There is a global mythology of Feathered Serpents throughout ancient tribal nations….and as the last great continent to be invaded, Australia’s original people hold the least corrupted of the ancestral lore….The most eastern extremity of the Australian Continent is the ancestral country of the Ngarakbal Githabal people, who refer to themselves as “Bird Tribes”…Their ancient traditional Lores and Customs are a rich repository of metaphoric lore of creation…..
The Ngarakbal Githabal people are direct descendants of the ancient Carpet-snake clans – “Bird Tribes”, or Feathered Serpent Traditions…..
Their totems and ceremonies bear witness to true and factual evolutionary creation sequences,and their lores and traditions travel through the landscape, climbing four ancient volcano’s, into the bordering ancestral lands of the Wakka Wakka peoples of the Bunya Mountains.
The oldest known Australian marsupial fossils are from a 55 million year old, Early Eocene site at Murgon in southern Queensland, in the Bunya Mountains volcano lands of the Wakka Wakka people. This site has produced a range of marsupial fossils, many with strong South American connections…..and South America also has a rich mythology of Feathered Serpents.
In 1987 the Murgon site also produced an isolated tooth that is thought to from a condylarth, which has been named Tingamarra porterorum…….Condylarths are an ancient group of placental mammals know from various other regions of the world, and the presence of Tingamarra in Australia indicates that placentals were indeed present there at the time when the continent broke away from Antarctica. The world’s oldest fossil bat was also found at the Murgon site…..Very old marsupial fossils have been found on other continents, most notably, North America and Asia.
The Bootheram [Dreaming Lore] of the Ngarakbal Githabal says that “the first bird flew from the Bunya Mountains”……and that Bird was the “Kirra”….the White Cockatoo….There is a coastal beach village on the New South Wales Queensland border, in Ngakakbal Githabal country…and if you follow the ridge from Kirra beach, all the way up the Macpherson Ranges and continue following it up and up, you come to the Bunya Mountains volcano, where all the ancestral totems are being uncovered from the ancient Gondwanan landscape…….right where the ancestral Bootheram Lore has always know them to be.
Here’s a short clip that explain’s a little more of the Feathered Serpent Lore of the Ngarakbal Githabal peoples…..the Bird Tribes of Australia…..enjoy
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Time itself is like a spiral…..For the Ngarakbal Githabal people of eastern Australia, Spirals have an important meaning in their Dreaming Lore , which they call Bootheram – It comes from their ancestors; the Carpet-snake clans of the Feathered Serpent Traditions….and, their ancestral land itself is a gigantic geological spiral formation…an erosion caldera…
The Tweed caldera’s southerly point commences at Byron Bay and then arcs in a sweeping series of mountain ranges to its northern point, Currumbin, on the Gold Coast ….The Caldera has a series of inner rings, which spiral in to the central peak of Wollumbin…. The Ngarakbal Githabal are the ancestral tribal peoples of this area….They have many Bootheram’s [Dreaming Lore] of their beautiful landscape and its history….In Aboriginal culture, Lore, Land and Language are connected….and the Bootheram must NEVER be changed…that is the LAW – Lore..
Bogangar, or Cabarita Beach is a coastal village of the Tweed Coast….The most prominent geological feature at Bogangar is its rugged Headland which has the geographical name of Norries Headland…Bogangar is the halfway point between Currumbin [on the southern Gold Coast] and Byron Bay, the most easterly point of the Australian mainland…..
The Ngarakbal Githabal ancestral name for Byron Bay is “Coorumbah”, and the northern point is Currumbin……Coorumbah – Currumbin… [Positive – Negative] …the village of Bogangar is halfway between them….
