Within the binary cosmology linking all life into the Matristic Rainbow Serpent lore is the element of water.
For the Australian Origine peoples there are five waters…the salt, the fresh, the sky [rain], the earth [ground water aquifers] and then the fifth is the vast biological sea that runs through all of life on this planet which is seen as the sacred marriage between spirit and matter and refereed to within the culture as ‘clever water’ , for everything on this blue planet is linked through the biological sea …. It is the spiritual and physical relationship with all life forms…..every souls totemic birthright and obligation….and these lores come down from the stars.
The Matristic Rainbow Serpent Lore commences on the east coast and rises in the heavens above the ancestral volcano landscapes of the Ngarakbal and Githabul moieties…..These two moieties are ancient marriage clans…Ngarakbal – Tweed Volcano – Grandmother landscape and Githabul – Focal Peak Volcano – Grandfather landscape …….From the terrestrial union of these two volcano’s flows the longest strongest river in Australia….The Murray Darling ….flowing all the way to the South Australian Bight.
This ancient water serpent lore is the basis of the Dreamtime culture of the celestial marriage lores for all the matristic moieties surviving on the continent ….linking everyone to everything through the ‘clever waters’……..all life contains these ‘clever waters’…..tree’s, bird’s, animal’s, fish, people….and through these waters all are equal…the only thing separating us is our shape which the Origine peoples refer to as ‘Skin’……Everything has skin, or form….every life form filled with water, thus we are all interrelated; for we are all just ‘clever water’….
All interrelationships, including marriage, is determined by grand celestial star cycles which govern all biological process of life upon the planet ……In Australia, the driest land on the earth, the element of water and the consciousness of aligning it with all life force is an intrinsic facet of the matristic lore’s kinship and ‘skin’ linkages and the foundational element of all spirituality and healing…..with all of life being given equal status as individual species on the tree of life ever form is seen as a brother or sister – living in harmony with all of existence …observing natural rules of reciprocity and obligation as it was since the Dreaming…….. These lores are written in the stars and etched into the vast southern continent…living lore, both celestially and terrestrially, in accordance with natural cycles and sequences….As above – so below
Right now these ancient matristic truths are at risk of being extinguished and assimilated into the patriarchal governance systems that administrate our entire planet….the same systems handed down from Rome….the same systems that systematically crushed and appropriated every matristic society from the past.
The last remaining flame of the Matristic Lore is the Australian Origine Lore of the Ngarakbal Githabul moieties…..a lore that is arguably the oldest unbroken culture on earth…..the lore of the Rainbow Serpent .
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All lore of the Australian Origine Dreamtime culture descends from the Stars through the Matristic lineages .
The Matristic lineages are the original Dreamtime linages whose traditional lore’s and customs depict the creation lore of the Sky Ancestors, who made them.
These traditions are distinct as being a Matristic Dreamtime epoch and follow strict kinship and Skinlore codes. They are very ancient. Arguably the oldest living lore on the planet. Many global cultures refer to their own matristic epochs as the Sacred Feminine…..In Australia, as the last conquered continent, the Matristic culture still survives, albeit under duress….
Global Matristic culture is then followed by a Patriarchal epoch whose traditional customary lore’s commence with a migration story of people arriving in the southern continent. They are far less ancient and many of the ancestral sacred sites of the Patriarchal lineages were inherited by right of occupation. These traditions have distinct traditions and customs as well and similar Skinlore marriage lore codes
Invasion and occupation of the continent by Colonialists commenced in the 1770, rendering over 300 distinct ancestral ‘countries’, each with their own lore’s, languages and ancestral boundaries conquered with all Origine survivors contained and homogenised as just one race collectively labelled as Aboriginal irrespective of their epoch, ancestral county or kinship skin classifications. This dispossession occurred right across the continent. Ensuing assimilation processes caused further confusion and today the greater global population is unaware of the two epoch lineages, or of the original 300 plus individual counties that once made up the Great Southern Island.
The Matristic lore is metaphorical of creation. It commences in the cosmos, with associated rites, rituals and ceremonies singing the creation of the galaxies, our solar system, our planet and all life upon the planet. Each Sky Ancestors celestial journeys spirals across the celestial skies of our local Milky Way galaxy and project as a holographic reflection of the creation down onto the landscape. As above so below.
Since the Alcheringa, which in the ancestral dialect of the Ngarakbal Githabal moiety means “the beginning”, the lore commences with an ancestral All Mother in the heavens, who appears out of the eastern seas of the most geographically eastern point of the Australian continent, and is terrestrially embodied as the Tweed Volcano Caldera, traditionally the estate of the Ngarakbul Githabul Origine moieties.
The Tweed Volcano Caldera marks the terrestrial ancestral motherland of which the natural lore of which the Grandmother, the Rainbow Serpent and the Seven Sisters radiates in fractal waves following the transits and cycles of the stars which govern all cycles of life on the planet.
In a world changing now more than ever it is time to reconsider the ancestral lores and weigh them against the incumbent patriarchal lores which presently rule the planet….there is much we can learn from the past.
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The Origine cultures of Australia are the oldest living cultures in the world….and the last unbroken Matristic cultures on the planet…….
Matristic Lore is neither patriarchal or matriarchal , but instead is derived from the ancient nomadic traditions which honoured both sacred masculine and scared feminine for their own essential qualities….qualities ‘gifted’ to them from the celestial realms from which all life descends
One of the reasons the Origine have survived for so long is their ability to live in harmony with the grand celestial cycles which impact our solar system and planet. The Origine people’s ability to adapt to change has allowed them to maintain their ancestral traditions unbroken since the Alcheringa, which is the Ngarakbal Githabul dialect for ‘the beginning’ of the dreamtime.
Commencing on the east coast of Australia the ancient matristic lore of the Origine Dreamtime radiates across the continent. Spiralling from the south celestial pole the ancestral creator beings rise one by one in the Australia skies in the unending celestial particle dance of All Creation. Refreshing and recreating the journeys of the Sky Ancestors which birthed our solar system including this small blue planet we all call ‘home’.
For the past 200 years, since invasion, the spirituality of the Origine culture has been deemed primitive and incapable of supporting genuine religious life. Messianic Christianity undermined Origine spirituality in the belief that the Origine had been living in darkness prior to the advent of the church in their lives. As a result the Origine people found themselves the victims of cultural genocide. Their traditions and beliefs swept aside without treaties to protect them, without even official acknowledgement of their humanity until the 1967 civil rights recognitions. And still the systemic dispossession of the ancestral traditional lore’s and customs continues today, despite many voices calling for its preservation and perpetual protection. The oppression and disenfranchising of the Origine peoples continues in an attempt by contemporary [patriarchal] corporate governance to maintain tenure of the rich and abundant resources of the great southern land….a pattern of administrative governance inherited from Rome and used all over the contemporary world today.
All administrative governance is derived from the Roman church doctrines…..all law.
These Roman laws are exclusively patriarchal and have no inclusion of the feminine to balance and sustain the earth in accordance with natural lore…..and so everything and everyone are subjected to entropic decay – and a dying planet
On the flip side the ancient natural lore, commencing with the All Mother, who is terrestrially defined in Australia as the Tweed Caldera Volcano, the most eastern land form of the southern continent, and it still holds the embers of the last fire of the ancestral matristic lore – a fractal lore of increase rights and obligations which once encircled and unified the entire planet …..even now this last fire battles from being extinguished as a result of patriarchal law processes…. and erased from the face of the earth just as the Romans encompassed all of the ancient ‘goddess’ religions of the globe.
However, today, science is validating the profound truths of the wisdom held within the ancestral matristic lores essence. Academic researchers and historians are piecing together the surviving fragments of cultural heritage and working with Origine Wisdom Keepers to reignite the fires of traditional lore and culture of the matristic lineages of Australia in peace and harmony with all nations for the greater good…..the Vision – to rebuild a new global paradigm of community and love for all, from the embers of the old matristic lore. A lore that encompasses and acknowledges the sacred connectedness of every life force and form sharing this precious orb, together….
One Earth. One Sky. One Lore
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Australia [OZ] the ‘Great Southern Land’ was claimed in 1606, by the Dutch on the West coast and the Spanish on the East coast…..and then in 1770 it was ‘re-claimed’ due to a mucky ‘divorce’, treasonous mutiny, Religious squabbles and the lucrative slave trade legacies of the Northern Hemisphere…..for 164 years we have been denied the truth due to deliberate alteration of cartographic records – MAPS…It’s the missing link to the truth of what really happened in OZ…and, here’s my [short] version of how it happened….in 3416 words…and as always, there is a nice cultural surprise at the end….but please read the info first…its important…thanx
Marriage is a sacred contract and an age old means of alliance and tenure of nations globally…..and, sometime marriages break down….and when they do, assets must be divided….and this, often, leads to WAR….Australia and its people were an asset…a land of wealth and toil…toil, as in SLAVES….
Slavery was abolished in British Colonies in 1834, but slaves were ‘apprenticed’ until 1838… this is a horrible legacy we share with many other Southern Hemisphere nations….but it was a war that took place in 1718 that would seal the fate of Australia as a Commonwealth Nation…but that war was not on Australian soil…and the evidence of why and how it happened was buried in a mountain….a mountain of cartographic geospatial paperwork…
Now, we all know that the “Alteration of Traditional Lore” by invading governance has occurred globally….Conquerors kill off knowledge holders [seen as adult threats] and then they commence destroying maps, libraries and all records of the native adults that could re-surface to be used in later times as evidence to shows prior tenure of lands….The pattern usually goes on to appropriate the cultural ‘temples’ of the invaded nation, enslave adult survivors and commence reprograming the ‘orphaned’ children to forget their ancestral heritage and become compliant slaves….
We can trace this pattern in the dissemination and subsequent assimilation [or abrogation] of ancient global lore’s….much of it can be identified in the biblical texts….and it is from the biblical texts that the legal instruments regarding Laws of Land and Title to Land have been developed….Laws that ‘validate’ tenure, and conveniently absolve the souls of those who commit the dirty deeds….
