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Aboriginal Creation Lore of the Gold Coast & Northern Rivers Basalt Headlands

three wise men  (2)

All creation Bootheram is told in metaphor… Bootheram of the journeys and adventures of the Sky Ancestors describing significant geological events…

“I want to share with a Bootheram about the creation of the Gold Coast & Northern Rivers Headlands…..its a Bootheram about honey and the echidna”…

“In the ancestral Yoocum Yoocum moiety we call the Echidna, Booninj, the Porcupine….

“When Nguthungulli first sent his son Yar-Birrain to earth, the earth was very new….Yar-Birrain arrived  into the paradise that Nguthungulli had created in the east ”..

Yar - Birrain satelite“Yar Birrain is our name for Mount Warning.  Once a huge shield volcano covering eruptions smothered the surrounding landscape with layers of basalt lava flows about 25million years ago……… By the time the eruptions had ceased, Yar-Birrain had risen from the seafloor to a height of 2km and a diameter of about 100km, forming a vast dome stretching south to Lismore, west to Mount Lindsay and north to Tamborine Mountain…. Tamborine is the closest the colonial settlers could get to saying Yar-Birrain”….

” Euston William’s was a Githabul man, and he married Charlotte Brown…..Charlotte is Ngarakbul from the Tweed Volcano where Yar Birrain is the centrepiece of the Ngarakbul ancestral estate…it is one of a chain of five eastern volcanoes that once formed a super volcano in the primordial past – known as Oobi Oobi – Nguthungulli’s sacred crystal mountain”…

“Euston William’s and Charlotte Brown had nineteen children …Their eldest Son was Stan Williams …… His tribal name was Duroom which means “Custodian of Knowledge and Lore…..they were all born post invasion in a war ravaged continent that afforded them no political, religious or humanitarian rights” ……

king brown logo 2“Charlotte Brown inherited the custodianship of Yar Birrain Lore from her Grandfather King Brown of Wollumbin who was the keeper of the first Origine’ Lore of this continent – He had defied the occupying authorities and was banished to the labour camps of south east Queensland where he passed away – far from his native homelands”..

“King Brown had passed on the lore to his daughter at a desperate time in Origine’ history and she held nit safe and taught her people about the Rainbow Serpent and Nguthungulli, our Father – God, who made the ancient Origine’ Lore”…….. she knew her people didn’t come here , but were made here, by Nguthungulli – the creator and that all the Bootheram deities could be seen in the river of the Milkyway ” …..

“All creation Bootheram is told in metaphor… Bootheram of the journeys and adventures of the Sky Ancestors are describing significant geological events, often using native species as descriptive’s and as epoch markers” …..

“The portion of the Bootheram Lore telling of Yar-Birrain’s eruptions occur across the three volcanoes of Tweed Volcano, Focal Peak Volcano, and the Maleny Volcanothe Glasshouse Mountains, on the Sunshine Coast.. those three volcanoes began at the same time”……

oobi oobi 5 volcanos

“Main Range Volcano and the Bunya Volcano are older, from the time of Barambah, the Grandfathers….But the full creation lore of all five volcanoes Bootheram’s are sung together – All linked by the Rainbow Serpent and Seven Sisters Creation Lore’s”….

“The gazettal of the New South Wales and Queensland Border by the occupying British Commonwealth severed the ancestral lore most effectively…….. The Rainbow Serpent Traditions, Lore’s and Customs were forced underground to survive…… They are still being ignored by the authorities today…which is a great shame”……

“I’m just going to share with you the Bootheram which tells about the Gold Coast and Tweed Byron region of the Ngarakbul – where I was born and raised ” ….

 “The old people say that when Yar-Birrain arrived in his Father’s paradise, he was drawn irresistibly to the sparkling surf…. He dropped his weapon’s on the beach and plunged into the primordial waters, swimming out to the horizon and back……that’s a metaphor explaining that the original Shield Volcano used to extend far out into the sea”…

“When Yar-Birrain arrived back on the beach he picked up his huge war club or Waddy….. the ground still clung to it…….suddenly the lava rose from the sea… rising up, following the waddy like iron follows a magnet”…..mt Tamborine2

“This is how the earliest rocky outcrops and islands of the Queensland Gold Coast and Northern Rivers Coast lines were created….the Waddy of Yar-Birrain”……

“After this period of creation work, Yar- Birrain became very hungry……So he rose up and began to  journey west, travelling deep into the prehistoric  forest to find food”…

“He came to a gigantic tree, Djalgumboonj – Mount Lindsay…that mountain was once a tree made by Nguthungulli way back in the Dreamtime”…..oreillys-view-to-Mt lindsey

“Yar-Birrain cut a vine to use as a rope to climb that tree…and as he climbed he cut footholds with his axe…up and up he climbed to cut a ‘sugar bag’ or bees nest from high in the trunk”….

“Sugar Bag Honey is made by the djagabar the little black native bee… In the dreamtime the Githabul Bird Tribes would make camp near the base of Mount Barney, which we call Budhurguhmu…………. Budhurguhmu is next to Djalgumboonj,  on the Queensland side of the McPherson Range,   The Githabul would go to collect that same honey at Budhurguhmu…and there is a djurebil [sacred site] for the increase of Booninj– echidna, there also” ….

 “After descending the sacred tree, Yar-Birrain gorged himself with honey, gudhe, and then he turned back to the beach and sat at the water’s edge to wash off the sticky nectar”…

“As he washed his hands bits of honeycomb floated away, first creating the little headland of Burleigh, called Djellurgal (bee’s nest)….but  some of that honeycomb floated out to sea and formed islands,  which are now undersea mountains..But way back in the Dreamtime they were islands, like Cook Island off Booninjba, Fingal…others can still be seen allong the coast , like Boggangaree Headland at Cudgen, and  Ballina and Lennox”….windarra banks

“Yar-Birrain was still hungry, so he stood and stretched up to his full height…. pushing his arms toward the sky he sang a prayer of thanks and praise to Nguthungulli, his father, for creating such a land of paradise, and he asked him to make it even more abundant….. to send more good food to eat”….

“Such was Nguthungulli, God’s, power, that the level ground again rose up, stopping when it reached the height of Yar-Birrain’s fingertips…..the headlands had appeared and they were echidna Booninj..burrowing into the sand”…..Big Burleigh -

“All along the coastline the Booninj arose…. Booninjba [Fingal Headland], Cooloon Booninj– [Point Danger]…and Pooningba [Big Burleigh], Bogangaree, Byron, Lennox…from Honey Comb and Echidna, all came into creation”…..

That’s the Lore  of the geological creation of sacred ancestral land  which is now known as the Gold Coast, Tweed Valley and Focal peak Volcanos  “……

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Moral Rights] of the Ngarakbal Githabul is protected under international lore….

No portion of this post may be reproduced without written  authorization of StellaStarlore©2018

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Burrigan -Springbrook National Park, Natural Bridge and Toonumbar National Park

NaturalBridge-Springbrook-Burrigan - Natural BridgeBurrigan -Springbrook National Park, Natural Bridge and Toonumbar National Park are connected sacred sites – from the Rainbow Serpent Creation Lore 

“I want to share with you a sacred creation Lore from the Dreamtime ….It comes from the Yoocum Yoocum moiety and they call their lore ‘Bootheram’ or ‘Boojeram’….Boodjera means Love ……Creation is about Love stories” …….

“This Bootheram involves a ‘complex’ of connected Djurebil, sacred sites of lore,  located high on the Mesa’s of the Wollumbin Caldera- The Springbrook National Park and  the  Lamington National Park of the McPherson Ranges in Queensland  and then on the New South Wales  side of the border, in the Border Ranges which the Ngarakbul and Githabul call Wiangaree…then,  on up into Focal Peak Volcano –  Toonumbar National Park in Githabul Country ”……

-“The whole of the Wollumbin Caldera rim has many significant Feathered Serpent Starlore, Marriage Lore, Creation Lore and Increase and initiation ritual sites, which the Yoocum Yoocum call ‘Djurebil’ …….the sites associated with Warrazum , the Rainbow Serpent are most sacred…but they don’t just stop at Wollumbin……..like the waters,  they travel through the landscape….. Lore, Land and Language are linked “……

“Scattered throughout the landscape, aligned to star cycles, the most sacred Bootheram’s span either side of the gazetted commonwealth border……Half in New South Wales and the other half in Queensland…This was a very deliberate action by colonial authorities to eradicate evidence of prior occupation.  Targeting the most powerful djurebil Bootheram sites…. attempting to sever the head of the Rainbow Serpent…..and so, like the Rainbow Serpent of the Dreamtime,  the  lore went ‘underground,  to survive…but now it is time to bring this beautiful truth out of the darkness and back  into the light where it belongs “….

Burrigan - spring Brook - labelled

“I want to share with you a Ngarakbul Githabul Bootheram about Natural Bridge in the Springbrook National Park …..it is the home of the Kalibal or Gullival tribe  of the Yoocum Yoocum moiety…it is an Eel djurebil increase site…. and, more importantly,  this place is spiritually, geologically and ritually connected to Banyara, also known as Dome Mountain in Toonumbar National Park in Kitabal or Githabul Country – through the waters……….. Githabul are one of the marriage clan’s of Ngarakbul…from the  Yoocum Yoocum ”…

Dome Mountain- toonumbar national park

 

“Banyara is one of the most significant spiritual sites of the Githabul and an intrinsic facet of their Bootheram Creation Lore”… this djurebil is sacred to their people for the purpose of manipulating the rain…..it is one of the sites associated with the Rainbow Serpent, Warrazum.

