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Aboriginal spiritual significance of Cudgen – Tweed Coast – Australia

Cudgen on the Tweed Coast is a significant creation site for the Ngarakbul and Githabul moiety…..Lore Land and Language are linked…..

“I want to share with you an important creation event from the Ngarakbul Githabul Bootheram Lore about how Tweed Coast area of Cudgen got its name, and how our warriors know when to hunt the grey kangaroo flock,  gurumanmari”….

It is called  a “Boodharam gawari”, which means story ‘run’, or Songline, with all of the associated djurebil, sacred sites, connected across the landscape, and in the sky”….

Stan Williams - Duroom - age 34 - Woodenbong - Tindale“Stan Williams was my Grandfather, his mother was Charlotte Brown from the Ngarakbul estate, of the Tweed Volcano – Charlotte was the daughter of Mary Brown, a full blooded Ngarakbul woman, who had seven children….four daughters and three sons ….all of them married proper tribal skin lore way, following the sacred starlore cycles, within triangles of each clans respective territorial boundaries“…  

“The following is a Bootheram Mr James Morgan gave my Grandfather Stan Williams to protect and teach…. this same Bootheram gawari [story run] has been faithfully passed down in my family since the Alcheringa , the beginning….. It explains our country and  links our people to it through Lore Land and Language – since the Dreaming ”……

“Its called , Goodgin Guruman Boojeram”

 “A handsome man Buluggahn who lived in the Dreamtime, the Alcheringa, when the world was just beginning went out hunting everyday”…

“One day when he was down at the sea ‘burgur’,when  he saw a buck grey kangaroo – Guruman, is what we call him……..So Buluggahn cast his spear, ‘bilahru’…….He hit that Guruman,’bilahru bira’ but the spear did not kill the animal…it only wounded the Guruman”….

“That ‘bilahru’ had gone  into the kangaroo’s thigh…but when the Buluggahn came close to the animal to pick it up and take it back to the camp, it struggled to its feet and hopped away”…..

“The Buluggahn followed after that wounded kangaroo…He could see he was badly wounded, losing a lot of blood  and he took pity on him ‘gidhir’…so Buluggahn, who was a powerful Wayun – cleverman- collected the earth with Guruman’s blood and painted it under his eyes and across the bridge of his nose and  began singing a magic song, ‘jingan’, to make that Guruman stop and go to sleep, ‘ngurahm”….Burrigan Goodgin Djurebil

“But the Guruman was a spirit animal, a totem, and knew what was happening…. he wasn’t going to give up easily …he fought the magical ‘jingan’ urging him to sleep….and he fled as fast as he could into the ancient Hoop Pine forests of the coastal range, desperate to escape his fate”…..

“Wherever the Guruman leapt, blood, ‘gumar’, dripped from the wound that the Buluggahn spear, ‘bilahr’, had made in his thigh ….his ’gumar’ seeping all over the coastal range”…

“All the while the Buluggahn continued tracking him,  through the pine forest, then into the rainforest, always singing his, ‘jingan’ magic song……..and every time  he got close to Guruman that Kangaroo would summon his strength and leap away”….

Cudgenbil waterhole --Braeside turn off“Soon Guruman became thirsty….He stopped to drink at a river ‘Wayal Balun’ , that means river in our language, and it also means Milkyway,  and his blood dripped into the waterhole…we call that waterhole ’Cudgenbil’,  near Uki….that’s a Rainbow Serpent djurebil there- part of the Women’s Water Lore,  its sacred there …..the Rainbow Serpent Grandmother Warazum is our moieties protector,  but not to strangers…strangers shouldn’t  go swimming there… Warzum will punish strangers…. and send buban, floodwaters” ……

“After he quenched his thirst Guruman continued on …….On and on the kangaroo went… still bleeding…with the Buluggahn singing him…..until at last, exhausted he came to a sacred mountain…. There was a cave, a ‘birman , in the mountain…”….. 

“Guruman knew his time was short ‘gubanjahy’…so using the last of his strength he crawled into the birman cave, and there, he died…………Juluhnnggi, that means died, in Ngarakbul Githabul dialect”….