A further process of classic ‘divide and conquer’ tactics is to outlaw the use of ancestral language and replace it with the language of the conqueror – by indoctrinating the child survivors….and this too is part of ‘validating’ tenure….for Lore Land and Language are linked…So, as each ancestral land and culture are ‘claimed’ and the conquered either killed or enslaved, the conquerors then busy themselves in rewriting cartographic records [maps] – renaming places and obliterating languages associated with specific locations of the original people – they do this as quickly as they can….These processes I refer to as being ‘geospatial alterations’ ….and this type of modus operando process can be traced all the way back to the Roman invasions of Egypt…
I began learning about this stuff by default….I was a ‘helper’ for an original ancestral Australian, Mrs. Marlene Boyd – of the Ngarakbal Githabal people on Australia’s east coast…and in helping her I began to see a pattern of what appeared as geospatial alteration….our focus of attention was a sacred Ngarakbal mountain…’Wollumbin’, which had been gazetted as Mount Warning by Captain Cook… the administration were trying to have it dual named – recognise it as being a sacred site named “Wollumbin”…but that wasn’t the problem – the problem was they the administration was trying to say that the ancestral language of the location was NOT Ngarakbal, but another language from another location and another tribe ….lots of letters and meetings with departments ensured….over time a clear pattern emerged…at first it was just in Ngarakbal Githabal lands, but I quickly realised it had, and was indeed still, occurring all over Australia…but most notably [and traceably] on the east coast……So I would like to tell you a story….it’s actually His-story…no, actually it’s Her-story….and to understand how it happened in Oz we need to begin in Egypt.
The destruction of the Library of Alexandria ‘ended’ the Library of Alexandria…it was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world…..famous for having been burned, resulting in the loss of many scrolls and books, and it has become a symbol of “knowledge and culture destroyed”……..Ancient and modern sources identify four possible occasions for the partial or complete destruction of the Library of Alexandria….. Julius Caesar’s fire during his civil war in 48 BC….. the attack of Aurelian in AD 270 – 275…..the decree of Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD…..and the Muslim conquest of Egypt in (or after) AD 642…..
Whilst the library was sacked…some of the records survived….most notably the maps to the treasures of the ancient world….which included the maps of the Egyptian voyages to the lands of the Red Kings – or Australia….the land of the Bird Tribes, and Birds are what the Ngarakbal Githabal call the Feathered Serpents….
Ok….Now we need to fast forward to England to the middle- ages…to the reign of Henry VIII – 1491 to 1547….Enter, the legal instrument of DIVORCE
All-righty…so…before becoming King in 1491, Henry was the Prince of Wales…..he then became, Henry VIII and he was a Roman Catholic, under the authority of the Pope in Rome – the same ‘line’ that had invaded Egypt and sacked the library of Alexandria……The Catholic Church did not recognize divorce, and Henry wanted a divorce from his first wife, Catherine of Aragon because she could not bear him any children (specifically, male heirs)…….. He wanted to marry another young woman named Anne Boleyn…but first he needed a divorce…..so, after failing to get the Pope in Rome to give him a “papal dispensation” (which would have given him special treatment by allowing the divorce), he basically forced the Archbishop to grant him a divorce, in direct opposition to the Pope, leading to a breaking away from the Catholic Church….
By having his own Church Henry believed he had now solved his problems…. He got to marry Anne, and he saved his soul from Catholic ‘damnation’….and then he decided to behead Anne… anyway….point is regardless of Anne’s demise, the Church of England was born…..Rome was NOT happy.
So, after Henry VIII died, his son, Edward VI ruled until his death 9 years later……and before shuffling off Edward changed his will so that his cousin, Jane Grey, would become queen even though she was the 4th in line (because if not, then Mary, a staunch Roman Catholic married to the King of Spain, would succeed and reverse all Henry’s breakaway reforms)………. Poor Jane ruled for just 9 days until Edward’s sister, Mary, came and beheaded her for treason…….then, Mary ruled until her death…doing exactly what Edward feared and with great bloodshed…….. Then, Elizabeth I [I = the first] took the throne and ruled for a rich 45 years…and she also beheaded her cousin, [but] then named the cousin’s son her successor and this successor was James I ……… and he ruled England from 1603 to 1625….and it here, at this crossroads, where the invasion of Australia – and the sorry tale of the legacy of Henry’s mucky divorce – began…
It is during James I reign that Australia is ‘discovered’…. in 1606, by both Spain [Portugal] on the East and Holland [Dutch] on the West….one Catholic, one Protestant…..thanks very much Henry
Here is a brief over-view of the timeline of events……..
James I was the son of Mary Queen of Scots, so when James became King of England, he was already a king – King James VI of Scotland…… He was the first monarch to rule both countries and the first to call himself ‘King of Great Britain’…and James was married to Anne of Denmark – a Lutheran and a direct descendant of the Viking Kings – the oldest monarchy in Europe – global seafarers…..also at this time James I authorised the translation of the King James Bible…and by 1604 England and Spain make peace, whilst Spain and the Netherlands agree to an armistice
So…then…. in 1605 the ‘Gunpowder Plot’ was hatched…Guy Fawkes, and his Catholic friends, tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament, but were captured before they could do so…and at this same time, the King of Spain, along with the Pope had sent a Spanish Captain Pedro Fernandez de Quiros orders and resources to sail to the Great Southern Land, via South America……
So the Dutch set out for the Great southern land and on 26 February 1606, the made landfall near the modern town of Weipa and the Pennefather River, but were promptly attacked by the original people… the Dutch Captain, Janszoon, then proceeded down the coast for some 350 km. He stopped in some places, but was met by ‘hostile natives’ and some of his men were killed. At the final place, he initially had friendly relations with the natives, but after he forced them to hunt for him and appropriated some of their women, violence broke out and there were many deaths on both sides. These events are recorded in Aboriginal oral history that has come down to the present day…..Here Janszoon decided to turn back, the place later being called Cape Keerweer – Dutch for “turnabout”.….
Meanwhile, the Spanish [Portuguese] appeared to sail to South America…then sailed off [unnoticed] and claimed the Australian east coast – establishing a colony in Gladstone Queensland and travel along the east coast to the lower latitudes to chart – and they too experienced reprisals from the ancestral original peoples…….but they did name the continent as Terre Australe Du S Espirit….and they left other artifacts
….”A tiny drawing of a kangaroo curled in the letters of a 16th century Portuguese manuscript could rewrite Australian history.
The document, acquired by Les Enluminures Gallery in New York, shows a carefully-drawn sketch of kangaroo (know as a ”canguru” in Portuguese) nestled in its text and is dated between 1580 and 1620. It has led researchers to believe images of the marsupial were already being circulated by the time the Dutch ship Duyfken – long thought to have been the first European vessel to visit Australia – landed in 1606.
The pocket-sized manuscript, known as a Processional, contains text and music for a liturgical procession and is inscribed with the name Caterina de Carvalho, believed to be a nun from Caldas da Rainha in western Portugal….”…..Charli Newton 16th Jan 2014 – Sydney Morning Herald
Also….See my previous post for the transcripts of de Quiros… https://stellawheildon.com/2014/09/03/east-coast-of-australia-colonised-over-400-years-ago-164-years-before-cook/
So….The entire modern world has been totally indoctrinated to believe that Australia was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook….whole Libraries are filled with books espousing this as gospel truth – right around the planet….but of course, it isn’t – it’s a cartographic sleight of hand….you see the maps got changed by the conquerors….it was the same old pattern of divide and conquer and geospatial alteration….and Australia, often noted as being a nation of sheep with a “she’ll be right mate” attitude, forgot to remember the truth, let alone question it…..so, how did the British wipe out 164 years of pre-crown Australian occupation…and fool the world for 160years
Well….for a start – it’s the era of SLAVERY….and there are many twists and turns to a good story…but to tell it straight we need to stick to the timeline……so, after the Great South Land, Terre Australe Du S Espirit was colonised in 1606…what then?….
By 1625 James I second son Charles was crowned King of England and he was married to Maria of France….Charles fought against Parliament and caused a civil war and as a result got himself executed on 30th Jan 1649…..
Now, the English Civil War had begun in 1642 when Charles, seeing his rights as King slashed by the parliament, stormed the Palace of Westminster to have five members of parliament arrested for treason…but all the politicians escaped on him…and, as a result the civil war between the Roundheads [supporters of Parliament] and the Cavaliers [supporters of the King] commenced….The Civil War led to the trial and execution of Charles I, the exile of his son Charles II, and the replacement of the English monarchy with first Commonwealth of England….(1649–1653) and then with a Protectorate (1653–1659), under the personal rule of Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector……thus, England became a republic for eleven years [1649-1660]….and then the Commonwealth was declared on 19th May 1649……
So, It is this Commonwealth [Parliament] , that goes on to re-claimed Terre Australe Du S Espirit – and order the geospatial alteration of the prior 1606 colonisation of the east coast by the Portuguese…..but, it has to kick the Monarchy out first, which it does – and there has not been a Queen (or King) of England since 1707 – just figureheads [constitutional Monarch only] and the whole of the Commonwealth is controlled by the Parliament…thus, age old Marriage Lore and alliances between nations were no longer relevant….Britain and its colonies become totally administrative…kind of the same way that corporate parliament has now operated in Australia since 2001…
Ok…back to the timeline…so after the parliament takes control of the Commonwealth The South Sea Company was formed – in 1711 – supported by Robert Harley as a Tory competitor for the Whig Bank of England……The company was promised a monopoly of all trade to the Spanish colonies in South America in exchange for taking over and consolidating the national debt raised by the War of Spanish Succession – which had occurred from 1701 to 1714 ……google it – its relevant to all this, or you can read about it in one of my books, or subscribe to my newsletter….
Ok, back to the timeline…..The value of this promised trade monopoly was closely tied to the outcome of war…and, the Treaty of Utrecht effectively ended the war in 1713….. The treaty curtailed the scope of trade opportunities for the South Sea Company by confirming Spain’s sovereignty over its new world colonies…..and, it’s important to remember that at this point in His-story SLAVERY is a very real thing in all the countries….and the Southern Hemisphere was where most of the Slave hunting was occurring
Ok…back on the timeline…..so, In 1714 Queen Anne, of England, dies and is succeeded by King George I, first of the Hanoverian dynasty [of the Commonwealth Parliament]….remember, the monarchs have no power by this stage and Parliament has gained total control… so then….in 1715 France fails in an attempt at crowning the ‘Old Pretendner’, James Francis Edward Stuart King, in the Jacobite Rising……and, in 1716 the Disarming Act attempts to secure the peace of the Scottish Highlands…so by 1718The War of the Quadruple Alliance begins against Spain – with Great Britain, France, Austria the Dutch Republic and Savoy opposing King Philip V’s attempt at retaking his Italian possessions which he had lost in the War of the Spanish Succession….