Bogangar has the largest coastal Lake in the Northern Rivers area….Cudgen Lake….fed from sea at Cudgen Headland, Kingscliff, 7km to the north along the beach….and Cudgen is Ngarakbal for ‘red ochre’ which occurs on the coastal ridges at Duranbah behind Kingscliff village
Now, Bogangar was the name of a little “hairy man”….a ‘Nimbinje’…These ancestral beings are prominent throughout the Bootheram Lore – they are from the Carpet-snake clans – from the Feathered Serpent Traditions of ancient Australia…Alcheringa…..In the distant past the ancestral people were Hairy…Now, this is by no means unusual, because ice-ages affect evolutionary changes and being Hairy in an ice-age is a very good thing… and the name of the ancestral tribe [family] at Bogangar were the “Bogangaree”……for Lore, Language and Land are linked, always…..
The Ngarakbal Githabal did not come to this land, they were always here…the Carpet-snake Clans were made here by the ancestors…In Lore the landscape and the sky are the storyboard or living library of all events….written into the landscape in ancestral language, in plain view for all to see, for all time….
As custodians of the land the Ngarakbal Githabal Bootheram ‘sings’ the story of their [specific] ancestral estate….Traditional Lore and Custom is that no-one else can sing in their lands….that is ancestral Lore for every ancestral ‘country’ all over the Australian continent – and for a very good reason…….It ensures that the Lore [of each specific ancestral estate] remains intact, unpolluted, uncorrupted and unchanged….each ancestral estate holds their specific portion of the song of their own land in their own language…and these ‘songs’ hold the survival knowledge of specific places throughout time…
In traditional Lore and Culture, someone from some other area can-not come into the ancestral estate of another tribal territory and ‘sing’ their story…Culturally if this happens the perpetrator is referred to as being “out of country”….It is perceived as very disrespectful – breaking Lore….for to sing “out of country” in a language foreign to the ancestral ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] potentially corrupts or contaminates the harmonic Lore of the Land…and this potential corruption threatens the survival of all.
“…At Norries Headland, on the sand dunes that connect the rocky headland to the mainland is an exposed midden consisting largely of “cart-rut” shells [Dicathais orbita]. A few kilometres north of Norries Head there was a stone arrangement on sandy ground in the rainforest, the stones being arranged in a spiral pattern about three metres in diameter. This report of the stone arrangement came from a man who worked on a sand-mining dredge, who collected the stones before the dredge moved over the site. Inland from Kingscliff is a ridge of red soil on which the village of Cudgen stands, the word Cudgen meaning red. According to report in 1900 “there is a hill at this place where the blacks get the red raddle or pigment to paint themselves when going fighting” …Steele – Aboriginal Pathways- page 48
Another, or perhaps the same, spiral of stones was reported to also have been found at Tyagarah just north of Byron Bay…as the story goes, these too, were found by a sand miner in 1965 and taken back to his home in Kingscliff…He then gave them to the Tweed Historical Society who networked with the Brunswick Progress Association and the stones were finally placed at the Brunswick Valley Heritage Park in 1989.
The convener of the Brunswick Valley Heritage Park was visited by Elders who told him the story of the spiral stones…This small extract was published in the Echo Newspaper in 1990……“In the dreamtime the north coast was populated by an ancestral people who owned the land….The Yowies…legendary mountain people in the style of the Yeti or Bigfoot came down from the mountains and drove the people off their land and dispersed them far and wide…..A male and female member of the people gathered them together again and then drove out the Yowies, regained their land and the sacred red ochre at a sacred site…. The stones are the spirals of the two people”……
You see, this all comes spiralling back to the Ngarakbal Githabal ‘Eelamarni’ Marriage Lore – from the Carpet-snake clans of the Feathered Serpent Traditions of Australia….which pre-dates the Three Brothers Lore thousands and thousands of years….The Three Brothers is the Bootheram of migrations into Ngarakbal Githabal lands that occurred after the last glacial maximum, when the ice melted and the sea levels rose…about 12,000 years ago – The Three Brothers migrated to the east coast of Australia with their families….landing at Yamba on the Clarence River….Now, the Ngarakbal Githabal were already here….and they call the Three Brothers “Paigal”, which loosely translated means human …The “Paigal” were cannibals….and there was a war at Nimbin Rocks …., you’ll find information about that in my past posts….But, the ancestral Carpet-snake Clans, well, they go way back…way, way, way, back…..and, explaining that, well, that’s for another post
Anyway…. Here is another of the Ngarakbal Githabal Heroes…Mr Tom Close, relating the Eelamarni…from the ancestral Feathered Serpent Skin Lore.….Mr Close told this Bootheram in the 1950’s as part of the Civil Rights campaigns to recognise Aboriginal Peoples Human Rights…. Mr Tom Close was the half-brother of Charlotte Williams [nee Brown]…..’Beereen’ is the ancestral Ngarakbal name of Kingscliff, Cudgen Heads…
…”….In the Dreamtime there lived a young girl who was very beautiful. Her people were the Beereen tribe. At the time when this girl lived upon the earth there was a great war, for the Githerbul people were fighting against the Beereen people.
