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Matristic Starlore and the Biblical Law in Australia

On the east coast of Australia’s most easterly point are two ancient volcanoes…..The Tweed Volcano and the Focal Peak Volcano…… Green jewels in the crown of the UNESCO World Heritage listed Australian East Coast Gondwana Rainforest Reserves….A remnant sliver of lush emerald rainforest on one of the oldest, driest desert continents on this planet…

The Tweed and Focal Peak volcanoes are the ancestral homeland estates of two very ancient Origine tribes, who have been on this land ever since the ‘Alcheringa’ – which in their dialect translates as “the beginning”……And unlike many other Origine tribes lore’s of creation, which usually involve migration and arrival to the vast southern island, this particular lineage have a very different ancestry….with their tradition’s lore’s and custom’s descending from the Carpetsnake Clan lineages …arguable one of the most ancient lineages on earth…

The respective names of these two ancient tribes are the Ngarakbal and the Githabal, and they are actually not tribes, but Marriage Moieties… Their lore say’s they did not come here across the sea……They say they were always here…. since the Dreamtime…..and their creation lore’s say they were made here…by the Sky-Ancestors….way back in the Dreaming….

The term “Moiety” means half…and their marriage moiety kinship, or ‘Skin Lore’ system can be explained in this way…..

Ngarakbal are one half ….Githabal the other….and just as every human on this planet required a mother and a father to come into existence, so too the ancestral Ngarakbal Githabal marriage moieties follow this natural lore which flows down from the celestial realm…from the stars….so [naturally] their totemic kinship system operates in accordance with star cycles, which are indisputably the greatest calendar system governing our known reality.

Following the rhythmic pentagram star cycles of our universe, the Rainbow Serpent, Grandmother [All-Mother] and Seven Sisters traditions define and govern the Skin Lore’s, recording changes in environment and climate and providing priceless information in regards feast and famine…..increase and decrease…..Vital information that allows not only for survival of the moiety but also how to assist the surrounding natural biodiversity to thrive and survive solar cycles…

pentagramnsistas - Copy

Totemic allocation defines each individual’s responsibilities within their respective ancestral estate….so that everyone learns to care for and increase their totem species for the greater good of the moiety members to share at harvest…..

Their Skin Lore system also defines correct marriage and, like any contract, the Skin marriage system facilitate seasonal reciprocal access rights to travel and harvest adjoining moieties ancestral estates….the marriage system also ensure optimal health of the moiety…by breeding out weakness – creating strong genetic bloodlines of mitochondrial DNA lineages which are arranged into totemic subgroups….each moiety having many totemic subgroups within its ancestral area….with no individuals of aligned subgroup ever being allowed to marry…over many generations this Skinlore system is effective in minimising birth defects and eradicating disease

To achieve this symbiotic harmony between people and environment requires very strict protocols…..again, all governed by the star cycles….and this is how the Origine culture survived for so long unbroken…

The Ngarakbal ancestral estate, the Tweed Volcano, has been known as ‘Grandmother Country’ ever since the Alcheringa – the beginning – the dreaming …… along with the Githabal ancestral estate, the Focal Peak volcano, being perpetually known as ‘Grandfather Country’….

The Alcheringa is a physical place – the highest waterfall on the escarpment’s linking the two volcanoes….Water being the binary element of their Rainbow Serpent Lore….The Ngarakbal and Githabal call the Serpent, Warrazum, who created the land…nightly the creation journey can be read, just like a book, in the heavens above their volcano’s…travelling across the skies with the Grandmother [All-Mother], the Seven Sisters and the Grandfather and his son……with kangaroo’s and dogs, rivers and trees…..all travelling together.

Written in the stars and mirrored on the land….Feminine, masculine, negative, positive, above and below, the Ngarakbal Githabal moieties and their antediluvian culture elegantly defines the connections of all life on this planet through their Dreamtime lore’s of creation….For them humans are not the supreme species, but a branch on the tree of life in which all life is connected and mutually dependant…Starlore …gifted from the Sky Heroes……Linking everything through the waters…with all the creation deities displayed across the milky way….

Contemporary science [of 2016] can now show us that almost every element on earth was formed at the heart of a star; including water, and all life which developed from it…even us…The Ngarakbal and Githabal Dreamtime Lore explains exactly this in eloquent loveliness…..explaining super nova explosions that effect our earth- in metaphor….for the greatest expansion of life this planet has ever know was caused by stars…….these natural lore’s are facts of evolutionary creation….linking everything together in what anthropologists call Matristic Lore systems.star birth

Matristic Lore systems recognise and revere both the masculine and the feminine of all life forms and the origins of all life from the stars ….The term Matristic describes nomadic tribes that lived and cultivated huge interlinked estates and moved together following seasonal migrations of herds, while at the same time harvesting established food forest landscapes of fruits, seeds, tubers, fish, birds and animals across these vast estates…..with access rights being governed by the marriage skin lore’s….

