Tag Archives: Bundjalung

Ancient War in the Centre of the Earth – The Australian Indian Connection

Many think that Origine Lore, being an oral tradition, must be fallible…after all, how can [oral] truth be ‘held unbroken since the beginning’ when most people today can’t even keep ‘Chinese Whispers’ straight for more than three passes……….But what most don’t realise is that the stars, if you know how to read them [across the vault of heaven] actually hold all the creation lore, or Bootheram, as the Origine moieties call it…….and this knowledge of  specific stars and constellations form vast celestial calendars which ‘remind us to remember’ important global events

continental drift

One such global event is held in the oral traditions of the Bandjalang tribe of Evans Head on the east coast of New South Wales….it records a great war that took place between the matristic old world tribes [of the Feathered Serpent Traditions] battling patriarchal new world invaders who came from an area surrounding the Caspian Sea….these new world invaders travelled down to cripple the ancient tribes of northern India, pushing them to the south towards ancient Australia……

This war took place over 10,000 years ago…marking the beginning of the arrival of the ‘New World’ culture onto the southern continent of Australia after yet another global cataclysm had forced migration and evolutionary changes upon the planet….

This invading patriarchal culture would wage war over the matristic tribes of the northern hemisphere for thousands of years…with the only thing stopping them from completely invading Old World Australia being post cataclysmic sea level rise cutting Australia off from the northern land masses…thus preserving the Old World matristic Starlore culture.

The southern continent has held its ancestral matristic lore since the Alcheringa [the beginning of the Dreamtime]…several million years – and several ice-ages….during this time many invaders have arrived…..but this particular migration/invasion over 10,000 years ago served to successfully split the ancient Origine culture…creating a second wave of culture – patriarchal, with its own rites and ceremonies…and many matristic lands were appropriated by the ‘new’ arrivals…this wave of cultural anomalies can be identified in anthropological works of early academics …and thus, the wars of 10,000 years ago began forming the next phase of Australia’s Origine history….

History is always repeating itself, so first of all I should explain a little bit about the present ‘split of culture in this country’….Ok…so now you know that we have a pre-invasion cultural system that includes both ancient old world and ancient new world cultures [which I just explained occurred approximately 10,000 years ago] …But now, as a result of British invasion we also have a post-colonial invasion system overlayed onto that……and this British system is an exclusively patriarchal colonial system which only recognises and endorses the [relatively recent – new world] patriarchal Origine lore……completely omitting the matristic.

This exclusive patronage is less than 20 years old …it began 50 years ago with the need to administrate the survivors of the initial British invasion…but it has evolved, and presently [over the last 20 years] the government has created administrative systems which it calls ‘Aboriginal Nations’….rights

These aboriginal ‘nations’ first showed up after Native Title was won in the courts [ie; Origine peoples v’s the Commonwealth Government] back in the early 90’s…prior to this there were no nations in Origine lore.

Today these ‘nations’ systems control all aspects of the lives of the Origine peoples lifes….using apartheid processes, where-by one culture is relocated and used to take over and administrate the ancestral area of another…these are referred to as forced closures of Aboriginal communities – which dispossesses them from their ancestral lands and renders them refugees in centralised areas…..

These nation systems are linked to changing ancestral culture and language, which in turn changes geospatial place names on maps, which in turn changes who can prove [in a court] originally owns the land…….which cause lots of fights – and this then causes more administration to ‘step in’ to take control…..it’s all a vicious circle…

The Commonwealth was about to lose control of all the land after native title was proven,  so by 1993 they commenced their solution…. an old tried and true method of the pen being mightier than the sword…it’s a post invasion methodology used all over the planet….

Conquer a country…make up a nation system to administrate them, force them to change the language, then change the maps to match, then use the new records to control administrative title of the land and water…Check it out and you’ll find it has occurred everywhere…..

tent embassyRemember…..the aboriginal nation system was only created in the last 20 years…basically it’s a rework of the colonial administration legislation to combat the post civil rights success of aboriginal recognition…following orders from their own patriarchal governance systems in England …ironically this is the same process  enacted on Britannia when their ancient tribes had been invaded by Rome……but they forgot to remember and have subsequently, and often, repeated the same mistake against the tribes of the colonies…….

The legacy of this process can be seen in relation to the Bandjalang Tribe [as distinct from the Bundjalung nation]….the Bandjalang are a tribe, or family kinship group of the old world moiety systems that existed before colonial invasion….

In December 2013 the Bandjalang Tribe successful achieved a Federal Court Determination of Native Title against the Australian government….they proved in a commonwealth court of law that they were the traditional owners of the lands and waters around Evans Heads http://www.northernstar.com.au/news/native-title-for-bandjalang-native-title-granted-a/2102587/

The Bandjalang peoples fight for recognition took them over 17 years during which time they went to great pains to oppose the government from referring to them as being part of the ‘new’ Bundjalung Nation system … Faithfully maintaining their cultural integrity [as a Tribe] proved successful for the Bandjalang people……

To Date, no native title claimants who have identified themselves as a member of the Bundjalung Nation, or any aboriginal nation has achieved Federal Determination in a commonwealth court….instead claimants have only conceded to be party to State Indigenous Land Use Agreements, or ILUA’s, which extinguish Native Title …..

So the Bandjalang tribe winning federal determination was a double edged sword….for despite beating the government in court, the Australian government still refuses to publicly acknowledge them in their own right and instead only endorses ‘nation’ cedes …

This same pattern of exclusion occurs to any other Origine group that has achieved federal court success, such as the Githabal….With any group who refuses to identify and be conformed into the nation system ending up being buried in a clandestine quagmire…..ancient cultures forced into assimilating with administrative nations systems or be damned to receive no assistance….meanwhile, to the world the nation system is being promote globally as the purported ‘truth….the rest of the planet totally unaware that it’s happening…..it’s a hidden apartheid..

Needless to say all this aboriginal nation system propaganda creates lots of surreptitious opportunities for corporate exploitation of land, waters, flora, fauna and people…. and it’s ongoing…destroying our Barrier Reef…polluting our ground water reserves…causing extinction of species…..mining uranium….tapping gas…devastating remnant forest….and occurring against the will of all Australian people excluded by the apartheid administration….our-culture

But…let’s get back to India and the war in the centre of the earth…..and the central island which sank and the pre-colonial matristic lineages, or Feathered Serpent Traditions of Australia…..

