Tag Archives: Carpet-snake clans

Crushing the Head of the Rainbow Serpent

Before there was a line on a map separating the Tweed, Byron and Gold Coast regions of Australia, before occupation , this area was the northern block of the original ‘Yoocum-Yoocum’ ancestral estate…some of the most coveted and prestigious real estate on the entire continent of Australia….A beautiful location, with a dark secret…

This specific east coast location was strategically chosen as the state borders of New South Wales and Queensland  by the Commonwealth forefathers to effectively ‘divide and conquer’ the Yoocum-Yoocum Aboriginal moiety through administration’– deftly eradicating their old world lore’ by drawing a line on a map where no line had ever been before ……Right through the very beginning of the Rainbow Serpent Culture of Australia…effectively crushing the head of the serpent, and creating a domino effect dispersing the Skinlore, Kinships and ‘connections-to-country’ right the way across the continent with one killer blow.

All Skinlore, Kinships and connections-to-country are derived from Origine’ Rainbow Serpent Culture, which unfurls in the heavens [above] the ancestral estates and is mirrored into each respective estates landscape [below]….. A pure unadulterated stream of culture that refreshes and revives, this same system inalienably connecting people to place through lore, land and language as old as time…

Showing connection-to-country from the celestial vault was how native title was first established by Eddie Mabo in the High Court….

Mabo spoke about the land and the stars ….the lore…revealing Malo’s lore (the law of the land) and the law of the Stars of the Tagai (the lore of the heavens) to show how his moieties tribal Skinlore, Kinships and connections to ancestral country gave his people their inalienable rights to tenure over their lands, and that they be acknowledged and returned…and they were.

However, since the success of Mabo – over-turning the law of Terra-Nullus – well, since that time, to thwart other Origine’ claimants the governance systems have employed all manner of administrative manipulations…perpetuating a  dark secret of dispossession and genocide in order for the commonwealth law to retain control in the land down-under.

History has been sanitised – books written, reports published and films funded promoting the ‘sanitised commonwealth history’….. Geospatial evidence- cadastral land maps [which get utilised in the native title court process] have been altered – mountains have been renamed, place names have been wrongfully attributed to appropriated linguistics, and revealing anthropological reports edited……

All and any pro-Rainbow Serpent Culture collated pre and post colonisation has been targeted and ‘buried’;  and apical ancestors and their traditional songs have been allowed to be procured by ‘strangers’ and corporations with no honouring of ancestral rites of passage….Adulterated documents  are being utilised in court processes endorsed by autocratic administration to extinguish native title of the continents first peoples.

beginning of the Queensland , New South Wales state borders – Coolangatta Tweed Heads – gazetted  through sacred serpent sites

It’s shocking, witnessing the methodical eradication of the matristic Rainbow Serpent Culture – Equally shocking is the autocratic enforcement of a contemporary Bundjalung migration story about a ‘climate catastrophe’ – the Three Brothers – replacing Rainbow Serpent prehistoric lore……A despotic governance blatantly using people from out-of-country to administrate these contemporary fables and sign off on extinguishment agreements.

Genocide and Apartheid [by pen] – in 2018 in Australia…..

But how can this be?

Easy!…Utilise administration to sanitise history just like every other invasion and occupation before……and hope that no-one will remember in a few generations.

Reversing Mabo’s legal legacy of federal native title rights and recognition they started to amend, amend, amend….slicing and dicing the newly ratified FEDERAL Native Title laws into malleable  STATE native title acts and regulations which bear no credence to Mabo’s trailblazing efforts……

These butchered State Native Title Acts create an impenetrable ‘wall”; operated by state native title services bodies that purportedly ‘provide legal aid’ to native title applicants [complements of the very same commonwealth the applicants are taking to court]…… no conflict of interest there…HA!…

Having spent decades and millions creating a most gruesome bureaucratic beast in native title, alongside a secret and even more sinister monster – State Aboriginal Lands Council law – Now all Australians are being secretly repressed. The country sold out.

But how can this be?

Easy….! Create an alternative legislative pathway.

Local Aboriginal Lands Councils [LALCs] have been given the same power as Municipal Shire Councils, but they are NOT representative of blood-line to country Traditional Owners…This is because any Origine’ person from anywhere in Australia can move to a new state or shire area and join the lands council there…they don’t have to be from that area originally, and once a member they can vote on outcomes affecting the new area……just as anyone else who  moves into a new shire becomes part of that municipal shire and is able to vote….there is absolutely no blood-line descent of the ancestral tribe required for membership to either shire council system….but, only Aboriginal people can join an LALC.

NSW Lands Dept map – showing the original Mount Wollumbin location BEFORE Geographical Names Board alteration , to claim Mount Warning exclusively as Bundjalung Nation 

Local Aboriginal Lands Councils [LALCs] AGM’s are won by individuals whose family can get the most members at the meeting…… This allows larger family groups in the community to guide how the LALC makes decision and the outcomes of that area. …..Take a drive in your local land council boundary and having a look who is better off may surprise you……. Generally, it seems that traditional owners, native title claimants and native title holders who live in those LALC boundaries are worse off…….The system pits native title claimants AGAINST LALC members….classic apartheid processes 

Of course the bureaucrats don’t actually let the Origine’ peoples [actually] control their aboriginal lands councils….When they need a specific outcome they [historically] sack everyone, claiming them incompetent, and put bureaucrat administrators in place …then they amend, amend, amend, the LALC’s legal acts and regulations so they can transfer thousands of crown and public properties into the LALC coffers ready to do lands deals and ILUAs – Indigenous Land Use Agreement

So ‘abracadabra’, a covert system that serves as an alternative legislative pathway to launder [the Australian people’s public lands and resources]; a system which has no onus for disclosure to the public magically appears…..it is Australia’s Hidden Apartheid – and it effectively dispossesses EVERYONE ……. except the bureaucrats….. And it achieves all this whilst simultaneously facilitating extinguishment of native title……

It’s utterly, brilliant diabolical genius …and truly mindboggling that individuals could have turned their minds and skills to crafting such [legal] instruments of mass destruction….knowingly eradicating what is arguably the oldest continuously surviving matristic law on the planet and replacing it with a relatively new biblical doctrine – all to validate colonial occupation.

A documented example of this type of stylised genocidal bureaucracy occurred in Yoocum-Yoocum lands south of the Gold Coast border….it might seem simply a government commissioned report being deliberately ignored….and what’s new about that?…but the consequences are reverberating  across time.

Anthropological materials commissioned and submitted to the Federal Court by the New South Wales Native Title Services in relation to the Byron Bay Bundjalung People [NTDA# NG6010/98 [NC95/01] & #3 N6020/01 [NC01/08] by Dr Frank McKeown of McKeown Ygoa & associates – in his report McKeown quotes Archibald Metson.

Archibald Metson

Archibald Metson was a colonial administrator and ethnologist from the late 1800’s.  In 1894 he was commissioned to investigate the conditions of Aboriginals in the newly gazetted state of Queensland; despite his consequent proposals, only some of his ideas were embodied in the Aboriginal Protection and Restrictions of the Sale of Opium Act 1897……. And I should point out that Mr Meston was also the Southern Protector of Aboriginals for the state of Queensland from 1898 to 1903,…..and equally important,  Metson had spent his childhood in the region , growing up on a farm in the upper Clarence and visited the Tweed Byron area , including in 1870 and 1880 when he travelled through the region on foot and on horseback …But the point is that Archibald Metson , over a 30 year period,  recorded that the aboriginal population of the area spoke a dialect of the language called Yoocum-Yoocum, which he had learnt as a child while growing up in the Clarence 

The Extract from page 21 of the McKeown Report [Bannister 1984, Metson 1880, 1923: McKeown 2005] created for New South Wales Native Title Services and provide to the federal court states;

“I spoke the Yoocum-Yoocum dialect which extended from the Logan River South to midway between the Clarence and Bellinger River, and all New England from Armidale to near Warwick, whence it was joined by the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs, the dialect which came down the north side of the Brisbane River to the sea and Toorbul Point and down the Burnett to the sea at Bundaberg”..Metson 1923

“All the Tribes from Nerang to the Clarence spoke variations of the great “Yoocum-Yoocum” dialect [Yoocumbah], which went west to New England and down the head of the Condamine at Warwick, where it joined the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs”….Metson 1894 

Then ; Page’s 87-98 of the McKeown report [which you must remember was submitted as evidence to the Australian Federal Court by the New South Wales Native Title Services in relation to the Byron Bay Bundjalung People] also quotes Anthologist Radcliffe-Brown [1918,1929A, 1929B,1930] who refers to these same people as the Yukum or Yukumbil

“This large tribe, named in its negative [yukum=no] occupying the region of the Richmond and Clarence Rivers in the north of NSW and extending over the Qld Border.  Their country extends about 100 miles north and south and about 80- miles east and west.  Within the north there are considerable local differences in dialect, and a number of the sub-tribes are recognised.  The sub-tribe about which I have the most information is the Kidjabal [Githabul] of the country at the head of the Clarence River”…Radcliffe Brown 1929A:400

McKeown notes in his report that Radcliffe-Browns publications and unpublished field notes deal primarily with Githabul groups in the upper Clarence around Woodenbong, and mentions only in passing the “Minyanbal” sub-tribe [Radcliffe-Brown 1930:238]….. In his field notes there appears only one reference to Byron Bay, but it is unclear to what he is referring.  On the same page, he notes the presence of a “mob of Minyangbal at Tweed Heads”, and immediately below wrote “Ngarabal from Tweed Heads to Brunswick” McKeown 2005 : 89…….