Burrigan springbrook wallabyThese annual migrations usually involves a travelling trinity….being a herd, followed by a tribe, being followed by dogs, or in some continents it was cats….in Australia this is Kangaroo herds, followed by the moieties, being followed by dingoes – travelling through forests of trees……in the America’s it was Bison, Indians and Coyotes travelling through forests …in Europe and Asia it was Reindeer and wolves travelling though forests…Africa and south America had the big cats instead of the dogs…..but this matristic patterning and the masculine, feminine, tree and [water] serpent icons associated with it can be identified in ancient cultures across the globe…and all pre-patriarchal, which is the law system we live under now.

Equality – Unity…naturally and harmoniously…..in accordance with celestial lore, recording and heralding cosmic creation events which mean life or death for our world…..And, as in the case of many global nations, Matristic lore cycles were also revered…with cosmic events remembered in magnificent temples and pyramids….or, as in Australia, the Living Land [which is created by the stars] was preserved much as the biblical Eden….naturally and unmolested….with djurebil [sacred sites] of significant geological  formations respected and their creation process sung…recounting the essence of how they were brought into being because of the forces of the planetary Sky Heroes….

When one is aware of the nuances within the Dreamtime’s Astrotheological principals,  of all life and form being created by the mythical SkyHeroes, one quickly understands that Origine cosmology is actually explaining the classic sciences in myth and metaphor…..Sciences like astronomy, hydrology, geology, physics, biology, astrophysics, etc., and how all life is created through the interaction of these natural lore principals….using universal concepts to do so – from a time before writing…..male, female, trees and serpents….from the Alcheringa…..which appear to have morphed into what we now know as the old testament bible stories – including  the Adam and Eve story…..with the most beautiful thing being that these Astrotheological deities can actually be seen in the celestial skies of the southern hemisphere…. known as the Eelemarni Dreaming – a bootheram about marriage lore deities Leho and Leva or Kumbarra and Burigan – these astotheological forms appear specifically above the most eastern land of the Australian continent, Byron Bay,  at Winter Solstice in the ancestral Origine estates of the Ngarakbal, and travel west across the sky into the estates of the Githabul…..depicting “a marriage made in heaven”…..this ancient lore was recorded in an award winning short film called “Eelemarni” by Lorraine Mafi Williams and featuring Githabal Elder , Mrs Millie Boyd  

Since the systematic conquering of the ancient tribes of earth by patriarchal Rome, and the replacement of those cultures with biblical doctrine, which is the first book of Land Tenure Law,  the methodical elimination of Matristic Culture has been enacted all over the world…..Matristic knowledge once known to the whole planet literally slipped [back] below the horizon into the southern realm of the Grandmother leaving many metaphysical questions to secrets unanswered and ancient monuments un-deciphered..

The North, being unable to see to below the southern hemispheres Tropic of Capricorn slowly forgot about the SkyHeroes and the marriage [star] lore they enshrine….. Northern survivors fell into amnesia…their communal lands appropriated and claimed using biblical legislation – which are exactly the same land tenure laws global governments’ still use today.

Rome’s patriarchal legislation created the ‘Rule of Law’ regarding the tenure of the lands that were conquered and assimilated by Rome across the northern hemisphere…of which ancient Britain, Australia’s legislative ‘mother land’, was one…..

Basically the maxim of possession [of land and chattels] is awarded as “first in time, first in law” ….and seeing as no ‘first’ written law existed in those ancient times, Rome wrote one…. allowing lands to be acquired and retained by [stealthy] administration…. thereby overthrowing all indigenous tribal tenure everywhere… And anyone who resisted was eliminated..

1,800 years later when the first invasion missionaries enacting the Rule of Law tenure process over Australia arrived in the south, bringing the ‘truth’ to the ancient volcano moieties by ushering in their  exclusively patriarchal law system, they forced the people to renounce their language along with their Origine Astrotheology and its volcano cosmology and obey the [Roman] doctrines which had excised the All-mother and the sacred marriage between the masculine and feminine centuries before….. Those missionaries were delighted at how quickly the Origine people took on the word of God – Our Father who art in Heaven – Unlike the Origine peoples they were completely unaware that the tribal peoples could see his celestial form rise above the great southern island  Nguthungulli walking across sky

Today many denigrate the Origine peoples claiming they have denounced their own culture and replaced it with the bible….which the initiated in star lore know is not true…

That the Origine peoples can see the Astrotheological Sky Hero deities recorded in the old testament spiralling out of the south celestial pole – in annual cycles…. encompassing the full Matristic Lore which commences with the All-Mother, that Rome excised from the bible thousands of years ago,  travelling west with the All-Father to sink down in the heavens onto the oldest land on this planet ….3600 million year old Marble Bar in Western Australia ….geologically it is the first land to emerge from the sea – just as the old testament records in Genesis … The point being that they didn’t allow the missionaries to replace the Origine culture at all…they actually concurred…

The irony of all this being that contemporary patriarchal governance’s own common law maxim [derived from the bible] outlining  “right of possession”, being the first in order of time shall prevail, is perfectly preserved in the timelessness of Matristic Starlore for all the indigenous cultures of the earth…..For though Roman law can re-write a book, destroy a library, change the names on a map, or assimilate a tribe, it will never, ever, be able to erase the stars… they were there first…

For more information on Matristic Starlore please visit my blog at stellawheildon.com.au  ……….. And if you would like to receive more of my posts then join my newsletter [its free] and they will be emailed to you direct…. Hoo Roo

 

Dark Emu finalist in Qld awards

This amazing work deserves to be celebrated internationally….congratulations Bruce Pasoe

Dark Emu

Dark Emu is continuing to garner plaudits, with last week being named a finalist in the 2014 Queensland Literary Awards.

