish colonies in South America in exchange for taking over and consolidating the national debt raised by the War of Spanish Succession – which had occurred from 1701 to 1714 ……google it – its relevant to all this, or you can read about it in one of my books, or subscribe to my newsletter….
Ok, back to the timeline…..The value of this promised trade monopoly was closely tied to the outcome of war…and, the Treaty of Utrecht effectively ended the war in 1713….. The treaty curtailed the scope of trade opportunities for the South Sea Company by confirming Spain’s sovereignty over its new world colonies…..and, it’s important to remember that at this point in His-story SLAVERY is a very real thing in all the countries….and the Southern Hemisphere was where most of the Slave hunting was occurring
Ok…back on the timeline…..so, In 1714 Queen Anne, of England, dies and is succeeded by King George I, first of the Hanoverian dynasty [of the Commonwealth Parliament]….remember, the monarchs have no power by this stage and Parliament has gained total control… so then….in 1715 France fails in an attempt at crowning the ‘Old Pretendner’, James Francis Edward Stuart King, in the Jacobite Rising……and, in 1716 the Disarming Act attempts to secure the peace of the Scottish Highlands…so by 1718The War of the Quadruple Alliance begins against Spain – with Great Britain, France, Austria the Dutch Republic and Savoy opposing King Philip V’s attempt at retaking his Italian possessions which he had lost in the War of the Spanish Succession….
By 1719 there is an attempted Spanish invasion in support of Jacobites – with the fleet sailing for England dispersed by storms, troops land in Scotland, and are defeated at the Battle of Glen Shiel ……..and by 1720 Philip V loses the War of the Quadruple Alliance, renouncing his claims in Italy under the Treaty of the Hague……..This causes Collapse of the South Sea Company and results in a London stock market crash in which the average depreciation in value in stock was some 98%…….everyone is BROKEThe South Sea Company was left with limited options in the slave trade, the interest to be paid by the government on the loan from the South Sea Company, and narrowing trade opportunities in the Spanish colonies in South America…..They need assets….and so….they decide to use people, and trade the people as an asset on the markets….and remember, Slavery is legal then….so, people are deemed goods and chattels, or to put it another way, tradable assets…
So…by the time the 17th century came about, Spain had a glorious century behind and a lot of enemies ahead…and got hammered in war….this was England chance…. the Parliament controlled British Commonwealth decided to go for Terre Australe Du S Espirit – is potential for slaves was vast and it was loaded with geological assets…..and so it is here that the altering of the maps to hide the assets begins…
Cook is dispatched with orders to re-map the east coast….Following colonisation by the British, the geospatial alterations to obliterate the Portuguese cartographic records commences forthwith…and what better way to cover the Portuguese’s pre-crown colonisation than to use the original languages of Australia’s first people…
The cover-up really commences when Major Thomas Mitchell the first surveyor General of NSW, under orders from the Crown [controlled by the Parliament] was ordered to establish a claim of proprietorship over the then most distance and elusive parts of the continent….to do on land what Cook had done from the sea…to go out and map and NAME all the major geographical features….
Mapping and naming were the prerequisite functions, before the action of tilling the soil, for the British to legally claim the continent. And so Mitchell went out to map and name and thus take legal possession of the continent of Australia for the Parliament.
The crown gave explicate orders for the Aboriginal names to be used…it did this for a very important legal reason…..to wipe out the Spanish [Portuguese] tenure…. Using the Aboriginal names…the British could prove their legal tenure over the lands
As Mitchell stated…..
“The great convenience in using native names is obvious…so long as any of the Aborigines can be found in the neighbourhood…future travellers may verify my map. Whereas new names are of no use in this respect…..”…..