This clear [and way to truthful] anthropological report was commission by the government department who were assisting the federal court to determine a decision – and it was not ‘helpful’ to creating the ‘required’ extinguishment of native title in Byron Bay at all – so, it was ignored.

All applicants who were identifying as ancestral Yoocum-Yoocum subtribes, like Ngarakbal were targeted and ostracised, and almost immediately the exclusive endorsement of Bundjalung as being the [endorsed] language commenced…..

Yoocum-Yoocum Rainbow Serpent Lore was quashed and the Bundjalung Nation myth unfurled…

But why?

To ensure the tenure of Australia remained with the Commonwealth and no land was actually returned to the Origine moieties, the bureaucracy’s concept of a ‘Bundjalung Nation’s’ legal authenticity needed to be accepted in the courts

But how would they do this?…

Easy!… by garnering the assistance of Local Aboriginal Lands Councils, whom anyone that identifies as aboriginal  can join; and enlisting community history and museum volunteers to provide ‘research ‘from [non-academic] government endorsed sources such as newspaper clippings; and then begin  subtlety  ‘tweaking’ the language attributions [acknowledgements] of local Geographical place names records to align with newly collated and created Bundjalung Nation language dictionaries…All funded by the state …….and hey presto – qualify that all [legal] lands records data and place names were homogenised [and reclassified] as being from Bundjalung Nation linguistics…….Wiping out all original tribal attributions from the geospatial records and creating an unfair advantage that ensured extinguishment of native title….

Geytenbeek 1971 – dialect map- Ian Fox 2003

Re-writing History – a tried and true method to validate occupation.

An extract from the introduction of the Margaret Sharpe Dictionary of Western Bundjalung, including Gidhabal and Tabulam Bundjalung, has been cited extensively to alter geographical place names and homogenise original individual dialect attributions in both Queensland and New South Wales …this one dictionary effectively altering Lands records data collated by numerous academics over a span of 90 years.

The extract in the Introduction of the dictionary states …….“Dialects of the language referred to by linguists as Bandjalang [or as spelt in English Bunjalung] were spoken in an area including the Northern Rivers area of NSW, the Gold Coast, north to the southern suburbs of Brisbane, and west to Warrick and Allora”

So, put simply what does all this mean?…..

The genocide of the Rainbow Serpent Culture and its replacement with a post-flood migration story to achieve extinguishment of native title.

Altering the geographical data, or lands records, language attributions was key to obstructing Federal Court Native Title Claims…..Significantly  because the original geographical place names attributions had been recorded in each original [individual] tribal dialect of each area when first surveyed in the 1880’s……

Ironically, those individual dialect records were precisely the legal evidence Origine’ owners required to achieve a positive determination of Native Title…..

GNB dual naming of mt Warning as Bundjalung
2006 Letter from the Geographical Names Board – the NSW State Government had gazetted the wrong mountain as Wollumbin and changed the original linguistic attribution to Bundjalung . Altering Lands Records to enact genocide – by pen  

By allowing naive volunteers to make metadata submissions for geographical name changes of significant landscape features to State departments, which then became endorsed, gazetted and recorded by State government in the parliamentary Hansard and lands records files, protected the government from [actual] involvement –  but the outcome was to achieve the desired effect – dispossess ancestral moieties,  pervert the natural course of justice, and  facilitates State government ILUAs which culminates in the  extinguishment of federal native title …….

But, how these are altered Lands Records used in native title?

Well, the first national park in Australia to be created under an Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA) with the traditional owners, the Byron Bay Bundjalung, as joint managers with the National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS) occurred in Yoocum-Yoocum ancestral lands in 2001 – State government created the brand  ‘new’ Arakwal National Park and the Bundjalung myth allowed state government to   extinguish Native Title and award a development ILUA to the Byron Bay Bundjalung Corporation…the first agreement of its kind in Australia, it worked so successfully this same process has swept across Australia.


Now, Ancestral Truth is being ignored again….the Government is trying to assimilate the whole of the Gold Coast region into this same created Bundjalung Nation…….the dark secrets spreading….

Margaret Sharpes dictionary introduction states …….“Dialects of the language referred to by linguists as Bandjalang [or as spelt in English Bunjalung] were spoken in an area including the Northern Rivers area of NSW, the Gold Coast, north to the southern suburbs of Brisbane, and west to Warrick and Allora”


The modus operandi?……. crush the head of the [Rainbow] Serpent by leaving  no ‘flicker’ of the Yoocum-Yoocum Cultural block  to smoulder….. in fact, since the Byron Bay ILUA was signed in 2001 a veritable wildfire, spreading this [created] contemporary administration propaganda ‘marketed’ to the world as the Bundjalung ‘Nation’, has exploded into a bonfire fed by the bureaucrats……with the Byron Bay ILUA 2 and the Ti-Tree Lake ILUA 3 signed in 2006- all without including the descendants of the apical Ngarakbal ancestors who’s traditional cultural and intellectual copyright they appropriated without consent…..

Lorraine Mafi- Williams protector of ancestral women’s Rainbow Serpent Lore was targeted and ostracised due to the systematic injustices created by the government systems

The sole goal of State Native Tile is to extinguish the inalienable rights of ancestral moieties ….and anyone who [stupidly] engages is legally extinguished and so too are all descendants of the people they claim to be representing……so, if a total stranger appropriates your great great grandparents culture and endorses it [to be changed] and then files a native title claim over your moieties ancestral country, well, whether you like it or not, your inalienable right is automatically extinguished too….

Today, the Yoocum-Yoocum bloodline are still being lied to, cheated, dispossessed and exploited….the bureaucracy is knowingly homogenising all of the ancestral culture in line with an ‘endorsed’ three brother migration story….

The Three Brothers is an appropriated Yoocum-Yoocum tribal migration story of arrival of another race in their lands after a great flood, and which [it’s no surprise] endorses the ‘biblical tenure’ of the great southern land just as the biblical story of the three sons of Noah was utilised to validate tenure, and extinguish inalienable rights over the tribal lands of Africa, Asia and pagan Europe in the medieval past…..

Seems that ‘old- style’ genocide by papal pen worked so well that’s its good enough for the federal courts of Australia now….


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Matristic Starlore and the Biblical Law in Australia

On the east coast of Australia’s most easterly point are two ancient volcanoes…..The Tweed Volcano and the Focal Peak Volcano…… Green jewels in the crown of the UNESCO World Heritage listed Australian East Coast Gondwana Rainforest Reserves….A remnant sliver of lush emerald rainforest on one of the oldest, driest desert continents on this planet…

The Tweed and Focal Peak volcanoes are the ancestral homeland estates of two very ancient Origine tribes, who have been on this land ever since the ‘Alcheringa’ – which in their dialect translates as “the beginning”……And unlike many other Origine tribes lore’s of creation, which usually involve migration and arrival to the vast southern island, this particular lineage have a very different ancestry….with their tradition’s lore’s and custom’s descending from the Carpetsnake Clan lineages …arguable one of the most ancient lineages on earth…

The respective names of these two ancient tribes are the Ngarakbal and the Githabal, and they are actually not tribes, but Marriage Moieties… Their lore say’s they did not come here across the sea……They say they were always here…. since the Dreamtime…..and their creation lore’s say they were made here…by the Sky-Ancestors….way back in the Dreaming….

The term “Moiety” means half…and their marriage moiety kinship, or ‘Skin Lore’ system can be explained in this way…..

Ngarakbal are one half ….Githabal the other….and just as every human on this planet required a mother and a father to come into existence, so too the ancestral Ngarakbal Githabal marriage moieties follow this natural lore which flows down from the celestial realm…from the stars….so [naturally] their totemic kinship system operates in accordance with star cycles, which are indisputably the greatest calendar system governing our known reality.

Following the rhythmic pentagram star cycles of our universe, the Rainbow Serpent, Grandmother [All-Mother] and Seven Sisters traditions define and govern the Skin Lore’s, recording changes in environment and climate and providing priceless information in regards feast and famine…..increase and decrease…..Vital information that allows not only for survival of the moiety but also how to assist the surrounding natural biodiversity to thrive and survive solar cycles…

pentagramnsistas - Copy

Totemic allocation defines each individual’s responsibilities within their respective ancestral estate….so that everyone learns to care for and increase their totem species for the greater good of the moiety members to share at harvest…..

Their Skin Lore system also defines correct marriage and, like any contract, the Skin marriage system facilitate seasonal reciprocal access rights to travel and harvest adjoining moieties ancestral estates….the marriage system also ensure optimal health of the moiety…by breeding out weakness – creating strong genetic bloodlines of mitochondrial DNA lineages which are arranged into totemic subgroups….each moiety having many totemic subgroups within its ancestral area….with no individuals of aligned subgroup ever being allowed to marry…over many generations this Skinlore system is effective in minimising birth defects and eradicating disease

To achieve this symbiotic harmony between people and environment requires very strict protocols…..again, all governed by the star cycles….and this is how the Origine culture survived for so long unbroken…

The Ngarakbal ancestral estate, the Tweed Volcano, has been known as ‘Grandmother Country’ ever since the Alcheringa – the beginning – the dreaming …… along with the Githabal ancestral estate, the Focal Peak volcano, being perpetually known as ‘Grandfather Country’….