By 1719 there is an attempted Spanish invasion in support of Jacobites – with the fleet sailing for England dispersed by storms, troops land in Scotland, and are defeated at the Battle of Glen Shiel ……..and by 1720 Philip V loses the War of the Quadruple Alliance, renouncing his claims in Italy under the Treaty of the Hague……..This causes Collapse of the South Sea Company and results in a London stock market crash in which the average depreciation in value in stock was some 98%…….everyone is BROKEThe South Sea Company was left with limited options in the slave trade, the interest to be paid by the government on the loan from the South Sea Company, and narrowing trade opportunities in the Spanish colonies in South America…..They need assets….and so….they decide to use people, and trade the people as an asset on the markets….and remember, Slavery is legal then….so, people are deemed goods and chattels, or to put it another way, tradable assets…
So…by the time the 17th century came about, Spain had a glorious century behind and a lot of enemies ahead…and got hammered in war….this was England chance…. the Parliament controlled British Commonwealth decided to go for Terre Australe Du S Espirit – is potential for slaves was vast and it was loaded with geological assets…..and so it is here that the altering of the maps to hide the assets begins…
Cook is dispatched with orders to re-map the east coast….Following colonisation by the British, the geospatial alterations to obliterate the Portuguese cartographic records commences forthwith…and what better way to cover the Portuguese’s pre-crown colonisation than to use the original languages of Australia’s first people…
The cover-up really commences when Major Thomas Mitchell the first surveyor General of NSW, under orders from the Crown [controlled by the Parliament] was ordered to establish a claim of proprietorship over the then most distance and elusive parts of the continent….to do on land what Cook had done from the sea…to go out and map and NAME all the major geographical features….
Mapping and naming were the prerequisite functions, before the action of tilling the soil, for the British to legally claim the continent. And so Mitchell went out to map and name and thus take legal possession of the continent of Australia for the Parliament.
The crown gave explicate orders for the Aboriginal names to be used…it did this for a very important legal reason…..to wipe out the Spanish [Portuguese] tenure…. Using the Aboriginal names…the British could prove their legal tenure over the lands
As Mitchell stated…..
“The great convenience in using native names is obvious…so long as any of the Aborigines can be found in the neighbourhood…future travellers may verify my map. Whereas new names are of no use in this respect…..”…..
And it is this ‘diabolical cover-up’ that is the critical missing link of what actually occurred in global His-story….and the tradgedy is that, due to Native Title being achieved in 2001, it still occurs to this day…..you see, they have to change the geospatial records [maps, shire boundaries and geographical names] again, because the Aboriginal languages they used to cover-up the Spanish tenure in the first instance, now provide the evidence of the original peoples ancestral estates….how’s that for ironic….or karma
The Commonwealths pattern of geospatial alteration has been enacted in the ancestral lands of the Yoocum Yoocum, of which the Ngarakbal and Githabal are ancestrally and inextricably linked…..it was the original name of the most eastern ‘cultural bloc’…it included the Yugambeh [Jukambe] the Northwest, around Ipswich and as far south as Canungra and Beadesert and east as far as Oxley…..Githabul [Kitabal] to the west – including Main Range volcano…..Widjabal [Wadjie] to the South, south west – who include the Bundjalung Tribe [proper]…not Nation, but Tribe …..And; Ngarakwal [jergarbal] to the east – to the ‘boorgoor’ [the sea]
The “Yoocum-Yoocum dialect which extended from the Logan River south to midway between the Clarence and the Belinger River, and all New England from Armidale to near Warwick, whence it was joined by the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs, the dialect which came down the north side of the Brisbane River to the sea and Toorbul Point and down the Burnett to the sea at Bundaberg”..Metson 1923……
But the Commonwealths administration sliced the Yoocum Yoocum moiety up [quiet deliberately] using their classic geospatial alteration patterns when they gazetted the New South Wales/Queensland border….Their administrative headquarters was in Armidale in the times of legalised Slavery….and so, they decided to re-classify the Yoocum Yoocum lands that now were known as New South Wales to Bundjalung…and the Queensland remnant became Yugambeh…..so, by the simple stoke of an administrative pen, they have caused all manner of trouble, strife and suffering for the ancestral descendants ever since……
Mucky Divorces…Religious Cults…Slavery and Fraud with altering the maps to hide the assets……and now they are trying it again….what a tangled web…
Anyway…here’s nice cultural note to finish on…..its a recording of Aunty Millie Boyd [nee Williams] explaining the ancestral Marriage lore’s of the Eelemarni to Howard Creamer as part of the National Parks Aboriginal Site surveys of 1977….The Lore she is explaining comes from the Yoocum Yoocum epoch, so you will hear her talking about Bundjalung [as being one of the tribes of Widjabil] as a marriage clan of the Githabal, Ngarakbal and Yugambeh of up Southport way, the Northern Gold Coast in Queensland….she is talking about sites and lore pre-invasion and how they bind us all to country thru the sacred waters…
Marriage Lore – ‘Skin’ Lore is sacred – interwoven to the Rainbow Serpent [water lore] and the Seven Sisters – the Sky-Heroes and all the other Bootheram…..
In order to survive we have to drop the crap and move past the divide and conquer patterns and come back together…its time….
If you would like know more then check out the archives on my website stellawheildon.com….and to receive more of my posts then subscribe to my newsletter [it’s free]…and they will be automatically sent to your email…..Hoo Roo
Altering Maps so as to claim land is a classic practice of post war administration….Conquer a country and wipe out their lands records….it’s happened all over the planet…..Here’s a story of how it happened on Australia’s East Coast….and, unfortunately, of how it’s happening still….
The role of the Roman Catholic Church in the Portuguese ‘discovery’,…..no, wait….better rephrase that,….the Portuguese arrival into the ancestral estates of the original Australian’s occurred in 1606, in Gladstone Qld….and actually it wasn’t into the ancestral estates exactly, because prior arrivals of islander refugees were occupying the area once the territory of the previous ancestral moieties who had been pushed inland – escaping geological catastrophes ….see my previous posts on the arrival of the Three Brothers…. https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/24/arrivals-in-the-land-of-the-bird-tribespart-1/
Anyway, the Catholics had a huge role in the expeditions to ‘discover’ and claim the great southern continent and actually name it ‘Australia’….The Vatican held the ancient maps of the great sea journeys into the southern latitudes – maps obtained during the Roman conquests of Egypt, long ago….and the Church is the origin of Law, and land ownership titles [geospatial records]……just like ancestral aboriginal LORE, LAND and LANGUAGE are linked [defining boundaries of ancestral estates and languages] so too for the Church has their LAW, LAND [Tenure] and Language [on maps] as the basis of acquisition and occupation in modern governance…..and this is why documenting Aboriginal languages and dual naming processes are so important to geospatial administration today….
Catholics are taught about Australia originally being named the “Great South Land of the Holy Spirit”….This was because a Portuguese sailor called Pedro Fernandez de Queiros ‘mistakenly’ thought the New Hebrides was the Great South Land. Many others disagreed. Most notably, Cardinal Moran, disagreed, as the description of the colony of New Jerusalem that de Queiros established does not fit the geography of the New Hebrides site ….but, it does fit Port Curtis in Gladstone Queensland, on the East Coast of Australia.
There is an interesting article, ‘ The Discoveries of Australia’, by Mary Kalantis and Bill Cope. It explores Cardinal Moran’s analysis and states……..
“..And where was this first Australia, this Spanish Australia? De Quiros mistook the present day Vanuatu for the Great South Land, say the keepers of conventional historical wisdoms. But not Cardinal Moran, Irish-Catholic Archbishop of Sydney from 1884 to 1911. A scholar of prodigious capacity, a speaker of seven or eight languages and an historian of the Irish Catholic Church, Moran turned his mind to the voyages of de Quiros. He came to the subject with an Irish-Australian’s suspicion of the conventional wisdoms of the Anglo-Imperial establishment.
In a book published in 1906 to commemorate Australia’s three-hundredth anniversary, Moran examined all the documentary evidence of de Quiros’ voyage. He set out to prove that de Quiros was the discoverer of eastern Australia and that the first Christian settlement, albeit shortlived, was at the place now named Port Curtis, near Gladstone in Queensland , just below the Tropic of Capricorn
The settlement was called New Jerusalem by de Quiros and had its own River Jordan, as well as a second river, named the Salvador. According to The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, at this place in May 1606 de Quiros proclaimed: Be witness the heavens and the earth, and the sea and all its inhabitants, and those who are present, that I, the Captain Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, in these parts which up to the present time have been unknown … [W]ith authority from the Supreme Roman Pontiff, Clement VIII, and by order of the King, Don Philip III, King of Spain … I take possession of all the … lands that I have newly discovered … and all this region of the south as far as the Pole, which from this time shall be called Australia del Espiritu Santo.
According to Moran in his Discovery of Australia by De Quiros in the Year 1606, De Quiros reported his discoveries to the Spanish King in 1607:
“The greatness of the land newly discovered, judging from what I saw … is well established. Its length is as much as all of Europe and Asia Minor … and of such capacity that double the kingdoms and provinces of which your Majesty is at present Lord could fit into it … The Bay of Sts Philip and James contains 20 Leagues of shore … it is surrounded by a large population; at a very great distance is seen by day much smoke, and at night many fires”…..
Moran explains detail by detail how de Quiros’ description matches that of Port Curtis on the Queensland coast, and not the port of Santo in the islands of Vanuatu which in Moran’s time were called the New Hebrides–the size of the bay, the two rivers (there is only one in Santo bay), the soil and the rocks, the mountains in the distance, the seven Islands visible on the horizon, the distinctive marble deposits even the kind of pebbles on the beach. We know now that the smoke and fires de Quiros saw were characteristic of Aboriginal land clearing at the beginning of the dry season…” …
So Australia got its name from the Portuguese who colonised the East Coast 164 years before Cook claimed it for the crown …the same article goes on to state…….