” The Githabul people go to Banyara,   to the djurebil , and talk to the Warrzum,  and rain comes and floods all the creeks and valleys….fertilising the land”……

“The Warrazum is a protector of their people….it will often make a noise like thunder in the mountains and if any of the Githabul people are sick this noise is heard…..The Warrazum is friendly the Githabul, but dangerous to strangers”….

“Grandmother Rainbow Serpent, Warrzum, and the Seven Sisters, Wiangarie , created the primordial waters long before Nguthungulli created the people…. Way back in  the alcheringa, the beginning , there was no plants or animals…the earth was still new”….

“Warrzum and Wiangaree came in to the ancient country through the waters – bringing the fresh water of life….way back in the dreamtime……. the  landscape was  very different to the one we have today ……the volcanos had only just been sung from the sea, Burraga”….

“The Warrzum and the Wiangaree, , travelled into the primordial landscape– Warrzum carved the underground caverns… creating underground rivers under the volcanos….cooling the ancient landscape, all the way across the continent…..and the Wiangaree , the Seven Sisters, used their magic digging sticks to release the springs of fresh water throughout the prehistoric lands”…

“This lore is imparting prehistoric knowledge in an Origine’ metaphor for the Seven Sisters Super Nova which regularly explodes sending Comet’s loaded with water to  impact upon the planet – and the Starlore cycles are important to determining when such near earth events  are likely to be”…..  

“Githabul Country is where the coastal rivers connect with the ancient artesian basin – under our continent, Australia….and our Women’s Water Lore teaches us how through the waters how all life is created and connected” …..

Burrigan - jesus - labelled

“Burrigan is the name the Yoocum Yoocum call Springbrook Mountain ….you look at that mountain , perfectly balanced…mirrored …abundant with creeks, waterfalls, and caves….It is a very  sacred place of the Sky Ancestors”…

“Burrigan is the Yoocum Yoocum sky ancestor akin to  Jesus…. Burrigan is one of the son’s of Nguthungulli, our Father..Burrigan is a Burram Yanbuhyn-  a teacher of the lore  – instructing how to be a good moral being and live in unity with all creation ”….

“In the days of the Dreaming, a very long time long after Warrazum and the Wiangaree had come to create the waters….and a very long time after Nguthungulli had first seeded the land, the land was abundant and life on earth flourished  …

“And in time Nguthungulli made the first bird tribes – the first Origine’  people”…

“Way back in the dreaming there was a war…the first war….the bird tribes went to war with the snake tribes …. and so Nguthungulli sent his son , Burrigan,  to earth to teach the lore of how to live in unity – one earth one sky one lore ”…..

Burrigan - spring Brook - labelled

“Burrigan had two dogs…sacred sky ancestor dogs, a gift from his father to help him to hunt….Burrigan made his first camp on the bank of a creek… In the Dreamtime the coast went out miles further to the east….right out into todays ocean…….so in the dreamtime, Buirrigan’s  camp was out where the sea is now,  way out from Currumbin, on the southern gold coast”…

“One day Burrigan went into the water to bathe…….A large Wardham – water serpent, some say it was the ancestor of the Eel, rose to the surface and swallowed Burrigan, and for days he remained inside the body of  the Warrazum…..and that Warrazum began to travel underground…..through the waters….eroding the  mountains of the volcano”…

“After three days that Rainbow Serpent came to its sacred underground cavern, inside a newly forming Springbrook Mountain….it entered the cave and lay down to sleep… at once Burrigan made his escape from inside its sleeping body but he was trapped under the earth and so he sang to his dogs and the sky ancestors to come and give him strength”….

“But Warrazum heard the song and awoke…..and began to fight with Burrigan – and the cave began to collapse…water began rushing down the mountain ….Burrigan and the Warrazum continue fighting on through the landscape carving the Numinbah Valley …creating  the Nerang River, which is sacred to the Ngarakbul ”….

Springbrook - glow worms - natual bridge ...Burrigan - labelled“Burrigan returned to the cave in the mountain, to become the spirit of the cave – and there he lives to this very day……inside his sacred mountain here on earth ….At night Burrigan sings to the spirit of his Sky Ancestors who sent him down to earth…, and they light his cave…..just as the Stars Ancestors light the heavens every evening”….

“And every time the people look at that Springbrook Mountain we remember our Father and the lore of unity of all life that he gifted ….and we remember Burrigan and his heroic deeds from our Dreamtime Bootheram ….the natural lore of the Sky Ancestors”….

Springbrook - natural bridge ...Burrigan

“This ancient Lore links the Yoocum Yoocum to country, governs their ritual and ceremonial traditions, and through proper Skinlore Marriage given by Sky Ancestors, the ancestral ties remain unbroken since the alcheringa – ‘the beginning”……

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Moral Rights] of the Ngarakbal Githabul is protected under international lore….

No portion of this post may be reproduced without written  authorization of StellaStarlore©2018

Tooloom Falls – ‘Dooloomi’

TOOLOOM_FALLSTooloom Falls are one of the most significant sacred sites of the Githabul people…the Githabul are the marriage clan of the Ngarakbul and their lore comes from the Star Ancestor’s.

“I want to share with you a creation Bootheram about Tooloom….it was published in the 1960’s by Roland Robinson when he recorded  Euston William’s singing it ……Euston was a Githabul man and the husband of Charlotte Brown from the Tweed Volcano –  they had nineteen children , leaving a legacy of over 300 Ngarakbul Githabul descendants today ” ….

“This sacred Bootheram explains the  connection and place within the cosmos – the Milky way Galaxy……It is told in metaphor ….The Milkyway is the mirror of the Clarence river – as above so below …..the river of life”…..

“Bootheram is inherited – it can never be changed and it can never be altered and it can never be claimed by someone who is not part of  the Kinship Skinlore Moiety system…it is natural lore and it has very sacred obligations and responsibilities”…. 

“The name of this Bootheram is  Dirrangun at Tooloom  it was related by Mr Euston Williams –  it was recorded in the 1950’s…as part of the civil rights movement…and this is how it goes “…..g dad euston

“Some people say that Dirrangun is a witch, that she’s mean and cunning and brings you all the mischief in the world.  Others say that she’s friendly.  But she’s a very old woman and she has long hair down to her knees”…..

“Dirrangun had two married daughters and a son-in-law.  This son-in-law was a buloogan, a well-built, handsome man.  The daughters of the Dirrangun were his two wives”….. 

“As far as I can make out from the old people, these two daughters quarrelled with their mother and the buloogan took the quarrel up and sided with his two wives. They starved the old woman; they didn’t pass her anything to have a feed”…… 

fig tree2“Dirrangun’s camp was under a big fig-tree, here at this waterfall which is the source of the Clarence River. There was a basin here, a hollow in the rock, which contained the water.  Tooloom now is the white man’s name for this waterfall.  Tooloom is the nearest they could get to saying Dooloomi”….. 

“While the son-in-law and his two wives were out hunting and gathering food, Dirrangun drained the water out of the pool with a bark coolamon.  Some people say that she put the fire out, too, so that there was no fire in the world”……

“When the buloogan and his two wives came home in the evening there was no water.  The wives were running about all over the place looking for water.  But there was no water.  Dirrangun had put leaves and bark over the empty basin hole in the rock so that the place was hidden.  For two or three days the buloogan and his wives could not get a drink”….. 

“Dirrangun was pretending to cry for them.  Some people say Dirrangun was sitting on this coolamon of water in her camp, hiding it.  These people say that when the buloogan found this out, he got angry and cried, “well, your not going to have all the water! I’ll let it out!” He thrust his spear into that coolamon, biggi  we call it, and let it out”…… 

“Others say that when Dirrangun, the buloogan and his two wives went to sleep,  the buloogan’s  two dogs,  who were thirsty found the water which Dirrangun had hidden in the coolamon.  You see those two mountains? They were called  Dillalea and Kalloo-Guthun.  They are named after those two dogs.

In the night those two dogs returned to the camp of the bulooganand stood over him.  And the water dripped from their mouths.  When the buloogan  felt this he woke up.  He followed the two dogs back to where Dirrangun was asleep with the hidden water”……

“When the buloogan  saw where the water was hidden, he was angry.  He made a big rain, a big down-pour rain.  The hollow rock basin began to fill.  The water rose and rose and backed up where this creek is now”…… 

“Some say that when the water began to rise Dirrangun climbed into the fig-tree and made a platform in the boughs.  But the water rose and swept her and the fig-tree away and left this hollow beneath these cliffs where the waterfall is now”……

“Dirrangun was holding on to the fig-tree as she was swept away.  She was swept over the second fall, which we call Ngalumbeh.  At the bottom of this fall she was whirled round and round, still holding on to the fig-tree, in a whirlpool for half a day”……

 Tooloom Falls1“The water was getting stronger and stronger.  The buloogan had cursed the water to make it unmanageable.  It took her and the fig-tree away down the Clarence River.  From time to time Dirrangun would sit in the torrent with her legs wide apart trying to block the water, but each time the flood would bear her away”……..