The Alcheringa is a physical place – the highest waterfall on the escarpment’s linking the two volcanoes….Water being the binary element of their Rainbow Serpent Lore….The Ngarakbal and Githabal call the Serpent, Warrazum, who created the land…nightly the creation journey can be read, just like a book, in the heavens above their volcano’s…travelling across the skies with the Grandmother [All-Mother], the Seven Sisters and the Grandfather and his son……with kangaroo’s and dogs, rivers and trees…..all travelling together.

Written in the stars and mirrored on the land….Feminine, masculine, negative, positive, above and below, the Ngarakbal Githabal moieties and their antediluvian culture elegantly defines the connections of all life on this planet through their Dreamtime lore’s of creation….For them humans are not the supreme species, but a branch on the tree of life in which all life is connected and mutually dependant…Starlore …gifted from the Sky Heroes……Linking everything through the waters…with all the creation deities displayed across the milky way….

Contemporary science [of 2016] can now show us that almost every element on earth was formed at the heart of a star; including water, and all life which developed from it…even us…The Ngarakbal and Githabal Dreamtime Lore explains exactly this in eloquent loveliness…..explaining super nova explosions that effect our earth- in metaphor….for the greatest expansion of life this planet has ever know was caused by stars…….these natural lore’s are facts of evolutionary creation….linking everything together in what anthropologists call Matristic Lore systems.star birth

Matristic Lore systems recognise and revere both the masculine and the feminine of all life forms and the origins of all life from the stars ….The term Matristic describes nomadic tribes that lived and cultivated huge interlinked estates and moved together following seasonal migrations of herds, while at the same time harvesting established food forest landscapes of fruits, seeds, tubers, fish, birds and animals across these vast estates…..with access rights being governed by the marriage skin lore’s….

Burrigan springbrook wallabyThese annual migrations usually involves a travelling trinity….being a herd, followed by a tribe, being followed by dogs, or in some continents it was cats….in Australia this is Kangaroo herds, followed by the moieties, being followed by dingoes – travelling through forests of trees……in the America’s it was Bison, Indians and Coyotes travelling through forests …in Europe and Asia it was Reindeer and wolves travelling though forests…Africa and south America had the big cats instead of the dogs…..but this matristic patterning and the masculine, feminine, tree and [water] serpent icons associated with it can be identified in ancient cultures across the globe…and all pre-patriarchal, which is the law system we live under now.

Equality – Unity…naturally and harmoniously…..in accordance with celestial lore, recording and heralding cosmic creation events which mean life or death for our world…..And, as in the case of many global nations, Matristic lore cycles were also revered…with cosmic events remembered in magnificent temples and pyramids….or, as in Australia, the Living Land [which is created by the stars] was preserved much as the biblical Eden….naturally and unmolested….with djurebil [sacred sites] of significant geological  formations respected and their creation process sung…recounting the essence of how they were brought into being because of the forces of the planetary Sky Heroes….

When one is aware of the nuances within the Dreamtime’s Astrotheological principals,  of all life and form being created by the mythical SkyHeroes, one quickly understands that Origine cosmology is actually explaining the classic sciences in myth and metaphor…..Sciences like astronomy, hydrology, geology, physics, biology, astrophysics, etc., and how all life is created through the interaction of these natural lore principals….using universal concepts to do so – from a time before writing…..male, female, trees and serpents….from the Alcheringa…..which appear to have morphed into what we now know as the old testament bible stories – including  the Adam and Eve story…..with the most beautiful thing being that these Astrotheological deities can actually be seen in the celestial skies of the southern hemisphere…. known as the Eelemarni Dreaming – a bootheram about marriage lore deities Leho and Leva or Kumbarra and Burigan – these astotheological forms appear specifically above the most eastern land of the Australian continent, Byron Bay,  at Winter Solstice in the ancestral Origine estates of the Ngarakbal, and travel west across the sky into the estates of the Githabul…..depicting “a marriage made in heaven”…..this ancient lore was recorded in an award winning short film called “Eelemarni” by Lorraine Mafi Williams and featuring Githabal Elder , Mrs Millie Boyd  

Since the systematic conquering of the ancient tribes of earth by patriarchal Rome, and the replacement of those cultures with biblical doctrine, which is the first book of Land Tenure Law,  the methodical elimination of Matristic Culture has been enacted all over the world…..Matristic knowledge once known to the whole planet literally slipped [back] below the horizon into the southern realm of the Grandmother leaving many metaphysical questions to secrets unanswered and ancient monuments un-deciphered..

The North, being unable to see to below the southern hemispheres Tropic of Capricorn slowly forgot about the SkyHeroes and the marriage [star] lore they enshrine….. Northern survivors fell into amnesia…their communal lands appropriated and claimed using biblical legislation – which are exactly the same land tenure laws global governments’ still use today.

Rome’s patriarchal legislation created the ‘Rule of Law’ regarding the tenure of the lands that were conquered and assimilated by Rome across the northern hemisphere…of which ancient Britain, Australia’s legislative ‘mother land’, was one…..

Basically the maxim of possession [of land and chattels] is awarded as “first in time, first in law” ….and seeing as no ‘first’ written law existed in those ancient times, Rome wrote one…. allowing lands to be acquired and retained by [stealthy] administration…. thereby overthrowing all indigenous tribal tenure everywhere… And anyone who resisted was eliminated..

1,800 years later when the first invasion missionaries enacting the Rule of Law tenure process over Australia arrived in the south, bringing the ‘truth’ to the ancient volcano moieties by ushering in their  exclusively patriarchal law system, they forced the people to renounce their language along with their Origine Astrotheology and its volcano cosmology and obey the [Roman] doctrines which had excised the All-mother and the sacred marriage between the masculine and feminine centuries before….. Those missionaries were delighted at how quickly the Origine people took on the word of God – Our Father who art in Heaven – Unlike the Origine peoples they were completely unaware that the tribal peoples could see his celestial form rise above the great southern island  Nguthungulli walking across sky

Today many denigrate the Origine peoples claiming they have denounced their own culture and replaced it with the bible….which the initiated in star lore know is not true…

That the Origine peoples can see the Astrotheological Sky Hero deities recorded in the old testament spiralling out of the south celestial pole – in annual cycles…. encompassing the full Matristic Lore which commences with the All-Mother, that Rome excised from the bible thousands of years ago,  travelling west with the All-Father to sink down in the heavens onto the oldest land on this planet ….3600 million year old Marble Bar in Western Australia ….geologically it is the first land to emerge from the sea – just as the old testament records in Genesis … The point being that they didn’t allow the missionaries to replace the Origine culture at all…they actually concurred…

The irony of all this being that contemporary patriarchal governance’s own common law maxim [derived from the bible] outlining  “right of possession”, being the first in order of time shall prevail, is perfectly preserved in the timelessness of Matristic Starlore for all the indigenous cultures of the earth…..For though Roman law can re-write a book, destroy a library, change the names on a map, or assimilate a tribe, it will never, ever, be able to erase the stars… they were there first…

For more information on Matristic Starlore please visit my blog at stellawheildon.com.au  ……….. And if you would like to receive more of my posts then join my newsletter [its free] and they will be emailed to you direct…. Hoo Roo


Lore Descended from the Stars

aboriginal artist and children.star.V1

 All lore of the Australian Origine Dreamtime culture descends from the Stars through  the Matristic lineages .

The Matristic lineages are the original Dreamtime linages whose traditional lore’s and customs depict the creation lore of the Sky Ancestors, who made them. 

These traditions are distinct as being a Matristic Dreamtime epoch and follow strict kinship and Skinlore codes.   They are very ancient. Arguably the oldest living lore on the planet.  Many global cultures refer to their own matristic epochs as the Sacred Feminine…..In Australia, as the last conquered continent,  the Matristic culture still survives, albeit under duress….

Global Matristic culture is then followed by a Patriarchal epoch whose traditional customary lore’s commence with a migration story of people arriving in the southern continent.  They are far less ancient and many of the ancestral sacred sites of the Patriarchal lineages were inherited by right of occupation. These traditions have distinct traditions and customs as well and similar Skinlore marriage lore codes  

Invasion and occupation of the continent by Colonialists commenced in the 1770, rendering over 300 distinct ancestral ‘countries’, each with their own lore’s, languages and ancestral boundaries conquered with all Origine survivors contained and homogenised as just one race collectively labelled as Aboriginal irrespective of their epoch, ancestral county or kinship skin classifications.  This dispossession occurred right across the continent.  Ensuing assimilation processes caused further confusion and today the greater global population is unaware of the two epoch lineages, or of the original 300 plus individual counties that once made up the Great Southern Island.  

 The Matristic lore is metaphorical of creation.  It commences in the cosmos, with associated rites, rituals and ceremonies singing the creation of the galaxies, our solar system, our planet and all life upon the planet. Each Sky Ancestors celestial journeys spirals across the celestial skies of our local Milky Way galaxy and project as a holographic reflection of the creation down onto the landscape.  As above so below.   

 Since the Alcheringa, which in the ancestral dialect of the Ngarakbal Githabal moiety means “the beginning”, the lore commences with an ancestral All Mother in the heavens, who appears out of the eastern seas of the most geographically eastern point of the Australian continent, and is terrestrially embodied as the Tweed Volcano Caldera, traditionally the estate of the Ngarakbul Githabul Origine moieties. 