Several recordings of Bootheram lore outlining the war in the centre of the earth were made…initially by first colonial researchers in the late 1800’s….many of those records have been systematically eradicated in sanitised historical rewrites,  funded during “the Ministry of the Arts” political portfolios of the mid 2000’s when the aboriginal nations system was being developed and widely promoted……..any librarian or who opposed the alterations was sacked…any individual, ostracised. …….leaving only one independently published work from the early 1950’s which recorded and preserved the Bootheram….hiding it, not in historical records, but in poetry……

This Bootheram was collected in 1957 by an Australian poet named Roland Edward Robinson during the lead up to the Civil Rights campaigns of 60’s…..the Origine people at that time were denied having legal status of being human….to amend this they chose to tell their sacred Bootheram to trusted supporters…to people like Roland Robinson, who was helping them prove they had their own traditional lore and culture and deserved civil rights recognition and protection….Civil rights only happened in Australia in 1967…less than 50 years ago…

roland r head shot…..During an interview in 1973 Robertson stated   ‘I think that I have received more comfort, more enlightenment, more religion, and poetry from the Aborigines, than from any of the wise books of the white man’…….and I certainly have to agree with him…

Bootheram and the Matristic Starlore explains creation and connection of all biological life through combining science and doctrine to achieve sustainability….true caring for country…as opposed to the present biblical law which forms the basis of land tenure legislation for the planet causing entropic chaos globally…

But, before there was patriarchal law, there was Matristic Lore….Matristic linages follow stars and migrate seasonally….the vault of the stars can be read and they can’t be changed, unlike man-man books….The Origine peoples call their ancient matristic lore ‘Bootheram’ and the beautiful thing is it matches the Indian Vedas, the Tamil and the Sanskrit Matsya Purana……also epic poetic works…..

During a meeting I had with an Indian astrophysicist in 2007 we were both astounded to find the correlations between the ancestral Australian Origine knowledge and the ancient Indian culture….with shared knowledge of a central land mass that had sunk beneath the oceans…and Indian cave art with no decipherable meaning , which also matched Origine 1-635x400

We spoke at length about the marriage systems and the cast systems, both based on the stars…and we also realised that both cultures knew about a war in the centre of the earth that had pushed old world ‘hairy man’ survivors to the south and isolated them in Australia during an ancient invasion of the lands we now know as India…india - lilly….We shared knowledge of how this had occurred when a numerous and aggressive northern army from up near what is now the Caspian Sea waged war against the old world cultures….My astrophysicist friend was astounded to learn that a culture outside of India still retained the same knowledge…and it went back not just 10,000 years, or 15,000 years, but millions of years……all the way back to the Alcheringa….

Of Course current academics have been studying the genetic linkages between the Australian Origine peoples and the Indian….but these studies centre on the patriarchal lineages….whilst it is the matristic that records the ancient hairy genome and how [and why] it is linked to the marriage lore star cycles.

Unfortunately, the exclusive endorsement of the patriarchal cultures has brought much undue prejudice against the matristic lineages….causing patriarchal cultures to get all precious and superior about matristic bloodlines and ‘hairy-men’…….So it’s important to remember that northern hemisphere Neanderthals were hairy too – but died out [or were destroyed] approx. 40,000 years ago in Europe – and just like the Australian hairy lineages, they’d evolved to survive ice ages…

My own research on Matristic Starlore found the India Australia link to be supported by Bootheram traditions of migrations arriving to Australia occurring over several epochs…not just one…..with the common global link being the celestial deities spiralling from the south celestial stars, cyclically ….most all the global remnants of this old world lore has been usurped by the patriarchal, save the matristic lineages in Australia..

Unlike the patriarchal cultures, the matristic moieties [which is mitochondrial or MtDNA breeding – based on star cycles] can trace its bloodlines back millions of years and retains knowledge of events during those ancient times because of the constancy of the stars…including knowledge of ice ages and hairy people…

Currently the ‘Hairyman’ is being featured on Australian television in a new series called Cleverman…and though promoted as mythological it is in fact drawing heavily from reality……..ART imitates Life…

“Cleverman is set in a near-future Australia in which ancient creatures, the “Hairypeople”, have re-emerged to take their place alongside humans. However, coexistence is not so easy, with government agencies unwilling to recognise the Hairypeople (or “Hairies”) as citizens and limiting their movements to a heavily policed “Zone”….     http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-05-26/burke-an-indigenous-superhero-series-with-a-political-streak/7448642

So how did the ‘new world’ arrive in the ‘old world’?

One academic, Professor Alan Cooper, from the University of Adelaide’s Centre for Ancient DNA, says the Indian influence may well have played a role in the development of the Aboriginal culture – outlined in a paper titled ‘Genome-wide data substantiate Holocene gene flow from India to Australia’.

Professor Cooper says it is impossible to ignore the link with the discovery of the dingo…….”The timing of all those things in the archaeological record, about 4,000 to 5,000 years ago, happens to match the timing estimated for this genetic influx from India,” he said…

I, myself, have found the matristic lore of Dogs following the tribes as well as the Starlore of the two heavenly dogs [or dingos] who ‘guard’ the marriage cycle in the stars can be found in many global cultures, including the Anubis of Egypt, or Kemet…and that the Kemet were regularly trading with east Australian tribes several thousand years ago…and with India….

Professor Cooper also points to another development that happened around the time of the Australia Indian connection – a big expansion of one of the Aboriginal language groups…

“This other language seems to have taken over Australia relatively recently – perhaps 5,000 years ago,” he said……”And how it did it, how it replaced the other ancient languages, we don’t know……..”So suddenly, 4,000 to 5,000 years ago is starting to become a fairly tumultuous time in Australian history.”……he says.

Yes….they have used this assimilation formula again and again… change the language, and change the maps to match the imported language [or attribute the name on the map to the newly created nation in the geographical records], and thereby retain control and title of the land and water……..

There are 3300 year old maps in the Museum of Cairo with Australia clearly identified on them….and hieroglyphs which use Origine southern hemisphere Starlore deities on the pyramids and tombs…..there are even Egyptian tombs in Australia [the Gosford Glyphs]…all sanitised out of His-story or, like the ‘Hairy-man’ linages, excluded….Egyptian map showing aboriginal - 3,300 bc - based on mural from Hierakonpolis tomb mural

Perhaps if the Bootheram Lore of the Carpet-snake clan matristic lineages wasn’t so stealthily buried we would understand more about our past, our present, and most importantly, how to survive the future….