“Where the South River comes into this river, Dirrangun sat with her legs outspread.  The water rose and went up and made the South River.  There she sat until the flood rose and swept her and the fig-tree on again”…..tooloom water

“Below Grafton on the river there is a fig-tree growing. Many old men would see that fig-tree and say, “Oh look! Dooloomi borrgun!”. This means, “that fig-tree belongs to Tooloom!”.  Those old men would say, “Dirrangun. She’s away down there, but she belongs up there at Tooloom.”And I am told that Dirrangun is still in that fig-tree below Grafton”…..

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Moral Rights] of the Ngarakbal Githabul is protected under international lore….

No portion of this post may be reproduced without written  authorization of StellaStarlore©2018

Yar Birrain – Mount Warning & Wollumbin

warning-frontal-RGBYar Birrain is the most significant sacred site of the Ngarakbul people…the Ngarakbul are the marriage clan of the Githabul 

“I want to share with you a creation Bootheram about Mount Warning which the Ngarakbul call Yar Birrain ….this sacred mountain was made by Nguthungulli, their name for God…  This Bootheram Lore was related by Charlotte Williams to Roland Robinson who was a poet, writer and collector of Australian Aboriginal myths….it was published in the 1950’s as part of the civil rights movement” 

“Euston William’s was the Githabul husband of Charlotte Brown…..Charlotte was from the Tweed Volcano where Yar Birrain is the centrepiece of the Ngarakbul ancestral estate……Charlotte was the daughter of Mary,  which is common name for a full blood woman,  and Mary’s djurebil is Biorgini – that’s Blue Knob – near Nimbin.”….. 

“Mary had four daughters and three sons ……Charlotte was just one of her daughters …but all were born into a war-torn Origine’ society grappling to survive in an occupied area humanitarian, political or religious protection  ” ……

” The old elders had no choice but to share the sacred knowledge to all of the survivors  , in order for it to withstand the invasion process of assimilation by the British”

for the use of the Aboriginals -Brunswick Village“This is how Charlotte Brown inherited the custodianship of Yar Birrain Lore from her Grandfather King Brown of Wollumbin who was the keeper of the first Origine’ Lore of this continent – King Brown was initially incarcerated in the  Aboriginal Reserve at Brunswick Heads – reserve number 14606-  which was controlled by the Aboriginal Native Police many of whom has been brought up from Tumut Brungle with first invasion squatters.   

King Brown defied the occupying authorities on several occasions and as punishment was relocated to the hard labour timber camps of South East Queensland were he was worked until he died” 

“His daughter Charlotte had six Ngarakbul siblings…….three sisters and three brothers who are also inheritors of the Lore “……..

“We are the Bird Tribes ….we didn’t come here , we were made here, by Nguthungulli – he is the creator, is what Charlottes grand-daughter told me ” 

“She told me that way back in the Dreamtime the birds  had flown from Mount Brown on the Richmond Range in Githabul country to claim the prehistorical landscape from the ancient goanna beings…..the birds gave us our language, songlines, territories and pathways“…..

view to mt brown
View to Mount Brown – on the Richmond Range

 “Mount Brown is where all the birds got together and spoke their language….  They was talking Gullyval, Muli, Gidabal,  and this giant prehistoric bird came up and frightened them…….Parrot flew down there to Evans Head, that’s how there came to be the Bandjalang tribe……  And the wounded parrot flew back near Lismore and then out to Casino….. you can see a gully there, and they reckon the waters blood red, where he settled…….. And Turkey flew here, to Yar-Birrain wounded”……

“Turkey flew east from Mount Brown to Mount Warning and he stood right on the point and he was wounded on the head with a spear…That’s why Yar -Birran has that crooked bend in his neck……and Turkey claimed the territory for the Ngarakbul“……

story line across australiaRoland Robinson was a good friend of Charlotte and Euston,  and he was instrumental in assisting the Origine’ people with the civil rights movement of the 1950’s and 60’s….he published the Bootheram in many of his books…. 

Charlotte sang her peoples lore for Roland Robinson,  the Ngarakbul ‘portion’ of the transcontinental song line of Australia…She sang the creation lore of her inherited ancestral country and it’s central significant/sacred Mountain – Yar Birrain because of the civil rights campaign of the 1950 and 60’s  ……to prove to the occupying British that the origine people had their own religion and deserved to be legally classified as human beings …… And so , on behalf of her people she sang a most sacred lore.  It is called the Fairy Emu Dreaming and it goes like this”………

julian and julia rocks

…”….A big rock stands in the sea six miles from Byron Bay

A man named Nguthungulli made that rock. Nguthungulli is our Father. He’s the Father of the whole world. He’s the man we’ve got to be afraid of. No matter what we do wrong, or where we do it, He’ll know. And no man has seen Him…”……

“….Nguthungulli had a cave in the rock.  After he made the rock, he told the four fairy woman, ‘gilarmavell’, to stay there…”.

“….Then he went away from there and walked inland from the coast.  He traveled over the mountains with his dog Korung.  He had a walking stick, and when he put the stick into the ground He left behind a stone like a basin..”…..

Mt WarningCaldera - Yar Birrain
Wollumbin Caldera

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

…”As he traveled He left the bean-trees, and He named the different places on His journey.  He named Woodenbong [where we are now], Nguthumbung.”

“He went over the range to the head of the Condamine.  When he knelt down at the river to drink, He left his handprints there in the stone…”…….

Mega Fold - Z Fold - Willmott
the ‘breaking’ of the east coast mountain range , in the Dreamtime – arrow showing location of Condamine

“….Nguthungulli went away out into the desert, towards the sunset.  In our language we say that Nguthungulli is away out in the Borrgorr now,  that means the sea.…”…..

“…The old people knew that the sea was out there.  They knew that whichever way the butheram, the story of Nguthungalli went, it was towards the sea, Borrgorr.  You can hear the sound of the sea in that word.  They had seen then that we were on an island.”……….

“….Nguthungulli has big rocks in the Borrgorr,  the sea, where he lives today.  Out in the caves in those rocks in the sea, Nguthungulli has four daughters and one son.  And his son is called Yar Birrain…”….

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

….”There were two brothers called Wao and Jarring. When Jarring died, Wao came over to the place called Korrelya in these mountains.  Wao went after those two emus which were the ‘barnyunbee‘, the spirit of Jarring.”….Mount warning - national park map with wollumbin mountain

“But the emu’s kept moving away.  Wao kept on going after those emus day after day.  When the emu’s had a rest, he would have a rest.  When the emu’s would get up and go on, Wao would go after them.”……

“He had no time to make tea or anything….He had to keep going day after day and rest at night until he got to where Nguthungulli was in the rocks in the “borrgorr‘, the sea, in the sunset .”….

emu n his chicks1Wao had been chasing those emu’s for months. He wanted them for his own barnyunbee, his property, his totem.  When the emu’s came to the sea, they lay down on the beach.  When Wao came up close to those emu’s, a fairy  fairy man called Tjoolorr came out of the sea and asked Wao, “what are you after?”……

” Wao said, I’m after them, pointing to those emu’s.”…..

Tjoolorr said, “You can’t take them.  They belong to Nguthungulli“…”…….

Tjoolorr asked Wao what he wanted to do and Wao said he wanted to stay three days,  “Borrorr yabborr“.  That means ‘two and one’ – three days.

And when Wao had stayed there three days, the fairy man ‘Yar Birrain‘ came and took Wao out to the rocks in the sea.  But Wao couldn’t see Yar Birrain…….. Yar Birrain took Wao out to the rocks in the sea where Nguthungulli is…….  Wao stayed three days inside that rock……. And the fairy women told him, “you cant see Nthung, Father.  You can hear him talking, but you can’t see him.”….Yar Birrain told Wao too,  “You can’t see Father, though you can hear him when he talks.”….emu dragonfly milkyway

Wao stayed there only three days and then left that place.  Wao couldnt open the door by himself, not Wao, he couldn’t. Yar Birrain opened the door and told him not to look back when he put his foot down on the path over the sea, but to go straight for land.”…..

“When Wao landed back on the beach, he was back with Tjoolorr.  He had come to Tjoolorr.  When Wao came to the beach where Tjoolorr was, Nguthungulli made a song about Wao…He said “I can’t give you those emu’s, but i will give you this song”…emu n his chicks3

“Then Nguthungulli sang this song to Wao:…….”…..

“Ah, Wao, why were you walking after those two fairy emu’s?”.

Wao, that was your brothers spirit, those fairy emu’s.”

“Those emu’s are Mine.  I own them again.”

“Those emu’s your brothers spirit, have come back to Me…”….

“Then Wao travelled back to this country and brought the song back with him.”…….  

“All of this Bootheram can be shown in the vault of the milkyway and is mirrored onto the land below….it can never be changed……for no-one can change the stars”.

wollumbin sunset

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Moral Rights] of the Ngarakbal Githabul is protected under international lore….

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Fingal, Point Danger, Mount Warning & McPherson Range – Initiation Songline

Julgumboonj from the McPherson ranges - O ReilysFingal Headland, Point Danger,   Mount Warning and the McPherson Range are a matrix of  significant Origine’ sites which together form a sacred Initiation Songline for the Bird Tribes of Eastern Australia…..