The Tweed Volcano Caldera marks the terrestrial ancestral motherland of which the natural lore of which the Grandmother, the Rainbow Serpent and the Seven Sisters radiates in fractal waves following the transits and cycles of the stars which govern all cycles of life on the planet.

In a world changing now more than ever it is time to reconsider the ancestral lores and weigh them against the incumbent patriarchal lores which presently rule the planet….there is much we can learn from the past.

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Matristic Origine Dreamtime Lore – part 1

eye of biamie

The Origine cultures of Australia are the oldest living cultures in the world….and the last unbroken Matristic cultures on the planet…….

Matristic Lore is neither patriarchal or matriarchal , but instead is derived from the ancient nomadic traditions which honoured both sacred masculine and scared feminine for their own essential qualities….qualities ‘gifted’ to them from the celestial realms from which all life descends

One of the reasons the Origine have survived for so long is their ability to live in harmony with the grand celestial cycles which impact our solar system and planet. The Origine people’s ability to adapt to change has allowed them to maintain their ancestral traditions unbroken since the Alcheringa, which is the Ngarakbal Githabul dialect for  ‘the beginning’ of the dreamtime.

Commencing on the east coast of Australia the ancient matristic lore of the Origine Dreamtime radiates across the continent.  Spiralling from the south celestial pole the ancestral creator beings rise one by one in the Australia skies in the unending celestial particle dance of All Creation.  Refreshing and recreating the journeys of the Sky Ancestors which birthed our solar system including this small blue planet we all call ‘home’.

For the past 200 years, since invasion, the spirituality of the Origine culture has been deemed primitive and incapable of supporting genuine religious life. Messianic Christianity undermined Origine spirituality in the belief that the Origine had been living in darkness prior to the advent of the church in their lives.   As a result the Origine people found themselves the victims of cultural genocide.  Their traditions and beliefs swept aside without treaties to protect them, without even official acknowledgement of their humanity until the 1967 civil rights recognitions. And still the systemic dispossession of the ancestral traditional lore’s and customs continues today, despite many voices calling for its preservation and perpetual protection.  The oppression and disenfranchising of the Origine peoples continues in an attempt by contemporary [patriarchal] corporate governance to maintain tenure of the rich and abundant resources of the great southern land….a pattern of administrative governance inherited from Rome and used all over the contemporary world today.

All administrative governance is derived from the Roman church doctrines…..all law.

These Roman laws are exclusively patriarchal and have no inclusion of the feminine to balance and sustain the earth in accordance with natural lore…..and so everything and everyone are subjected to entropic decay – and a dying planet

On the flip side the ancient natural lore, commencing with the All Mother, who is terrestrially defined in Australia as the Tweed Caldera Volcano, the most eastern land form of the southern continent, and it still holds  the embers of the last fire of the ancestral matristic lore – a fractal lore of increase rights and obligations which once encircled and unified the entire planet …..even now this last fire battles from being extinguished as a result of patriarchal law processes…. and erased from the face of the earth just as the Romans encompassed all of the ancient ‘goddess’ religions of the globe.

However, today, science is validating the profound truths of the wisdom held within the ancestral matristic lores essence.  Academic researchers and historians are piecing together the surviving fragments of cultural heritage and working with Origine Wisdom Keepers to reignite the fires of traditional lore and culture of the matristic lineages of Australia in peace and harmony with all nations for the greater good…..the Vision – to rebuild a new global paradigm of community and love for all, from the embers of the old matristic lore.  A lore that encompasses and acknowledges the sacred connectedness of every life force and form sharing this precious orb, together….

One Earth. One Sky. One Lore

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Guyoongun Bootheram – Star Lore

The Ngarakbal Githabal are part of the Yoocum Yoocum moiety from the most eastern point on the Australian continent…..and Guyoongun Bootheram means Star-Lore in Ngarakbal Githabal language…..

milkyway 2

This is a small film extract from a lecture I gave at the Science-Art Research Centre in Uki, Northern New South Wales…..it was 2007…. during José Argüelles [Mayan Prophecies]  tour of Australia…..I was given permission by the Elders of the Ngarakbal Githabal to present their lore on their ancestral country…it was a great honour and a big responsibility…..it was also my very first lecture to a large crowd whilst being filmed…….I was very nervous…… many of the senior Elders were in attendance, including Elders from Central America, South America, Canada and New Zealand….as well as Jose, and  a myriad of enlightened and learned souls…This is only about 10 minutes out of the 75 minute film….just the beginning…..Hope you enjoy it

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East Coast of Australia colonised over 400 years ago – 164 years BEFORE Cook

Altering Maps so as to claim land is a classic practice of post war administration….Conquer a country and wipe out their lands records….it’s happened all over the planet…..Here’s a story of how it happened on Australia’s East Coast….and, unfortunately, of how it’s happening still….1714 closeupjpg

The role of the Roman Catholic Church in the Portuguese ‘discovery’,…..no, wait….better rephrase that,….the Portuguese arrival into the ancestral estates of the original Australian’s occurred in 1606, in Gladstone Qld….and actually it wasn’t into the ancestral estates exactly, because prior arrivals of islander refugees were occupying the area once the territory of the previous ancestral moieties who had been pushed inland – escaping geological catastrophes ….see my previous posts on the arrival of the Three Brothers…. https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/24/arrivals-in-the-land-of-the-bird-tribespart-1/

Pope Paul V - commenced papacy 16th May 1605 until 28th Jan 1621
Pope Paul V – commenced papacy 16th May 1605 until 28th Jan 1621

Anyway, the Catholics had a huge role in the expeditions to ‘discover’ and claim the great southern continent and actually name it ‘Australia’….The Vatican held the ancient maps of the great sea journeys into the southern latitudes – maps obtained during the Roman conquests of Egypt, long ago….and the Church is the origin of Law, and land ownership titles [geospatial records]……just like ancestral aboriginal LORE, LAND and LANGUAGE are linked [defining boundaries of ancestral estates and languages]  so too for the Church has their LAW, LAND [Tenure] and Language [on maps] as the basis of acquisition and occupation in modern governance…..and this is why documenting Aboriginal languages and dual naming processes are so important to geospatial administration today….

Catholics are taught about Australia originally being named the “Great South Land of the Holy Spirit”….This was because a Portuguese sailor called Pedro Fernandez de Queiros ‘mistakenly’ thought the New Hebrides was the Great South Land. Many others disagreed. Most notably, Cardinal Moran, disagreed, as the description of the colony of New Jerusalem that de Queiros established does not fit the geography of the New Hebrides site ….but, it does fit Port Curtis in Gladstone Queensland, on the East Coast of Australia.

Cardinal Moran
Cardinal Moran

There is an interesting article, ‘ The Discoveries of Australia’, by Mary Kalantis and Bill Cope. It explores Cardinal Moran’s analysis and states……..

“..And where was this first Australia, this Spanish Australia? De Quiros mistook the present day Vanuatu for the Great South Land, say the keepers of conventional historical wisdoms. But not Cardinal Moran, Irish-Catholic Archbishop of Sydney from 1884 to 1911. A scholar of prodigious capacity, a speaker of seven or eight languages and an historian of the Irish Catholic Church, Moran turned his mind to the voyages of de Quiros. He came to the subject with an Irish-Australian’s suspicion of the conventional wisdoms of the Anglo-Imperial establishment.

In a book published in 1906 to commemorate Australia’s three-hundredth anniversary, Moran examined all the documentary evidence of de Quiros’ voyage. He set out to prove that de Quiros was the discoverer of eastern Australia and that the first Christian settlement, albeit shortlived, was at the place now named Port Curtis, near Gladstone in Queensland ,  just below the Tropic of Capricorn

1714 closeupjpg - CopyThe settlement was called New Jerusalem by de Quiros and had its own River Jordan, as well as a second river, named the Salvador. According to The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, at this place in May 1606 de Quiros proclaimed: Be witness the heavens and the earth, and the sea and all its inhabitants, and those who are present, that I, the Captain Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, in these parts which up to the present time have been unknown … [W]ith authority from the Supreme Roman Pontiff, Clement VIII, and by order of the King, Don Philip III, King of Spain … I take possession of all the … lands that I have newly discovered … and all this region of the south as far as the Pole, which from this time shall be called Australia del Espiritu Santo.

According to Moran in his Discovery of Australia by De Quiros in the Year 1606, De Quiros reported his discoveries to the Spanish King in 1607:

“The greatness of the land newly discovered, judging from what I saw … is well established. Its length is as much as all of Europe and Asia Minor … and of such capacity that double the kingdoms and provinces of which your Majesty is at present Lord could fit into it … The Bay of Sts Philip and James contains 20 Leagues of shore … it is surrounded by a large population; at a very great distance is seen by day much smoke, and at night many fires”…..