It has been shortlisted in the history category, with winners announced in Brisbane on December 8.

The book, which is continuing to attract acclaim from historians, academics and educators across the country, sets out to uncover the true nature of Aboriginal civilisation at the time of European colonisation. Pascoe rejects the ‘hunter-gatherer’ tag for pre-colonial Aboriginal Australians and attempts to rebut the colonial myths that have worked to justify dispossession.

A review by historian and blogger Yvonne Perkins noted that “on every page is yet another example of pre-colonial Aboriginal life that will shake the reader’s previous understanding. He rails against the tag “hunter-gatherer”. The evidence he produces suggests that this label should be discarded. What is the point of such classifications after all? Pascoe observes that tests of the degree of civilisation…

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IF YOU READ ONLY ONE BOOK ON ORIGINE CULTURE – READ THIS ONE

Without a doubt the most significant work on the TRUTH of the Origine peoples ancestral economy and permanent settlement culture has been written by Bruce Pascoe 

dark_emu_cover

Dark Emu – Black Seeds is the title of the Book….and it will totally expand your mind to understand that everything you have ever been told about Origine culture being Hunters and Gatherers is nothing more than constructed propaganda to validate the invasion process of Australia….

If you only ever read ONE BOOK about Origine Culture – Read this One 

For details on where you can buy it and to listen to some of Bruce Pascoes interviews click on these links

http://darkemu.wordpress.com/

http://caama.com.au/australias-aboriginal-history-misrepresented-bruce-pascoe-shares-hit-latest-book-dark-emu

bruce pascoe

Rainbow Serpent film

Ancient Australian creation myths of the Rainbow Serpent can be traced both in art and oral narration, the myths differ slightly from one region to another. However, all the stories share a common thread; the fundamental role of water in nature’s cycle of growth and regeneration. Fertility, drought and flood are all aspects of nature that resonate with the human condition, and all are inextricably linked to that precious commodity.

The mythology of the Rainbow Serpent plays an important part in the harmonious coming together of different Aboriginal clans.  All of the elements of cultural life played a role in helping to maintain peaceful coexistence between clans, and respect for both the natural environment and mankind, with its complex history and customs.

The story of the Rainbow Serpent, with its emphasis on the preciousness of water to the cycle of life, is very relevant in today’s climate. With rapid climate change impelling us to look closely at the way we relate to each other and to the environment, both now and into the future, this ancient myth is a reminder of our inheritance, our purpose and perhaps even our duty.

The Rainbow Serpent is a video clip from the documentary series and website First Australians produced in 2008 by Blackfella Films for SBS Television. First Australians chronicles the birth of contemporary Australia as never told before, from the perspective of its first people. First Australians explores what unfolds when the oldest living culture in the world is overrun by the world’s greatest empire……enjoy this small extract.

Cooooeeeee……Video and Audio formatting of Ngarakbal Githabal ancestral Lore is something I will be using extensively in the near future……after all its ORAL Lore…..so, if you would like to receive my posts automatically then subscribe to my newsletter [its free] and they will be automatically sent to your email……………Hoo Roo 

The Feathered Serpent Traditions – Carpet Snake Clans of The Bird Tribes

The Ngarakbal Githabal peoples are part of the once vast ‘Yoocum Yoocum’ Moiety….. These ancient peoples are the East Coast ‘Custodians’ of the Feathered Serpent Traditions [or, Bird Tribe Lore] which is intrinsically linked to The Seven Sister ‘Skin’ Lore of the Rainbow Serpent…..the most ancient religion on the planetsnake

The Yoocum Yoocum are the large ‘Cultural Block’ of one of the most densely populated regions of the Australian Continent before invasion by the Crown… and, despite the aggressive invasion of the East Coast, the ancestral lore survived….it’s a wonderful thing that it did, for these people hold ancient lore that is the last piece of the puzzle to unifying many of the ancient global mysteries.

The Ngarakbal Githabal peoples are descendants of the “Carpet-snake clans” of Australia…..Their Carpet-snake [water-snake] Lore traditions and culture come from the ‘Alcheringa’ – the distant ancient ‘Dreamtime’ past….These traditions once traversed the island continent….the origin of the Rainbow Serpent Lore

300px-RainbowSerpentThe Rainbow Serpent is a most important Ancestral Being within the Yoocum Yoocum and associated aligned moieties across Australia…It governs every facet of their ‘Skin’ Marriage Lore’s of Creation and Fertility – the spiral of Birth, Death and Rebirth….Their Central Spirituality governing the ‘Cycles of all Life’…The Rainbow Serpent is intrinsically interwoven with the ‘Skin’ Marriage Lore of the Seven Sisters – Arguably the oldest Religion on the Planet…

…’…Our Rainbow Serpent Dreaming is the oldest continuous documented religious theme in the world…over 60,000 years of Women’s Lore…’…..Lorraine Mafi Williams- Widgabal – Bundjalung proper

The Lore’s begin with landscape creator journeys from the coast of the Wollumbin Caldera – the most easterly point of the ancient Australian continent – and the Lores come from the ‘Alcheringa’….This word – ‘Alcheringa’, and the Rainbow Serpent Lore, and the Seven Sisters, feature in the regional dialects of other ancestral estates across the continent….but, these traditions are not in every Aboriginal culture….Some have been replaced due to ancient invasions and wars of the distant past – They have different beliefs – creators, ancestors and cultural values – the same as different religions have spread around the planet throughout time….