“No sooner had the kangaroo died than ‘jingan’ the Buluggahn’s magic song turned Guruman’s ’gumar’ in the earth to goodgin [cudgen], the red clay paint that warriors wear”…..

Cudgenbil waterhole - buban - flood“All through the land, at every place that Guruman had leapt, his blood was turned into red clay…and you can still see it today……. all along the ridges behind Kingscliff, Duranbah , Cudgen, Condong Range and running all the way back towards Kyogle through Eungella, Uki and Mebbin, and into the Tweed Range…and when warzum sends the  ‘buban’, the floods,  his blood can be seen in the Cudgenbil waterhole”…….

“But the place where Guruman was first hit with the spear that place has that name Googgin/Cudgen which is the name that Buluggahn’s  song gave the red clay soil stained forever from Guruman’s gumar…his blood”…  cudgen topo map   “But the goodgin that is found in the sacred birman [cave] is far redder than that found anywhere else…. and this is because that Guruman died in there” …

And Juluhnnggi, means that Guruman was a strong spirit…. So the WayunBuluggahn used that  magic song and made him into a djurebil, a sacred site, and at a certain time of the year we can see that Guruman spirit in the stars of Balun, Wayalthe Milkyway – its then we know when to hunt the Gurumanmir, the flock in accordance with proper lore” ….

“Bird Tribe warriors wear their ochre when we corroboree, ‘jangar ba’– that’s what we call our shake a leg dance…we hold ceremony to increase the Gurumanmir before we hunt…. then we paint a strip of that red ochre under our eyes, across the bridge of our nose just as the Buluggahn did when he speared that spirit Guruman at Cudgen Heads, Kingscliff. ” …..

… This illustrates how Boodharam gawari,  Lore,  links people to Land, through Language”

“Lore Land and Language are LINKED”

“That’s the creation lore my Grandfather taught me about Goodgin Guruman ”….

Allan Euston Williams 

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Morals Rights] remains the property of the Ngarakbul Githabul Custodial Trust 2018

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Seven Sisters Creation Lore – East Coast Australia – Wiangaree Boojeram Gawari

7 sisters - wollumbin caldera - labledThe Wiangarie, the Seven Sisters,  are significant creation beings for all of the Feathered Serpent Lore Traditions across Australia …..it the prehistoric lore of the explosion of water and life on a previously barren  primordial earth…..

“I want to share with you important creation lore – the Yoocum Yoocum Bootheram Lore about how aquatic and terrestrial life emerged on this planet way back in the Dreamtime…..this Bootheram  metaphorically narrates the creation of life in the waters and its emergence onto land…… and the strict rules of marriage from the heavens which ensures increase, and not extinction, of all species ”…..

“It is called a “Boodharam gawari”, which means story ‘run’, or Songline, with all of the associated djurebil, sacred sites, connected across the landscape, and in the sky”…..

Men and Women share the same sky when teaching Lore, and so the same creation spirits, or Sky Ancestors, appear again and again throughout the Bootheram’s….but all appear in the sky together and the stars can be read like a story board…making all Bootheram lore uncorruptible ”….emu dragonfly milkyway

“The Wiangarie, the Seven Sisters, are Sky Ancestors who travelled through the primordial landscape of the Alcheringa with their magic digging sticks ‘ganay’ to make the first fresh water springs in the terrestrial Dreamtime before ascending back to the heavens with their Grandmother, the Rainbow Serpent – Warrazum…… Way back when the earth was just beginning …in the Alcheringa”.

 “The Wiangaree are ancient Water Lubra Spirits whose ongoing celestial dance creates our sacred Skinlore Kinship cycles…. The Wiangaree brought to the surface and from the heavens the gift of sacred water –  unifying ALL LIFE on this planet……every species….

It is the Women’s Water Lore which we still use today – which can be found all over the planet ……its tracked using a galactic pentagram , guarded by the two spirit dogs, Innernoogun and Burranjarnee, whose celestial bodies are hidden in plain sight around the constellation of Orion,  with their terrestrial bodies forming the landscape  of the Wollumbin Caldera Terra-henge – in the Ngarakbul ancestral estate….