 “I want to share an important Ngarakbul Githabul creation Lore about the Sky Ancestors, Burrajahnee and Inneroogun…Two sacred dogs that guard the spirit world …. This is a “Boodharam gawari”, which means story ‘run’, or Songline, with all of the associated djurebil, sacred sites, connected across the landscape, and in the sky of the Milky Way galaxy”…..

“This is an Initiation Songline which follows annual star paths …and those two dogs can be seen in the sky at special  times each  year, so the Origine’ people know when the initiations are to begin”…. “It instructs initiates into Ancestor Lore about hunting rights, access and skinlore relationships….The Ngarakbul spirit being ‘Wollumbin’, was a feathered serpent totemic being – a spirit man – a wild turkey who lives inside the Wollumbin volcano caldera with his nephew ‘Burrigan’ since the Dreamtime.

                                                                            “A tribal Grandfather/Uncle is very significant in Skinlore riBora ceremonytes, and so is the kinship Skinlore of nephew/initiate…..This  Bootheram teaches the initiate about the crime of  Greed…so it relates a moral lore of when Wollumbin  [the ancestor] is robbed, and the  perpetrators punished”….

“Theft is a very serious crime in any global culture….For origine’ people the landscape and the sky are the story board that teaches this first lore and all subsequent ancestral lore”….

“Oral Lore never needed to be written down…It is written in the stars of the Milky Way – ‘Wayal Ballun’ –  the great sky river of life  ….The initiates learn about how it was gifted to the people by Nguthungulli –God – and despite being classified as only an oral lore , it never ever changes, because no man or corporation or government can change the stars….thus, the initiates learn to read the stars and connect it to ancestral country.”….

 “The whole of the Wollumbin Caldera has many significant Starlore, Marriage Lore, Creation Lore, Increase and Initiation ritual sites, which are called ‘Djurebil’ , they teach the creation stories and are increase sites of ritual and ceremony “…

“Every time Origine’ people look at,  or walk in,  the ancient landscape, and every time we gaze at the stars we are reminded of our ancestors and of the sacred lore obligations they gave us to uphold”….

 “Way back when Nguthungulli descended to earth and  made the first Bird Tribes, he made Wollumbin, the Headman of Ngarakbul, and Wollumbin owned two dogs…. one male and one female…… each dog has ceremonial djurebil at Mount Warning and Fingal Head…. and their bodies create many significant peaks all along the McPherson Range……. running up from ‘Coolhoon’, which is the Ngarakbul word for the Blue Fig or Quandong tree growth cycle…….Coolhoon is also what the Ngarakbul call Point Danger at Tweed Heads before British occupation”….Cooloon - 1894 map ...murrabah mounds of stones

“The river and headlands were very different before occupation….There was no [man made] state border and there used to be caves and many basalt crystal rock formations the same as at Puningbah, which is what Fingal headland is called today”……

“These giant crystals ran from Cooran at the Southport’s Nerang River, all the way along the Gold Coast down to Coolhoon [Point Danger] and then all the way down  along the stretch of  coast called  Byron Bay……. and all these formations were called Puning, which means echidna, because ….From Cooranbah to Coorumbah, Cape Byron”….

“There was a sacred basalt island in the entrance of the Tweed River as well…sacred to the Black Dog spirit…. But all those crystals were blown up to build the rivers break-walls and the railways,  and over time the Origine’ people were forced to relocate from the Aboriginal Reserve which was also in the river entrance….it’s gone now too…..reclaimed as a part of Greenbank Island”.

“The authorities were very clever – they put a gazetted border right at the djurebil site of the star initiation rites….They drew a line and made the New South Wales and Queensland Border and severed the ancestral lore most effectively”……..

“The Rainbow Serpent Traditions, Lore’s and Customs were slated for genocide and to survive became forced underground… still being ignored by the authorities today…which is a further erodes culture and the endangered species it honours”……

Fingal causeway and Turtle island
Fingal causeway and Turtle island

Burrajahnee and Inneroogun, those two spirit dog, chased a kangaroo along the big bay…… Then they chased him over the volcano to Boonah, near Beaudesert, in Queensland”…..

“Those dogs kept chasing that kangaroo and eventually came to water and then lay on the bank….. While they slept two young girls from a nearby camp came, saw the dogs, and went off to bring more people down to the river…. After spearing the two dogs, they put them on a pole and began cooking them over a fire….. fire in Ngarakbal Githabul is Weybra ”…….

“Wollumbin, the Turkey Spirit, had followed his dogs and knew they had been killed……. He flew down onto the Boonah flat where his dogs were being cooked by the greedy tribe and he was so furious that he caused a wild storm to come and punish the people…Killing the whole tribe”…

“Wollumbin then took the  corpses of his dogs off the fire, wrapped them in bark, and as he flew across the country, parts of the dogs’ bodies dropped onto the ground below and formed djurebil in the the landscape….the male dog creating the rim of the volcano which is now known as the McPherson Ranges- Springbrook & Lamington National Parks…and the female creating the smaller ranges of Terranora, Tumbulgum and Kynumboon on back towards Yar-Birrain, Mount Warning”……

Mt WarningCaldera - Yar Birrain
Wollumbin Caldera

“Githabul man, Euston Williams, was the chainman for Phinney MacPherson who surveyed the rugged McPherson Ranges of the New South Wales Queensland Border with the Roberts survey team and worked with Edwin Johnson who surveyed Coolhoon …… Lore, Land and Language are linked, so the surveyors conferred with Euston and used Ngarakbal Githabal language on the original maps….those names are still there today”…..

Coolhoon - 1913 - Aboriginal ReserveHenry Brown was one of the first white men at Coolhoon – Tweed Heads – and Brown manned the first Pilot Station at the head of the river…his British name was given to some of  the old tribal people”…

“Before the white invasion and occupation every Origine’ had a totemic skin name given by creation ancestors and  related through kinship traditions….and so each person became the living reincarnation of the ancestral spirit they were named for,  and inherited the ancestral obligations to protect and uphold lands and waters just as it was in the Dreamtime ”….. 

Western Mcpherson - view to Julgumboonj - mt Lindsey - from O Rielys

”Every evening the Sky Ancestors travel across the heavens, just as they have done since the alcheringa – the beginning……… Alcheringa is also the name of a sacred waterfall high in the Lamington National Park….a fountainhead of spiritual knowledge….  it  is where Wollumbin placed those two sacred dogs last remains  before he took their spirits back into the sky and placed them either side of the stars of the skinlore cycle ”…

 “Tribes would travel from all over the ancestral estates to attend star ceremonies at the Coowarragum Lore Ring ‘complex’ below the Pinnacle to celebrate seasonal harvest, sacred marriage, the elements,  and the Sky Ancestor spirits ………and, when the time was right, it was also a centre for initiates, male and female, to attend their ‘Nyirgi’ training for initiation through the First Rule – to learn Not to be Greedy ……. and the ‘Magihyn‘ – second level initiation lore”…….

 alcheringa

“The Bootheram of Burrajahee and Inneroogun the two dog spirit Sky Ancestors was taught to all ‘Nyirgi’  initiates…...it has many layers and lore metaphors…… and the beginning of the Songline was always told by the Headman of each area…and because it begins at Cooloon it was commenced by Joe Calhum [Cooloom] a Ngarakbul man”…..

“Old Joe was from the tribal clan on the river at Cooloon but he resided at Mulli Mulli Aboriginal Reserve near Woodenbong… the surviving people had been sent to Mulli Mulli after colonial settlement took their ancestral lands and forced relocation from the coastal labour camps …there Joe married Annie Daylight of the Wakka Wakka Bunya Mountains – who are a traditional marriage clan of the Yoocum Yoocum …. many Calhum descendants live in Woodenbong still”…..

The Bootheram of Burrajahee and Inneroogun the two dog spirit Sky Ancestors teaches the first ‘Nyirgi’ Lore – “DON’T BE GREEDY”…it goes like this”….

Joe Culhum - Cooloon
Joe Culhum – Cooloon

“Where the north-eastern border of NSW & the south-eastern border of Qld meet lies the rugged MacPherson Range, and on this range there is a plateau known to the white man as Lamington Plateau…….. Many long years ago in the Dreamtime, in a very young world, there lived an old man and his nephew on the Lamington Plateau. The Old man and his nephew had two dogs of which they were very fond……The dogs were named Burrajahnee and Inneroogun”….

“One day Burrajahnee and Inneroogun saw a kangaroo.  They chased it down the side of the plateau.  When the old man and his nephew saw the dogs chasing the kangaroo, they called out to them… “Burrajahnee and Inneroogun, come back to us!”……

“The dogs took no notice for they were excited by the chase.  Some people from a tribe that lived near the plateau also saw the dogs chasing the kangaroo…..  When they saw the kangaroo running towards the lagoon, they placed two nets in the pathway…….. The kangaroo was big and strong.  He got through the first net, he got through the second net, jumped into the lagoon and turned into a bunyip; and there he lives to this day”….