“De Quiros left Callao, Peru in December 1605 with three ships. Accompanying him were three hundred people–Spaniards, Portuguese and others whose ancestry was of the Incas and other ancient peoples of Peru. On 1 May 1606, after crossing the Pacific Ocean, the ships entered a large bay in a place de Quiros believed to be the Great South Land. There are several interpretations of the name he gave this land. In one account, de Quiros called it Austrialia del Espiritu Santo, Austrialia of the Holy Sprit, in recognition of the Spanish King’s descent from the Royal House of Austria. Other accounts use the Spanish word for southern, Austral, and in these the land is called Tierra Austral del Espiritu Santo. In de Quiros’ own account, published as The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, 1595 to 1606, the proclamation he read when he took possession in the name of the King of Spain named the place Australia del Espiritu Santo. In the world of the English and their Australian descendants, Captain Matthew Flinders is credited with having named Australia. He was the first to map the full extent of the continent, ‘discovered’ and recorded in his voyages of 1801-03. When he published his Voyage to Terra Australis in 1814, he noted that the land had two different names: New Holland, as it was called by the Dutch who had discovered the western part, and New South Wales, as it was called by the English who had discovered the east. Since his voyages had now proven beyond doubt that New South Wales and New Holland were one and the same landmass, neither name remained satisfactory. So, in the interests of ‘geographical precision,’ in A Voyage to Terra Australis, he suggested a return to a much older name, Terra Australis, a name the Dutch themselves had originally used on their maps. And, in a footnote, he makes another suggestion: Had I permitted myself any innovation upon the original term, it would have been to convert it to AUSTRALIA; as being more agreeable to the ear, and an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth…”
Cardinal Moran writes also about how the Spanish built a temporary Church named in honour of Our Lady of Loreto and they celebrated Pentecost on May 10 1606 and named the new continent Australia del Espiritu Santo and then on 21 May they had a Corpus Christi procession with the Blessed Sacrament including sailor boys dancing before the Eucharistic Lord.
It is also of note that on 19th May two days before Corpus Christi the land was seized with earthquakes some lasting more than an hour……. Australia was still geologically volatile at those times……. The Cardinal suggests that the natives at this time were those who now lived in the Torres Straits….. Due to these earthquakes and no doubt the invasion over the Mountains by the inland Aborigines these natives moved north to the York Peninsula and the Torres Straits Islands and New Guinea……and this analysis is qualified by ancestral ‘oral knowledge’ holders in ancestral Lore…One group of which is the Ngarakbal Githabal who were invaded by the Portuguese when they travelled down to the lower latitudes along the East Coast of Australia…..the remains of a Portuguese ‘fort’ is located south of Byron Bay in the ancestral Ngarakbal estates…and the Bootheram of the Three Brothers told in the 1950’s by Mr Alex Vesper of the Ngarakbal Githabal explains the arrival – https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/26/ancient-arrivals-to-the-land-of-the-bird-tribespart-2/
It was documented by De Quiros, in his two volume publication for the King that due to native hostility and problems within the crew the new colony called Nova Jerusalem (New Jerusalem) – Port Curtis Gladstone Queensland – had to be abandoned…… De Queiros was also [most likely] of Marrano (Jewish Catholic) descent, so it seems that Australia was discovered and named Australia by this Catholic Jew in honour of the Holy Spirit…De Quieros also established a new knightly order called the Knights of the Holy Ghost for the defence of the new continent……unfortunately, due to political machinations, his efforts and his name was defamed and were wiped from the historical records
The history of the relationship between Portugal and Britain dates back to the Middle Ages…. English Crusaders aided Portugal in the Reconquista, and after taking the city in 1147, the first King of Portugal Afonso Henriques made the Englishman Gilbert of Hastings the Bishop of Lisbon…. In 1373 the Kingdom of England signed the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, the oldest alliance in the world still in force. The alliance was formalised by the Treaty of Windsor in 1386, and in 1387 Philippa of Lancaster the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, was married to John I of Portugal….During the late 16th century England found itself fighting against Spain which at this time was in personal union with Portugal. The English Armada was launched as part of this conflict in an attempt to restore Portuguese independence, destroying both Spanish and Portuguese military ships which formed the Invincible Armada……
And this in turn led to the Dutch–Portuguese War – an armed conflict involving Dutch forces, in the form of the Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West India Company against the Portuguese Empire… Beginning in 1602, the conflict primarily involved the Dutch companies invading Portuguese colonies in the Americas, Africa, India and the Far East….it is associated with the 80 year war…..the conflict had little to do with the war in Europe and served mainly as a way for the Dutch to gain an overseas empire and control trade at the cost of the Portuguese. English forces also assisted the Dutch at certain points in the war……and this is why the Portuguese founded colonies on the East Coast of Australia in 1606
Now all this pre-crown Portuguese occupation of the East Coast of Australia was wiped clean from the His-story and the maps by the Crown administrators in order to lay claim to Australia for themselves just as they have wiped clean the occupation of three quarters of Australia’s west by the Dutch…Sanitising and fabricating the location of the Portuguese east coast colony to an obscure location in the New Hebrides……and sadly, they are still altering the ancestral language attributions that they applied on the geospatial [maps] records to validate their original claim that they had been here first….see my post mapping the Bootheram https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/16/mapping-the-bootheram-how-the-west-was-won-from-the-east/
Anyway…Aboriginal Elders of the ancestral estates, like the Ngarakbal Githabal people on the most eastern point of the Australian east coast, they know their history…..and they know why, and how, the crown continues to change the languages and the maps to this day……one such site where this stylised form of extinguishment of ancestral connection to country has occurred is in Tweed Heads, where the ancestral lore of a significant djurebil [sacred site] of the Ngarakbal Githabal dialects has been transferred to a completely different location; and, the original language attributions have been reclassified as a completely different language……altering the geospatial lands records, and thus sanitising and validating crown tenure…brilliantly diabolical stuff….a pattern that can be traced all the way back to the conquering of Egypt
I’ve put together a short presentation showcasing one of the original ancestral djurebil sites that has been ‘relocated’ via administration…It is a Bootheram that was first recorded in 1957 as part of the Civil Rights Campaigns to have Aboriginal Australians legally recognised as being Human….One of the legal definitions of requirement to have Human status is the presence of Religion in society…that’s according to the Churches Law’s….
What I find beautifully ironic is that just as Cardinal Moran was trying to expose the truth in [one of] the pre-crown occupations of Australia’s East Coast in his 1906 publication, that, 50 years later a Mr James Morgan from the Ngarakbal Githabal ancestral peoples told his custodial lore to prove his ancestral pre-crown occupation to his homelands, through his cultures spiritual Bird Tribe LORE…and just as De Quiros has been defamed, Mr Morgan had his djurebil name and its ancestral attributions altered also…
Mr Morgan told the Bootheram of his djurebil ‘custodianship’ …djurebil is the Ngarakbal Githabal word for Sacred Site, and their ancestral totemic creation Lore’s centre on Birds…and they refer to themselves as Bird Tribes, or Feathered Serpent Lore Traditions.
Mr Morgan’s significant djurebil is known as Dhungara-Ngaraian – “Pelican Dancing Ground” – ……and, just as the past crown administrators have surrepticiously transferred the site of the Portuguese colony at Gladstone in Queensland out to a fictitious location in the New Hebrides and defamed De Quiros as the ‘discoverer’ of Australia’s East Coast, so, today’s crown administrators have transferred the djurebil site of Mr. Morgan from its original mountainous location on the Lamington Plateau to a small hill in Tweed Heads on the NSW Queensland border of Eastern Australia, which had originally been gazetted as Toongarabah…..
This is just one of many djurebil sites that have been altered all over the continent…literally, moving mountains, and in the case of De Quiro’s oceans, in order to maintain tenure of the great southern continent……and continuing to do it today – to sever the “connections to country” of the ancestral lore from it people
Anyway…..I spent a lovely day today, with senior Elders, talking about this Portuguese settlement in Gladstone – “Wakka-Burri” ancestral estate…. and learning about the truth of who it was that actually named Australia….It turned out it was actually the Ancestral people….and in the near future I will film and publish here what they told me……you will love it…..in the meantime here’s the little film I put together….
There is a global mythology of Feathered Serpents throughout ancient tribal nations….and as the last great continent to be invaded, Australia’s original people hold the least corrupted of the ancestral lore….The most eastern extremity of the Australian Continent is the ancestral country of the Ngarakbal Githabal people, who refer to themselves as “Bird Tribes”…Their ancient traditional Lores and Customs are a rich repository of metaphoric lore of creation…..
The Ngarakbal Githabal people are direct descendants of the ancient Carpet-snake clans – “Bird Tribes”, or Feathered Serpent Traditions…..
Their totems and ceremonies bear witness to true and factual evolutionary creation sequences,and their lores and traditions travel through the landscape, climbing four ancient volcano’s, into the bordering ancestral lands of the Wakka Wakka peoples of the Bunya Mountains.
The oldest known Australian marsupial fossils are from a 55 million year old, Early Eocene site at Murgon in southern Queensland, in the Bunya Mountains volcano lands of the Wakka Wakka people. This site has produced a range of marsupial fossils, many with strong South American connections…..and South America also has a rich mythology of Feathered Serpents.
In 1987 the Murgon site also produced an isolated tooth that is thought to from a condylarth, which has been named Tingamarra porterorum…….Condylarths are an ancient group of placental mammals know from various other regions of the world, and the presence of Tingamarra in Australia indicates that placentals were indeed present there at the time when the continent broke away from Antarctica. The world’s oldest fossil bat was also found at the Murgon site…..Very old marsupial fossils have been found on other continents, most notably, North America and Asia.
The Bootheram [Dreaming Lore] of the Ngarakbal Githabal says that “the first bird flew from the Bunya Mountains”……and that Bird was the “Kirra”….the White Cockatoo….There is a coastal beach village on the New South Wales Queensland border, in Ngakakbal Githabal country…and if you follow the ridge from Kirra beach, all the way up the Macpherson Ranges and continue following it up and up, you come to the Bunya Mountains volcano, where all the ancestral totems are being uncovered from the ancient Gondwanan landscape…….right where the ancestral Bootheram Lore has always know them to be.