 BandjalangClan mapBul” is our word for Tree….we are Bird Tribes and each tribal Clan is responsible for a Totemic Tree…..Githa-bul, Ngarak-bul, Whaili-bul”

“The Seven Sisters “Boodharam gawari” begins way out in the sea [which was once Whailibul land] and is now known as Bandjalang Clan territory at Evans Head…

The Whailibul [Bandjalang] Clan are one of the marriage clans of the Ngarakbul and Githabul…. the “ Wiangaree Boodharam gawari” travels through the waters – up the ancient Clarence River to meet with the other marriage clans……

In the Mebbini [Eagle] forest below the Pinnacle, Coowarragum, of  the Wollumbin Caldera is the Coowaragum Skinlore Djurebil ….. below the creation djurebils [sacred sites] of Winagarie Forest now renamed the Border Ranges…Journeying through the Jurassic  forests of the Wollumbin Caldera, in the Rainbow Serpents Abode – the  Warrazumbil Wilderness.….   and west to align with the djurebil of the Githabul ancestral estate, of the Grandfather Spirit ”….

Charlotte Brown, my Great Grandmother inherited the custodianship of Yar Birrain – Mount Warning and the Ngarakbul Lore from her Grandfather King Brown of Wollumbin who the keeper of was the first Origine’ Lore of this continent – the Skinlore, Kinship and Starlore Bootheram’s of the Rainbow Serpent and Nguthungulli, our Father – God, who gifted us the ancient Origine’ Lore” ……..

logo - granny & grandfather3
Euston Williams – Githabul – Skinlore marriage – Charlotte Brown – Ngarakbul

“Our people didn’t come here, we were made here, by Nguthungulli – he is our creator…he made the first people out of the earth” …..

Charlotte was the daughter of Mary Brown, a full blooded Ngarakbul woman, who had seven children with King Brown ….four daughters and three sons ….all of them married proper tribal skinlore way, following the sacred starlore cycles, within triangles of each clans respective territorial boundaries”

“Muldoom was a fully initiated ‘marugun’- which means a Senior Lore Man, and he was from the Bandjalang Clan of Dirrawong – Evans Head … He married ‘Black Mary’ Brown, the eldest of the four ‘Brown’ daughters of the Ngarakbul clan”….

“Muldoom and Mary’s union was the last full tribal marriage to take place on Dirrawong – Goanna Headland”…..

“Ngarakbul, Githabul and Whailibul [Bandjalang] are one of the twelve clan marriage triangles of the eight skins of the Feathered Serpent traditions all with their own sacred ‘Bul”  Tree Totems”….

Stan Williams was my Grandfather, Charlotte Brown was his mother”….

“The Wiangaree Boodharam gawari governs all of our kinship skinlore and it comes directly from the Star Ancestors…..it is written in the sky and into our ancestral landscapes…it is very sacred to our people…..the stars align at certain time every year and ignite our djurebil here on the earths surface….refreshing the Bootheram…increasing life and ensuring survival”.

“All of our creation Bootheram is told in metaphor… Bootheram of the journeys and adventures of our Sky Ancestors are describing significant earth events…geological, hydrological, evolutionary, atmospheric, galactic events”….. 

coowarragum starcycles with pentagrams“The Wollumbin Caldera is the ceremonial and ritual forum of the Skinlore Starlore cycles…. My people would come here to ritually celebrate since time immemorial at the Pinnacle Coowarragum Stone complex…..This sacred djurebil ‘record’s the galactic time cycles of our galaxy…..Time and space  govern all of our sacred marriage lore’s,  mythologised  by the Sky Ancestors,  Leho and Leva ….the handsome Bullughan and beautiful Ggawungan…..our ancestors created and gifted to us by our Father, in heaven, Nguthungulli …..GOD!

 “All Starlore Bootheram Skinlore/Kinships commence on the east coast of Australia in the ancestral lands of the Bird Tribes……It starts here because the stars rise above the landscape from the east FIRST  …and travel HOME to the west …to the oldest terrestrial land on the planet…The West Kimberley – the first land to emerge from the primordial sea in the Alcheringa – 3,600million years ago”….