“We know so little about Australian human legacy, and yet it’s perhaps one of the longest continuous occupations of any human cultural group in the world,” Professor Cooper said …….“It’s one of the most rich and challenging stories in human history, and we know almost nothing about it.”………..

Some academics did and still do try to negotiate the labyrinth of sanctioned historical records…in the past so few of them thought to just ask the Origine elders…. Currently, in Australia, all academics are required to adhere to ‘memorandum of understanding’ contracts which exist between government education facilities and government created nations…no concurrence – no degree….resulting in no matristic lore being allowed to be identified let alone included.

Anthropology is a contentious field of study and Thomas Henry Huxley was by far the most influential early European thinker about human origins……. Champion of Darwin’s theory of evolution, as a young man Huxley visited Australia on the HMS Rattlesnake in 1847, 11 years after Darwin came here on the HMS Beagle………While he showed little interest in anthropology at the time, he would subsequently go on to found human evolution science and strongly shape Darwin’s ideas about our origins.

In 1870, in On the Geographical Distribution of the Chief Modifications of Mankind, Huxley proposed that Indigenous Australians were closely related to the people of South Asia, confidently asserting:

‘The only people out of Australia who present the chief characteristics of the Australians in a well-marked form are the so-called hill-tribes who inhabit the interior of the Dekhan, in Hindostan.’

http://newsroom.unsw.edu.au/news/science-tech/ancient-australian-connection-india

Hindostan is an historical region of India considered at various times to include only the upper Ganges River Plateau, or all of northern India from the Himalaya mountains to the Deccan Plateau and from the Punjab to Assam….which also coincides with the area referred in matristic Bootheram Lore as ‘the centre of the earth’….Kailash…..with portions of Bootheram describing a central island area linking Australia to India…and a ‘sacred spring’….

Lost-Continent-of-Kumari-KandamThis in turn coincides with the Kumari Kandam legends of the central land mass depicted in the ancient Tamal and Sanskrit Matsya Purana texts linking to a great southern island…….. and, in these texts they describe the movement of the earth mass, called ‘Navalam Theevu’ in Tamil, which caused the formation of the present continent of India….and severed Australia from the north…

The present formations of India, Arabia, Africa, Antarctica, South America and Australia started breaking up due to natural upheavals and moving to different parts of the earth at the rate of 15,000 years per mile on an average and found their places in the Asian Continent….which makes these ancient lore’s VERY old….

shiftAlso aligned with Origine matristic Starlore, the Rig Vedic Myths are symbolic expressions of astronomical phenomena, both of lunar asterisms and solar movements…and they are linking them to geological movements; again, the same as Origine Bootheram – as above so below

”Kumari Kandam”, the land that lay to the south of India and, which later submerged in the Indian Ocean, has been a matter of conjecture for many scholars…..but few of them realise [yet] that Australian Origine Starlore is recording the other side of the ancient Indian story..

 “Because of a calamity, which took place in 9,000 BC, a terrific destruction occurred and destroyed Chera, Chola and Pandiya Kingdoms and they all then came and settled in South India. The great scholar Sri Avvai Duraisamy Pillai has established that the “Pancha Dravidam” is the region consisting Gujarath, Maharashtra, Andhra, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu”.

“This is the time to write the correct history of Tamil Nadu. In “Irayanar Agapporul” (Nakkeerar Urai) it is mentioned that 72 Pandiya Kings had ruled Tamil Nadu (which was inclusive of the destroyed Kumari Kandam) from 30,000 B.C. to 16,000 B.C. (i.e. for 14,000 years)”.

“Eastern Island, 1,000 miles near Japan, has a script called Rongo Rongo and it is identical with Mohenjo-daro letters. This has been fixed as 1,00,000 years old”…

These are just some of the quotes of eminent India scholars confirming the migration from the ‘centre of the world’ in northern India and the vast timeframes of these world histories…. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/lemuria-and-kumari-kandam/article482101.ece

Mohenjo-daro [Mound of the Dead Men] is an archaeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan…Built around 2500BCE, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley and one of the worlds earliest major urban settlements contemporaneous with the civilisations of ancient Mesopotamia, Minoa, Chorte Chico and Egypt…with Egypt trading with east coast Origine moieties during these times….

All this global academic speculation includes every continent, except one… AUSTRALIA – the most ancient land on earth…..

The suppression of the lore by Australian authorities systems denies the matristic Bootheram to be brought to the attention of the masses and unified with the work of international academics……one has to ask why not?….is it in order to retain control – by suppressing matristic language and changing maps to retain tenure that allows the earth to be raped..?….

Australia is the missing link in this old world history and vital to decoding its meaning ….because our ancestral Bootheram has a very important function…It reminds us to remember, and teaches us how to be sustainable over long timeframes….but if we are denied access to learn from the true records of our past, then we, as a planet, are doomed to blindly repeat the problems…..

Anyway…here is one of the Bootheram’s describing the sunken island and the ancient war in the centre of the earth …it was collected and published by a roustabout [cowboy] from Coonamble, named Roland Robinson, who would collect and publish many Bootheram from tribes all over Australia under the protective guise of poetry, which before the common man learnt to read and write was the way oral history was retained and faithfully passed….

This particular Bootheram is called The Sacred Spring….It’s celestial matristic Starlore that is using metaphoric symbolism to describe geological and climate events – as above so below – and it is loaded with time marker clues that match many described in the Indian texts which record their lands being invaded from the north and the ‘old world’ being pushed to the south, towards Australia….

Robinson collected this Bootheram in 1953, from a Mr Ken Gordon, who was an elder of the Bandjalang tribe, from the time before patriarchal ‘aboriginal nations’ were ever created…..it’s called ‘The Sacred Spring’ and its describing an epoch when the earth had a different equator to the one it has now, which I’ll tell you about in another blog…so if you would like to hear more, please subscribe…it’s free and will be emailed direct to you…Hoo Roo……

The Sacred Spring –

 “This story is a Budgeram [sic]. When the old people said Budgeram they meant “Away back from the beginning’.  In the beginning of the world there were three people…

There was Ngudjungulli [sic]…. Buloogan and Guangun…..