Here’s a short clip that explain’s a little more of the Feathered Serpent Lore of the Ngarakbal Githabal peoples…..the Bird Tribes of Australia…..enjoy
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The Ngarakbal Githabal people are the direct descendants of , arguably, one of the most ancient cultures on the planet…..Their ancestral estate is the most most eastern point of the Australian continent……
The Ngarakbal Githabal are ancestral Bird Tribes….or Feathered Serpent Lore Traditions…..custodians of an ancient ancient oral lore that comes from the ‘Star-tribes’…
The Rainbow Serpent is one of the most widely featured ancestral beings in the traditional lore and custom of the original Australian peoples. Two types of Rainbow Serpents consistently turn up in the culture; the female Rainbow Serpent, is the mother, the original creator being; and the male Rainbow Serpent, is the transformer of the land…thus, its sacred significance is that of both the phallus and the womb. It is the great father and mother of all forms of life, and it is always associated with water, the source of all life…. an important cultural creator being that is linked to their Landscape, through Lore and Language….
In the masculine form it slithers over the land, his tracks shape the mountains, his body scours out the course of the rivers; where he occasionally stopped for a rest, he created waterfalls, bays and lakes. Piles of rocks are said to be his droppings, and such sites are considered sacred. As he moved, his scales scraped off and become the forests and woodlands of the region…….
In the feminine the Rainbow Serpent can be seen in, and descended from, the band of stars spread across the sky, which form the milky-way galaxy……the everlasting water of space …The sacred waters are the basis of the women’s ‘skin-lore’ kinship relationships…. a personification of fertility, richness in propagation of plants and animals and rain, a narrative that is common throughout Australia…… It is a creator of human beings, having life-giving powers that send conception spirits to all the waterholes……. It is responsible for regenerating rains, and also for storms and floods when it acts as an agent of punishment against those who transgress the law or upset it in any way.
A popular theme in the Rainbow Serpent narratives is that of the many beautiful and exotic daughters of the Rainbow-Serpent. … The spirits of the daughters of the serpent inhabit rivers, lagoons and waterholes and reside in the night sky…. In many accounts they are Siren-women…In sacred ritual, these daughters of the Serpent are concerned with magico-religious practices for women and love ceremonies for both men and women…
On its journey through the land, the Rainbow Serpent meets with the Seven Sisters – who are called the Wiangaree, or Waringeh in Ngarakbal Githabal language…..and gifts them the lore…The totemic kinship ‘skin’ lore that links all life…… The Rainbow Serpent is primarily a symbol of fertility and creation known both as a benevolent protector of its people and as a malevolent punisher of law breakers……
For the Ngarakbal Githabal of the Yoocum Yoocum moiety of the most eastern point of the Australian continent the Rainbow Serpent is known as ‘Warrazum’….and the Lore comes from the ‘Alcheringa’ [Creation time]…….and the Alcheringa is the name of a sacred waterfall located high in the Macpherson Ranges of the New South Wales/Queensland border…in the abode of Warrazum, the Rainbow Serpent.
Here is an extract from an Australian Geographic film by Sorrel Wilby that explains a little more about it in Ngarakbal Githabal country….enjoy
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The Ngarakbal Githabal peoples are part of the once vast ‘Yoocum Yoocum’ Moiety….. These ancient peoples are the East Coast ‘Custodians’ of the Feathered Serpent Traditions [or, Bird Tribe Lore] which is intrinsically linked to The Seven Sister ‘Skin’ Lore of the Rainbow Serpent…..the most ancient religion on the planet
The Yoocum Yoocum are the large ‘Cultural Block’ of one of the most densely populated regions of the Australian Continent before invasion by the Crown… and, despite the aggressive invasion of the East Coast, the ancestral lore survived….it’s a wonderful thing that it did, for these people hold ancient lore that is the last piece of the puzzle to unifying many of the ancient global mysteries.
The Ngarakbal Githabal peoples are descendants of the “Carpet-snake clans” of Australia…..Their Carpet-snake [water-snake] Lore traditions and culture come from the ‘Alcheringa’ – the distant ancient ‘Dreamtime’ past….These traditions once traversed the island continent….the origin of the Rainbow Serpent Lore
The Rainbow Serpent is a most important Ancestral Being within the Yoocum Yoocum and associated aligned moieties across Australia…It governs every facet of their ‘Skin’ Marriage Lore’s of Creation and Fertility – the spiral of Birth, Death and Rebirth….Their Central Spirituality governing the ‘Cycles of all Life’…The Rainbow Serpent is intrinsically interwoven with the ‘Skin’ Marriage Lore of the Seven Sisters – Arguably the oldest Religion on the Planet…
…’…Our Rainbow Serpent Dreaming is the oldest continuous documented religious theme in the world…over 60,000 years of Women’s Lore…’…..Lorraine Mafi Williams- Widgabal – Bundjalung proper
The Lore’s begin with landscape creator journeys from the coast of the Wollumbin Caldera – the most easterly point of the ancient Australian continent – and the Lores come from the ‘Alcheringa’….This word – ‘Alcheringa’, and the Rainbow Serpent Lore, and the Seven Sisters, feature in the regional dialects of other ancestral estates across the continent….but, these traditions are not in every Aboriginal culture….Some have been replaced due to ancient invasions and wars of the distant past – They have different beliefs – creators, ancestors and cultural values – the same as different religions have spread around the planet throughout time….
The Alcheringa [Lore] once travelled right across Australia…It has been recorded as part of ‘skin’ marriage lore in several ancestral regions, including the eastern cultural blocks of the Wakka Wakka, the Gubbi Gubbi, the central New South Wales Komilaroi, and also the Urabunna and Arunta peoples in the red centre of the continent…There are also regions of the west coast moieties in the Pilbara – but the Alcheringa is certainly not limited to just these…as with all ancestral Lore, within each specific ancestral estate and with each ones specific language, the sacred sites to commemorate the ancestors creation journey are maintained and utilised by the ‘custodial’ clans…joining the creation ‘songs’ together, much like pearls on a necklace, makes the ‘songline’….and many of these ‘songlines’ are governed by celestial bodies – the transits of stars.
The east coast in Ngarakbal Githabal country is the beginning of the Alcheringa – marked by a ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] that is located high in the rainforest mountains, in the aquifer watershed of the two east coast volcano’s…This djurebil [sacred site] was created by the Carpet Snake Clan ancestors….the Carpet-snake clans are the oldest clan on the continent…the ancient ones….
The Alcheringa creation ‘songline’ travels from ancient geological sites now submerged beneath the waves of the eastern Pacific Ocean – from the distant past when the sea water was locked in ice and the land extended out much farther than it does today ….but the djurebil remains…and weaves to the west – as serpents do…it is the pathway of the Rainbow Serpent ancestor, making the water paths within the geological features as it travels….
Rainforest ridges, Mountains in their own right, once named ‘little’ and ‘big’ Buggram [Bootheram] are divided by a deep gorge that the Rainbow Serpent gouged on its journey…after creating Little and Big Bootheram it travels up – higher than Wollumbin [Mount Warning] – higher than Julgumboong [Mount Lindsay]…it creates a great Plateau “Dhungura-ngarian”, which the white man named Lamington Plateau and traveling on to Mount Worendo, where it creates a series of waterfall cascades that plunge down through the rainforest…it is there, high in the remote rugged Macpherson Ranges, of the Caldera’s rim that the highest waterfall is created…and it’s djuriebil name is ‘Alcheringa’….and it is the name of that waterfall still….
The Ancestral totemic ‘beings’ not only created the geological features and aquifer systems of the continent, but also carried and distributed objects which were the sources of ritual and tribal Lore as well as the sources of all forms of life, including the people themselves….
In the Bootheram of the ‘Alcheringa’ there exists a comparatively small number of individuals who were half human and half animal or half plant…The Ngarakbal Githabal say that these ancestors didn’t ‘come here’ but that they were ‘made here’…that they are the original Carpet-snake Clan’s…The Bootheram records them as being created by ‘God’- Babbarra is one Ngarakbal Githabal word for describing God …Duramulan is another…….
Bootheram teaches that these half-human creatures were endowed with far greater powers than any living men or women now possess. They could walk about either on the earth or beneath it and could fly through the air….They were the children of ‘God’ and had inherited a portion of the qualities of their creator…they were themselves as ‘demi-gods’…and these ‘demi-gods’ are the ancestors of the existing totemic clans ….’Family’…Ancestors… Nimbinje as the Ngarakbal Githabal call them – or the “Hairy fellas”…the original clans – Carpet-snake totemic clans – they went all over the country, creating the djurebil…making them with sacred ceremonies, songs and dances for the people to enact throughout time….
The creation ancestors, in the act of ‘creating’, would leave deposits in the ground or in some natural feature such as a rock or a water pool, which transformed the site into a djurebil…and, high on the escarpment between the two volcano lands is one such carn of boulders, which was ‘made’ by the Rainbow Serpent…and, it is in this same area that the ‘Eelemarni Marriage Lore’ is deified…joining Ngarakbal to Githabal……All Bootheram Lores link together
So, what is Bootheram?
Bootheram is the Ngarakbal Githabal dialect name for the Dreamtime LORE…or LAW of all creation…Its Spiritual, complex and parallels numerous scientific disciplines
Northern hemisphere peoples (recently) developed numerical & alphabetical values to explain time and creation of this galaxy, this solar system and this planet…Bootheram explains the same thing…
Bootheram uses plants and animals and creation Heroes and Heroines metaphorically to denote each timeframe, for each creation sequence [epoch] and ‘holds’ it orally…through ceremonial songs, dances and sacred ritual at djurebil sites
Bootheram uses the landscape and the sky as the reference points of this creation lore….a living library…written into the land and mirrored in the sky, for all to see….indelible native science held in oral format…..And it is the Lore that Bootheram must NEVER be changed…
The sum total of the Bootheram of the Ngarakbal Githabal Feathered Serpent Traditions tells the complete history of the creation of the ‘universe’ beginning with 8 culture hero’s….It is obviously metaphoric and [naturally] linked to Bird Tribe Lore…..so, let’s look at one of the metaphoric Ancestral Creator Birds…..
Bootheram has many layers of meaning…and one such layer depicts (dreaming) timeframes…Oral lore for chronological markers of ‘Bird Tribe’ Mythology events….or, Totem as a Timeline……For example….One of the Landscape creation ancestors is the Turkey – ‘Woggun’ means Bush Turkey in Ngarakbal Githabal …and Woggun the Creation Ancestor Turkeys name is ‘Wollumbin’….