While the tribesmen were fighting the girl saw a handsome young Githerbul man who was a valiant warrior and tall in stature. She knew in her heart that she loved him, even though she had never seen him before. She longed that she might come to know him.
When the fighting between the Githerbul people and the Beereen people ended, a corroboree was held. When it was over the handsome young man returned to his uncle, for he lived with him in a mountain called Meeyanin.
The young girl of the Beereen tribe saw the footprints of the young man and knew by their appearance that he had gone from her sight.
Her heart bade her set forth to seek the man she loved
Wherever the young man’s footprints led, there she walked. She had with her some bark of the boorlum or ti-tree, and on this bark she rested at night. Wherever the young girl lay down a ti-tree grew and to this day these trees can still be seen…’…..Tom Close – Ngarakbal Githabal
Here is Charlotte Williams version of the same Lore…also recorded in the 1950’s
DAWNTIME…when all creation was created – there were also people of the Spirit World made. Now the name of the Good Spirit people is Wooyun. They are a kind of fairy people. You may behold these people for they look like ordinary mortals, but they are only seen for a little while…..
It happened that one day the fairy people were traveling down to Coogen Heads and with them was a lovely young fairy girl. Now this girl had been promised in marriage to a young man brave as he was handsome, for he was in charge of a Bora Ring – the sacred Ring – to where all young men must go for the initiation Ceremony so that they may be proclaimed men of their tribe. For a man to be placed in charge of a Bora Ring he must indeed be a good man, so all the people of the tribe many know that he is worthy to be placed in charge of the SACRED BORA Ring.
When the time had come that the young fairy woman had reached womanhood she thought of the man, the young man to whom she had been given in marriage when a child. The dawn had kissed many days and the stars had kissed many nights since she had seen him last. Then one day she saw him in at Coogen Heads – she knew he was the man to whom she was promised in marriage – for her heart told her so.
When the battle had been fought at Coogen Heads, the young man went to his home at Meeahan, which is the name by which Crown Mountain was known to the tribe of the young man. So the fairy woman set forth to seek her lover – she came to Meehaan, and the people of there told her “yes! the young man whom you seek and who will be your husband came home but is gone again”..So she set forth on her journey of seeking her husband, carrying with her the bark of the Ti-tree, she had brought with her from Coogen Heads….. Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] – Ngarakbal Githabal
And a contemporary rendition of the same Marriage Lore – prepared for the Department of Environment and Conservation in May 2006
…..Leo was a Balugan who was staying with his old uncle Miyarni. He would look after his uncle who was an old clever fella…….The Balugan said: “I’m going to have to leave you for a while. I am going over to the coast. I want to go down to the tribal battle”…the Uncle said “ don’t leave me on my own.” But Leo insisted he had to go.