The Alcheringa [Lore] once travelled right across Australia…It has been recorded as part of ‘skin’ marriage lore in several ancestral regions, including the eastern cultural blocks of the Wakka Wakka, the Gubbi Gubbi, the central New South Wales Komilaroi, and also the Urabunna and Arunta peoples in the red centre of the continent…There are also regions of the west coast moieties in the Pilbara – but the Alcheringa is certainly not limited to just these…as with all ancestral Lore, within each specific ancestral estate and with each ones specific language, the sacred sites to commemorate the ancestors creation journey are maintained and utilised by the ‘custodial’ clans…joining the creation ‘songs’ together, much like pearls on a necklace, makes the ‘songline’….and many of these ‘songlines’ are governed by celestial bodies – the transits of stars.

The east coast in Ngarakbal Githabal country is the beginning of the Alcheringa – marked by a ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] that is located high in the rainforest mountains, in the aquifer watershed of the two east coast volcano’s…This djurebil [sacred site] was created by the Carpet Snake Clan ancestors….the Carpet-snake clans are the oldest clan on the continent…the ancient ones….

The Alcheringa creation ‘songline’ travels from ancient geological sites now submerged beneath the waves of the eastern Pacific Ocean – from the distant past when the sea water was locked in ice and the land extended out much farther than it does today ….but the djurebil remains…and weaves to the west – as serpents do…it is the pathway of the Rainbow Serpent ancestor, making the water paths within the geological features as it travels….

big buggram and little buggram
Big Bootheram on the left [background] and little Bootheram, snaking up on the right [foreground]
Rainforest ridges, Mountains in their own right, once named ‘little’ and ‘big’ Buggram [Bootheram] are divided by a deep gorge that the Rainbow Serpent gouged on its journey…after creating Little and Big Bootheram it travels up – higher than Wollumbin [Mount Warning] – higher than Julgumboong [Mount Lindsay]…it creates a great Plateau “Dhungura-ngarian”, which the white man named Lamington Plateau and traveling on to Mount Worendo, where it creates a series of waterfall cascades that plunge down through the rainforest…it is there, high in the remote rugged Macpherson Ranges, of the Caldera’s rim that the highest waterfall is created…and it’s djuriebil name is ‘Alcheringa’….and it is the name of that waterfall still….

Alcheringa falls - Lamington Plateau
Alcheringa Falls – Lamington National Park

The Ancestral totemic ‘beings’ not only created the geological features and aquifer systems of the continent, but also carried and distributed objects which were the sources of ritual and tribal Lore as well as the sources of all forms of life, including the people themselves….

In the Bootheram of the ‘Alcheringa’ there exists a comparatively small number of individuals who were half human and half animal or half plant…The Ngarakbal Githabal say that these ancestors didn’t ‘come here’ but that they were ‘made here’…that they are the original Carpet-snake Clan’s…The Bootheram records them as being created by ‘God’- Babbarra is one Ngarakbal Githabal word for describing God …Duramulan is another…….

yowiesBootheram teaches that these half-human creatures were endowed with far greater powers than any living men or women now possess. They could walk about either on the earth or beneath it and could fly through the air….They were the children of ‘God’ and had inherited a portion of the qualities of their creator…they were themselves as ‘demi-gods’…and these ‘demi-gods’ are the ancestors of the existing totemic clans ….’Family’…Ancestors… Nimbinje as the Ngarakbal Githabal call them – or the “Hairy fellas”…the original clans – Carpet-snake totemic clans – they went all over the country, creating the djurebil…making them with sacred ceremonies, songs and dances for the people to enact throughout time….

carn - carpetsnake clan 1
Rainbow Serpent Djurebil site

The creation ancestors, in the act of ‘creating’, would leave deposits in the ground or in some natural feature such as a rock or a water pool, which transformed the site into a djurebil…and, high on the escarpment between the two volcano lands is one such carn of boulders, which was ‘made’ by the Rainbow Serpent…and, it is in this same area that the ‘Eelemarni Marriage Lore’ is deified…joining Ngarakbal to Githabal……All Bootheram Lores link together

So, what is Bootheram?