Ngudjungulli is the boss of the whole world…he never dies.

Buloogan and Gaungan, they both died.

Buloogan was the most handsome man in the whole world.

Gaungan was the most beautiful woman in the whole world.

Buloogan died, but he is supposed to come back some day.

He’s above all these wee-uns, the cleverfellers.

From the beginning this land was one whole land from here to India.

The Aborigines used to go over and fight the Indians and come back again….the old people said that the people they fought had a kind of turban thing slip off and you’d see their long hair fall down backwards.

There was a sacred spring in Queensland…..No one was allowed to go near it.

Once, when the aborigines wanted to go over to India to fight, there was one man who had two wives.  He didn’t want his wives to follow him to India…so he took his nulla nulla and half killed them both.  Then he went over an left those women behind.

When the man were gone, those two women put their heads together…”Now, we’ll go to the sacred spring”, they said.

Well, they took their yam sticks to that sacred spring.  From the spring, one went digging this way and one went digging that way…”We’ll keep going till we meet one another”, they said….as they dug the water from the spring followed them. Where they met, one water goes this way and the other water goes the other way…it is the roughest water in the world.

Well, these aborigines finished their war over on the other side…They started on their way back…when they got along a bit they saw just one mass of water.

This Buloogan was with them.  He made the mountains and islands rise out of the water…Then, with their ‘borror’, the string that they pull out of their mouths,  the clever-fellers took this cord and threw it from island to island…They crossed over this cord until they landed back in Australia.

As soon as they came back they knew what had happened…

They blamed that man for beating up his two wives….

These warriors came across those two women talking at the Australian Bight…One of the wee-un’s, the clever-fellers, turned those women into stone…After that the aborigines lost touch with the outside world…They never went back fighting any more…

This was the beginning of the world…”…….

Ken Gordon – Banjalang Tribe ….from – ‘The Feathered Serpent’ – by Roland Robinson

Invasion of East Coast Australia – Ngarakbal Githabal Lands

To achieve Civil Rights recognition in 1967, the Ngarakbal Githabal Elders told their stories….some of the stories were ancestral Lore Bootheram, and some of the stories were historical parables about what had happened in the invasion wars….But all of these stories were vitally important in bringing about unity…and through unity, success…rights

 ….“The Invasion of the Northern Rivers of NSW by Europeans began in earnest in 1821 when the Penal settlement of Port Macquarie was established on the Hastings River…In later years cedar getters arrived and harvested cedar apart from the Penal Settlement”….N.C. Keates.”Wollumbin”…………..

The ‘accepted history’ books tell us that the Tweed / Gold Coast environs were established in the mid 1840’s….The first Cedar getters [wood cutters] were claimed to have arrived by boat in 1844…commencing the indiscriminate ‘clear fell’ denuding of the Gondwana Super Forest from the Brunswick River, just North of Byron Bay…However,  the oral traditions of the indigenous Aboriginal people tell of this lands invasion beginning well before the 1830’s…The first white skinned invaders they say also arrived by sail boat long before Cook claimed the country for the crown…. contrary to the contemporary history presented by Australian authorities the traditional Aboriginal people tell of a prior arrival of the Spanish in the 1500’s coming to Byron Bay……..but,   this has been eradicated from the authorised historical records….prior arrival in Australia would nullify the Crowns claim of Terra Nullus as unoccupied lands….and this is not a popular political option…..IMG_205881337394860

The authorised histories also tell us that John Oxley had discovered the entrance of the Tweed River and sailed into the Tweed Caldera on his Northern voyage (1823) scouting for a suitable penal colony location,  but the treacherous Tweed  bar, the density of the Caldera  jungle and the numerous (200+) angry natives was not ‘conducive’ to a fledgling settlement and so he pushed North to Moreton Bay/Brisbane…and here in 1824 they built the northern jail colony – to operate simultaneously to the southern Port Macquarie settlement

Now, both of these penal colonies were established by British soldiers who had served in the Napoleonic wars – mercenaries…..and scrutiny of the authorised academic records, and the more elusive ships logs, shows these invading mercenaries used classic Roman ‘pincer’ strategy to invade the Yoocum Yoocum ancestral lands……Advancing simultaneously from both the northern and southern penal colonies….pushing upriver, into the mountains….the goal was trapping everyone in the middle…thus, the brutal invasion of the Yoocum Yoocum – ‘Bird Tribe’ lands began…..

The northern Invading forces pushed West, South West from Brisbane…And, at the same time, in the South another group of soldier mercenaries were rampaging West, North West, traveling upwards into the mountains, advancing via the southern flows …

1843 by Surveyor Finch recorded one of the first publicly released detailed maps of the area known as Moreton Bay to Port Macquarie…
1843 by Surveyor Finch recorded one of the first publicly released detailed maps of the area known as Moreton Bay to Port Macquarie…

The two Rivers they followed were the Northern Logan/Brisbane and the Southern Clarence…These rivers come from the one source – The Condamine Catchment of the Murray Darling River complex – which to the ancestral Yoocum Yoocum moieties is ‘Rainbow Serpent Dreaming’…The mercenary invaders followed the rivers (like roads) to the headwaters…. massacring many along the way….

Thousands of traditional owners fled into the safety of the Tweed Caldera highland escarpments…traditional site of creation lore of the Rainbow Serpent Bootheram [Dreaming]…high volcanic jungle….

tweed caldera
satellite image of the Tweed volcano caldera

Carved by the waters…ringed by the rivers…for the traditional peoples fleeing from the terror of (never seen) guns the Tweed Caldera was a strategic point of survival because of its rugged topography…… and blessed with an abundance of resources….a natural fortress…..

Over Twenty [undocumented] years the initial invasion war’s raged in the Yoocum Yoocum lands …and, like the sanitised maps, these years were cleaned from the authorised histories….but, despite the cover-up campaigns,  the oral histories of the survivors recount how the invaders continued to come…like invading ants … lusting for land and the red gold of Cedar wood – later followed by the Gold-diggers establishing the first gold fields behind the lush volcanic lands…despite the reprisals of the Traditional people the invaders continued to come………. “Savage Ants” – the  oral metaphor for the numbers and ferocity at which they attacked the ancestral peoples…

Here is one account from Mr. Alex Vesper, who was one of the Ngarakbal Githabal Elders that had been removed from his ancestral country and sent to Stony Gully Aboriginal Reserve near Kyogle….Mr Vesper was later sent to Mulli Mulli Aboriginal Station when the Stony Gully Reserve was revoked by the authorities… Along with the other survivors of his people he was given no rights of recognition as a Human being…so, Mr Vesper, with his fellow elders, rallied his people to overcome the divisions that the ‘invaders’ had so skilfully manipulated…bringing all the people together to lobby as one….dropping ‘old grievances’ and working together they brought about the Civil Rights recognition of the people in 1967…These people are heroes that authorities refuse to acknowledge……..Over-coming manipulation, putting aside self-interests and working together for a positive outcome, together….