“The mighty Clarence River – Wayal, Balun which in our dialect means Milkyway, flows from the Great Artesian Basin – the ancient freshwater seas of the Rainbow Serpent creation….the Yoocum Yoocum frontier was once a vast area bound by the ancient River, and our creation Bootheram uses all the stars as the story board to tell of creation”…..

“Our Wiangaree Boodharam gawari, relates how seven beautiful spirit women descend to earth at Dirrawong, Goanna Headland in the ancestral lands of the Bandjalang Clan, and journey up into the headwaters of the primordial Clarence River into Ngarakbul and Githabul ancestral estates…. Wiangaree Boodharam gawari  is the lore of their journey as they dig the freshwater springs and seed the waters with life ”….

“After the cretaceous creation epoch, the Seven Sisters send the world to sleep,  wrapped in a blanket of ice and return to the to ‘Sky River’ to look down upon creation with the other Sky Ancestors …. Millennia passed and one day they looked down and saw life on earth awakening and blossoming…..They sort to return to earth to satisfy their curiosity”….. 

“These girls were all very clever and they possessed ritual digging sticks, ‘ganay’……. inside their sticks they had secret charms….Elemental forces which they could use to protect themselves from their enemies”…….. 

“Each day on earth the Wiangaree went hunting…. seeking water snake and gathering yam’s in the bush, and they carried their yam sticks with them”…….

Koorumbyn“A Balogun, a TALL handsome young man of the Ngarkabul, named Kurrumbil, [Currum or Gurum -Bil ]  was following a flock of Gurumanmir, Grey Kangaroo accompanied by his two hunting dogs……

“As they hunted they encountered the group of beautiful women travelling together……. Kurrumbil thought them to be initiates engaged on their ritual quests into womanhood, so he dared not approach them….if the Wuyan, cleverman, Burrigan, knew he saw the girls, there would be trouble”…..

“But that night he dreamed of the women, and day after day he and his dogs followed them, watching from the cover of the forest…. and each day he felt his desire for the girls growing…. wanting them for his wives…….Kurrumbil knew it would be dangerous and difficult to catch one of these women…so he resolved to track them and wait for his chance”….

“All the next day he followed them….When they stopped to make camp Kurrumbil stepped out from the forest, and came  face to face with the two youngest sisters….He grasped them both around the waist and held them firmly…”I want to make you my wives”, he said …..the sisters protested loudly…..they warned Kurrumbil  that they were  his tribal sisters and therefore any association  would be punished severely under Lore”……

Koorumbyn Creek - mount warning - 1933 mapKurrumbil laughed at them…and carried them both off to his mountain camp at the base of a great pine tree….suddenly,  using the powers of their magical sticks,  the two sisters summoned the waters of the creek in the camp,   ‘Kurrumbyn’,  to rise up and  wash Kurrumbil down the mountain and out the mouth of the Ngarakbul River……They then left the mountain and travelled back to their sisters” ….“Kurrumbil however would not be deterred so easily….. he was obsessed with the beautiful young girls…He decided to pursue them with even more stealth”….

“One day, having again been hunting in the mountains with his dogs, he came upon the Wiangaree when the they had stopped to bathe in the cool waters of the river – Wayal-Balun…… the women had left their magical yam sticks leaning against a tree growing beside the river while they swam”….

“As  the Wiangaree laughed and played in the water Kurrumbil crept to the base of the tree and stole the magic digging sticks and hid them along the rivers  banks ……but he kept the ‘ganay’ of the youngest sister…She was the one he desired most”….

“When the Wiangaree returned from bathing they discovered the theft and began to search along the rivers banks…..It was late afternoon before they recovered them, but there was still only six of the ‘ganay’….

“It’s time to make camp” the eldest said, so leaving the youngest to search alone, the other sisters walked away”…

“Kurrumbil, watching from the forest, saw his chance…..He waited until she came close then crept behind her and captured the young girl…She of course did not have her yam stick with her so he was able to carry her off to his own camp at the base of the  great pine tree”…..