Bootheram is the Ngarakbal Githabal dialect name for the Dreamtime LORE…or LAW of all creation…Its Spiritual, complex and parallels numerous scientific disciplines

Northern hemisphere peoples (recently) developed numerical & alphabetical values to explain time and creation of this galaxy, this solar system and this planet…Bootheram explains the same thing…

Bootheram uses plants and animals and creation Heroes and Heroines metaphorically to denote each timeframe, for each creation sequence [epoch] and ‘holds’ it orally…through ceremonial songs, dances and sacred ritual at djurebil sites

Bootheram uses the landscape and the sky as the reference points of this creation lore….a living library…written into the land and mirrored in the sky, for all to see….indelible native science held in oral format…..And it is the Lore that Bootheram must NEVER be changed…

The sum total of the Bootheram of the Ngarakbal Githabal Feathered Serpent Traditions tells the complete history of the creation of the ‘universe’ beginning with 8 culture hero’s….It is obviously metaphoric and [naturally] linked to Bird Tribe Lore…..so, let’s look at one of the metaphoric Ancestral Creator Birds…..

Bootheram has many layers of meaning…and one such layer depicts (dreaming) timeframes…Oral lore for chronological markers of ‘Bird Tribe’ Mythology events….or, Totem as a Timeline……For example….One of the Landscape creation ancestors is the Turkey – ‘Woggun’ means Bush Turkey in Ngarakbal Githabal …and Woggun the Creation Ancestor Turkeys name is ‘Wollumbin’….Picture5

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Mt Wollumbin is shaped like a Bush Turkey

‘National Landscape ©’ icon Mount Warning – Wollumbin – is a World Heritage listed Erosion Caldera – what we see today is the remnant volcanic plugs of a once vast Shield Volcano…the central plug of the caldera is, for the Ngarakbal Githabal , shaped like a Bush Turkey….Male Bush Turkeys build mounds….Shield Volcanoes are Mounds….it’s a metaphor…..’Bird Tribe’ creation Lore…..there are many more profound layers to it, but it’s not relevant to a cyber format

So…..In 1977 as part of the National Parks and Wildlife Aboriginal Site Survey of NSW, Ngarakbal Githabal ‘custodial knowledge holder’ Mrs Millie Boyd recorded the significance of Mt Warning with Howard Creamer, Anthropologist …Mrs Boyd had learnt this Feathered Serpent Lore from her Mother Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] …..Aunty Millie related the Bootheram [unchanged] of the Totemic Ancestral Birds gathering to ‘learn the lingo’ [Language]…..Then all flying from Mount Brown [which is located in the Richmond Range of Northern NSW]……….All the Birds fly from Mount Brown to claim, settle and name the ancestral tribal Totem sites in the ancient Yoocum Yoocum Landscape…….

“Turkey Flew to Mount Warning…’….Mrs Millie Boyd

Ok…so what’s the Metaphor of Feathered Serpents?

“….The birds are the Feathered Serpents, the descendants of the Goanna beings; and we are the descendants of the Bird Tribes who also come from this Bootheram… The Birds gave us our lore, land and language…. We are the Bird Tribes….”…..….Marlene Boyd – Ngarakbal Githabal – grand-daughter of Charlotte Williams…

feathered-ornithomimus

When the Bootheram was being recorded western science hadn’t discovered that birds evolved out of dinosaurs….this has only come to light in the last decade….But the Ngarakbal Githabal descendants knew….they have always know…they ARE the Bird Tribe…..

Here is one of their Bootheram Lore’s from the Lamington Plateau of the Macpherson Ranges, which the Ngarakbal Githabal call “Dhungura-ngarian”…it was broadcast on radio in 1968 and published the same year….the ‘custodian’ relating this Bootheram was Mr James Morgan – who was another 1967 civil rights campaign “Hero of the people”….Like all the Bootheram, it sounds like a nice little story about animals…but it has profound layers….There are djurebil sites all around the ranges that were created by the ancestral Carpet -snake Clans to mark this important Bootheram…for this is the story of the first Corroboree ring….the very first one…it is a sacred story, and it must NEVER be changed

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……..”In the time which is Bootharrum or the dreamtime there lived a pelican who played on a plateau.

The name of the plateau was Dhungura-ngarian, which means “where the Pelican Played”. The corroboree ring of the pelican was on the plateau of Dhungura-ngarian……”……

…”In the Bootharrum all the birds were the same colour but one day they decided that it would be much better if they were not all the same, so they painted themselves in different colours. From that time they have kept the colours they painted themselves on the plateau of Dhugura-ngarian…”..

“…The Crow painted himself black….The paint that he used was made from burnt bark of the Bloodwood tree”….

….”The parrots adorned themselves with bright paints of many colours. And all the birds chose the colours they liked best. Then the birds gathered together for a corroboree on the plateau of Dhungura-ngarian….”….

….”One day, Old Man Pelican, who was very fat, was walking away from the corroboree ring when he heard someone laughing.

“He turned around to see who was laughing and saw that it was the crow…”…

“…The crow was laughing at him, laughing at the way he walked because he was so fat….”…

….”Because the crow had laughed at him Old Man Pelican picked up a piece of the dullong and threw it at the Crow…..”…..