Moran explains detail by detail how de Quiros’ description matches that 7 islands off gladstoneof Port Curtis on the Queensland coast, and not the port of Santo in the islands of Vanuatu which in Moran’s time were called the New Hebrides–the size of the bay, the two rivers (there is only one in Santo bay), the soil and the rocks, the mountains in the distance, the seven Islands visible on the horizon, the distinctive marble deposits even the kind of pebbles on the beach. We know now that the smoke and fires de Quiros saw were characteristic of Aboriginal land clearing at the beginning of the dry season…”

So Australia got its name from the Portuguese who colonised the East Coast 164 years before Cook claimed it for the crown …the same article goes on to state…….

dv20-q3-1611_00001“De Quiros left Callao, Peru in December 1605 with three ships. Accompanying him were three hundred people–Spaniards, Portuguese and others whose ancestry was of the Incas and other ancient peoples of Peru. On 1 May 1606, after crossing the Pacific Ocean, the ships entered a large bay in a place de Quiros believed to be the Great South Land. There are several interpretations of the name he gave this land. In one account, de Quiros called it Austrialia del Espiritu Santo, Austrialia of the Holy Sprit, in recognition of the Spanish King’s descent from the Royal House of Austria. Other accounts use the Spanish word for southern, Austral, and in these the land is called Tierra Austral del Espiritu Santo. In de Quiros’ own account, published as The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, 1595 to 1606, the proclamation he read when he took possession in the name of the King of Spain named the place Australia del Espiritu Santo. In the world of the English and their Australian descendants, Captain Matthew Flinders is credited with having named Australia. He was the first to map the full extent of the continent, ‘discovered’ and recorded in his voyages of 1801-03. When he published his Voyage to Terra Australis in 1814, he noted that the land had two different names: New Holland, as it was called by the Dutch who had discovered the western part, and New South Wales, as it was called by the English who had discovered the east. Since his voyages had now proven beyond doubt that New South Wales and New Holland were one and the same landmass, neither name remained satisfactory. So, in the interests of ‘geographical precision,’ in A Voyage to Terra Australis, he suggested a return to a much older name, Terra Australis, a name the Dutch themselves had originally used on their maps. And, in a footnote, he makes another suggestion: Had I permitted myself any innovation upon the original term, it would have been to convert it to AUSTRALIA; as being more agreeable to the ear, and an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth…”

 Cardinal Moran writes also about how the Spanish built a temporary Church named in honour of Our Lady of Loreto and they celebrated Pentecost on May 10 1606 and named the new continent Australia del Espiritu Santo and then on 21 May they had a Corpus Christi procession with the Blessed Sacrament including sailor boys dancing before the Eucharistic Lord.

It is also of note that on 19th May two days before Corpus Christi the land was seized with earthquakes some lasting more than an hour……. Australia was still geologically volatile at those times……. The Cardinal suggests that the natives at this time were those who now lived in the Torres Straits….. Due to these earthquakes and no doubt the invasion over the Mountains by the inland Aborigines these natives moved north to the York Peninsula and the Torres Straits Islands and New Guinea……and this analysis is qualified by ancestral ‘oral knowledge’ holders in ancestral Lore…One group of which is the Ngarakbal Githabal who were invaded by the Portuguese when they travelled down to the lower latitudes along the East Coast of Australia…..the remains of a Portuguese ‘fort’ is located south of Byron Bay in the ancestral Ngarakbal estates…and the Bootheram of the Three Brothers told in the 1950’s by Mr Alex Vesper of the Ngarakbal Githabal explains the arrival  – https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/26/ancient-arrivals-to-the-land-of-the-bird-tribespart-2/

voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiro 1595 to 1606It was documented by De Quiros, in his two volume publication for the King that due to native hostility and problems within the crew the new colony called Nova Jerusalem (New Jerusalem) – Port Curtis Gladstone Queensland – had to be abandoned…… De Queiros was also [most likely] of Marrano (Jewish Catholic) descent, so it seems that Australia was discovered and named Australia by this Catholic Jew in honour of the Holy Spirit…De Quieros also established a new knightly order called the Knights of the Holy Ghost for the defence of the new continent……unfortunately, due to political machinations, his efforts and his name was defamed and were wiped from the historical records

The history of the relationship between Portugal and Britain dates back to the Middle Ages…. English Crusaders aided Portugal in the Reconquista, and after taking the city in 1147, the first King of Portugal Afonso Henriques made the Englishman Gilbert of Hastings the Bishop of Lisbon…. In 1373 the Kingdom of England signed the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, the oldest alliance in the world still in force. The alliance was formalised by the Treaty of Windsor in 1386, and in 1387 Philippa of Lancaster the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, was married to John I of Portugal….During the late 16th century England found itself fighting against Spain which at this time was in personal union with Portugal. The English Armada was launched as part of this conflict in an attempt to restore Portuguese independence, destroying both Spanish and Portuguese military ships which formed the Invincible Armada……

Pietier Goos East Indies 1690
Pietier Goos East Indies 1690

And this in turn led to the Dutch–Portuguese War – an armed conflict involving Dutch forces, in the form of the Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West India Company against the Portuguese Empire… Beginning in 1602, the conflict primarily involved the Dutch companies invading Portuguese colonies in the Americas, Africa, India and the Far East….it is associated with the 80 year war…..the conflict had little to do with the war in Europe and served mainly as a way for the Dutch to gain an overseas empire and control trade at the cost of the Portuguese. English forces also assisted the Dutch at certain points in the war……and this is why the Portuguese founded colonies on the East Coast of Australia in 1606

1669 -closeupjpgNow all this pre-crown Portuguese occupation of the East Coast of Australia was wiped clean from the His-story and the maps by the Crown administrators in order to lay claim to Australia for themselves just as they have wiped clean the occupation of three quarters of Australia’s west by the Dutch…Sanitising and fabricating the location of the Portuguese east coast colony to an obscure location in the New Hebrides……and sadly, they are still altering the ancestral language attributions that they applied on the geospatial [maps] records to validate their original claim that they had been here first….see my post mapping the Bootheram https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/16/mapping-the-bootheram-how-the-west-was-won-from-the-east/

Anyway…Aboriginal Elders of the ancestral estates, like the Ngarakbal Githabal people on the most eastern point of the Australian east coast, they know their history…..and they know why, and how, the crown continues to change the languages and the maps to this day……one such site where this stylised form of extinguishment of ancestral connection to country has occurred is in Tweed Heads, where the ancestral lore of a significant djurebil [sacred site] of the Ngarakbal Githabal dialects has been transferred to a completely different location;  and,  the original language attributions have been reclassified as a completely different language……altering the geospatial lands records, and thus sanitising and validating crown tenure…brilliantly diabolical stuff….a pattern that can be traced all the way back to the conquering of Egypt

I’ve put together a short presentation showcasing one of the original ancestral djurebil sites that has been ‘relocated’ via administration…It is a Bootheram that was first recorded in 1957 as part of the Civil Rights Campaigns to have Aboriginal Australians legally recognised as being Human….One of the legal definitions of requirement to have Human status is the presence of Religion in society…that’s according to the Churches Law’s….

What I find beautifully ironic is that just as Cardinal Moran was trying to expose the truth in [one of] the pre-crown occupations of Australia’s East Coast in his 1906 publication, that,  50 years later a Mr James Morgan from the Ngarakbal Githabal ancestral peoples told his custodial lore to prove his ancestral pre-crown occupation to his homelands, through his cultures spiritual Bird Tribe LORE…and just as De Quiros has been defamed, Mr Morgan had his djurebil name and its ancestral attributions altered also…

Mr Morgan told the Bootheram of his djurebil ‘custodianship’  …djurebil is the Ngarakbal Githabal word for Sacred Site,  and their ancestral totemic creation Lore’s centre on Birds…and they refer to themselves as Bird Tribes, or Feathered Serpent Lore Traditions.

Observatory hill tweed
Toongarabah, at Tweed Heads – also known as Razorback Ridge…..but not the ancestral djurebil of the Bootheram Lore
Toongarabah in Tweed Heads

Mr Morgan’s significant djurebil is known as Dhungara-Ngaraian –   “Pelican Dancing Ground” – ……and, just as the past crown administrators have surrepticiously transferred the site of the Portuguese colony at Gladstone in Queensland out to a fictitious location in the New Hebrides and defamed De Quiros as the ‘discoverer’ of Australia’s East Coast, so, today’s crown administrators have transferred the djurebil site of Mr. Morgan from its original mountainous location on the Lamington Plateau to a small hill in Tweed Heads on the NSW Queensland border of Eastern Australia, which had originally been gazetted as Toongarabah…..

This is just one of many djurebil sites that have been altered all over the continent…literally, moving mountains, and in the case of De Quiro’s oceans,  in order to maintain tenure of the great southern continent……and continuing to do it today – to sever the “connections to country”  of the ancestral lore from it people

Anyway…..I spent a lovely day today, with senior Elders,  talking about this Portuguese settlement in Gladstone – “Wakka-Burri” ancestral estate…. and learning about the truth of who it was that actually named Australia….It turned out it was actually the Ancestral people….and in the near future I will film and publish here what they told me……you will love it…..in the meantime here’s the little film I put together….

Also, If you click on this link you can have a look at Cardinal Morans original analysis for yourself…and for the De Quiros published works follow this link https://archive.org/stream/voyagesofpedrofe01queiuoft#page/n3/mode/2up

….I hope you enjoy researching global truth as much as I do – please share these sorts of posts widely….awakening the masses is an important facet of obtaining true global peace….

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The Metaphor of the Feathered Serpents in Ngarakbal Githabal Country

There is a global mythology of Feathered Serpents throughout ancient tribal nations….and as the last great continent to be invaded, Australia’s original people hold the least corrupted of the ancestral lore….The most eastern extremity of the Australian Continent is the ancestral country of the Ngarakbal Githabal people, who refer to themselves as “Bird Tribes”…Their ancient traditional Lores and Customs are a rich repository of metaphoric lore of creation…..
Feathered Dinosaurs - Bird Ancestors
Feathered Dinosaurs – Bird Ancestors

The Ngarakbal Githabal people are direct descendants of the ancient Carpet-snake clans – “Bird Tribes”, or Feathered Serpent Traditions…..