So…..In 1977 as part of the National Parks and Wildlife Aboriginal Site Survey of NSW, Ngarakbal Githabal ‘custodial knowledge holder’ Mrs Millie Boyd recorded the significance of Mt Warning with Howard Creamer, Anthropologist …Mrs Boyd had learnt this Feathered Serpent Lore from her Mother Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] …..Aunty Millie related the Bootheram [unchanged] of the Totemic Ancestral Birds gathering to ‘learn the lingo’ [Language]…..Then all flying from Mount Brown [which is located in the Richmond Range of Northern NSW]……….All the Birds fly from Mount Brown to claim, settle and name the ancestral tribal Totem sites in the ancient Yoocum Yoocum Landscape…….
“Turkey Flew to Mount Warning…’….Mrs Millie Boyd
Ok…so what’s the Metaphor of Feathered Serpents?
“….The birds are the Feathered Serpents, the descendants of the Goanna beings; and we are the descendants of the Bird Tribes who also come from this Bootheram… The Birds gave us our lore, land and language…. We are the Bird Tribes….”…..….Marlene Boyd – Ngarakbal Githabal – grand-daughter of Charlotte Williams…
When the Bootheram was being recorded western science hadn’t discovered that birds evolved out of dinosaurs….this has only come to light in the last decade….But the Ngarakbal Githabal descendants knew….they have always know…they ARE the Bird Tribe…..
Here is one of their Bootheram Lore’s from the Lamington Plateau of the Macpherson Ranges, which the Ngarakbal Githabal call “Dhungura-ngarian”…it was broadcast on radio in 1968 and published the same year….the ‘custodian’ relating this Bootheram was Mr James Morgan – who was another 1967 civil rights campaign “Hero of the people”….Like all the Bootheram, it sounds like a nice little story about animals…but it has profound layers….There are djurebil sites all around the ranges that were created by the ancestral Carpet -snake Clans to mark this important Bootheram…for this is the story of the first Corroboree ring….the very first one…it is a sacred story, and it must NEVER be changed
……..”In the time which is Bootharrum or the dreamtime there lived a pelican who played on a plateau.
The name of the plateau was Dhungura-ngarian, which means “where the Pelican Played”. The corroboree ring of the pelican was on the plateau of Dhungura-ngarian……”……
…”In the Bootharrum all the birds were the same colour but one day they decided that it would be much better if they were not all the same, so they painted themselves in different colours. From that time they have kept the colours they painted themselves on the plateau of Dhugura-ngarian…”..
“…The Crow painted himself black….The paint that he used was made from burnt bark of the Bloodwood tree”….
….”The parrots adorned themselves with bright paints of many colours. And all the birds chose the colours they liked best. Then the birds gathered together for a corroboree on the plateau of Dhungura-ngarian….”….
….”One day, Old Man Pelican, who was very fat, was walking away from the corroboree ring when he heard someone laughing.
“He turned around to see who was laughing and saw that it was the crow…”…
“…The crow was laughing at him, laughing at the way he walked because he was so fat….”…
….”Because the crow had laughed at him Old Man Pelican picked up a piece of the dullong and threw it at the Crow…..”…..
….”The piece of clay hit the Crow in the eye and to this day the white in the eye of the crow can be seen where Old Man Pelican hit him……”
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The Ngarakbal Githabal are the ancestral aboriginal people of the most easterly land on the Australian continent….a landscape protected by their ancestral spirits…one such spirit is ‘Ineroogun’ – the Black Dog of Fingal Heads….
The ‘accepted history’ books tell us that the Tweed / Gold Coast environs were established by the colonialists in the mid 1840’s…. this is a sanitised pro-crown ‘His’-storical view…..
The first Cedar getters [wood cutters] were claimed to have arrived by boat in 1844…commencing the indiscriminate ‘clear fell’ denuding of the Gondwana Super Forest from the Brunswick River, just North of Byron Bay and throughout the Tweed Caldera…However the oral traditions of the Ngarakbal Githabal indigenous Aboriginal people tell of this lands invasion beginning well before the 1830’s…The first white skinned invaders they say also arrived by sail boat…. but contrary to the contemporary history presented by government, the traditional Aboriginal people – the Ngarakbal Githabal- tell of a prior arrival of the Spanish in the 1500’s coming to Byron Bay and Fingal Heads…All pre-crown arrival has been eradicated from the authorised historical records… a prior arrival in Australia would nullify the Crowns claim of Terra Nullus as unoccupied lands….and this is not a popular political option…
Anyway, over one hundred years after the Portuguese-Spanish arrived, the first Dutchman to get to Australia was Willem Janszoon aka Jansz in 1606…… Not much is known about his early years, other than he was born in 1570, but what we do know is that he served the Dutch East India Company (VOC), which was a chartered company established in 1602 to carry out colonial activities in Asia……. In 1603, he became captain of the Duyfken, which means ‘Little Dove’, and it was aboard this ship that he first sighted Australia while searching for outlets of trade near New Guinea…… Once he crossed the Arafura Sea, he travelled west and landed on the western coast of Cape York just near Weipa…possibly, following charts that had been captured from the Spanish
Jansz started to chart the area, thinking that the land was still New Guinea, but after finding nothing but swampy land and violent encounters with Aborigines, he decided to throw in the towel and return to Indonesia…..He called ‘his’ new found land ‘Nieu Zeland’, but the name didn’t stick and was used by Abel Tasman about 40 years later for New Zealand…which is located off the eastern coast of Australia.mmmmm……..Now, Aboriginal Elders are insistent that two Spanish landings took place in the ancestral coastal lands of the Ngarakbal Githabal people, on the east coast of Australia…One at Byron Bay and another at Fingal Heads…..Both are purported to be Spanish Shipwrecks which occurred at Suffolk Park south of Byron Bay, and on Cook Island, situated just off Fingal Headland
Fingal Headland is a beautiful place…its known as “Mynjung Booning”……… “Mynjung”, which is the Ngarakbal Githabal word for ‘place of’; and “Booning”, which means Echidna …Place of the Echidna…… Fingal’s precise location is Latitude -28.199042, Longitude 153.571315
Separating the Tweed River from the Pacific Ocean, Fingal is a narrow peninsula several kilometres long. It ends at the mouth of the Tweed river and on the opposite bank lies Queensland. . The peninsula north of Fingal village is known as Letitia Spit, a sand spit that has been slowly accreting due mainly to the construction of the river’s southern training wall – from rock quarried from Fingal
Aboriginal associations stretch well back into the dreamtime with anthropologists claiming that the area supported one of the densest nomadic populations to occur anywhere in the world. Skeletal remains of people estimated to have been around seven feet tall have been found on the Peninsula….
In contemporary times Fingal has been referenced as “Pooning”…most notably in the crowns geospatial lands records for LAW, Land and Language are linked…..and the ancestral people understand that for its the same in traditional Lore – Lore, Land and Language are linked – but, the crown chooses to only recognise the name ”P[b]ooning” for Fingal….[the ‘P’ and ‘B’ sounds blurr together when enunciated…]…..
”P[b]ooning” is the Ngarakbal Githabal name for the Echidna, or Australian porcupine…and the word P[b]ooning is attributed to Fingal Headland because of the rock formations that occur on the headland…. Spectacular basalt columns that resemble the spines of an echidna, and, the ancestral Ngarakbal Githabal people believe that the spirit of the echidna inhabits these headlands…Burleigh Heads located to the north also has similar formations and is also traditionally referred to as being a “Mynjung” [Place of] “P[b]ooning” to the Ngarakbal Githabal…and several other sites that this rock formation occurs in are too.
Anyway……There used to be a large cave at Fingal, but it was blown up to form the break-walls of the Tweed River ….. For the Ngarakbal Githabal the cave site is the ‘dreaming home’ of a protective [supernatural] hairy man said to abide in that cave on Fingal Head and also a giant black dog whose story is linked to the creation of the McPherson Range…but the crown chooses NOT to recognise these ancestral Lores or that the Ngarakbal Githabal totemic ancestral name for Fingal is ‘Inneroogun’ – the Black Dog…..said to now roam the area, homeless….since the Cave was destroyed
The columnar basalt lava flow at Fingal Headland extends underwater to Cook Island (named after Lieutenant James Cook who explored the east coast of Australia in 1770)…… The lava is thought to have come from the prehistoric Tweed Volcano and is known as “Lismore Basalt”; predominantly tholeiitic with occasional alkaline types…….. This unit is stratigraphically equivalent to the Beechmount Basalt in Queensland – west of the Lamington Plateau….which is also refered to by the Ngarakbal Githabal as being a “Mynjung” [Place of] “P[b]ooning”……
Now,…I need to include all this historical and geological stuff in order to explain how the Ngarakbal Githabal Bootheram Lore, Land and Language are linked, to geospatial lands records….and thus, land tenure.
The jointing, clearly evident at Fingal Head is caused by contraction: as lava cools from the outside toward the centre, shrinkage cracks develop, usually forming hexagonal patterns (the shape of the columns is attributed to tensional stress). These columns are vertical because the lava cools from top to bottom when the flow of lava is horizontal
Just before the turn of the century, the Department of Public Works blasted and quarried the massive basalt caves of Fingal Head….and in the process they desecrated the ‘djuribil’ [sacred site] of the Ngarakbal Githabal……. During the1950’s and 60’s sand miners cleared and destroyed not only most of the littoral rainforest which blanketed Letitia Spit but also numerous burial sites, including at least one of the former massacre sites.
All of this destruction occurred during the crown occupation process when the ancestral peoples were being systematically relocated to policed reserves…moving them further and further from their ancestral lands….and due to their legal status as being Flora and Fauna up until the success of the Civil Rights ratification in1967, the blood-line to country descendants of the ancestral people of Fingal have remained dispossessed….however, their Bootheram [Dreaming] Lore survived and was even used to save the Fingal area from massive development…which I’m getting too…
Fingal has historically been coveted as a beachside development site since early occupation but has always managed to remain protected…This protection was largely because of the Ngarakbal Githabal Aboriginal recording the totemic significance of the area and having their language embedded into the geospatial lands records by the crowns first Surveyor’s under order of the old Queen, Victoria.. …Lore Land and Language are linked, so the surveyors used Ngarakbal Githabal language on the original maps…..but, since the advent of Native Title in Australia, the crown is none too happy that the ancestral dialects of the ancestral people are on the geospatial records [the maps]…seemingly because the language attribution [of Ngarakbal Githabal] is the evidentiary material required to claim Native Title ….so, it’s much simpler for them to reclassify it to Bundjalung…change the language classification changes the tenure….it’s an old formula applied globally….