Picture27….”The piece of clay hit the Crow in the eye and to this day the white in the eye of the crow can be seen where Old Man Pelican hit him……”

If you would like to receive more posts like this one then subscribe to my newsletter [its free] and you will automatically receive them in your email….Hoo Roo

Mapping the Bootheram – how the West was ‘won’ from the East

The Ngarakbal hold the first portion of one of the important Transcontinental Bootheram Lore’s [Dreaming]…as above so below, it is written in the stars for the Lore to travel on the land through the peoples songs, hence, Songline…… and each tribal cultural block hold their portion of the ‘song’ as It travels across the land….following the stars….ironically it was the same stars that the British followed to Australia

mt warning caldera - with Wollumbin

Lore must always be sung in sequence…..just as one cannot fully understand a play from only half way through the plot…neither can one understand the lore unless it commences at the beginning….

Land and language [dialect or linguistics] are linked…and the name of the clans who hold portions of the ‘song’ is the same name as their dialect…and as the song travels it changes dialect, passing through each ancestral clan Estate….

For the Ngarakbal their central sacred site, Mt Warning/Wollumbin has many names….it depends on the Bootheram that is being related as to which name is used

In historical Bootheram’s each timeframe, or epoch, has a Creator Being …a totem who embodies that time and place…When the Wollumbin volcano was part of the deep ocean it had the totem of the Tiger Shark – and a specific name for that creation ancestor….And as it was ‘sung’ from the waters by the ancestor spirits [skybeings/starlore] the totems change to represent the next timeframe/epoch……The totemic creator spirit changes with every epoch.

One of the ancestor creator spirits was a Turkey….and he also has a Bootheram for his own epoch…The Turkey’s name was Wollumbin…the Tweed Caldera is the best example of an erosion caldera on the planet….Wollumbin Volcano Bootheram of the Turkey and the language of that song is in Galibal dialect…The Galibal were a tribe within the Ngarakbal area…….Gallibal is the sound of a Turkey, and the name of the tribe who hold his Bootheram.

The central plug of the Caldera was named Mt Warning by Captain James Cook when he ‘discovered’ and charted the [so-called] unclaimed east coast for the crown in 1770.

Recently it has had the dual-name of Wollumbin applied and recognised by the Geographical Name Board – who control the mapping.  They incorrectly gazetted the central plug alone, instead of to the whole Volcano that Wollumbin [the creator spirit] created way back in the dreamtime. As a result of this gazettal the ancient lore has been obscured,  because Wollumbin has also been incorrectly attributed to the dialect called Bundjalung…. Administrative bungle by government?….or deliberate move to rewrite history to their advantage?

This ‘administrative bungle’ occurred because the first Police Administrators, who also managed the Aboriginal Protections Boards [which is a nice administrative way of naming slave camps] in the late 1800’s were ordered to collect the languages of the Aboriginal peoples….and they incorrectly classified an entire region of Northern New South Wales as Bundjalung….which is the name of a tribe from the Widjabil who are one of the four groups in the moiety/cultural block of the Yoocum Yoocum…and in traditional lore and custom the Bundjalung tribe [proper] has no jurisdiction over Gallibal Land, Language or Lore.

Interestingly, Bungil-lung  is also part of  the ‘Lung’ Lore – another songline which travels up from the South Gippsland of Victoria along the east coast…. I won’t cover that now but will explain that in later posts….or subscribe to my newsletter for more in-depth info.

Anyway, the original name of the cultural block that the Ngarakbal and Githabal come from was the Yoocum Yoocum….but that fact had been stealthily buried as part and parcel of the conquering and claiming of the east coast of Australia – and as we all know, rewriting history to the benefit of the conquerors is the classic pattern that has occurred all over the planet…Cultural genocide essentially…..and there have been many wars written out of the historical records…including the fact that only the east coast of Australia was claimed by the Crown, because the other four fifths had been claimed by the Dutch….and these facts have also been conveniently obliterated from the contemporary records of today since the Boer War – British v’s the Dutch – ousted the Dutch and allowed for the Crown to claim the rest of the Australian continent. As you can see on this pre- Cook map of New Holland below….the east coast had not been charted, and therefore not claimed according to Northern Hemispheres laws of tenure.New Holand map -pre British

Anyway, back to the east coast history…..

Joshua Bray, the first Tweed/Byron Shires Police Magistrate collected the Ngarakbal’s linguistic records in the late 1800’s under orders from the crown who were busy fighting the Dutch at the time….Joshua Bray is pictured below

Joshua Bray - headshot

Using the legal process of applying Aboriginal language to landscape for the use of naming geographic features was required in order to oust the Dutch who had used their own language to map the west…..So,  Aboriginal language was used to validate the crown maps and thus their legal tenure of Australia….

These Police records of Joshua Brays Ngarakbal language were submitted as evidence to alter the gazettal of the name of Mt Warning to Wollumbin in the mid 2000’s – as part of the contemporary governments Reconciliation process of dual naming significant sites – Though government was recognising the Aboriginal significance of ancestral sites it was, at the same time, stealthily changing the ancestral attributions from the original truth [lore, land and language of the Yoocum Yoocum] to the administrative records of the Police [Bundjalung]….wiping out Yoocum Yoocum completely from the Lands records….This administrative sleight of hand trick then travels all the way up to the UN, and thus, the U.N Geographical Names Board now endorse the bogus historical referencing of Bundjalung.  The ancestral names on the maps have been sanitised and the ability for Aboriginal Native Title claimants to prove pre-colonial title of their own country has been thwarted……Cultural genocide. Pretty dastardly manipulative stuff isn’t it…..and yet another verse in the ancient Starlore Bootheram of the Ngarakbal and Githabal people .