And it is this ‘diabolical cover-up’ that is the critical missing link of what actually occurred in global His-story….and the tradgedy is that, due to Native Title being achieved in 2001, it still occurs to this day…..you see, they have to change the geospatial records [maps, shire boundaries and geographical names] again, because the Aboriginal languages they used to cover-up the Spanish tenure in the first instance, now provide the evidence of the original peoples ancestral estates….how’s that for ironic….or karma
The Commonwealths pattern of geospatial alteration has been enacted in the ancestral lands of the Yoocum Yoocum, of which the Ngarakbal and Githabal are ancestrally and inextricably linked…..it was the original name of the most eastern ‘cultural bloc’…it included the Yugambeh [Jukambe] the Northwest, around Ipswich and as far south as Canungra and Beadesert and east as far as Oxley…..Githabul [Kitabal] to the west – including Main Range volcano…..Widjabal [Wadjie] to the South, south west – who include the Bundjalung Tribe [proper]…not Nation, but Tribe …..And; Ngarakwal [jergarbal] to the east – to the ‘boorgoor’ [the sea]
The “Yoocum-Yoocum dialect which extended from the Logan River south to midway between the Clarence and the Belinger River, and all New England from Armidale to near Warwick, whence it was joined by the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs, the dialect which came down the north side of the Brisbane River to the sea and Toorbul Point and down the Burnett to the sea at Bundaberg”..Metson 1923……
But the Commonwealths administration sliced the Yoocum Yoocum moiety up [quiet deliberately] using their classic geospatial alteration patterns when they gazetted the New South Wales/Queensland border….Their administrative headquarters was in Armidale in the times of legalised Slavery….and so, they decided to re-classify the Yoocum Yoocum lands that now were known as New South Wales to Bundjalung…and the Queensland remnant became Yugambeh…..so, by the simple stoke of an administrative pen, they have caused all manner of trouble, strife and suffering for the ancestral descendants ever since……
Mucky Divorces…Religious Cults…Slavery and Fraud with altering the maps to hide the assets……and now they are trying it again….what a tangled web…
Anyway…here’s nice cultural note to finish on…..its a recording of Aunty Millie Boyd [nee Williams] explaining the ancestral Marriage lore’s of the Eelemarni to Howard Creamer as part of the National Parks Aboriginal Site surveys of 1977….The Lore she is explaining comes from the Yoocum Yoocum epoch, so you will hear her talking about Bundjalung [as being one of the tribes of Widjabil] as a marriage clan of the Githabal, Ngarakbal and Yugambeh of up Southport way, the Northern Gold Coast in Queensland….she is talking about sites and lore pre-invasion and how they bind us all to country thru the sacred waters…
Marriage Lore – ‘Skin’ Lore is sacred – interwoven to the Rainbow Serpent [water lore] and the Seven Sisters – the Sky-Heroes and all the other Bootheram…..
In order to survive we have to drop the crap and move past the divide and conquer patterns and come back together…its time….
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Altering Maps so as to claim land is a classic practice of post war administration….Conquer a country and wipe out their lands records….it’s happened all over the planet…..Here’s a story of how it happened on Australia’s East Coast….and, unfortunately, of how it’s happening still….
The role of the Roman Catholic Church in the Portuguese ‘discovery’,…..no, wait….better rephrase that,….the Portuguese arrival into the ancestral estates of the original Australian’s occurred in 1606, in Gladstone Qld….and actually it wasn’t into the ancestral estates exactly, because prior arrivals of islander refugees were occupying the area once the territory of the previous ancestral moieties who had been pushed inland – escaping geological catastrophes ….see my previous posts on the arrival of the Three Brothers…. https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/24/arrivals-in-the-land-of-the-bird-tribespart-1/
Anyway, the Catholics had a huge role in the expeditions to ‘discover’ and claim the great southern continent and actually name it ‘Australia’….The Vatican held the ancient maps of the great sea journeys into the southern latitudes – maps obtained during the Roman conquests of Egypt, long ago….and the Church is the origin of Law, and land ownership titles [geospatial records]……just like ancestral aboriginal LORE, LAND and LANGUAGE are linked [defining boundaries of ancestral estates and languages] so too for the Church has their LAW, LAND [Tenure] and Language [on maps] as the basis of acquisition and occupation in modern governance…..and this is why documenting Aboriginal languages and dual naming processes are so important to geospatial administration today….