Their totems and ceremonies bear witness to true and factual evolutionary creation sequences,and their lores and traditions travel through the landscape, climbing four ancient volcano’s, into the bordering ancestral lands of the Wakka Wakka peoples of the Bunya Mountains.

The oldest known Australian marsupial fossils are from a  55 million year old, Early Eocene site at Murgon in southern Queensland, in the Bunya Mountains volcano lands of the Wakka Wakka people.   This site has produced a range of marsupial fossils, many with strong South American connections…..and South America also has a rich mythology of Feathered Serpents.

In 1987 the Murgon site also produced an isolated tooth that is thought to from a condylarth, which has been named Tingamarra porterorum…….Condylarths are an ancient group of placental mammals know from various other regions of the world, and the presence of Tingamarra in Australia indicates that placentals were indeed present there at the time when the continent broke away from Antarctica.  The world’s oldest fossil bat was also found at the Murgon site…..Very old marsupial fossils have been found on other continents, most notably, North America and Asia.Palaeontology

The Bootheram [Dreaming Lore] of the Ngarakbal Githabal says that “the first bird flew from the Bunya Mountains”……and that Bird was the “Kirra”….the White Cockatoo….There is a coastal beach village on the New South Wales Queensland border, in Ngakakbal Githabal country…and if you follow the ridge from Kirra beach, all the way up the Macpherson Ranges and continue following it up and up, you come to the Bunya Mountains volcano, where all the ancestral totems are being uncovered from the ancient Gondwanan landscape…….right where the ancestral Bootheram Lore has always know them to be.

Here’s a short clip that explain’s a little more of the Feathered Serpent Lore of the Ngarakbal Githabal peoples…..the Bird Tribes of Australia…..enjoy

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The Feathered Serpent Traditions – Carpet Snake Clans of The Bird Tribes

The Ngarakbal Githabal peoples are part of the once vast ‘Yoocum Yoocum’ Moiety….. These ancient peoples are the East Coast ‘Custodians’ of the Feathered Serpent Traditions [or, Bird Tribe Lore] which is intrinsically linked to The Seven Sister ‘Skin’ Lore of the Rainbow Serpent…..the most ancient religion on the planetsnake

The Yoocum Yoocum are the large ‘Cultural Block’ of one of the most densely populated regions of the Australian Continent before invasion by the Crown… and, despite the aggressive invasion of the East Coast, the ancestral lore survived….it’s a wonderful thing that it did, for these people hold ancient lore that is the last piece of the puzzle to unifying many of the ancient global mysteries.

The Ngarakbal Githabal peoples are descendants of the “Carpet-snake clans” of Australia…..Their Carpet-snake [water-snake] Lore traditions and culture come from the ‘Alcheringa’ – the distant ancient ‘Dreamtime’ past….These traditions once traversed the island continent….the origin of the Rainbow Serpent Lore

300px-RainbowSerpentThe Rainbow Serpent is a most important Ancestral Being within the Yoocum Yoocum and associated aligned moieties across Australia…It governs every facet of their ‘Skin’ Marriage Lore’s of Creation and Fertility – the spiral of Birth, Death and Rebirth….Their Central Spirituality governing the ‘Cycles of all Life’…The Rainbow Serpent is intrinsically interwoven with the ‘Skin’ Marriage Lore of the Seven Sisters – Arguably the oldest Religion on the Planet…

…’…Our Rainbow Serpent Dreaming is the oldest continuous documented religious theme in the world…over 60,000 years of Women’s Lore…’…..Lorraine Mafi Williams- Widgabal – Bundjalung proper

The Lore’s begin with landscape creator journeys from the coast of the Wollumbin Caldera – the most easterly point of the ancient Australian continent – and the Lores come from the ‘Alcheringa’….This word – ‘Alcheringa’, and the Rainbow Serpent Lore, and the Seven Sisters, feature in the regional dialects of other ancestral estates across the continent….but, these traditions are not in every Aboriginal culture….Some have been replaced due to ancient invasions and wars of the distant past – They have different beliefs – creators, ancestors and cultural values – the same as different religions have spread around the planet throughout time….

The Alcheringa [Lore] once travelled right across Australia…It has been recorded as part of ‘skin’ marriage lore in several ancestral regions, including the eastern cultural blocks of the Wakka Wakka, the Gubbi Gubbi, the central New South Wales Komilaroi, and also the Urabunna and Arunta peoples in the red centre of the continent…There are also regions of the west coast moieties in the Pilbara – but the Alcheringa is certainly not limited to just these…as with all ancestral Lore, within each specific ancestral estate and with each ones specific language, the sacred sites to commemorate the ancestors creation journey are maintained and utilised by the ‘custodial’ clans…joining the creation ‘songs’ together, much like pearls on a necklace, makes the ‘songline’….and many of these ‘songlines’ are governed by celestial bodies – the transits of stars.

The east coast in Ngarakbal Githabal country is the beginning of the Alcheringa – marked by a ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] that is located high in the rainforest mountains, in the aquifer watershed of the two east coast volcano’s…This djurebil [sacred site] was created by the Carpet Snake Clan ancestors….the Carpet-snake clans are the oldest clan on the continent…the ancient ones….

The Alcheringa creation ‘songline’ travels from ancient geological sites now submerged beneath the waves of the eastern Pacific Ocean – from the distant past when the sea water was locked in ice and the land extended out much farther than it does today ….but the djurebil remains…and weaves to the west – as serpents do…it is the pathway of the Rainbow Serpent ancestor, making the water paths within the geological features as it travels….

big buggram and little buggram
Big Bootheram on the left [background] and little Bootheram, snaking up on the right [foreground]
Rainforest ridges, Mountains in their own right, once named ‘little’ and ‘big’ Buggram [Bootheram] are divided by a deep gorge that the Rainbow Serpent gouged on its journey…after creating Little and Big Bootheram it travels up – higher than Wollumbin [Mount Warning] – higher than Julgumboong [Mount Lindsay]…it creates a great Plateau “Dhungura-ngarian”, which the white man named Lamington Plateau and traveling on to Mount Worendo, where it creates a series of waterfall cascades that plunge down through the rainforest…it is there, high in the remote rugged Macpherson Ranges, of the Caldera’s rim that the highest waterfall is created…and it’s djuriebil name is ‘Alcheringa’….and it is the name of that waterfall still….

Alcheringa falls - Lamington Plateau
Alcheringa Falls – Lamington National Park

The Ancestral totemic ‘beings’ not only created the geological features and aquifer systems of the continent, but also carried and distributed objects which were the sources of ritual and tribal Lore as well as the sources of all forms of life, including the people themselves….

In the Bootheram of the ‘Alcheringa’ there exists a comparatively small number of individuals who were half human and half animal or half plant…The Ngarakbal Githabal say that these ancestors didn’t ‘come here’ but that they were ‘made here’…that they are the original Carpet-snake Clan’s…The Bootheram records them as being created by ‘God’- Babbarra is one Ngarakbal Githabal word for describing God …Duramulan is another…….

yowiesBootheram teaches that these half-human creatures were endowed with far greater powers than any living men or women now possess. They could walk about either on the earth or beneath it and could fly through the air….They were the children of ‘God’ and had inherited a portion of the qualities of their creator…they were themselves as ‘demi-gods’…and these ‘demi-gods’ are the ancestors of the existing totemic clans ….’Family’…Ancestors… Nimbinje as the Ngarakbal Githabal call them – or the “Hairy fellas”…the original clans – Carpet-snake totemic clans – they went all over the country, creating the djurebil…making them with sacred ceremonies, songs and dances for the people to enact throughout time….

carn - carpetsnake clan 1
Rainbow Serpent Djurebil site

The creation ancestors, in the act of ‘creating’, would leave deposits in the ground or in some natural feature such as a rock or a water pool, which transformed the site into a djurebil…and, high on the escarpment between the two volcano lands is one such carn of boulders, which was ‘made’ by the Rainbow Serpent…and, it is in this same area that the ‘Eelemarni Marriage Lore’ is deified…joining Ngarakbal to Githabal……All Bootheram Lores link together

So, what is Bootheram?

Bootheram is the Ngarakbal Githabal dialect name for the Dreamtime LORE…or LAW of all creation…Its Spiritual, complex and parallels numerous scientific disciplines

Northern hemisphere peoples (recently) developed numerical & alphabetical values to explain time and creation of this galaxy, this solar system and this planet…Bootheram explains the same thing…

Bootheram uses plants and animals and creation Heroes and Heroines metaphorically to denote each timeframe, for each creation sequence [epoch] and ‘holds’ it orally…through ceremonial songs, dances and sacred ritual at djurebil sites

Bootheram uses the landscape and the sky as the reference points of this creation lore….a living library…written into the land and mirrored in the sky, for all to see….indelible native science held in oral format…..And it is the Lore that Bootheram must NEVER be changed…

The sum total of the Bootheram of the Ngarakbal Githabal Feathered Serpent Traditions tells the complete history of the creation of the ‘universe’ beginning with 8 culture hero’s….It is obviously metaphoric and [naturally] linked to Bird Tribe Lore…..so, let’s look at one of the metaphoric Ancestral Creator Birds…..