To achieve their monumental success the Elders told their stories….some of the stories were ancestral Lore, and some of the stories were historical parables about what had happened to their lands, lore and language by succumbing to the divide and conquer mechanism of the invaders manipulations, in the past…..

In the following account, called ‘The Attack on Tabulam’,  Mr Alex Vesper relates an historical event about a Mr Ogilvie who was a Squatter that established a sheep grazing station in the ancestral lands of the Yoocum Yoocum ….Now, this is a landscape that had seen many invasions and has had a long history of inter-tribal warfare as a result…

The Squatters, which were exactly as the name implies – illegal occupiers,  quickly figured out the inter-tribal dynamics and would manipulate the ancestral tribes – drawing on the ‘Old scores’ – setting one tribe against another …text-book ‘divide and conquer’ mechanisms…the Squatters led the tribes to attack one another – and do so willingly on behalf of the Squatters…unfortunately, little did the ancestral peoples realise what they were being led to do….and so,  Mr Vesper told this story to remind everyone to work together during the decade of the Civil Rights campaigns……forget ‘old scores’, stay unified, and succeed

 

Alex Vesper - in the centre
Alex Vesper – in the centre

The Attack at Tabulam – by Mr Alex Vesper 

………….”The shooting of the Aborigines in Ogilvie’s time was the beginning of fear in the Aborigine and a terrifying of him which eventually drove him from his tribal life and place.  It happened about 1835.

Ogilvie started a grazing station at Baryulgil, and the area of his grazing even came as far as the southerly part of Tabulam.  He had sheep grazing on the area, and it was reported to him that his sheep were being killed.  He came up to the place where the sheep-killing had been reported.  He blamed the aborigines for killing the sheep instead of blaming the dingoes.  He got aboriginal and white stockmen from Grafton and they gathered to attack the tribe at Tabulam.

Through the night, they prepared to surround the camp of the aborigines and to attack at dawn to get everybody unawares.

So, when the aborigines at Tabulam knew that they were going to be attacked, they were warned by their divine powers.  They also prepared.

They told their women and old men to pack up and go up Rocky Creek to the mountainous country at a place they call Bull-Dog.  All the clever-fellers, the Wee-uns, were left with the war-faring aborigines to await the attack.

The clever-fellers, the Wee-uns, said, “We’ll wait until they attack the camp and then we’ll see who has the power.  The bullets will not hurt us.  We’ll stop them with our magic power.”

So they waited.  Of course, the aborigines who were affiliated with Ogilvie thought with delight how they would have the women of the Tabulam men after the camp was attacked.  That was the custom of the aborigines, to take such women back to their own camp.

Well, on the morning of the attack, Ogilvie and his stockmen surrounded the camp while it was still dark. The Tabulam aborigines had kept fires going in the camp all night.  Apple-wood was the notable wood used, it would burn all night.

Just at dawn the attackers had the camp surrounded.  The Tabulam men were painted up, they were painted white, waiting for the attack.  They were singing their sacred songs in order to paralyse the gun-power.

At daybreak the attackers sang out to the camp, “Hoy! Hoy!” The white painted aborigines came out of the camp and the attackers had them surrounded with their guns.

Then Ogilvie and his men said, “Will you surrender?”

The Tabulam aborigines said, “We won’t surrender, but if any of us get shot in the legs or arms, we’ll finish you.  You’ll pay the penalty.”  But Ogilvie and his men pulled out their guns and started firing.

The Tabulam aborigines never flinched.  Their sacred songs had paralysed the guns.  The bullets were deflected, and half the guns never went off.

The Tabulam aborigines called out, “Look out if you hit any of us, you’ll pay the penalty.”

So, when one of the Tabulam blokes who wasn’t so clever was hit in the arm, he sang out in the language, “I am hit!”

“All right,” said the Tabulam clever-fellers. “That’s good enough.”

Then one of the Wee-uns, the clever-fellers, pulled out a spear and speared the white man, who had shot the Tabulam man, through the heart.

Ogilvie, when he saw this, threw up his arms and cried, “That’s enough! That’ll do now!”  He surrendered, and all his mate surrendered.

Then the Tabulam Aborigines sang out, “We Jabilum! We Jabilum!” and stamped on the ground.  This meant, “We belong to this place.  We are the originals!”

“Hello,” Ogilvie said, “we’re friends now!” And he told his aborigines to make friends.  The Tabulam aborigines said that since Ogilvie had surrendered they would make peace.

They buried the man who was speared.  Then, afterwards, Ogilvie invited the ‘Jabilum’ men down to Baryulgil.  The aborigines explained that the sheep had never been taken by them.  They had no need to kill sheep, they had plenty of food of their own, possum, duck, fish, wallabies and yams.  They told the white men that it was a bad report that they had been killing the sheep.

And Ogilvie quite admitted, by surrendering and making peace, that he was wrong.  And the tomb of the man who was speared is there to this day at Tabulam……”………Mr Alex Vesper – recorded by Roland Robinson in 1966.

The use of parables to illustrate collective visions is nothing new….His-story has used it to grand effect to validate the appropriation of tribal nations globally…

The stories of the Yoocum Yoocum Elders brought about unity, and through that unity recognition….by looking deeply into the strengths and the weaknesses of the people, and moving forward together……..It’s important to remind ourselves that we are all wanting a better world to “grow up the future”……so, here’s a nice reminder of what the future is about….enjoy…

If you would like to receive more of these posts then subscribe to my newsletter [its free] and they will be automatically sent to your email address…Hoo Roo

Traditional Ownership of Ancestral Aboriginal Lore

In Traditional Aboriginal Lore and in accordance with current Cultural and Intellectual Copyright [moral rights],  Traditional Owners [Aboriginal People] are owners of land, and through it owners of songs, ceremonies and designs associated with that land, primarily by virtue of descent in a clan or estate group associated with a particular Tribal Estate.