Catholics are taught about Australia originally being named the “Great South Land of the Holy Spirit”….This was because a Portuguese sailor called Pedro Fernandez de Queiros ‘mistakenly’ thought the New Hebrides was the Great South Land. Many others disagreed. Most notably, Cardinal Moran, disagreed, as the description of the colony of New Jerusalem that de Queiros established does not fit the geography of the New Hebrides site ….but, it does fit Port Curtis in Gladstone Queensland, on the East Coast of Australia.
There is an interesting article, ‘ The Discoveries of Australia’, by Mary Kalantis and Bill Cope. It explores Cardinal Moran’s analysis and states……..
“..And where was this first Australia, this Spanish Australia? De Quiros mistook the present day Vanuatu for the Great South Land, say the keepers of conventional historical wisdoms. But not Cardinal Moran, Irish-Catholic Archbishop of Sydney from 1884 to 1911. A scholar of prodigious capacity, a speaker of seven or eight languages and an historian of the Irish Catholic Church, Moran turned his mind to the voyages of de Quiros. He came to the subject with an Irish-Australian’s suspicion of the conventional wisdoms of the Anglo-Imperial establishment.
In a book published in 1906 to commemorate Australia’s three-hundredth anniversary, Moran examined all the documentary evidence of de Quiros’ voyage. He set out to prove that de Quiros was the discoverer of eastern Australia and that the first Christian settlement, albeit shortlived, was at the place now named Port Curtis, near Gladstone in Queensland , just below the Tropic of Capricorn
The settlement was called New Jerusalem by de Quiros and had its own River Jordan, as well as a second river, named the Salvador. According to The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, at this place in May 1606 de Quiros proclaimed: Be witness the heavens and the earth, and the sea and all its inhabitants, and those who are present, that I, the Captain Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, in these parts which up to the present time have been unknown … [W]ith authority from the Supreme Roman Pontiff, Clement VIII, and by order of the King, Don Philip III, King of Spain … I take possession of all the … lands that I have newly discovered … and all this region of the south as far as the Pole, which from this time shall be called Australia del Espiritu Santo.
According to Moran in his Discovery of Australia by De Quiros in the Year 1606, De Quiros reported his discoveries to the Spanish King in 1607:
“The greatness of the land newly discovered, judging from what I saw … is well established. Its length is as much as all of Europe and Asia Minor … and of such capacity that double the kingdoms and provinces of which your Majesty is at present Lord could fit into it … The Bay of Sts Philip and James contains 20 Leagues of shore … it is surrounded by a large population; at a very great distance is seen by day much smoke, and at night many fires”…..
Moran explains detail by detail how de Quiros’ description matches that of Port Curtis on the Queensland coast, and not the port of Santo in the islands of Vanuatu which in Moran’s time were called the New Hebrides–the size of the bay, the two rivers (there is only one in Santo bay), the soil and the rocks, the mountains in the distance, the seven Islands visible on the horizon, the distinctive marble deposits even the kind of pebbles on the beach. We know now that the smoke and fires de Quiros saw were characteristic of Aboriginal land clearing at the beginning of the dry season…” …
So Australia got its name from the Portuguese who colonised the East Coast 164 years before Cook claimed it for the crown …the same article goes on to state…….