Anyway…back to Fingal…..Throughout the seventies the residential community of Fingal continued to make land claims over Letitia Spit despite the fact that they had no legislative basis on which to rely….. None of these claims were successful [ the residential community not being of the ancestral bloodline of Ngarakbal Githabal country]…Then, after the introduction of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act in 1983, the residential community linked together with other local groups to form the Tweed Byron Local Aboriginal Land Council and immediately lodged new claims over the Spit as well as other pieces of Crown land at Fingal……as a government entity the Aboriginal Lands Council were able to circumvent the non-bloodline prerequisite – write new laws that enabled development …So, In 1986, the Aboriginal lands Council and the Department of Lands negotiated ‘a deal’ in respect of the Spit……The residential community agreed to withdraw all but a small portion of their original claim in return for the Department instituting a Plan of Management over the remainder, aimed at ensuring the land’s protection for future public use….To their credit, the Local Aboriginal Land Council went to some expense in preparing its submission on the Plan of Management…… However, once the claim was withdrawn the Department refused to proceed, and instead commenced researching potential development options…..Of note is that over the subsequent decades several fresh land claims have been made, and like the initial claims, none of which have included the Ngarakbal Githabal…and; subsequently, none of the claims were successful…..since then, the geospatial records linguistic attributions have seemingly been stealthily and steadily changed to Bundjalung….
Developers, Ocean Blue Club Resorts Pty. Ltd., posed the first big threat to Fingal They negotiated ‘a deal’ with ‘the department’….planned to build an international hotel on an important dreaming site and remnant littoral rainforest, a luxury marina on a protected wetland area, and a 400 townhouse /condominium complex in place of the existing village. Both the hotel and marina site were Crown Land and zoned as either public open space or for environmental protection….. At the same time, the Public Works Department commenced a feasibility study into the possibility of cutting a new entrance to the Tweed River through Letitia Spit to make a “Super Harbour”…. If approved, the Department intended to pay for the construction work by selling the remainder of the Spit to private developers…… One firm, Adco Constructions Pty Ltd expressed interest in acquiring the land and put forward proposals for around one billion dollars’ worth of tourist and residential developments….. Such intensive development was considered necessary to absorb the sixty million dollar cost of river works.
In order to prevent development of their ancestral djurebil [sacred site] the Aboriginal Lands Council contacted the Ngarakbal Githabal knowledge holders for help…they needed the ancestral Bootheram Lore to save Fingal…..
Now;….The first pro-aboriginal recordings of the Aboriginal significance of the area were made in 1950’s by Mildred Norledge from Kyogle – endorsed by Professor Elkin…She recorded the Ngarakbal Githabal Bootheram from Elders such as Mr James Morgan; Dyraaba Tribe – west of Lamington Plateau…and Mr. Joe Coolhum; Mebbini Tribe – Tweed Heads…These two gentlemen had spoken about their ancestral custodial Lore as their intrinsic contribution to the Civil Rights Campaigns to free their people from the crowns ‘non-human’ status…..They are two more of the Ngarakbal Githabal ancestor Heroes who showed the crown, through their Bootheram, that they did indeed have their own cultural ‘religion, and did not deserve to be legally classified as Flora and Fauna…
The next wave of recordings commenced in the late 1970’s by Anthropologist Howard Creamer for the National Parks and Wildlife Service Aboriginal Site Survey Team…Howard was instructed to identify ancestral knowledge holders within the community…one of the Cultural Elders whom he interviewed was Mrs Milli Boyd of Woodenbong, who was the daughter of Mrs Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] as part of the governments Aboriginal Site Survey Team of National Parks and Wildlife Services…….This information was then used to obtain further interviews of Mrs Milli Boyd [nee Williams]….principally Dr. Margaret Gummow [building upon the work of Anthropologist, Howard Creamer and Linguist, Margaret Sharpe]….This cultural evidence was then used by the Tweed Byron Aboriginal Lands Council to launch legal action, and a subsequent corruption investigation, in regards development at Fingal Heads…
And these are the cases in which the Ngarakbal Githabal ancestral cultural information was used….Tweed Byron Local Aboriginal Land Council v The Minister Administering the Crown Lands (Consolidation) Act and the Western Lands Act & Ors  NSWLEC 67 (19 June 1990)…and TWEED BYRON LOCAL ABORIGINAL LAND COUNCIL v. THE MINISTER ADMINISTERING THE CROWN LANDS ACT  NSWLEC 220 (14 December 1995)…… “By Notice of Motion filed in Court on 23 October 1995, the Tweed Shire Council seeks to be joined in pending Class 3 proceedings involving a number of land claims made by the Applicant pursuant to the Aboriginal Lands Rights Act 1983 (the Act) at various times between 4 January 1988 and 27 March 1992, in respect of various parcels of land having an aggregated area of some 300 hectares situate on the coast line at Fingal in the Shire of Tweed near the New South Wales-Queensland border”…..
……“The Independent Commission against Corruption [ICAC] has yet to release its report and has so far made no findings, but the evidence presented to it has graced the front pages of the metropolitan newspapers for months. Evidence before ICAC revealed that Ocean Blue had paid large secret donations to both the Labor and National parties at times when, as the respective Governments of the day, they were considering Ocean Blue’s application for Crown land at Fingal. The Administrator of the Tweed Byron Local Aboriginal Land Council alleged that an officer of Ocean Blue had attempted to bribe him into furthering the company’s interests. Lawyers from the Department of Lands claimed that they were misled in leasing the quarry site to the wrong company and both Wal Murray and Ian Causley declared that, had they known what they do now about Ocean Blue, they would have refused to deal with them. Whether or not the Ministers were in fact aware of the donation is an issue on which the ICAC has still to make a finding”….Andrew Chalk
And it was the Ngarakbal Githabal ancestral cultural information which won the case…..and Lore was recorded in LAW….
…..“To my knowledge, there are four recordings of this [Mt Warning] song in existence, all performed by Boyd. The first was recorded by Howard Creamer of the NPWS as part of a project concerning aboriginal site protection. I recorded the second performance in 1985 in relation to my PhD research on Bundjalung and Gidabal songs [Gummow 1992]. The Linguist Margaret Sharpe recorded the third performance in 1989 in connection with a project funded by Aboriginal Legal Aid concerning the environmental impact of land and land rights at Fingal Head. The Fourth was recorded on video in the early 1980’s by Lorraine Mafi Williams. In an attempt to preserve traditional material, Mafi-Williams produced the film Eelarmarni [sic] in 1988, which featured Boyd explaining some of the mythology and singing several songs from the area.”…[Gummow;1985;7A Barwick-Marett-Tuntill 1995:121-131; Tweed Byron Aboriginal lands Council v Tweed Shire Council v the Minister for Crown Lands; and the ICAC INVESTIGATION into North Coast Land Development ]
The following information is based on recordings made in 1989 by Sharpe, speaking with Mrs Milli Boyd [nee Williams] who had learnt the Ngarakbal Githabal Bootheram Lore’s from her Elders… It comprises part of the mythology of the area [Sharpe 1989].
Mount Warning is the shape of a Turkey’s head, and according to Aboriginal people in the area a spirit being called Wollumbin, a wild turkey, lives inside the mountain. Wollumbin owned two dogs, one male and one female, which are associated with Mount Warning and Fingal Head…..One day the dogs were chasing a kangaroo along a ridge. They chased him from Fingal Heads over to Boonah near Beaudesert in Queensland. They eventually came to water and the dogs drank than lay on the bank. Two young girls from a nearby camp came to get water, saw the dogs, and went back to the camp to bring more people down to the river. After spearing the two dogs, they put them on a pole and began cooking them over a fire…….Wollumbin had followed the dogs and knew they had been killed. He flew down onto the flat where the dogs were being cooked and caused a wild storm. The people left to find shelter from the storm. Wollumbin took the dogs off the fire, wrapped them in bark and carried them back to Mount Warning. As he flew across the country, parts of the dogs’ bodies dropped onto the ground below and formed part of the landscape. He went back to Mt Warning and placed the dog’s bones in the water. One dog was placed in the Tweed River near Mt Warning and the other was placed at Fingal Head. It is believed that their spirits protect the Ngarakbal Githabal people in this area from strangers…..Today, at the Tweed River, Ngarakbal Githabal people can hear the dogs bones creaking….
The two Ngarakbal Githabal gentlemen, Mr. Joe Coolham; Mebbini Tribe – Tweed Heads and Mr James Moran; Dyraaba Tribe, told their ancestral Bootheram Lore respectively……. of the Two Dogs, Burrajahee and Ineroogun…. and DHUNGURA NGARIAN which in Ngarakbal Githabal is the name of the Pelican Dancing Ground…. Bootheram Lore must never been changed…it cannot be transferred or claimed by another….for it tells the Lore of their ancestral estate, and within it, embodies traditional morals and values for the people to follow…
The first Lore is “DON’T BE GREEDY”…the story of Burrajahee and Ineroogun teaches that Lore….. To claim or steal a Lore opens it up to corruption and contamination…and, unsurprisingly, that is exactly what unfolded………..
……”As always there is a good deal more to the story. The best parts – the intrigue and maneuvering, the anguish and joy, and above all the people – are most wisely kept for late nights around a fire on Dreamtime Beach, where, well out of earshot of the defamation lawyers, a group will be sitting waiting for the snapper to bite. They will be remembering and they will be laughing, because in 1989 they all did something which they didn’t really think was possible….”…..Andrew Chalk – in regards to the Aboriginal Lands Council court case….
To this date the Ngarakbal Githabal descendants have never been recognized or included in the governance of their ancestral estate by the crown systems….Their culture continues to be appropriated and twisted by those who do not understand the Bootheram and its teachings…the ignorance of the current system thrives on greed, but, the ancestral ‘djurebil’ protection of the Black Dog is indelible, and it’s been written into LAW….