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Mt Lindsay – ‘Julgunboong’ significant sacred site of the Githabal

Attributes such as place of conception and birth also have implications in relation to Traditional rights of ‘ownership’.  In all groups there is ownership of land, sites, ritual, stories, paintings, music, designs and so on; A set of attributes which are linked together…which comprise the Tribal Estate

There are clear distinctions with ownership of land by clans or estate groups, with mainly religious and symbolic significance, and use of land by bands, which has economic significance.

The Ngarakbal and Githabal own specific spiritual area’s,  or djuribil which are  extremely important to the individual and family who are ‘responsible’ for that area.  This principal  is fundamental to ones sense of identity, spirituality , and well being…This is a foundation truth associated with all the Traditional lore’s and customs of all the Marriage clans….

The djuribil sites have ‘clear’ owners, the djuribil are there for their individual use and protection.  Furthermore, it is dangerous for a person to go near another family’s djuribil without permission…or to reproduce Totemic Design, Song or Lore

Important fundamental connections and obligations to and for specific sites is stated by the  Githabul in the reports prepared by HLA-Envirosciences for the Dept of Environment & Heritage  for the Cultural Significance assessment for the Githabul  Native Title determination applications and subsequent transfer of the National Park properties in 2007

Charlotte Page -NNTT

All land is sacred to Githabul people but there are places that are extra special.  There are powerful places like jurbihl sites…Jurbihl sites were created by the buthara [sic] people.  They are spirit ancestors of the Githabul people.  They taught us how to look after our country.  They were real people but they transformed themselves into djaru’s,  jali, springs and mountains…..informant B 2001:4

[HLA-Envirosciences Pty Ltd – for the Dept of Environment & Heritage May 2006] 

And Further:

Jurbihl could be an area, tree, rock or animal that belongs to that area. They’re clever.  They can make you sick or they can protect you.  You can call on them. They can be used for things.  These jurbihl are part of who we are.  You can take something from your jurbihl and keep it with you.  But you can only do that with your own jurbihl…”…Informant D 2001:5

..”…People should only talk about their own jurbihl, but only if they want to…We know those jurbihl are always there. They do not show themselves to everyone..”…Informant E 2001:5

…”…These sites are precious. It is part of who we are.  We need to look after these places…it would cause a great deal of harm to /Githabul people if those places were disrespected or interfered with..”…Informant D 2002:7

Githabul people have areas that are special for particular families.  They may have their jurbihl there.  There is jurbihl for our family.  Other families have their own places.  We inherit responsibilities and obligations to our country as well as it belonging to us in a physical way…Informant C 2002:3

…”…Marrying a Githabul person does not make that person Githabul.  They are of course accepted as one of the family and one of the community.  But they just would not be able to speak for Githabul people or about Githabul things…”….Informant C 2002:3

[HLA-Envirosciences Pty Ltd – for the Dept of Environment & Heritage May 2006]

 

Whatever happened to the ‘Yoocum Yoocum’ ?

 

The Githabal and Ngarakwal [Nganduwal] are part of the ‘Yoocum Yoocum’ Moiety

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The East Coast ‘Keepers’of the Feathered Serpent / Rainbow Serpent Traditions of the ancient ‘Bird Tribes’ of Australia…

The ancestral lands of these people are located in some of the most beautiful [and expensive] real estate in the entire country…..from north of the famous Surfer Paradise to south of Byron Bay….it really is nothing short of a miracle that the traditional totemic culture and lore of these ancient tribes survived the relentless invasion of crown colonialists. But survive [and thrive] they did…Its an amazing story of keeping the embers of an ancient fire alive despite blatant attempts to extinguish it forever. But more on that subject later. Right now here is some of what past experts have recorded about the Ngarakwal Githabal people and how they fit into the ‘cultural block’ of the most eastern moiety of this ancient land

One has to remember that the ancestral peoples didn’t write their language, and it wasn’t until the first studies by post-colonial anthropologists and academics that the original oral traditions became text. Translations were based on a somewhat myopic perspective of the conquerors and most of the information was collected from surviving tribal peoples who were either enslaved or incarcerated in those times. 

Anthropologist Radcliffe-Brown refers to this same cultural bloc as the Yukum or Yukumbil tribe;

Kidjabal was Radcliffe Browns way of recording the tribal dialect of Githabal….many and various versions of spellings occur throughout the records….here is what he had to say about the Githabal and Ngarakbal peoples…..

“This large tribe, named in it’s negative [yukum = No] occupying the region of the Richmond and Clarence Rivers in the north of NSW and extending over the Qld Border. Their country extends about 100 miles north and south and about 80 miles east and west.  Within the north there are considerable local differences of dialect, and a number of the sub-tribes are recognised.  The sub-tribe about which I have most information is the Kidjabal of the country at the head of the Clarence River “…Radcliffe Brown 1929A:400

Archilbald Metson

And then there was Archilbald Metson. He was, at one point in his career, the administrator of the Aboriginal Protection Board. This was a Police/Crown administrated board that  governed all the Aboriginal Missions and Labour farms…..    metson

“All the Tribes from Nerang to the Clarence spoke variations of the great “Yoocum-Yoocum” dialect [Yoocumbah],  which went west to New England and down to the head of the Condamine at Warwick,  where it joined the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs”…Metson 1894

The “Yoocum-Yoocum dialect which extended from the Logan River south to midway between the Clarence and the Belinger River, and all New England from Armidale to near Warwick, whence it was joined by the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs,  the dialect which came down the north side of the Brisbane River to the sea and Toorbul Point and down the Burnett to the sea at Bundaberg”..Metson 1923

 “On Nerang Creek at that time [1869-70] was a Tweed river blackfellow called Tulaman, afterwards killed in a myall row where bad rum played a leading part in the programme….Tullman was my sole companion in a ten days’ tour on the MacPherson Range. He belonged to the Brunswick “Minyahgo-Wallo”, who extended from the Nerang to the “Amburra” blacks on the Richmond and the “Wadjie Wadjie” tribe of the Clarence”..Metson

 

And then there was the Rev. Hugh Livingstone, a Presbyterian minister who resided in the Richmond District for Ten years between 1876 and 1886 [Rowland et al 2001]  In 1892 Livingstone published a paper entitled

‘A short grammar and vocabulary of the dialect spoken by the Minyug [Minyung] people on the North East Coast of NSW’.  The contents of this paper are generally well known, and have been extensively quoted and cited in the literature [ see for example Sharpe 1985,  Steels 1983, Crowley 1978].  According to Livingstone, the people occupying the Byron-Brunswick area spoke ‘Minyug’,  [that is the people who say minyug for what?],  one of a number of dialects of an unnamed language that was spoken over a large area from the Clarence River in NSW to the Albert River in Qld [Mckeown2007;  Curr1877]

It is Noteworthy that Livingstone despite having resided in the Richmond area for 10 years does not identify the greater dialect area as being attributable to a group known as BUNDJALUNG…..nor does Radcliffe Brown…..nor does Metson……..So, What happened to the ‘Yoocum Yoocum”?????