“De Quiros left Callao, Peru in December 1605 with three ships. Accompanying him were three hundred people–Spaniards, Portuguese and others whose ancestry was of the Incas and other ancient peoples of Peru. On 1 May 1606, after crossing the Pacific Ocean, the ships entered a large bay in a place de Quiros believed to be the Great South Land. There are several interpretations of the name he gave this land. In one account, de Quiros called it Austrialia del Espiritu Santo, Austrialia of the Holy Sprit, in recognition of the Spanish King’s descent from the Royal House of Austria. Other accounts use the Spanish word for southern, Austral, and in these the land is called Tierra Austral del Espiritu Santo. In de Quiros’ own account, published as The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, 1595 to 1606, the proclamation he read when he took possession in the name of the King of Spain named the place Australia del Espiritu Santo. In the world of the English and their Australian descendants, Captain Matthew Flinders is credited with having named Australia. He was the first to map the full extent of the continent, ‘discovered’ and recorded in his voyages of 1801-03. When he published his Voyage to Terra Australis in 1814, he noted that the land had two different names: New Holland, as it was called by the Dutch who had discovered the western part, and New South Wales, as it was called by the English who had discovered the east. Since his voyages had now proven beyond doubt that New South Wales and New Holland were one and the same landmass, neither name remained satisfactory. So, in the interests of ‘geographical precision,’ in A Voyage to Terra Australis, he suggested a return to a much older name, Terra Australis, a name the Dutch themselves had originally used on their maps. And, in a footnote, he makes another suggestion: Had I permitted myself any innovation upon the original term, it would have been to convert it to AUSTRALIA; as being more agreeable to the ear, and an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth…”
Cardinal Moran writes also about how the Spanish built a temporary Church named in honour of Our Lady of Loreto and they celebrated Pentecost on May 10 1606 and named the new continent Australia del Espiritu Santo and then on 21 May they had a Corpus Christi procession with the Blessed Sacrament including sailor boys dancing before the Eucharistic Lord.
It is also of note that on 19th May two days before Corpus Christi the land was seized with earthquakes some lasting more than an hour……. Australia was still geologically volatile at those times……. The Cardinal suggests that the natives at this time were those who now lived in the Torres Straits….. Due to these earthquakes and no doubt the invasion over the Mountains by the inland Aborigines these natives moved north to the York Peninsula and the Torres Straits Islands and New Guinea……and this analysis is qualified by ancestral ‘oral knowledge’ holders in ancestral Lore…One group of which is the Ngarakbal Githabal who were invaded by the Portuguese when they travelled down to the lower latitudes along the East Coast of Australia…..the remains of a Portuguese ‘fort’ is located south of Byron Bay in the ancestral Ngarakbal estates…and the Bootheram of the Three Brothers told in the 1950’s by Mr Alex Vesper of the Ngarakbal Githabal explains the arrival – https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/26/ancient-arrivals-to-the-land-of-the-bird-tribespart-2/
It was documented by De Quiros, in his two volume publication for the King that due to native hostility and problems within the crew the new colony called Nova Jerusalem (New Jerusalem) – Port Curtis Gladstone Queensland – had to be abandoned…… De Queiros was also [most likely] of Marrano (Jewish Catholic) descent, so it seems that Australia was discovered and named Australia by this Catholic Jew in honour of the Holy Spirit…De Quieros also established a new knightly order called the Knights of the Holy Ghost for the defence of the new continent……unfortunately, due to political machinations, his efforts and his name was defamed and were wiped from the historical records
The history of the relationship between Portugal and Britain dates back to the Middle Ages…. English Crusaders aided Portugal in the Reconquista, and after taking the city in 1147, the first King of Portugal Afonso Henriques made the Englishman Gilbert of Hastings the Bishop of Lisbon…. In 1373 the Kingdom of England signed the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, the oldest alliance in the world still in force. The alliance was formalised by the Treaty of Windsor in 1386, and in 1387 Philippa of Lancaster the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, was married to John I of Portugal….During the late 16th century England found itself fighting against Spain which at this time was in personal union with Portugal. The English Armada was launched as part of this conflict in an attempt to restore Portuguese independence, destroying both Spanish and Portuguese military ships which formed the Invincible Armada……