Mt Warning - star Trails - Ryan Fowler photography
Mt Warning – star Trails – Ryan Fowler photography

“The Wiangaree sisters were furious when they found their youngest sister was missing…..They knew it was Kurrumbil again, so they began to plan to rescue their Sister and to punish him for his crime”……

“The eldest sister wanted to send a fierce storm ’warimay’ of wind and rain to tear up the tree and crash branches down on Kurrumbil to kill him” …

The other Sisters were afraid that their youngest sister might also lose her life by the falling branches” …

“One of the eldest suggested they should go away to the west where they knew the winter lived and send back long nights of frost and freezing winds to punish Kurrumbil…… ’bagaywena’- to darken the earth and freeze him” ….

“It was agreed to journey far into the west…..they found the winter and sent back frost and exceptionally severe weather to the camp where Kurrumbil and the girl were living …so cold that Kurrumbil almost died”….

“The youngest sister whom he had captured did not feel the terrible cold because her older sisters had asked their Grandmother- Warrazum to secretly send her charmed yam stick to her…she summoned the element of fire and was magically protected….. Kurrumbil shivered and suffered severely and as the snow began to fall ‘bina’…..it wasn’t long before he became ill from the cold and  darkness and was glad to release the girl back to her sisters”……

“The Wiangaree then decided that they should not cause any more hardship to the earth by the severe cold, so they decided to travel far into the east in search of warmth and summer….At Winter solstice they appeared in  the east, traveling with the Whale Spirits ….and brought with them the warm rays of mother sun to melt the frost and ice”….

“They did not wish to harm the Bird Tribes further, they only wished to rescue their sister from Kurrumbil and punish him for breaking the Lore” …

“The Wiangaree then left the earth altogether and travelled back into the sky, where the constellation known as the Pleiades “Waringehn’ still represents their camp on the riverbank of Wayal-Balun”……

“After the departure of the Wiangaree, Kurumbil was lonely….He looked far and wide for another wife, this time determined to comply with the marriage rules of his people…… He found a young woman who belonged to the Kooran section, a beautiful young girl whom he wished to marry…….. Unfortunately, she was already married to a man named Bullabogabun, a great warrior” …..

“Again Kurrumbil broke Lore …..He succeeded in seducing the young wife and she agreed to run away with him”…..

Currumbin
Currumbin

“Kurrumbil and the young wife travelled along the coast to make a new camp away  from her husband…..they arrived at Kurrumbin – which mean’s Kurrum’s camp …a significant place on the Gold Coast now known as Currumbin in Ngarakbul country [ Ngar-ahn-g-bal]”………..

“When Bullabogabun discovered that his wife had eloped he followed in a great fury……arriving at the camp and then chasing the lovers through the landscape”…….

“In order to escape his pursuer, Kurrumbil returned to his Pine tree camp, and climbed up to hide amongst the topmost branches…… Bullabogabun was furious, so he gathered all the wood he could find and piled it into a heap at the base of the tree…… He set fire to the sticks and burnt the huge pine tree to cinders” …

“As the flames reached high into the air, Kurrumbil was carried with them far into the sky, where he remains today near the Wiangaree as the star Aldebaran, and he now follows the Wiangaree sisters eternally, just as he did in his youth”……

“Every year the Wiangaree reappear…rising from the east in the ocean off Ngarakbul ancestral estate – always on winter solstice–  always travelling with the whale spirits ‘wardham’….. together they bring with them the skinlore and of promise of pleasant warm weather returning to those who uphold the lore….

After which they gradually disappear towards the west…… This reminds us they are preparing to send the cold and winter to warn the Tribes men not to carry off a woman of the wrong kin, but to always choose proper wives as the Skinlore says they should”….

Like the Yoocum Yoocum , the Mirning Moiety of the Nullabor in South Australia, and the Arunda of Uluru are ancient moieties who observe the same Rainbow Serpent and Seven Sisters Skinlore kinships, and the same Starlore …and the same Whale Dreaming … This illustrates how Boodharam gawari links people to country, and metaphorically relates complex scientific evolutionary processes…this wealth of living cultural knowledge survived invasion and was maintained through proper Skinlore Marriage given to us by our Sky Ancestors…because we followed the natural lore our ancestral ties remain unbroken right across Australia”

 “That’s the creation Lore my Great Grandmother taught the Ngarakbul and Githabul women about the Wiangaree Boodjeram gawari”………Allan Euston Williams

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Moral Rights] remains the property of the Ngarakbal Githabul Custodial Trust 2018

The Sacred Spring – Birth of a Continent in Aboriginal Lore.