If you would like to read Joe Calhum’s Bootheram of the Two Dogs – you will find it on my website at this address….and if you would like to receive more of these blogs then subscribe to my newsletter [its free] and you will automatically receive them in your email…..Hoo Roo
Time itself is like a spiral…..For the Ngarakbal Githabal people of eastern Australia, Spirals have an important meaning in their Dreaming Lore , which they call Bootheram – It comes from their ancestors; the Carpet-snake clans of the Feathered Serpent Traditions….and, their ancestral land itself is a gigantic geological spiral formation…an erosion caldera…
The Tweed caldera’s southerly point commences at Byron Bay and then arcs in a sweeping series of mountain ranges to its northern point, Currumbin, on the Gold Coast ….The Caldera has a series of inner rings, which spiral in to the central peak of Wollumbin…. The Ngarakbal Githabal are the ancestral tribal peoples of this area….They have many Bootheram’s [Dreaming Lore] of their beautiful landscape and its history….In Aboriginal culture, Lore, Land and Language are connected….and the Bootheram must NEVER be changed…that is the LAW – Lore..
Bogangar, or Cabarita Beach is a coastal village of the Tweed Coast….The most prominent geological feature at Bogangar is its rugged Headland which has the geographical name of Norries Headland…Bogangar is the halfway point between Currumbin [on the southern Gold Coast] and Byron Bay, the most easterly point of the Australian mainland…..
The Ngarakbal Githabal ancestral name for Byron Bay is “Coorumbah”, and the northern point is Currumbin……Coorumbah – Currumbin… [Positive – Negative] …the village of Bogangar is halfway between them….
Bogangar has the largest coastal Lake in the Northern Rivers area….Cudgen Lake….fed from sea at Cudgen Headland, Kingscliff, 7km to the north along the beach….and Cudgen is Ngarakbal for ‘red ochre’ which occurs on the coastal ridges at Duranbah behind Kingscliff village
Now, Bogangar was the name of a little “hairy man”….a ‘Nimbinje’…These ancestral beings are prominent throughout the Bootheram Lore – they are from the Carpet-snake clans – from the Feathered Serpent Traditions of ancient Australia…Alcheringa…..In the distant past the ancestral people were Hairy…Now, this is by no means unusual, because ice-ages affect evolutionary changes and being Hairy in an ice-age is a very good thing… and the name of the ancestral tribe [family] at Bogangar were the “Bogangaree”……for Lore, Language and Land are linked, always…..
The Ngarakbal Githabal did not come to this land, they were always here…the Carpet-snake Clans were made here by the ancestors…In Lore the landscape and the sky are the storyboard or living library of all events….written into the landscape in ancestral language, in plain view for all to see, for all time….
As custodians of the land the Ngarakbal Githabal Bootheram ‘sings’ the story of their [specific] ancestral estate….Traditional Lore and Custom is that no-one else can sing in their lands….that is ancestral Lore for every ancestral ‘country’ all over the Australian continent – and for a very good reason…….It ensures that the Lore [of each specific ancestral estate] remains intact, unpolluted, uncorrupted and unchanged….each ancestral estate holds their specific portion of the song of their own land in their own language…and these ‘songs’ hold the survival knowledge of specific places throughout time…
In traditional Lore and Culture, someone from some other area can-not come into the ancestral estate of another tribal territory and ‘sing’ their story…Culturally if this happens the perpetrator is referred to as being “out of country”….It is perceived as very disrespectful – breaking Lore….for to sing “out of country” in a language foreign to the ancestral ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] potentially corrupts or contaminates the harmonic Lore of the Land…and this potential corruption threatens the survival of all.
“…At Norries Headland, on the sand dunes that connect the rocky headland to the mainland is an exposed midden consisting largely of “cart-rut” shells [Dicathais orbita]. A few kilometres north of Norries Head there was a stone arrangement on sandy ground in the rainforest, the stones being arranged in a spiral pattern about three metres in diameter. This report of the stone arrangement came from a man who worked on a sand-mining dredge, who collected the stones before the dredge moved over the site. Inland from Kingscliff is a ridge of red soil on which the village of Cudgen stands, the word Cudgen meaning red. According to report in 1900 “there is a hill at this place where the blacks get the red raddle or pigment to paint themselves when going fighting” …Steele – Aboriginal Pathways- page 48
Another, or perhaps the same, spiral of stones was reported to also have been found at Tyagarah just north of Byron Bay…as the story goes, these too, were found by a sand miner in 1965 and taken back to his home in Kingscliff…He then gave them to the Tweed Historical Society who networked with the Brunswick Progress Association and the stones were finally placed at the Brunswick Valley Heritage Park in 1989.
The convener of the Brunswick Valley Heritage Park was visited by Elders who told him the story of the spiral stones…This small extract was published in the Echo Newspaper in 1990……“In the dreamtime the north coast was populated by an ancestral people who owned the land….The Yowies…legendary mountain people in the style of the Yeti or Bigfoot came down from the mountains and drove the people off their land and dispersed them far and wide…..A male and female member of the people gathered them together again and then drove out the Yowies, regained their land and the sacred red ochre at a sacred site…. The stones are the spirals of the two people”……
You see, this all comes spiralling back to the Ngarakbal Githabal ‘Eelamarni’ Marriage Lore – from the Carpet-snake clans of the Feathered Serpent Traditions of Australia….which pre-dates the Three Brothers Lore thousands and thousands of years….The Three Brothers is the Bootheram of migrations into Ngarakbal Githabal lands that occurred after the last glacial maximum, when the ice melted and the sea levels rose…about 12,000 years ago – The Three Brothers migrated to the east coast of Australia with their families….landing at Yamba on the Clarence River….Now, the Ngarakbal Githabal were already here….and they call the Three Brothers “Paigal”, which loosely translated means human …The “Paigal” were cannibals….and there was a war at Nimbin Rocks …., you’ll find information about that in my past posts….But, the ancestral Carpet-snake Clans, well, they go way back…way, way, way, back…..and, explaining that, well, that’s for another post
Anyway…. Here is another of the Ngarakbal Githabal Heroes…Mr Tom Close, relating the Eelamarni…from the ancestral Feathered Serpent Skin Lore.….Mr Close told this Bootheram in the 1950’s as part of the Civil Rights campaigns to recognise Aboriginal Peoples Human Rights…. Mr Tom Close was the half-brother of Charlotte Williams [nee Brown]…..’Beereen’ is the ancestral Ngarakbal name of Kingscliff, Cudgen Heads…
…”….In the Dreamtime there lived a young girl who was very beautiful. Her people were the Beereen tribe. At the time when this girl lived upon the earth there was a great war, for the Githerbul people were fighting against the Beereen people.
While the tribesmen were fighting the girl saw a handsome young Githerbul man who was a valiant warrior and tall in stature. She knew in her heart that she loved him, even though she had never seen him before. She longed that she might come to know him.
When the fighting between the Githerbul people and the Beereen people ended, a corroboree was held. When it was over the handsome young man returned to his uncle, for he lived with him in a mountain called Meeyanin.
The young girl of the Beereen tribe saw the footprints of the young man and knew by their appearance that he had gone from her sight.
Her heart bade her set forth to seek the man she loved
Wherever the young man’s footprints led, there she walked. She had with her some bark of the boorlum or ti-tree, and on this bark she rested at night. Wherever the young girl lay down a ti-tree grew and to this day these trees can still be seen…’…..Tom Close – Ngarakbal Githabal
Here is Charlotte Williams version of the same Lore…also recorded in the 1950’s
DAWNTIME…when all creation was created – there were also people of the Spirit World made. Now the name of the Good Spirit people is Wooyun. They are a kind of fairy people. You may behold these people for they look like ordinary mortals, but they are only seen for a little while…..
It happened that one day the fairy people were traveling down to Coogen Heads and with them was a lovely young fairy girl. Now this girl had been promised in marriage to a young man brave as he was handsome, for he was in charge of a Bora Ring – the sacred Ring – to where all young men must go for the initiation Ceremony so that they may be proclaimed men of their tribe. For a man to be placed in charge of a Bora Ring he must indeed be a good man, so all the people of the tribe many know that he is worthy to be placed in charge of the SACRED BORA Ring.
When the time had come that the young fairy woman had reached womanhood she thought of the man, the young man to whom she had been given in marriage when a child. The dawn had kissed many days and the stars had kissed many nights since she had seen him last. Then one day she saw him in at Coogen Heads – she knew he was the man to whom she was promised in marriage – for her heart told her so.
When the battle had been fought at Coogen Heads, the young man went to his home at Meeahan, which is the name by which Crown Mountain was known to the tribe of the young man. So the fairy woman set forth to seek her lover – she came to Meehaan, and the people of there told her “yes! the young man whom you seek and who will be your husband came home but is gone again”..So she set forth on her journey of seeking her husband, carrying with her the bark of the Ti-tree, she had brought with her from Coogen Heads….. Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] – Ngarakbal Githabal
And a contemporary rendition of the same Marriage Lore – prepared for the Department of Environment and Conservation in May 2006
…..Leo was a Balugan who was staying with his old uncle Miyarni. He would look after his uncle who was an old clever fella…….The Balugan said: “I’m going to have to leave you for a while. I am going over to the coast. I want to go down to the tribal battle”…the Uncle said “ don’t leave me on my own.” But Leo insisted he had to go.
The next morning the Balugan woke up early to leave. He told the uncle that there was plenty of gwiyam [possum] and honey and away he went. He went over towards the cost, camping on the way. The coast was where the fight was, it was lasting four days. There was a Guangun there where they were having the gunarra [fight]. A Guangun is a very attractive presentable woman with all the attributes of being beautiful. That Guangun saw the Balugan and she saw that he was handsome. She was feeling in her heart that she wanted to be with the Balugan……..She was a Ngarakwal woman and her name was Kumbarra…”…..
Today the site of the spiral stones “north of Norries Headland” is known as Casuarina Estate Kingscliff….The spiral stones ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] commemorated the end of the wars between the Ngarakbal and the Githabal….it celebrates LOVE and respect…..and its linked to the stars….but that’s another Bootheram
“The spiral is a spiritualized circle…In the spiral form, the circle, uncoiled, has ceased to be vicious; it has been set free”…Vladimir Nabokov…..
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Aboriginal Star Lore Author & Lecturer Stella Star Lore