Well, thankfully, the surviving descendants of the Yoocum Yoocum are alive and well…despite governance attempts to eradicate their ancient lore and culture from existence…but every day is still a struggle to survive intact in the corporate structure that deems any pre-crown native tenure to the lands as an obstacle they could do without

TODAY corporate governance HAS ALTERED ANCESTRAL LORE TO CLAIM and promote NORTHERN NSW AS BEING the ‘BUNDJALUNG NATION’,  apparently [blatantly] eliminating all reference to early ethno-historical and anthropological data thus causing extensive damage to true Aboriginal Culture, Lore,  Religious & Ritual practicesAcademic fraud [ or collusion] can be identified when scrutiny of academic research timelines reveals that all the ‘confusion’ about which ancestral tribal peoples belong to which ancestral tribal land is occuring AFTER the Lands Rights legislations were created and Native Title was first achieved in Australia, both of which give Traditional Owners the ability to claim un-used  crown lands .

A clear pattern of the same manipulation of the early ethohistorical and anthropological data exists the throughout the country.

It appears to many in the public that government [MOU] contracted universities,  academics & local historical societies who have known access to the unadulterated early ethno-historical and linguistic materials and even carry them in their collections,  have either omitted them completely or have not correctly cited that earlier data,  and are instead altering their reports in apparent empathy of governances Private Asset development Agendas, such as Crown Lands [Report No54/01 Jan 2008 –Local Gov Private Partnerships & Asset Development]

Further; the collusion appears to have a dual function of the Academic and Historical facilities altered data  ensuring them Government favour & funding for facilities,  by enact dispossession of ancestral moieties from their traditional lands [crown lands and waters] that governance wishes to profiteer from….contractual formats shifts governments duty of care to protect STATE and Archival records integrity  by transferring data creation [and subsequent legal obligations & repercussions]  outside of  the Government departments…..but more on that later

Transcontinental Songline begins in Ngarakbal Githabal Country

Creative journeys abound in  Aboriginal Mythology. Two cross the Australian continent & begin from ‘Cugin’ [Cudgen] in the ancestral lands of the Ngarakbal Githabal moieties….

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The following Bootheram is called the Fairy Emu Dreaming and is one of several ‘Bootherams [Dreaming Lores] about the totemic journey of the ancestor creator spirits across the land.  It was recorded from Charlotte Brown in the 1950’s…….Charlotte Brown was the Ngarakbal wife of Githabal man Euston Williams…

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The Fairy Emu Dreaming

…”….A big rock stands in the sea six miles from Byron Bay

A man named Nguthungulli made that rock. Nguthungulli is our Father.

He’s the Father of the whole world.

He’s the man we’ve got to be afraid of.

No matter what we do wrong, or where we do it, He’ll know.

 And no man has seen Him.

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“….Nguthungulli had a cave in the rock.  After he made the rock, he told the four fairy woman, ‘gilarmavell’, to stay there…”.

“….Then he went away from there and walked inland from the coast.  He traveled over the mountains with his dog Korung.  He had a walking stick, and when he put the stick into the ground He left behind a stone like a basin..”…..

…”As he traveled He left the bean-trees, and He named the different places on His journey.  He named Woodenbong [where we are now], Nguthumbung.”

“He went over the range to the head of the Condamine.  When he knelt down at the river to drink, He left his handprints there in the stone…”…….

“….Nguthungulli went away out into the desert, towards the sunset.  In our language we say that Nguthungulli is away out in the Borrgorr now that means the sea. …”…..

“…The old people knew that the sea was out there.  They knew that whichever way the butheram, the story of Nguthungalli went, it was towards the sea, Borrgorr.  You can hear the sound of the sea in that word.  They had seen then that we were on an island.”……….

“….Nguthungulli has big rocks in the Borrgorr,  the sea, where he lives today.  Out in the caves in those rocks in the sea, Nguthungulli has four daughters and one son.  And his son is called Yar Birrain…”….

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 Ngarakwal [Yoocum] Totemic Lore as told by Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] of the Ngarakwal Githabal moieties – East Coast Australia……The name Yar Birrain has several meanings , one of which is “First Light”….The summit of this sacred Mountain [known as Mt Warning] is the first land in Australia to receive the dawn rays of ‘Mother Sun’….

 

Eelemarni – Marriage Lore of the Ngarakbal and Githabal

Traditional Aboriginal Lore is held in story,song and dance;  and Marriage Lore has its own specific songs and dances within that greater Traditional Lore and Custom…..In the Ngarakbal and Githabal moieties the marriage lore is known as the Eelemarni…..It is the first verse of the ancient song line pathway that flows across the Australian continent from the eastern most point to the west coast…Collectively these marriage songs and dances are a foundation part of the Seven Sisters Starlore,

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Each ancestral country respectively ‘holds; their portion of the song[line] in their own specific ancestral dialect, in their own ancestral country……These ancient lore’s are the base ‘contracts’ of tribal boundaries, access and trade throughout the individual countries cultures.

Traditional Aboriginal Lore dictates that correct marriages MUST follow ‘right skin’ – ‘Skin’ is an individuals totemic birth right association to country….Lore Land and Language are LINKED and must never be changed.