The next morning the Balugan woke up early to leave. He told the uncle that there was plenty of gwiyam [possum] and honey and away he went. He went over towards the cost, camping on the way. The coast was where the fight was, it was lasting four days. There was a Guangun there where they were having the gunarra [fight]. A Guangun is a very attractive presentable woman with all the attributes of being beautiful. That Guangun saw the Balugan and she saw that he was handsome. She was feeling in her heart that she wanted to be with the Balugan……..She was a Ngarakwal woman and her name was Kumbarra…”…..
Today the site of the spiral stones “north of Norries Headland” is known as Casuarina Estate Kingscliff….The spiral stones ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] commemorated the end of the wars between the Ngarakbal and the Githabal….it celebrates LOVE and respect…..and its linked to the stars….but that’s another Bootheram
“The spiral is a spiritualized circle…In the spiral form, the circle, uncoiled, has ceased to be vicious; it has been set free”…Vladimir Nabokov…..
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Many People from many lands have come to the Land of the Bird Tribes…In Part One we looked at the Pre-Crown arrivals of the Dutch, Portuguese and the Egyptian, to name a few…..and now we come to the arrival of the Three Brothers – escaping the war in the centre of the word.
The Three Brothers Bootheram was also told by Mr Alex Vesper in the 1950’s Civil Rights era….. The Vesper family are one of the numerous direct bloodline descendants of the Ngarakbal/Githabal – from the ancestral Mother Clans of the Bird Tribes…..Today there are over 500 living descendants from that bloodline still residing in their ancestral estate…and they are all proud of their ancient unbroken heritage….A heritage that goes way back to their ancestors of the ‘Dreaming’.
William Charles, Alexander Vesper and Herbert Charles unveil a memorial plague to their Githabul ‘Grandfather’ Doc Williams at the ‘Bokal-Ynee’communtiy Hall, Muli Muli Aboriginal Reserve Woodenbong in 1972
There are many unsung Hero’s within the Ngarakbal/Githabal community…Three of them were Mr Alec Vesper along with Euston Williams and his wife Charlotte and they were instrumental in the civil rights campaigns of the 1950’s…They obtained the correct permission [through tribal protocol]of their ‘Boss’ Elders to speak their Bootheram Lore in order to overthrow the crowns pre-1967 classification of Aboriginal people as Flora and Fauna…The crown laws of those times required them needing to prove they had a religion in order to prove that were Human…which is a totally outrageous concept, but that was the times…
To achieve this feat they spoke about their LORE – and the Bird Tribes descendants worked with the Three Brothers descendants…in unity….overcoming the ancient division between the Lore [and in respect for the ‘Eelmarni’ Marriage Rites that had occurred long ago] ….
This unity of TRUE Reconciliation of the Past divisions of the matrilineal lore descendants and patriarchal lore descendants was THE vital key that empowered the laws to change in 1967….and it effectively united the Aboriginal people, and gave great strength to the achievement of Land Rights and the creation of legislative recognition and protection of Sacred Sites in the 1970’s…and al appeared well, until the crown’s Native Title procedural processes divided them again in the 1990’s….
Roland Robinson collected many Bootheram from the traditional descendants during the 1950’s…He always published them verbatim – unchanged just as their Lore decrees ….One story he collected was from Mr. Alex Vesper about The Three Brothers… In it Mr Vesper is telling the Ngarakbal/Githabal Bootheram of The Three Brothers who were the first people to find the land of the Bird Tribes, and they came in a Sailing Ship…….This story has been handed down by Aboriginal people through their generations. This story can-not be altered – that is the Lore….
…”I am sixty-seven years of age. I heard this story from my Grandfather who was a full-blood of the Ngarartbul tribe near Murwillumbah. On my Grandmothers side the tribe was Gullibul, from Casino and Woodenbong. I heard this story also from many old Aboriginals who came from other tribes…”…
…”The first finding of this unknown land, Australia, was made by Three Brothers, who came from the central part of the world. They were compelled to explore for land on the southerly part of the world because they were forced out of the centre part of the world because of revolutions and warfare of those nations of the central part…”.