Koorumbyn - Kangaroo“Burrajahnee and Inneroogun also got through the first net, but they were caught in the second one…… The people who had tried to catch the kangaroo killed the two dogs, saying to each other “they will serve us as food as well as the Kangaroo…… We shall light a fire and cook them”….  And they did”.

“When the dogs failed to return the old man and nephew were sad, because they knew some evil had befallen them……..  They went to look for their dogs, and tracked them down the side of the plateau to the place where the fire had been lit, calling out “Burrajahnee and Inneroogun come back to us”….. Great was the anger of the old man and his nephew when they found their dogs had been killed and cooked…….  The old man sent a big cyclone to destroy the people who had killed Burrajahnee and Inneroogun”…..

“The uncle and the nephew picked up the dogs, wrapped them in bark, and carried them reverently back to the plateau…….. Whenever any part of the dogs, such as a foreleg or foot, fell off as they were being carried back to the plateau the placed was named after it and is known by the same name to this day”…..

“On the way back to the plateau they came to a waterfall……  They climbed to the top and sat down and rested placing their burdens on the ground…… One of them faced in one direction and the other facing in the opposite direction….. There the remains of the two dogs Burrajahnee and Inneroogun were turned into stone”…..

“Those two dogs are still to be seen at the top of the waterfall. One facing in one direction and the other in the opposite direction”……

“The stone dogs are sacred – No man dares to touch them….. To the tribe of people who are descendants of the old man the stone dogs will always be sacred, and the part of the plateau were they began to chase the kangaroo is called Goonbundah”…..

…This is how Bootheram Lore works – in the heavens of the milkyway and through the land , to teach us to love and care for country, and each other,  and to continue the sacred rituals to ‘increase’ the animals, plants and sacred waters….. To Love and Protect all of the gifts given to us by the Great Spirit “…….

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Moral Rights] of the Ngarakbal Githabul is protected under international lore….

No portion of this post may be reproduced without written  authorization of StellaStarlore©2018

Nimbingj – Nimbin Rocks

Nimbingj – Nimbin Rocks – is a central significant sacred site of Lore for the Ngarakbul & Githabul moiety…

Continue reading Nimbingj – Nimbin Rocks

Wiangaree – The Border Ranges National Park & The Pinnacle

rod evans - caldera pan from border ranges
View from Pinnacle Lookout – across the Wollumbin Caldera by Rod Evans

Wiangaree – The Border Ranges & the Pinnacle are central significant sacred sites of the Rainbow Serpent Skinlore Kinship’s for Australia

“I want to share with you creation Lore about the Sky Ancestors – the Wiangarre – SEVEN SISTERS and the  Grandmother Rainbow Serpent – ‘Warrazum’….  Today these sacred djurebil places are know as the Border Ranges National Park and the Pinnacle Lookout,  but to the Yoocum Yoocum they are still known as sacred places of Ceremony, Increase, Fertility and Skinlore Marriage Lore ritual…..celebrating a sacred marriage, made in heaven,  which links all the tribal territories together “……

“Before it was named the Border Ranges National Park , the same forest was known to the Origine’ peoples as Wiangarie , which means SEVEN SISTERS in Ngarakbul Githabul dialect….and the Pinnacle Hill, or ‘Coowarragum’, is one of our most sacred creation djurebil sites of these rites”…

Pinnacle 4
Coowarragum – Pinnacle Hill

“Tribes would travel from all over the ancestral estates to attend star ceremonies at the Coowarragum Lore Ring ‘complex’ to celebrate marriage, seasonal harvest, the elements and the Sky Ancestor spirits ………and, when the time was right, it was also a centre  for initiates, male and female,  to attend their ‘Nyirgi’ training for initiation through the First Rule; and ‘Magihyn‘ – second level initiation lore”……..

border ranges - wiangarie - seven sisters
The Border Ranges was originally the Wiangarie State Forest

” The Wiangaree forest became the Border Ranges National Park in 1982 .. included on the World Heritage list as part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia,  along with many other major rainforest stands in the north-east N.S.W and south-east Queensland cross border region”……..

“Though the Border Ranges has been acknowledged as being a portion of the Githabul ancestral estate, through the process of Native Title, it still has never had its ancient sacredness recognised and restored ……and only joint managements rights were given to the Githabul, not full tenure, as they had sort……the Yoocum Yoocum ancestral estates djurebil sites still remain [deliberately] severed either side of the state border”…..

Githabul determination area

“The gazettal of the New South Wales and Queensland Border by the Commonwealth severed the ancestral lore most effectively…….. The Rainbow Serpent Traditions, Lore’s and Customs were forced underground to survive.  They are still being ignored by the authorities today…which is a great shame- and illegal “……

eagle crow in wollumbin - caterpillar dreaming - wollumbin
Wollumbin [Wallumban] the Caterpillar Skinlore Dreaming of the Origine’ Bird Tribes

“The whole of the Wollumbin Caldera rim has many significant Feathered Serpent [Bird Tribe] Starlore, Marriage Lore, Increase and initiation ritual sites, which are called ‘Djurebil’.……Still scattered throughout the landscape, the most sacred span either side of the created border…Half in the Border Ranges National Park in New South Wales and the other half in the Lamington National Park  in Queensland…This was a very deliberate action by colonial authorities to eradicate evidence of prior occupation.  Targeting the most powerful djurebil Bootheram sites “….

“This action is very hurtful, ‘barahynwena’, to true Origine’ culture and identity and the connections to the other ancestral tribes of Australia who are also becoming dispossessed from their Rainbow Serpent Lore “…..

“As the first site of the Sky Ancestors creation in Australia, the Ngarakbal are responsible for maintaining the true culture of this continent – protecting land and waters and all its inhabitants, just origine’ people did since the dreamtime …but since occupation and appropriation by the British and contemporary authorities , genocide of ancestral lore continues” 

“In the beginning time Warazum the Rainbow Serpent and Wiangarie the Seven Sisters  created and seeded the landscape in readiness for Nguthungulli,  the Father, to bring the lore”…..The Ancestors travel across the sky every evening, just as they have done since the ‘alcheringa’, which is a Ngarakbul word for ‘the beginning ‘…warrazumbil-wiangaree

These important Sky Ancestors are visible in the night sky and are sacred to the Women….their Women’s Water-lore…. and also to the men, their totemic social lore and obligations….And  though the authorities change the names of  sacred places on maps and put unnatural borders where no borders have ever been, the lore remains unbroken….because they can never change the stars

nguthungulli-walking-across-sky“We are the bird tribes of Australia.  The Feathered Serpents,  and we come from the eye of the Emu”.

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Moral Rights] of the Ngarakbal Githabul is protected under international lore….

No portion of this post may be reproduced without written  authorization of StellaStarlore©2018

Joongarnarian – Mount Razorback – Lamington National Park

Mount Razorback - Lamington NPJoongarnarian – Mount Razorback – in the Lamington National Park is a significant creation sites for all of the Bird Tribes…..it is the very first Corroboree Ring on this continent.

“I want to share with you an important creation Lore of the Origine’ ancestors of the Tweed and Focal Peak Volcanoes, the Ngarakbul and Githabul clans –  of the Feathered Serpents, or Bird Tribes, and how the birds created the first Corroboree Ring in Australia and made all of the ancestral tribes, and gave each tribe their languages”….

“Their ancient lore states that they didn’t come to this land, from another place …..they were already here –  they were made here,  by Nguthungulli. their God. Way back in the alcheringa, which is their Ngarakbul Githabul word for ‘in the beginning”…

“This Bootheram involves a ‘complex’ of connected Djurebil, sacred sites of lore,  located high on the Mesa of the Wollumbin Caldera……but kept quiet deliberately severed, by a colonial gazetted border – half on one side – in the  Lamington Plateau of the McPherson Ranges in Queensland  and the other half on the New South Wales  side of the border, in the Border Ranges,  which the Ngarakbul and Githabul call Wiangaree before occupation  and Wiangaree is the Ngarakbul Githabul word  for the Pleiades  ”……

“Before it was named the Lamington National Park , the same forest was known to the Origine’ peoples as Joongarnarian , which means Place where the Pelican played in Yoocum Yoocum dialect….and Mount Razorback, is where Old Pelican flew, way back in the Dreamtime and created the very first Bora ground  ”….

“The whole of the Wollumbin Caldera rim has many significant Feathered Serpent Starlore, Marriage Lore, Creation Lore and Increase and initiation ritual sites, which are called ‘Djurebil’ …….Joongarnarian is one of the most sacred “.…..

“ Colonial forces targeting the most powerful djurebil Bootheram sites….have attempted to sever the head of the Rainbow Serpent…..and so it went ‘underground’ to survive…but now it is time to bring this truth out of the darkness and back  into the light “….

“Tribes would travel from all over the ancestral estates to attend star ceremonies at the Coowarragum Lore Ring ‘complex’ below the Pinnacle to celebrate marriage, seasonal harvest, the elements and the Sky Ancestor spirits ………and, when the time was right, it was also a centre for initiates, male and female, to attend their ‘Nyirgi’ training for initiation through the First Rule; and ‘Magihyn‘ – second level initiation lore”…….

Turtle rock“Burrigan, the Sky Ancestor was in charge of the Youara-Ngurrugin Bora ring lore, which is aa significant Landscape feature of ”Joongarnarian” – Lamington Plateau …. most all the most sacred Bootheram djurebil are connected…just as all the stars are connected in the sky”….