Lake Carpentaria is a significant creation site for all of the Feathered Serpent Lore Traditions …..it is the prehistorical lore of how Australia became an Island.

“I want to share with you important creation lore – the Ngarakbul Githabul Bootheram Lore about how this continent Australia became an island way back in the Dreamtime…..this Bootheram  metaphorically narrates the sinking of the geological land bridge that once linked our big island to Old World India,  way back in the dreamtime”…..

It is called  a “Boodharam gawari”, which means story ‘run’, or Songline, with all of the associated djurebil, sacred sites, connected across the landscape, and in the sky”…..

 “Way back, long before modern history records, the old world kingdom of prehistoric India was under attack by ancient northern invaders…..The invaders came down from the headwaters of the Indus –  in the Tibetan Plateau…..The Bootheram describes it as  a ‘war in the centre of the earth’…….people were fleeing for their lives because of geological upheaval and genocide of tribal groups was occuring ”….

“The Bootheram sings about the people the old Bird Tribes had to fight in that prehistoric war…they say that they wore  a kind of turban thing on their heads which would  slip off and you’d see their long hair fall down backwards….Like all our creation lore , it’s  very ancient”……Invasion route - labelled

“More than 70,000 years ago, or even older, the first wave of iceage migration came travelling out of Africa…..then it was over 40,000 years before they began the journey down the land bridge  toward the ancestral estates of the Bird Tribes”……

“My old people always knew, since the Alcheringa, which is our word for the beginning, that this land was once one whole island from here to Asia.… The Feathered Serpent Moieties  didn’t come to this land, we were made here, by Nguthungulli. God…we have always been here”……..

“It was a very turbulent world in ancient days , which is why the Bootheram records it …the Bird Tribes sent their cleverest ones, who were magic – to defend them….the Wuyan – and travelling with them was the highest of all – Buluggahn ….They journeyed  up the old-world land bridge to fight…. and  successfully defended Australia from foreign invasion – way back then” ……

Stan Williams was my Grandfather, his mother was Charlotte Brown from the Ngarakbul estate, of the Tweed Volcano – Charlotte was the daughter of Mary Brown, a full blooded Ngarakbul woman, who had seven children ….four daughters and three sons ….all of them married proper tribal skinlore way, following the sacred starlore cycles, within triangles of each clans respective territorial boundaries“…  

Stan Williams - Duroom - age 34 - Woodenbong - Tindale“Muldoom was a fully initiated ‘marugun’- which means a Senior Lore Man, and he was from the Bandjalang Clan of Dirrawong – Evans Head … He married ‘Black Mary’ Brown, the eldest of the four ‘Brown’ daughters of the Ngarakbul clan”….

“Muldoom and Mary’s union was the last full tribal marriage to take place on Dirrawong – Goanna Headland”…..

“Ngarakbul, Githabul and Bandjalang are one of the twelve clan marriage triangles of the eight skins of the Feathered Serpent traditions”…..

“The following is a Bootheram Muldoom gave my Grandfather Stan Williams to protect and teach…. this same Bootheram gawari [story run] has been faithfully passed down in my family since the beginning of the dreamtime…… It links our people together throughout time ”……

It is called ‘Boodjeram Mugul...it means Sacred Spring”…..

 “ In the beginning of the world, the Alcheringa,  there were three spirit beings…

“There was Nguthungulli, Bulugahn and Gawunggan”…..

Nguthungulli is what we call God of the whole world…he is eternal and omnipotent ”…..

Leho - teacher of the LoreBulugahn means a handsome male spirit being;  and Gawunggan means a beautiful female spirit being”……

“Buluggahn [pronounced Bu-loo-gun ] was the most handsome man in the whole world”…..