And this in turn led to the Dutch–Portuguese War – an armed conflict involving Dutch forces, in the form of the Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West India Company against the Portuguese Empire… Beginning in 1602, the conflict primarily involved the Dutch companies invading Portuguese colonies in the Americas, Africa, India and the Far East….it is associated with the 80 year war…..the conflict had little to do with the war in Europe and served mainly as a way for the Dutch to gain an overseas empire and control trade at the cost of the Portuguese. English forces also assisted the Dutch at certain points in the war……and this is why the Portuguese founded colonies on the East Coast of Australia in 1606
Now all this pre-crown Portuguese occupation of the East Coast of Australia was wiped clean from the His-story and the maps by the Crown administrators in order to lay claim to Australia for themselves just as they have wiped clean the occupation of three quarters of Australia’s west by the Dutch…Sanitising and fabricating the location of the Portuguese east coast colony to an obscure location in the New Hebrides……and sadly, they are still altering the ancestral language attributions that they applied on the geospatial [maps] records to validate their original claim that they had been here first….see my post mapping the Bootheram https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/16/mapping-the-bootheram-how-the-west-was-won-from-the-east/
Anyway…Aboriginal Elders of the ancestral estates, like the Ngarakbal Githabal people on the most eastern point of the Australian east coast, they know their history…..and they know why, and how, the crown continues to change the languages and the maps to this day……one such site where this stylised form of extinguishment of ancestral connection to country has occurred is in Tweed Heads, where the ancestral lore of a significant djurebil [sacred site] of the Ngarakbal Githabal dialects has been transferred to a completely different location; and, the original language attributions have been reclassified as a completely different language……altering the geospatial lands records, and thus sanitising and validating crown tenure…brilliantly diabolical stuff….a pattern that can be traced all the way back to the conquering of Egypt
I’ve put together a short presentation showcasing one of the original ancestral djurebil sites that has been ‘relocated’ via administration…It is a Bootheram that was first recorded in 1957 as part of the Civil Rights Campaigns to have Aboriginal Australians legally recognised as being Human….One of the legal definitions of requirement to have Human status is the presence of Religion in society…that’s according to the Churches Law’s….
What I find beautifully ironic is that just as Cardinal Moran was trying to expose the truth in [one of] the pre-crown occupations of Australia’s East Coast in his 1906 publication, that, 50 years later a Mr James Morgan from the Ngarakbal Githabal ancestral peoples told his custodial lore to prove his ancestral pre-crown occupation to his homelands, through his cultures spiritual Bird Tribe LORE…and just as De Quiros has been defamed, Mr Morgan had his djurebil name and its ancestral attributions altered also…
Mr Morgan told the Bootheram of his djurebil ‘custodianship’ …djurebil is the Ngarakbal Githabal word for Sacred Site, and their ancestral totemic creation Lore’s centre on Birds…and they refer to themselves as Bird Tribes, or Feathered Serpent Lore Traditions.
Mr Morgan’s significant djurebil is known as Dhungara-Ngaraian – “Pelican Dancing Ground” – ……and, just as the past crown administrators have surrepticiously transferred the site of the Portuguese colony at Gladstone in Queensland out to a fictitious location in the New Hebrides and defamed De Quiros as the ‘discoverer’ of Australia’s East Coast, so, today’s crown administrators have transferred the djurebil site of Mr. Morgan from its original mountainous location on the Lamington Plateau to a small hill in Tweed Heads on the NSW Queensland border of Eastern Australia, which had originally been gazetted as Toongarabah…..
This is just one of many djurebil sites that have been altered all over the continent…literally, moving mountains, and in the case of De Quiro’s oceans, in order to maintain tenure of the great southern continent……and continuing to do it today – to sever the “connections to country” of the ancestral lore from it people
Anyway…..I spent a lovely day today, with senior Elders, talking about this Portuguese settlement in Gladstone – “Wakka-Burri” ancestral estate…. and learning about the truth of who it was that actually named Australia….It turned out it was actually the Ancestral people….and in the near future I will film and publish here what they told me……you will love it…..in the meantime here’s the little film I put together….