”Joongarnarian became the Lamington National Park in 1915….. Githabul Elder, Euston Williams, was the chainman for Phinney MacPherson who surveyed and named the rugged Mcpherson Ranges of the New South Wales Queensland Border with the Roberts survey expedition….and Lamington Plateau is located in the McPherson Ranges.  “……..

“Though the Border Ranges, on the New South Wales side of the state border, was acknowledged as being a portion of the Githabul ancestral estate through the process of Native Title, it still has never had its ancient sacredness as the abode of the Rainbow Serpent recognised and restored ……and only joint managements rights were given to the Githabul, not full tenure, as they had sort”……Githabul determination area

“This action is very hurtful, ‘barahynwena’, to their true Origine’ culture and identity and the connections it gives to the other ancestral tribes of Australia who are also becoming dispossessed from their Rainbow Serpent Lore “…..

 

Nguthungulli, the Rainbow Serpent  and Wiangaree, the Seven Sisters created the earth and the ancestral beings….ancient prehistoric goanna’s, and gigantic animals, including the bird ancestors……we descend from them….that is why they are totems”…… 

cross border map - Dyrabaa“Way back in the Dreamtime the birds had flown from Mount Brown on the Richmond Range to claim the prehistorical landscape from the ancient goanna beings….. The birds are the feathered serpents , and they created the ancestor tribes…..The birds gave the tribes their language, songlines, territories and pathways”….

 

view to mt brown
View to Mount Brown – on the Richmond Range

Mount Brown is where all the birds got together and spoke their language….  They was talking Gullyval, Muli, Gidabal,  and this giant prehistoric bird came up and frightened them…….Parrot flew down there to Evans Head, that’s how there came to be the Bandjalang tribe……  And the wounded parrot flew back near Lismore and then out to Casino….. You can see a gully there, and they reckon the waters blood red, where he settled……..Turkey flew to Yar-Birrain, Mount Warning, got wounded, and  claimed the territory for the Ngarakbul“……and Pelican, Jongurra, flew to the Razorback Mountain, called out to all the ancestor birds and invited them to the first ‘nahrean’, which means dance, or corroboree”….

“Razorback Mountain, is a long mountain ridge running up to the Lamington Plateau through the Lost World portion of the Lamington National ParkJongurranahrean (DHUNGURA_NGARIAN) is the Pelican Dancing Ground.”…..

Mount Razorback - lamington National park“Today’s Tweed Byron Aboriginal Corporations in Tweed Shire Council area, funded and endorsed by government authorities,  have incorrectly claimed Observatory Hill at Tweed Heads as being the Razorback ancestral site … When this happens ancient lore becomes lost and culture fades….then ‘proper- way’ transference of lore through Kinship Skinlore and Ritual is ignored…….This type of ignorance allows corruption to flourish and endorses cultural genocide …which delights the government ”….Tweed Shire NSW Signage - Razorback

“As the first sites of the Sky Ancestors creation in Australia, the Ngarakbul and Githabul are responsible for maintaining the true culture of this continent in the location of first light – protecting land and waters and all its inhabitants, just as the old people did since the dreamtime…Bootheram can never be changed….it is natural lore given by the creator Nguthungulli”….

“I want to share with you this Bootheram of the first ritual corroboree of the Bird Tribes in the Dreamtime …..“it is called “Joongarnarian – The Pelican Dancing Ground …..it sounds like a simple fable, but to the higher initiate it is the Lore of how the very first tribes were created “…….

Mr james Morgan - Dyrabaa tribe - Githabul Country
James Morgan – Dyrabaa Tribe – Githabul Country

“This Bootheram was narrated by James Morgan of the Dyrabaa tribe in Githabul country, in 1957 it was collected from Mr. Morgan by Mildred Norledge and Published in 1968 by AH & AW REED – in  Aboriginal Legends from Eastern Australia by  Professor Elkin – Emeritus Professor of Anthropology – from the University of Sydney who knew the old people and served on the same Aboriginal board as James Morgan – the Aboriginal Welfare Board of New South Wales  ……

James Morgan was a full-blooded Githabul Ngarakbul representative on that board ……. This was his djurebil, his sacred lore story, which he held for his land and his people

It was also broadcast on Radio……

Joongarnarian It goes like this”……

“…..In the time which is the Bootheram, or the Dreamtime, there lived an old Pelican who played on a plateau…the name of the plateau was Joongarnarian, which means “where the pelican played”.  The corroboree ring of the pelican was on the plateau of Joongarnarian.”

“In the Bootheram all the birds were the same colour but one day they decided that it would be much better if they were not all the same, so they painted themselves in different colours.  From that time they have kept the colours that they painted themselves on the plateau of Joongarnarian”….

“The Crow painted himself black.”

“The paint that he used was made from burnt bark of the Bloodwood tree.”

“The magpie painted himself black too, but he also used ‘dullong’ or white clay and he became a bird with black and white feathers.”

”The parrots adorned themselves with bright paints of many colours….. And all the birds chose the colours they liked best…..

Then the birds gathered together for a corroboree on the plateau of Joongarnarian.”….

”One day, Old Man Pelican, who was very fat, was walking away from the corroboree ring when he heard someone laughing.

He turned around to see who was laughing and saw that it was the crow

The crow was laughing at him, laughing at the way he walked because he was so fat….”…

”Because the crow had laughed at him Old Man Pelican picked up a piece of the dullong and threw it at the Crow…..”…..

”The piece of clay hit the Crow in the eye and to this day the white in the eye of the crow can be seen where Old Man Pelican hit him……”

“This ancient Lore links people to country, governs ritual and ceremonial traditions, and through proper Skinlore Marriage given by Sky Ancestors, ancestral ties remain unbroken since the alcheringa – ‘the beginning”……

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Moral Rights] of the Ngarakbal Githabul is protected under international lore….

No portion of this post may be reproduced without written  authorization of StellaStarlore©2018

Cudgen Lake – “Coodgen Headland” Kingscliff & the Rainbow Serpent

-Coodgen Lake and its Headland, Kingscliff, is a most significant sacred site of the Ngarakbul people…the Ngarakbul are the marriage clan of the Githabul 

“I want to share with you a creation Bootheram about Skinlore marriage lore which links the two most eastern volcano’s of the Australian continent  together – from the stars……  This Bootheram that was related by Ngarakbul Great Grandmother  Charlotte Brown from the Tweed Volcano where Yar Birrain [Mt Warning] is the centrepiece of the Ngarakbul ancestral estate……it aligns with a sacred Lake – Coogen Lake” – which flows to the sea at Kingscliff , once known as Coogen Headland”….

This story governs of  the kinship skinlore and it comes directly from the Star Ancestors…..it is written in the sky and into the ancestral landscapes…it is very sacred to the Ngarakbul  people”. 

logo - granny & grandfather3
Euston Williams – Githabul – Skinlore marriage – Charlotte Brown – Ngarakbul

“It tells of a sacred union between  two volcano tribes …the Ngarakbul and the Githabul in an ancient tribal Skinlore Marriage from the Dreamtime……back then there lived a young beautiful girl called Kumbarra.  Her people were the Beereen people of the Ngarakbul moiety”….

 

“At the time there was a great war, for the Githabul were fighting the Ngarakbul….and while the tribesmen were fighting the girl saw a handsome valiant warrior, Burrigan, wearing feathers in his hair, who was the champion…..and when the fighting was over a great corroboree was held and Kumbarra was given in marriage to the victorious Burrigan“……

Leho - teacher of the Lore - cudgen

“On her journey to her new husbands country everywhere Kumbarrra travels she plants the “Boorlum” or Ti-Tree……when she comes to the border of  Ngarakbul country she encounters an old uncle of Burrigan, and he tries to steal her by impersonating the young warrior….Kumbarra realises the plot and begins to run, so the old uncle calls up a magic fish called Warragun, who is the rainbow serpent to form a living bridge…..when the old uncle steps upon the bridge Burrigan commands the serpent to roll over and the uncle is drowned for breaking lore” 

warrazumbil-wiangaree

“All creation Lore is ‘written’ into the geological formations of tribal country – and at night the lore sails across the vault of heaven…..it can never be changed because it is written in the stars which Nguthungulli,  created” ……

” A very sacred story of divine marriage , made in heaven …….Man, Woman, a Serpent and a Sacred Tree….. The celestial Adam and Eve from Genesis” 

“This same lore has been faithfully passed down since the beginning of the dreamtime …This is how Charlotte taught her people Lore about the Star Ancestors ….it is called “Boorlum Bootheram” , the Ti-Tree Dreaming“…… 

“DAWNTIME…when all creation was created – there were also people of the Spirit World made.  Now the name of the Good Spirit people is Wooyun – Wooyung ….. They are a kind of fairy people.  You may behold these people for they look like ordinary mortals,  but they are only seen for a little while” …. leho-leva-and-wollumbin-nite-sky-1-small

“It happened that one day the fairy people were travelling down to Coogen Heads and with them was a lovely young fairy girl.  Now this girl had been promised in marriage to a young man brave as he was handsome,  for he was in charge of a Bora Ring – the sacred Ring – to where all young men must go for the initiation Ceremony so that they may be proclaimed men of their tribe.  For a man to be placed in charge of a Bora Ring he must indeed be a good man,  so all the people of the tribe many know that he is worthy to be placed in charge of the SACRED BORA Ring”…..