Bootheram has many layers of meaning…and one such layer depicts (dreaming) timeframes…Oral lore for chronological markers of ‘Bird Tribe’ Mythology events….or, Totem as a Timeline……For example….One of the Landscape creation ancestors is the Turkey – ‘Woggun’ means Bush Turkey in Ngarakbal Githabal …and Woggun the Creation Ancestor Turkeys name is ‘Wollumbin’….Picture5

Mt Wollumbin is shaped like a Bush Turkey

‘National Landscape ©’ icon Mount Warning – Wollumbin – is a World Heritage listed Erosion Caldera – what we see today is the remnant volcanic plugs of a once vast Shield Volcano…the central plug of the caldera is, for the Ngarakbal Githabal , shaped like a Bush Turkey….Male Bush Turkeys build mounds….Shield Volcanoes are Mounds….it’s a metaphor…..’Bird Tribe’ creation Lore…..there are many more profound layers to it, but it’s not relevant to a cyber format

So…..In 1977 as part of the National Parks and Wildlife Aboriginal Site Survey of NSW, Ngarakbal Githabal ‘custodial knowledge holder’ Mrs Millie Boyd recorded the significance of Mt Warning with Howard Creamer, Anthropologist …Mrs Boyd had learnt this Feathered Serpent Lore from her Mother Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] …..Aunty Millie related the Bootheram [unchanged] of the Totemic Ancestral Birds gathering to ‘learn the lingo’ [Language]…..Then all flying from Mount Brown [which is located in the Richmond Range of Northern NSW]……….All the Birds fly from Mount Brown to claim, settle and name the ancestral tribal Totem sites in the ancient Yoocum Yoocum Landscape…….

“Turkey Flew to Mount Warning…’….Mrs Millie Boyd

Ok…so what’s the Metaphor of Feathered Serpents?

“….The birds are the Feathered Serpents, the descendants of the Goanna beings; and we are the descendants of the Bird Tribes who also come from this Bootheram… The Birds gave us our lore, land and language…. We are the Bird Tribes….”…..….Marlene Boyd – Ngarakbal Githabal – grand-daughter of Charlotte Williams…


When the Bootheram was being recorded western science hadn’t discovered that birds evolved out of dinosaurs….this has only come to light in the last decade….But the Ngarakbal Githabal descendants knew….they have always know…they ARE the Bird Tribe…..

Here is one of their Bootheram Lore’s from the Lamington Plateau of the Macpherson Ranges, which the Ngarakbal Githabal call “Dhungura-ngarian”…it was broadcast on radio in 1968 and published the same year….the ‘custodian’ relating this Bootheram was Mr James Morgan – who was another 1967 civil rights campaign “Hero of the people”….Like all the Bootheram, it sounds like a nice little story about animals…but it has profound layers….There are djurebil sites all around the ranges that were created by the ancestral Carpet -snake Clans to mark this important Bootheram…for this is the story of the first Corroboree ring….the very first one…it is a sacred story, and it must NEVER be changed


……..”In the time which is Bootharrum or the dreamtime there lived a pelican who played on a plateau.

The name of the plateau was Dhungura-ngarian, which means “where the Pelican Played”. The corroboree ring of the pelican was on the plateau of Dhungura-ngarian……”……

…”In the Bootharrum all the birds were the same colour but one day they decided that it would be much better if they were not all the same, so they painted themselves in different colours. From that time they have kept the colours they painted themselves on the plateau of Dhugura-ngarian…”..

“…The Crow painted himself black….The paint that he used was made from burnt bark of the Bloodwood tree”….

….”The parrots adorned themselves with bright paints of many colours. And all the birds chose the colours they liked best. Then the birds gathered together for a corroboree on the plateau of Dhungura-ngarian….”….

….”One day, Old Man Pelican, who was very fat, was walking away from the corroboree ring when he heard someone laughing.

“He turned around to see who was laughing and saw that it was the crow…”…

“…The crow was laughing at him, laughing at the way he walked because he was so fat….”…

….”Because the crow had laughed at him Old Man Pelican picked up a piece of the dullong and threw it at the Crow…..”…..

Picture27….”The piece of clay hit the Crow in the eye and to this day the white in the eye of the crow can be seen where Old Man Pelican hit him……”

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Aboriginal Spiral Lore- Ngarakbal Githabal East Coast Australia

Time itself is like a spiral…..For the Ngarakbal Githabal people of eastern Australia, Spirals have an important meaning in their Dreaming Lore , which they call Bootheram – It comes  from their ancestors; the Carpet-snake clans of the Feathered Serpent Traditions….and, their ancestral land itself is a gigantic geological spiral formation…an erosion caldera…dreamtime to machinetime

The Tweed caldera’s southerly point commences at Byron Bay and then arcs in a sweeping series of mountain ranges to its northern point, Currumbin, on the Gold Coast ….The Caldera has a series of inner rings, which spiral in to the central peak of Wollumbin…. mt warning caldera - with WollumbinThe Ngarakbal Githabal are the ancestral tribal peoples of this area….They have many Bootheram’s [Dreaming Lore] of their beautiful landscape and its history….In Aboriginal culture, Lore, Land and Language are connected….and the Bootheram must NEVER be changed…that is the LAW – Lore..

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERABogangar, or Cabarita Beach is a coastal village of the Tweed Coast….The most prominent geological feature at Bogangar is its rugged Headland which has the geographical name of Norries Headland…Bogangar is the halfway point between Currumbin [on the southern Gold Coast] and Byron Bay, the most easterly point of the Australian mainland…..

The Ngarakbal Githabal ancestral name for Byron Bay is “Coorumbah”, and the northern point is Currumbin……Coorumbah – Currumbin… [Positive – Negative] …the village of Bogangar is halfway between them….

Bogangar has the largest coastal Lake in the Northern Rivers area….Cudgen Lake….fed from sea at Cudgen Headland, Kingscliff, 7km to the north along the beach….and Cudgen is Ngarakbal for ‘red ochre’ which occurs on the coastal ridges at Duranbah behind Kingscliff village

Now, Bogangar was the name of a little “hairy man”….a ‘Nimbinje’…These ancestral beings are prominent throughout the Bootheram Lore – they are from the Carpet-snake clans – from the Feathered Serpent Traditions of ancient Australia…Alcheringa…..In the distant past the ancestral people were Hairy…Now, this is by no means unusual, because ice-ages affect evolutionary changes and being Hairy in an ice-age is a very good thing… and the name of the ancestral tribe [family] at Bogangar were the “Bogangaree”……for Lore, Language and Land are linked, always…..

The Ngarakbal Githabal did not come to this land, they were always here…the Carpet-snake Clans were made here by the ancestors…In Lore the landscape and the sky are the storyboard or living library of all events….written into the landscape in ancestral language, in plain view for all to see, for all time….

As custodians of the land the Ngarakbal Githabal Bootheram ‘sings’ the story of their [specific] ancestral estate….Traditional Lore and Custom is that no-one else can sing in their lands….that is ancestral Lore for every ancestral ‘country’ all over the Australian continent – and for a very good reason…….It ensures that the Lore [of each specific ancestral estate] remains intact, unpolluted, uncorrupted and unchanged….each ancestral estate holds their specific portion of the song of their own land in their own language…and these ‘songs’ hold the survival knowledge of specific places throughout time…

In traditional Lore and Culture, someone from some other area can-not come into the ancestral estate of another tribal territory and ‘sing’ their story…Culturally if this happens the perpetrator is referred to as being “out of country”….It is perceived as very disrespectful – breaking Lore….for to sing “out of country” in a language foreign to the ancestral ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] potentially corrupts or contaminates the harmonic Lore of the Land…and this potential corruption threatens the survival of all.

solstice08-Double Spiral
recreation of the spiral stones on Cabarita Beach

“…At Norries Headland, on the sand dunes that connect the rocky headland to the mainland is an exposed midden consisting largely of “cart-rut” shells [Dicathais orbita]. A few kilometres north of Norries Head there was a stone arrangement on sandy ground in the rainforest, the stones being arranged in a spiral pattern about three metres in diameter. This report of the stone arrangement came from a man who worked on a sand-mining dredge, who collected the stones before the dredge moved over the site. Inland from Kingscliff is a ridge of red soil on which the village of Cudgen stands, the word Cudgen meaning red. According to report in 1900 “there is a hill at this place where the blacks get the red raddle or pigment to paint themselves when going fighting” …Steele – Aboriginal Pathways- page 48

Another, or perhaps the same, spiral of stones was reported to also have been found at Tyagarah just north of Byron Bay…as the story goes, these too, were found by a sand miner in 1965 and taken back to his home in Kingscliff…He then gave them to the Tweed Historical Society who networked with the Brunswick Progress Association and the stones were finally placed at the Brunswick Valley Heritage Park in 1989.