 

THE BIRD TRIBES – LORE LAND & LANGUAGE ARE LINKED

The Totemic Ngarakbal and Githabal sites are [naturally] named with Ngarakbal and Githabal’s dialect linguistics…This ancient language identifies the names of the totemic ancestral creators…the names of  the ‘Skin’s…the names from the Bootheram [Dreaming Lores] …

Lore, Language and Land are linked…and should never be changed.

“The Birds gave us our language….. We are the Bird Tribes”….Marlene Boyd – Ngarakbal

Oceania Early Discoveries

Claiming by Renaming

Contemporary Academics have stealthily placed the Ngarakbal into an administrative pidgeonholed dialect classification of the ‘Bundjalung’…and refer to it as a Nation….when culturally Bundjalung [proper] was a tribal clan of the Widgibil.

There is NO Evidence within the early Ethno-historical records  to support the contemporary governance concept of a cultural bloc now promoted as ‘BUNDJALUNG NATION’ being associated with this area of Australia,  or of a Tribal group known as the BUNDJALUNG ever having any access or ‘rights’ to either the Ngarakbal or it’s marriage clan the Githabal Tribal Estates.

The incorrect placement of the Ngarakbal and it’s associated moieties has caused much unneeded confusion, frustration and suffering within the communites…but it has a foundation of political law that was used to claim the Continent of Australia…

This commenced when Major Thomas Mitchell the first surveyor General of NSW, under orders from the Crown to establish a claim of proprietorship over the then most distance and elusive parts of the continent was ordered to do on land what Captain James Cook had done from the sea…to go out and map and NAME all the major geographical features…

Mapping and naming were the prerequisite functions, before the action of tilling the soil, for the British to legally claim this continent. And so Mitchell went out to map and name and thus takes legal possession of the continent of Australia. The crown gave explicate orders for the Aboriginal names to be used…it did this for the very important legal reason of establishing TENURE over Terra Nullus, the unclaimed east coast of New Holland, as Australia was then known.

Major Thomas Mitchell the first surveyor General of NSW
Major Thomas Mitchell the first surveyor General of NSW

As Mitchell stated…..“The great convenience in using native names is obvious…so long as any of the Aborigines can be found in the neighbourhood…future travellers may verify my map.  Whereas new names are of no use in this respect…..”…..

Thus by using the Aboriginal names…the British could prove their legal tenure over the lands….and more importantly it was a subtle way of partially satisfying the need to claim moral proprietorship over an alien land with pre-existing occupiers…by naming places with their Aboriginal name,  the British were taking the Aboriginal name for their own just as they were taking the land for their own…Similarly the taking of Aboriginal names deepened those links to the new landscape while at the same time according a superficial respect to the Aborigines who’s name it was…[D Day – Claiming A Continent 2003]

Today the same thing is happening…the UN is [seemingly] funding the renaming of Australian geographical place names…and this process appears to be now dispossessing the British [Crown] tenure of Australia by selling off the crown properties; and further dispossess ancestral Aboriginal moieties by using the Aboriginal Lands Councils against them in much the same process as the Native Police was used before.

Created in 1848 the Native Police were a typical product of ruthless frontier pragmatism.  The aim was simple:  set an Aboriginal person to kill an Aboriginal person…..Mathews; Landscapes of Change Vol1: Ch4:21

To hasten this claim to legal proprietorship of the continent the crown and the parliament gave the order for the Native Police Magistrates to collect the language and names of the sites in the region…the Native Police had been sent to operate in the Tweed and Woodenbong cross border regions from 1849….for 30 years, until 1879, the Native Police had one order…to disperse the Aboriginals, for the coming of the pioneer settler [and enforce the proprietorship of the crown over the gold fields]. …But more on that later….

 

Whatever happened to the ‘Yoocum Yoocum’ ?

 

The Githabal and Ngarakwal [Nganduwal] are part of the ‘Yoocum Yoocum’ Moiety

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The East Coast ‘Keepers’of the Feathered Serpent / Rainbow Serpent Traditions of the ancient ‘Bird Tribes’ of Australia…

The ancestral lands of these people are located in some of the most beautiful [and expensive] real estate in the entire country…..from north of the famous Surfer Paradise to south of Byron Bay….it really is nothing short of a miracle that the traditional totemic culture and lore of these ancient tribes survived the relentless invasion of crown colonialists. But survive [and thrive] they did…Its an amazing story of keeping the embers of an ancient fire alive despite blatant attempts to extinguish it forever. But more on that subject later. Right now here is some of what past experts have recorded about the Ngarakwal Githabal people and how they fit into the ‘cultural block’ of the most eastern moiety of this ancient land

One has to remember that the ancestral peoples didn’t write their language, and it wasn’t until the first studies by post-colonial anthropologists and academics that the original oral traditions became text. Translations were based on a somewhat myopic perspective of the conquerors and most of the information was collected from surviving tribal peoples who were either enslaved or incarcerated in those times. 