Kingscliff - cudgen headland“When the time had come that the young fairy woman had reached womanhood she thought of the man,  the young man to whom she had been given in marriage when a child.  The dawn had kissed many days and the stars had kissed many nights since she had seen him last.  Then one day she saw him in at Coogen Heads – she knew he was the man to whom she was promised in marriage – for her heart told her so”. 

coogen headland

 

“When the battle had been fought at Coodgen Heads, the young man went to his home at Meeahan, which is the name by which Crown Mountain  was known to the tribe of the young man.  So the fairy woman set forth to seek her lover – she came to Meehaan, and the people of there told her “yes ! the young man whom you seek and who will be your husband came home but is gone again”..So she set forth on her journey of seeking her husband,  carrying with her the bark of the Ti-tree, she had brought with her from Coogen Heads”….. 

“This Bootheram was collected from Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] by Mildred Norledge who interviewed Charlotte on Radio and published the Ti-Tree Dreaming in the Dawn Magazine in the 1950’s….” 

“Cudgen is very sacred to both men and women of the Yoocum Yoocum Culture…the red soil has great spiritual significance to the Origine’ people and their creation lore …this sacred landscape represents the beginning of the transcontinental Songline of Australia – on the land and in the stars of the Milkyway”

Cudgen Lake - 7 sisters

“ Cudgen Lake – that’s the beginning of the Rainbow Serpent SUMMER SOLSTICE Star Lore, Marriage Lore,  – it is sacred to the Women and their StarLore of the Seven Sisters, which tells of the creation,  and strengthens the ‘connection to country’ through Grandmother Lore ……this same creation lore links all the moieties together across Australia…and that is why it has been targeted for genocide “…..

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Moral Rights] of the Ngarakbal Githabul is protected under international lore….

No portion of this post may be reproduced without written  authorization of StellaStarlore©2018

Easy-Money – Claiming Ab-Originality

Billy Terribah/Didiba Andrews (father of Elizabeth “Lizzie” Boyd)

It’s become ‘trendy’ [and profitable] to claim descent from aboriginal blood…and many greedy souls are scurrying to feed at the trough – draining the limited funding allotted to struggling and disadvantaged Aboriginal peoples ……But how would you tell if someone really is an Aboriginal , or a fraud?

One of the by-products of human consciousness is self-consciousness, that is, knowing deeply that you are alive….And part of self-consciousness is also wondering where we came from; it’s clearly human nature to seek one’s roots.

For some people, that task is relatively easy because there are oral legends or written words that go back at least several generations (assuming family history is passed down accurately). But for most people, the path backwards is rocky, cluttered with confusing detour signs, or simply blank…..

Brunswick Heads Aboriginal Reserve
Closeup of the Brunswick Aboriginal Reserve

The recording of Origine’ culture was not a priority for colonial settlers in Australia……after initial invasion and occupation surviving peoples were incarcerated into Labour Camps and Reserves;  all distinct individual tribal countries were obliterated and all individual clans homogenised under the blanket classification of ‘Aborigines’, from one side of the continent to the other….in the subsequent decades the white Australia policies set about claiming the native bloodlines were on the decline –  dying out.

Several generations later many ‘white’ Australians are often excited to discover they may have aboriginal connections, and some even perceive there will be lucrative perks….native title claims and ILUA’s with the lure of potential ‘trust funds’ fuels the [all too] human ‘greed gene’…….and Reconciliation process trained the population to not ask to many questions [ its supposedly racist?]…..

But with billion dollar lands, mineral and development deals often at stake, why cant the public ask questions? ….Don’t the people have a right to question what actually constitutes an Aboriginal person and how much ‘ab-originality’ should someone possess in order to be given access to assets ?

Legal historian, John McCorquodale, has reported that since the time of white settlement, governments have used no less than 67 classifications, descriptions or definitions to determine who is an Aboriginal person… Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody, National Report (1991), Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra [11.12.5].

The Australian Law Reform Commission [ALRC] discussed the definition of an ‘Aborigine’ in its 1986 report, The Recognition of Aboriginal Customary Laws…….. The ALRC noted that early attempts at a definition tended to concentrate on descent, without referring to other elements of Aboriginality……. Problems arose in deciding whether descendants of unions between Aborigines and settlers were to be regarded as Aboriginal for the purposes of various restrictive or discriminatory laws [for example, disentitling Aborigines from voting or enrolling to vote]. In applying these restrictive laws, tests based on ‘quantum of blood’ were commonly applied….. ¼, ¾, or half caste, etc.

The Commonwealth Parliament obtained the power to legislate with respect to people of ‘the aboriginal race in any State’ in the 1967 referendum…… Aboriginal people were finally granted the legal status of being Human…. The Commonwealth subsequently enacted a number of statutes for the purpose of providing certain rights and privileges for the exclusive benefit of Indigenous Australians……. These statutes have generally defined an Aboriginal or Indigenous person as ‘a person who is a descendant of an indigenous inhabitant of Australia’, or a member or a person ‘of the Aboriginal race of Australia’.

These individual Aboriginal statues marks the inception of what will develop into a hidden apartheid system – an alternative legislative pathway which uses aboriginal legislation as a means of sidestepping ‘interference’ by the greater Australian community……..only for aboriginals  and operated by bureaucrats.

In the early 1980s, the Commonwealth Department of Aboriginal Affairs proposed a new three-part definition of an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander person.

An Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander is a person of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent who identifies as an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander and is accepted as such by the community in which he [or she] lives.

But what if the community he [or she] lives in is dominated by a culture of whole families fraudulently claiming aboriginality?

Then the Federal government departments adopted the definition as their ‘working definition’ for determining eligibility to certain services and benefits. The definition continues to be applied administratively in relation to programs such as Abstudy funding for tertiary students, or aboriginal housing and health services, etc.

These ‘freebies’ led a lot of multi-cultural Australians, living comfortable regional existences far removed from the struggles of the remnant tribes existences on reserves, to suddenly become interested in claiming aboriginal descent [no matter how removed]   

The ‘bucket’ of cash which was allocated for ATSI programs became swamped with applications from all over…..but the bucket has a fixed amount and the more mouths ‘sucking’ on the tit, the less funds go to the truly disadvantaged…..this eventually ended with remote aboriginal communities loosing funding and having to be relocated yet again, their culture dispersed…..a sick cycle of dispossession continues….

The greedy fever of ‘easy-money’ has seen aboriginal identification proliferating…with the catch-cries of “compensation” infecting the memberships of Aboriginal Lands Councils and welfare departments…. and most recently, the native title process….. with circumspect individuals claiming to descended from apical ancestors  Origine’ families…….and even filing native title claims without the Origine’ families knowledge , let alone consent.

Origine’ Ngarakbal and Githabul descendants of the Yoocum-Yoocum moiety – 1910 – these people were incarcerated in the Nerang Aboriginal Reserve on the Gold Coast

In his story on the business of bloodlines Tony Koch, a Chief Reporter in Queensland for the Australia Newspaper, explains…..

http://www.tony-koch.com/index.php?page=home

“There is pride in discovering an Aboriginal family background, but some people lie about it to gain undeserved benefits”

“In the days when the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander commission existed and squandered much of  its billion-dollar budget like a drunken sailor, Aboriginality to a scheming, dishonest person meant possible access to high-paying positions of authority in legal, housing, employment or native title organisations where accountability was often little more than a joke”….. ,Kosh writes.

Aboriginal academic and co-chairwoman of Reconciliation Australia Jackie Huggins told Kosh how people would contact ATSIC or Centrelink claiming they had discovered that a fictitious grandparent was Aboriginal.

“The calls would get to me and these people would ask what special benefits they were therefore entitled to claim,” Huggins said.

“I would say: ‘This is what you will get — life expectancy of 20 years less than non-indigenous Australians, and if you are a woman, add three years; you will get sick and tired of going to funerals; probably get diabetes before age 40, and if not, kidney, heart or lung failure will kill you before you are 60’.

“Spiritually and culturally, there is a treasure trove of benefits. …..

“I am sick of people wrongly claiming that economic or special welfare benefits flow to Aboriginal people. It is just not true. I would recommend an ATSIC publication titled Matter of Fact which spells out the truth for all to see.”

On April 20, 1998, Federal Court Justice Merkel handed down a 120-page decision in Shaw and Another v Wolf and Others. A key element in that judgement establishing the status of Aboriginality was the declaration that to be Aboriginal one must, among other things, be descended from the inhabitants of Australia at the time immediately BEFORE European settlement.

Several key Native Title Indigenous Lands Use Agreements [ILUA] have been signed in New South Wales by ‘Aboriginals’ who could not show their connection to country from BEFORE the mid 1800’s ……………….This resulted in Native Title NOT being achieved, and having to be surrendered…..either Extinguished ….or in exchange for DEVELOPMENT….click on the below links to view the ILUAs of the Byron Bay Bundjalung which extinguished Ngarakbal Native Title without consent of the moiety.

http://www.nntt.gov.au/searchRegApps/NativeTitleRegisters/Pages/ILUA_details.aspx?NNTT_Fileno=NIA2001/001

http://www.nntt.gov.au/searchRegApps/NativeTitleRegisters/Pages/ILUA_details.aspx?NNTT_Fileno=NI2006/004

The most celebrated case of disputed Aboriginality occurred in the Queensland sugar coast town of Bundaberg in 2000 when claims were made by one branch of the Appo family that more than 100 members of their family were of Sri Lankan descent not Aboriginal, and were wrongly receiving concessional loans and benefits said to total millions of dollars over three decades.