Gawunggan [Ga-oon-gan or Guangun] was the most beautiful woman in the whole world”…

“They are our ancestors, like your Adam and Eve……We also call them Leho and Leva and we can see them appearing together in the stars of the milky way at specific times of the year…. They are the origin of our sacred marriage Skinlore given to us by Nguthungulli – their Father, who is also in the stars of the milkyway- ‘Balun, Wayal’”…

“Buluggahn resides in the heavens, but he is coming back some day……He is Burram Yanbuhyn – a teacher of the lore – and he is above all the tribal wuyhans, the cleverfellers …He is one of our greatest sky ancestors….He and his companions travel,  creating,  and have many adventure quests which form our traditional lore’s and customs”…..

“There was a sacred spring – Boodjeram Mugul is how we say that ….It is now known as the Gulf of Carpentaria in Queensland and the geologists call it the Lake of Carpentaria…..It belonged to Nguthungulli– he created the land with the Rainbow Serpent, and the Seven Sisters bringing the waters….This Lake is very sacred  and no one was ever allowed to go near it – it used to be Fresh water”….

“That same fresh water still flows under this continent in a vast underground basin, connecting  into the headwaters of the rivers flowing from Githabul ancestral estate….flowing all the way from the central continents…from the old glaciers of the Indus”…..

“Way back in the Alcheringa this land was one whole land from here to India…..then  there was great upheaval upon earth…..earthquakes, floods, glaciers melting, land movement…..  and there was a great war -the old world was under attack….it was being invaded from the northern tribes who had grown strong and forgotten the lore”….

“There was a Buyuhyn a man who had two wives- Budharbalahgan……. He wanted to go with the other Bird men to fight the invaders….. But he didn’t want his wives to follow him to India…so he took his war-club and beat his wives, almost to death…He did that so they wouldn’t follow him……  Then he went with the other men to ganar– war”…..

“When the men were gone, those two women started talking…We will go to the sacred spring”, they said”…..

Boodjeram Mugul - milkywayThose two women broke the lore and went to Nguthungulli’s spring, and they took their magic yam digging sticks with them……  From the spring, one went digging this way and one went digging that way…”Barwur bulahnggi – Let’s  keep digging till we meet together”, they said”….

“As they dug the water from the spring followed them….creating a big island…… Where they met, way down south, one water goes this way and the other water goes the other way…it is the roughest water in the world”…..

“When the war had finished the men tried to return home….but the bridge was gone and in its place was an ocean of water”

“Nguthungulli’s son, the Buluggahn, was with them…….  He began to sing … It was a magic song that made islands and mountains rise out of the water…Then using their burbi bugur, which is a magic string that they pull out of their mouths, the Wuyan -clever-fellers threw the magic string far across the water…making an invisible bridge so they could not be followed , they crossed over it from island to island, until they landed back in Australia”…..

“When the spirit men got back, they knew what had happened…and they blamed Buyuhyn for beating up his two wives…….so they punished him for breaking lore….he was banished to become an island off the northern coast of Carpentaria”….

“Then the men went looking for the two women, Budharbalahgan……they found them talking together way down in the ancient country of the Great Australian Bight …….and they punished them there for breaking the lore like their husband…… the Wuyan’s, turned those women into stone and banished them for eternity as well” …

“Those stones are part of Australian waters to this day…..two more famous islands”

 “Afterwards the Wuyan returned to the east coast…… they never went back fighting anymore……  The Bird Tribes lost touch with the outside world and it was a very long time before another wave came……. This all happened way back in the Alcheringa”…….

grandmother whale and wollumbin

Like the Bird Tribe, the Mirning Moiety of the Nullabor in South Australia  observe the same Rainbow Serpent and Seven Sisters Skinlore kinships, and the same Starlore… This illustrates how Boodharam gawari links people to country, and metaphorically relates complex scientific evolutionary processes…this wealth of living cultural knowledge survived invasion and was maintained through proper Skinlore Marriage given to us by our Sky Ancestors…because we followed the natural lore our ancestral ties remain unbroken right across Australia”  

“That’s the creation Lore my Grandfather taught me about the Boodjeram Mugul gawari”….

Allan Euston Williams 

allans logo

All Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [Moral Rights] remains the property of the Ngarakbal Githabul Custodial Trust 2018