Anthropologist Radcliffe-Brown refers to this same cultural bloc as the Yukum or Yukumbil tribe;

Kidjabal was Radcliffe Browns way of recording the tribal dialect of Githabal….many and various versions of spellings occur throughout the records….here is what he had to say about the Githabal and Ngarakbal peoples…..

“This large tribe, named in it’s negative [yukum = No] occupying the region of the Richmond and Clarence Rivers in the north of NSW and extending over the Qld Border. Their country extends about 100 miles north and south and about 80 miles east and west.  Within the north there are considerable local differences of dialect, and a number of the sub-tribes are recognised.  The sub-tribe about which I have most information is the Kidjabal of the country at the head of the Clarence River “…Radcliffe Brown 1929A:400

Archilbald Metson

And then there was Archilbald Metson. He was, at one point in his career, the administrator of the Aboriginal Protection Board. This was a Police/Crown administrated board that  governed all the Aboriginal Missions and Labour farms…..    metson

“All the Tribes from Nerang to the Clarence spoke variations of the great “Yoocum-Yoocum” dialect [Yoocumbah],  which went west to New England and down to the head of the Condamine at Warwick,  where it joined the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs”…Metson 1894

The “Yoocum-Yoocum dialect which extended from the Logan River south to midway between the Clarence and the Belinger River, and all New England from Armidale to near Warwick, whence it was joined by the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs,  the dialect which came down the north side of the Brisbane River to the sea and Toorbul Point and down the Burnett to the sea at Bundaberg”..Metson 1923

 “On Nerang Creek at that time [1869-70] was a Tweed river blackfellow called Tulaman, afterwards killed in a myall row where bad rum played a leading part in the programme….Tullman was my sole companion in a ten days’ tour on the MacPherson Range. He belonged to the Brunswick “Minyahgo-Wallo”, who extended from the Nerang to the “Amburra” blacks on the Richmond and the “Wadjie Wadjie” tribe of the Clarence”..Metson

 

And then there was the Rev. Hugh Livingstone, a Presbyterian minister who resided in the Richmond District for Ten years between 1876 and 1886 [Rowland et al 2001]  In 1892 Livingstone published a paper entitled

‘A short grammar and vocabulary of the dialect spoken by the Minyug [Minyung] people on the North East Coast of NSW’.  The contents of this paper are generally well known, and have been extensively quoted and cited in the literature [ see for example Sharpe 1985,  Steels 1983, Crowley 1978].  According to Livingstone, the people occupying the Byron-Brunswick area spoke ‘Minyug’,  [that is the people who say minyug for what?],  one of a number of dialects of an unnamed language that was spoken over a large area from the Clarence River in NSW to the Albert River in Qld [Mckeown2007;  Curr1877]

It is Noteworthy that Livingstone despite having resided in the Richmond area for 10 years does not identify the greater dialect area as being attributable to a group known as BUNDJALUNG…..nor does Radcliffe Brown…..nor does Metson……..So, What happened to the ‘Yoocum Yoocum”?????

Well, thankfully, the surviving descendants of the Yoocum Yoocum are alive and well…despite governance attempts to eradicate their ancient lore and culture from existence…but every day is still a struggle to survive intact in the corporate structure that deems any pre-crown native tenure to the lands as an obstacle they could do without

TODAY corporate governance HAS ALTERED ANCESTRAL LORE TO CLAIM and promote NORTHERN NSW AS BEING the ‘BUNDJALUNG NATION’,  apparently [blatantly] eliminating all reference to early ethno-historical and anthropological data thus causing extensive damage to true Aboriginal Culture, Lore,  Religious & Ritual practicesAcademic fraud [ or collusion] can be identified when scrutiny of academic research timelines reveals that all the ‘confusion’ about which ancestral tribal peoples belong to which ancestral tribal land is occuring AFTER the Lands Rights legislations were created and Native Title was first achieved in Australia, both of which give Traditional Owners the ability to claim un-used  crown lands .

A clear pattern of the same manipulation of the early ethohistorical and anthropological data exists the throughout the country.

It appears to many in the public that government [MOU] contracted universities,  academics & local historical societies who have known access to the unadulterated early ethno-historical and linguistic materials and even carry them in their collections,  have either omitted them completely or have not correctly cited that earlier data,  and are instead altering their reports in apparent empathy of governances Private Asset development Agendas, such as Crown Lands [Report No54/01 Jan 2008 –Local Gov Private Partnerships & Asset Development]

Further; the collusion appears to have a dual function of the Academic and Historical facilities altered data  ensuring them Government favour & funding for facilities,  by enact dispossession of ancestral moieties from their traditional lands [crown lands and waters] that governance wishes to profiteer from….contractual formats shifts governments duty of care to protect STATE and Archival records integrity  by transferring data creation [and subsequent legal obligations & repercussions]  outside of  the Government departments…..but more on that later

Butheram Guyoomgan – Story of the Stars

The Githabul and its marriage clan the Ngarakbal have an ancient history which is told through their Butheram (stories) and yaribirri (songs) that connect people with their country through pathways and song lines.

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This is a lovely story about the flame of traditional culture reigniting in a strong positive manner despite the invasion and dispersal attempts of the colonisation processes

For full story click HERE..