“They came in a sailing ship. As they made direct for the south, coming across different islands and seeing the people in those islands, they kept in the sea all the time until they came to Australia, to the eastern part of the continent”.
“There first coming into this land was as Yamba Head on the Clarence River. They anchored just off the mouth of the Clarence. This was the first landing of men in this ‘empty’ continent. They camped, taking out of their ‘empty’ ship all their camping belongings, such as a steel axe and many other things of the civilised race in the central part of the world…”.
“After they had rested from the voyage, through the night a storm started to rise from the west. The force of wind broke the anchor and deprived them of the ship, which was driven out to sea and never seen again….”…….extract Mr Alex Vesper -Three Brothers – Roland Robinson
The Bootheram goes on to describe how the Three Brothers and their families were forced to remain in Australia….They have children and migrate North, South and West……
Other Elders of the moiety provided further information of this Bootheram of how when the three brothers fled the war and arrived with their families the earth had been covered in a great flood…the ancestral Bird Tribe ‘Mother clans’ had retreated to higher grounds….’Nimbinje’ saw them coming and ‘sang’ up the wind….and of the subsequent death of the Northern Brother in an epic war that took place at NIMBIN Rocks ….but that’s another Bootheram for another time….
The Lore was told by Mr. Vesper to overcome the crowns Non-Human classification of all Aboriginal people…..Traditionally the Bird Tribes had been ‘classified’ as not being human by the Paigal [Men]…A lot of epic battles had occurred in respect to the arrival of the Paigal that goes way back in Lore and these events, just like the arrivals of all the peoples who followed after the Three Brothers, are still told within the Ngarakbal and Githabal community…
The relatively contemporary Bootheram of the Three Brothers arrival in the land of the Bird Tribes appears to match the geo-anthropological data post “Long Summer Holocene epoch’ in the Anthropocene [age of humanity] which heralded the collapse of Northern Hemisphere civilisation due to the shift in earth’s orbit forcing human migration as sea levels rose….and …Current mtDNA studies verify the migration pattern as not having come ‘Out of Africa’, but of actually originating in Australia…..
…..“Mitochondrial DNA puts the origin of Homo sapiens much further back and indicates that the Australian Aboriginals arose over 400,000 years ago from two distinct lineages, far earlier than any other racial type.”…..….and further, that…“The Aboriginal racial group has a much higher rate of mutations than any other racial group, which suggests that the Aboriginals split off from the common ancestor about 400,000 years ago. By the same theory, the Mongoloid originated about 100,000 years ago, and the Negroid and Caucasians about 40,000 years ago.”….Professor Cann – Dept of Cell and Molecular Biology – University of Hawaiʻi, Mānoa
Scientists are now beginning to look more closely at the vast repository of oral Aboriginal mythology across the continent and have discovered that what had once been perceived as primitive myth is actually important knowledge correlating with and predating much of the northern hemispheres accepted academic disciplines;…..The ‘accepted’ migratory patterns of ancient peoples into the continent 40,000 years ago appears to be the patrilineal line [escaping an ancient war in the centre of the earth?] whilst a matrilineal line was established sometime in the 350,000 years of prior occupation as the Bird Tribes – and continues, in conjunction with the Patrilineal …
Academics are also realising that the same historical tales of epic Dreamtime battles between the ancestral matrilineal lines and migrating patriarchal lines were occurring all over the Australian continent in the same time [epoch] period – arriving in waves, all fleeing from an epic war in the central world of long ago….…and because of the requirement of Bootheram Lore to NEVER be changed, this magnificent LIVING library contains the most accurate portrayal of the REAL and un-sanitized history of Australia….and potentially, the planet…..
If you would like to receive automatic notification of future posts to this site then subscribe to my newsletter… And for more info on the ‘Language of the Birds’ check out Sonya Van Gelders website- Ancient Wisdom of the Ancestors at http:www.ancientwisdomoftheancestors.com …it’s located in the links ….Hoo Roo
Aboriginal Star Lore Author & Lecturer Stella Star Lore