Tony Kosh’s research revealed that, “There were allegations of wrongly claimed business and legal assistance, and even other claims that some family members were selected in state and national indigenous sporting teams despite not having Aboriginal heritage”.

“The issue came to a head on July 21, 2000 when Allan Keith Appo, then 66, was charged in the Bundaberg magistrate’s court with possessing undersized and female mudcrabs”.

“In his defence Appo claimed that the Fisheries Act did not apply to him because he was Aboriginal and therefore he could fish without restriction”.

“However, Department of Primary Industries legal officers researched Appo’s genealogy and presented generations of birth, death and marriage certificates showing his heritage was purely Sri Lankan”, Kosh states

“Magistrate John Brennan found Appo was not aboriginal and fined him $2300. ………Ironically, Appo was represented by Townsville Aboriginal Legal Aid which also funded his appeal to the District Court — where he lost again……..Appo, who has since died, said in an interview with me at the time that he had documented evidence from locals who swore he had Aboriginal blood”, Kosh recorded

Kosh was told by Appo that his reasoning for perpetuating the fraud: “If this decision holds, my children and their children will be affected because they will not be eligible for Aboriginal programs,” he lamented.

Spokesperson for the branch of the Appo family opposing him, Julie Appo, said at the time that it was destructive to real Aboriginal people to see jobs and program concessions going to people not entitled to such claims.

She told Kosh that “This deprives a genuine Aboriginal person of getting a job, position, a wage — and thereby providing something for his children to aspire to,” she said.

Kosh had found that earlier, in January 1995, another Appo family member from Bundaberg was also caught by fisheries inspectors with undersized and female crabs. He was charged and used the defence of Aboriginality, but was found guilty because birth certificates showed he did not have Aboriginal heritage.

He was fined $2700. Despite that conviction he continued to vote at ATSIC elections, claim Abstudy grants for his children and sell Aboriginal art.

He revealed his two brothers and a sister, his wife and his five children “all went through school on Abstudy”.

At that time Aboriginal corporation administrator, Garry Hamilton, of the Brisbane legal firm Minter Ellison, stated that the incidence of non-eligible people claiming Aboriginality for financial benefits was “rampant”.

He told how he had been appointed as administrator at Dalaipi Aboriginal Corporation at Caboolture, north of Brisbane in the mid-1990s. “The former administrator of this organisation just let anybody in,” he said. “There was an incredible number of white Australians with no Aboriginal connections at all getting benefits. It was so bad I just had to close the place down.” He told Kosh

http://www.tony-koch.com/index.php?page=detail&id=556

There are many who have suggested that MtDNA testing could be introduced to determine Aboriginality.  

The Australian Law Reform Commission tabled a report in May 2003 titled  – ‘Essentially Yours: The Protection of Human Genetic Information in Australia (ALRC Report 96)’ – it was the product of a two-year inquiry by the ALRC and the Australian Health Ethics Committee (AHEC), involving extensive research and widespread public consultation. The inquiry was the most comprehensive ever undertaken into these issues in Australia or overseas.

The report covers an extensive range of activities in which genetic information plays—or soon will play—an important role. The two-volume, 1200 page report makes 144 recommendations about how Australia should deal with the ethical, legal and social implications of the New Genetics.

Dr Loretta de Plevitz and Larry Croft summarised the four major barriers to proving Aboriginality by means of genetics as follows:

“Firstly.… there is no such thing as a genetically differentiated ‘race’: we are all one species.

Secondly … if race is defined by cultural and genetic context, then there are difficulties in proving membership of the ‘Aboriginal race’ as on this definition there were hundreds of Aboriginal races pre-1788.

Thirdly,….looking at the polymorphisms in an individual’s DNA shows us who they are related to. But this just defers the problem of whether those people related to the claimant are Aboriginal or not.

Fourthly…….who could the claimant’s genetic inheritance be tested against? It would be necessary to construct DNA reference groups based on ‘pure blood’ Aboriginal people covering all geographic groups in Australia. If by chance one of the reference DNA groups was very similar to the claimant’s then we can show descent … as the Australian Aboriginal population is so genetically diverse, there would need to be a large reference set of people for all genetically distinct groups …

Where there has been the wholesale extermination of entire groups of people, claimants attempting to prove their Aboriginality may not be related to any of the reference groups because there is no longer a reference group for them “…….L de Plevitz and L Croft,  13 March 2002.

Dr de Plevitz is a lecturer in the Faculty of Law, Queensland University of Technology; Mr Croft is employed by the Institute for Molecular Biosciences, University of Queensland.

“Though possibly an improvement on ‘blood’ quantum definitions, the utility of this summary can still be questioned, not least of all on the grounds that there is no such thing as an Aboriginal race. Most scientists long ago stopped using the word ‘race’…”..….Department of Aboriginal Affairs, Report on a Review of the Administration of the Working Definition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (1981), Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, cited in J Gardiner-Garden, The Definition of Aboriginality: Research Note 18, 2000–01 (2000)

However, genetic kinship and ancestry testing has important limitations in practice. First, it relies on the availability of reference samples for comparison. If a living person wishes to establish that he or she is a member of a particular family group, the person must find someone within that group who can provide a genetic sample for the purpose of comparison. This becomes more difficult where a person seeks to establish a biological relationship with a person or family group that has been dead for years, decades or centuries.

The Human Genetics Society of Australia agreed that, in the absence of archival genetic material, genetic testing that identifies particular polymorphisms among a group might support the contention of common ancestry, but would not prove it definitively:

The relative isolation and small population base of indigenous peoples of Australia prior to European settlement makes it very likely that the frequency of many genetic polymorphisms in pre-European contact indigenous peoples differed from that of Europeans. Such differences may be expected to vary across the continent. A polymorphism absent or rare in Europeans but common in an ancestral indigenous population is likely to persist at a higher frequency in the descendants of that population than in peoples of European descent. Its presence at an appreciable frequency in a group claiming common ancestry would support the contention of common ancestry but not prove it. Its presence or absence in any given individual would not establish or refute membership of the group. None of the above, in the absence of archival genetic material, could establish association with a geographical location. Cultural and genealogical information is more likely to provide evidence of association between a group of indigenous individuals and a geographical location than genetic information.

John Presser, a forensic scientist, commented in a submission:  “In conjunction with other information, especially lineage or family trees, mtDNA is informative as to aboriginality where an unbroken female lineage exists. But it is imperative to remember that if no ‘aboriginal’ sequence is found, this result is silent as to aboriginality, all you can say is that there is no direct female line of descent and the result is inconclusive. It does not prove non aboriginal descent”…J Presser

The overall outcome – The Inquiry considers that under no circumstances should any person be required to undergo genetic testing to establish their Aboriginal descent. Claiming this would have significant ethical implications, and would arguably constitute racial discrimination against Aboriginal persons.

https://www.alrc.gov.au/publications/36-kinship-and-identity/genetic-testing-and-aboriginality

In reality true ancestral Indigenous familial structures differ in cultural organisation and historic context…… with the notion that Aboriginal identity can be determined through a Eurocentric model of descent that privileges western familial structures, totally inappropriate.

Origine’ Skinlore Kinship systems are matristic ….derived from arranged marriages which cycle across blocks of 12 generations, radiating  in cyclic triangulation’s…all of which is tracked using celestial pentagram cycles – connecting people to country for millennia – through their GRANDMOTHERs lineage …..tracking MtDNA sequencing to ensure genetic health of the people.

Pinnacle 4
Cooowarragum – the most eastern celestial Skinlore site of the Australian Continent

The Coowarragum stone complex at the Pinnacle is the first Skinlore site on the most eastern landmass of the Australian Continent to be ‘lit’ by those stars….it is located on the boundary of the ancestral estates of the Ngarakbal Githabul tribes of the Yoocum-Yoocum moiety…..it was recorded on the National Parks and Wildlife  Aboriginal Sites Registration in 1980 by Archaeologist Adrian Piper.

These same Ngarakbal descendants have been excluded and discriminated against.  Removed from recognition in the Byron Bay area apparently due to being able to prove their ancestral descent from BEFORE occupation….but then that wouldn’t have assisted the NSW government with achieving extinguishment of native title or a Development ILUA.

If true moiety groups were supported to be identified instead of the governments administrative  ‘Aboriginal Nations’ system –  which is currently being enforced through political propaganda to facilitate administration of the people and operate as an alternative legislative ‘development’ pathway which dispossesses all Australians ….perhaps if this happened then things would get better in aboriginal communities.

Perhaps, if traditional Skinlore kinship descent systems were used to identify true Aboriginal bloodlines and totemic lore custodians then instances of genetic fraud could be eradicated and the limited purse of Indigenous funding would actually make it to the destination it has been designed for…….

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Hoo Roo

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