Skin marriages are arranged by senior Elders who hold the knowledge of the correct totemic ‘Skin’ that each individual is born into.  It is this personal ‘Skin’ totem classification that dictates who you can or can’t marry….‘Skin’ Totems are, essentially, an ancient form of recording matrilineal DNA genetics….. Skin Lore provides vital information on maintaining and  strengthening  the health and wellbeing of the moieties throughout time…

Through these sacred stories, songs and dances linkages are maintained right across Australia and record the inter-relationships between the people, the land, and the universe…..as in the Flower of Life

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The Ngarakbal and Githabal Lore of the Eelemarni was made into an award winning short film in the 80’s

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Here is a Bootheram [Dreaming Lore] of the Eelemarni…

“DAWNTIME…when all creation was created – there were also people of the Spirit World made.  Now the name of the Good Spirit people is Wooyun.  They are a kind of fairy people.  You may behold these people for they look like ordinary mortals,  but they are only seen for a little while …. 

It happened that one day the fairy people were traveling down to Coogen Heads and with them was a lovely young fairy girl.  Now this girl had been promised in marriage to a young man brave as he was handsome,  for he was in charge of a Bora Ring – the sacred Ring – to where all young men must go for the initiation Ceremony so that they may be proclaimed men of their tribe.  For a man to be placed in charge of a Bora Ring he must indeed be a good man,  so all the people of the tribe many know that he is worthy to be placed in charge of the SACRED BORA Ring.

When the time had come that the young fairy woman had reached womanhood she thought of the man,  the young man to whom she had been given in marriage when a child.  The dawn had kissed many days and the stars had kissed many nights since she had seen him last.  Then one day she saw him in at Coogen Heads – she knew he was the man to whom she was promised in marriage – for her heart told her so.

When the battle had been fought at Coogen Heads, the young man went to his home at Meeahan, which is the name by which Crown Mountain  was known to the tribe of the young man.  So the fairy woman set forth to seek her lover – she came to Meehaan, and the people of there told her “yes ! the young man whom you seek and who will be your husband came home but is gone again”..So she set forth on her journey of seeking her husband,  carrying with her the bark of the Ti-tree, she had brought with her from Coogen Heads….. Charlotte Williams [nee Brown]

Below is a Lands Dept map from 1890 showing Cudgen Heads….today this area is know known as Kingscliff

Cudgen head 1881

Seven Sisters Dreaming Lore [Bootheram] in Ngarakbal/Githabal country

This is a Dreaming [Bootheram] that is referring to marriage Lores…Right ‘Skin’ marriage is an intrinsic part of the traditional Lore and Culture of all    Aboriginal peoples.
Seven sisters, who were called the Warweenggary and who were members of the Bunjellung tribe, once lived on the Clarence River in New South Wales. These girls were all very clever and inside their yam sticks they had secret charms which protected them from their enemies.

Wiangaree Forest - Border Ranges

Above is a 1970’s map of the Tweed Valley showing Mt Warning [Wollumbin] on the right and the Wiangarie State Forest on the left….The Wiangarie Forest was renamed as ‘Lost World Border Ranges National Park in the early 1990’s….The area to the west is the major catchment for the Clarence River’s headwaters located in the Githabal ancestral lands 

 

The Bootheram Continues…….

Each day, while the Warweenggary Sisters were hunting carpet snakes in the bush, they carried their yam sticks with them for protection. A young man named Karambil was very much in love with one of the girls and always followed them. The seven sisters tried to discourage his romantic inclinations, because they were all his tribal sisters and therefore any association with Karambil would be punished severely under tribal Law. Karambil however would not be deterred as he was obsessed with the beautiful young girl; one day, having hidden in the bush while the sisters were out walking, he came upon the young girl he desired most when she did not have her yam stick with her. He was therefore able to carry her off to his own camp.

The other Warweenggary sisters were furious when they found that she was missing, and decided to punish Karambil for his crime. They journeyed far into the west where they found the winter and they sent back frost and exceptionally severe weather to the camp where Karambil and the girl were living. The girl did not feel the terrible cold because her sisters had managed to send her charmed yam stick to her by a secret messenger and she was therefore protected. Karambil however shivered and suffered severely and finally sent his wife back to her own people. The seven sisters then decided that they should not cause any more hardship to the remaining people in the tribe by the severe cold so they travelled far into the east, where they found the summer, and sent the warm rays of the sun back to melt the frost and ice.

The Warweenggary then left the earth altogether and travelled into the sky, where the constellation known as the Pleiades still represents their camp. They can be seen every summer and they bring with them pleasant warm weather, after which they gradually disappear towards the west.

After the departure of the Warweenggary, Karambil looked far and wide for another wife, this time determined to comply with the marriage rules of his people. He found a young woman who belonged to the Kooran section, a beautiful young girl whom he wished to marry. Unfortunately, she was already married to a man named Bullabogabun, a great warrior. Although Karambil succeeded in seducing her and taking her away from her husband, when Bullabogabun discovered that his wife had eloped he followed Darambil in a great fury. In order to escape his pursuer, Karambil climbed a huge pine tree which grew near his camp and hid amongst the topmost branches. Bullabogabun, however, gathered all the wood he could find and piled it into a heap at the base of the tree. He set fire to the sticks and burnt the pine tree to cinders. As the flames reached high into the air, Karambil was carried with them far into the sky, where he remains today near the Warweenggary as the star Alpha Tauri, and he now follows the sisters eternally, just as he did in his youth……

extract from R.H Mathews

The Seven Sisters Bootheram begins in Widgabal [Wadjie] Women’s Lore and travels up the ancient Clarence pathway to meet with the other marriage clans in the Winagarie Forests of Tyalgum and the Border Ranges…passing through the Rainbow Serpents Abode & Ancient Hoop Pine forests

Aunty Elaine Turnbull – Widgabal Elder  Senior ‘Wadjie’ Lore Woman [Bundjalung Tribe Proper]
Aunty Elaine Turnbull – Widgabal Elder
Senior ‘Wadjie’ Lore Woman [Bundjalung Tribe Proper]
The younger sister of Lorraine Mafi Williams, and the daughter of Rev. Bill Turnbull,   Aunty Elaine Turnbull, is one of our most respect and knowledgeable Senior Lore Keepers, one of our Living Treasures..

Her older sister Lorraine Mafi Williams is pictured below….

LMW photos (2)…’…Our Rainbow Serpent Dreaming is the oldest continuous documented religious theme in the world…over 60,000 years plus of Matrilineal Lore.. .’…Lorraine Mafi Williams- Widgabal – Bundjalung proper