The convener of the Brunswick Valley Heritage Park was visited by Elders who told him the story of the spiral stones…This small extract was published in the Echo Newspaper in 1990……“In the dreamtime the north coast was populated by an ancestral people who owned the land….The Yowies…legendary mountain people in the style of the Yeti or Bigfoot came down from the mountains and drove the people off their land and dispersed them far and wide…..A male and female member of the people gathered them together again and then drove out the Yowies, regained their land and the sacred red ochre at a sacred site…. The stones are the spirals of the two people”……

Picture34You see, this all comes spiralling back to the Ngarakbal Githabal ‘Eelamarni’ Marriage Lore – from the Carpet-snake clans of the Feathered Serpent Traditions of Australia….which pre-dates the Three Brothers Lore thousands and thousands of years….The Three Brothers is the Bootheram of migrations into Ngarakbal Githabal lands that occurred after the last glacial maximum, when the ice melted and the sea levels rose…about 12,000 years ago – The Three Brothers migrated to the east coast of Australia with their families….landing at Yamba on the Clarence River….Now, the Ngarakbal Githabal were already here….and they call the Three Brothers “Paigal”, which loosely translated means human …The “Paigal” were cannibals….and there was a war at Nimbin Rocks …., you’ll find information about that in my past posts….But, the ancestral Carpet-snake Clans, well, they go way back…way, way, way, back…..and, explaining that, well,  that’s for another post

Anyway…. Here is another of the Ngarakbal Githabal Heroes…Mr Tom Close, relating the Eelamarni…from the ancestral Feathered Serpent Skin Lore.….Mr Close told this Bootheram in the 1950’s as part of the Civil Rights campaigns to recognise Aboriginal Peoples Human Rights…. Mr Tom Close was the half-brother of Charlotte Williams [nee Brown]…..’Beereen’ is the ancestral Ngarakbal name of Kingscliff, Cudgen Heads…

Mr Tom Close
Mr Tom Close

…”….In the Dreamtime there lived a young girl who was very beautiful. Her people were the Beereen tribe. At the time when this girl lived upon the earth there was a great war, for the Githerbul people were fighting against the Beereen people.

While the tribesmen were fighting the girl saw a handsome young Githerbul man who was a valiant warrior and tall in stature. She knew in her heart that she loved him, even though she had never seen him before. She longed that she might come to know him.

When the fighting between the Githerbul people and the Beereen people ended, a corroboree was held. When it was over the handsome young man returned to his uncle, for he lived with him in a mountain called Meeyanin.

The young girl of the Beereen tribe saw the footprints of the young man and knew by their appearance that he had gone from her sight.

Her heart bade her set forth to seek the man she loved

Wherever the young man’s footprints led, there she walked. She had with her some bark of the boorlum or ti-tree, and on this bark she rested at night. Wherever the young girl lay down a ti-tree grew and to this day these trees can still be seen…’…..Tom Close – Ngarakbal Githabal

 Here is Charlotte Williams version of the same Lore…also recorded in the 1950’s

DAWNTIME…when all creation was created – there were also people of the Spirit World made. Now the name of the Good Spirit people is Wooyun. They are a kind of fairy people. You may behold these people for they look like ordinary mortals, but they are only seen for a little while…..

Wooyung 1889
Wooyung 1889

It happened that one day the fairy people were traveling down to Coogen Heads and with them was a lovely young fairy girl. Now this girl had been promised in marriage to a young man brave as he was handsome, for he was in charge of a Bora Ring – the sacred Ring – to where all young men must go for the initiation Ceremony so that they may be proclaimed men of their tribe. For a man to be placed in charge of a Bora Ring he must indeed be a good man, so all the people of the tribe many know that he is worthy to be placed in charge of the SACRED BORA Ring.

When the time had come that the young fairy woman had reached womanhood she thought of the man, the young man to whom she had been given in marriage when a child. The dawn had kissed many days and the stars had kissed many nights since she had seen him last. Then one day she saw him in at Coogen Heads – she knew he was the man to whom she was promised in marriage – for her heart told her so.

When the battle had been fought at Coogen Heads, the young man went to his home at Meeahan, which is the name by which Crown Mountain was known to the tribe of the young man. So the fairy woman set forth to seek her lover – she came to Meehaan, and the people of there told her “yes! the young man whom you seek and who will be your husband came home but is gone again”..So she set forth on her journey of seeking her husband, carrying with her the bark of the Ti-tree, she had brought with her from Coogen Heads….. Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] – Ngarakbal Githabal

And a contemporary rendition of the same Marriage Lore – prepared for the Department of Environment and Conservation in May 2006

…..Leo was a Balugan who was staying with his old uncle Miyarni. He would look after his uncle who was an old clever fella…….The Balugan said: “I’m going to have to leave you for a while. I am going over to the coast. I want to go down to the tribal battle”…the Uncle said “ don’t leave me on my own.” But Leo insisted he had to go.

The next morning the Balugan woke up early to leave. He told the uncle that there was plenty of gwiyam [possum] and honey and away he went. He went over towards the cost, camping on the way. The coast was where the fight was, it was lasting four days. There was a Guangun there where they were having the gunarra [fight]. A Guangun is a very attractive presentable woman with all the attributes of being beautiful. That Guangun saw the Balugan and she saw that he was handsome. She was feeling in her heart that she wanted to be with the Balugan……..She was a Ngarakwal woman and her name was Kumbarra…”…..

Today the site of the spiral stones  “north of Norries Headland”  is known as Casuarina Estate Kingscliff….The spiral stones ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] commemorated the end of the wars between the Ngarakbal and the Githabal….it celebrates LOVE and respect…..and its linked to the stars….but that’s another Bootheram

“The spiral is a spiritualized circle…In the spiral form, the circle, uncoiled, has ceased to be vicious; it has been set free”…Vladimir Nabokov…..

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Aboriginal ‘SKY ANCESTORS’ and The Song of the Vine

The ‘Song of the Vine’….The Battle of Wollumbin.

ByangumAs you drive out of the regional town of Murwillumbah – 30 km from Byron Bay on the most eastern point of Australia on route to Mt Warning/Wollumbin- you cross a bridge at the junction of two rivers…. To the uninitiated of the local Aboriginal Bootheram [Dreaming], this bridge is just a blip on the map with lovely scenic vistas….but to the ancestral peoples, the Ngarakbal Githabal, this is a site of great spiritual and historical significance.

Byangum is the meeting place of the incoming [Salt] & outgoing [Fresh] waters systems, and it is here at Byangum that the river splits into the South & Main arms of the Tweed Valley Caldera and encircles and protects the central sacred complex of Wollumbin…Water is sacred to the people and has significant meaning within their ‘Skin Lore’ kinship systems. Its sacredness permeates all….It comes from the ancient Lore of the Rainbow Serpent…The Ngarakbal Githabal are descendants of the ancestral Carpet-snake clans of the Feathered Serpent Traditions of Australia…

Byangum was mapped as the original settlement for the area but was abandoned and the site of the town was moved further down river

Byangum was the natural Tidal Limit before the construction of the Bray Park weir a few kilometers down river in the 1960’s….Crown surveyor, Alan Cunningham had sailed his surveying vessel up to Byangum, in 1828 to “chart the interior in order to find a suitable fresh water site for the crown to establish a settlement”…A settlement was established and mapped for future development, but later abandoned, and the town now known as Murwillumbah was relocated and established several miles downriver.Allan Cunningham explorer


The Ngarakbal Githabal traditional name for the place Byangum is ‘Ngungumth’, but Byangum was the nearest the white man could get to pronouncing it…and for them, in accordance with tradition, lore and custom, this place is also the name of the tribal custodian of the djurebil [sacred site] that is located there ….and a custodian of a djurebil has important responsibilities to their site…they MUST protect it…Custodian Rights and Responsibilities are never self-professed. They are inherited thru the kinship ‘Skin’ totemic descent of the Lore, Language and Land that the djurebil is located in…This occurs throughout the continent…

As you drive across the bridge at Ngungumth [Byangum] above it is a Sphinx-like Mountain…This mountains traditional name was ‘Moolumbah’….and to the Ngarakbal and Githabal it is, traditionally, the face of a significant Buloogan or Warrior/Sage who faces to the East’, towards the rising sun…Byangum


Buloogan is a descriptive title. It is not the name of the Warrior Sage ….This Buloogan has several names – Burrigan or Durrigan or Durramulan are just some of ‘his’ names…. and there are other mountains named after him as he ‘walks’ through the landscape…and He has many Bootheram [Dreaming Lores] about his journeys… He teaches Lore and values to the people, and as he walks he sings, and he also carries a long vine[plant]…He is a powerful ‘Weeun’ [clever fella/spirit ancestor] his songs create and his vine makes the land….His story is an important facet of the Bootheram [Dreaming] which links to all the other ancestral Creation Spirits journeys…and in each respective country a custodian is responsible for ‘His’ djurebil in accordance with the Lore, Language and Land its located….each custodian holds the respective songs and ceremonies of the Buloogan’s journey…and together [each portion in each ‘country’ combine] to make the ‘songline’…

Buloogan travels all over the land…His name changes with every new ‘country’ he enters, with every language that fills the ancient continent of Australia…..In this portion of his many journeys He is traveling from the coast [Byron Bay-Brunswick] to Byangum, where he faces east towards the rising sky….This place is in Ngarakbal ‘country’, in the Wollumbin volcano, and then, He travels inland to the Githabal volcano…and then on- on his many journeys through the respective countries….all the while singing and teaching as he travels…He is a Culture Hero….a Sky Ancestor Hero, from the Dreamtime – Bootheram….from the Feathered Serpent Traditions

He has many mountains and planes…The land tells us his story..The land IS his story, and so too does the night sky….In the Ngarakbal portion of his journey one of his mountains was gazetted as Hatton’s Bluff by the crown – named for the Wollumbin Post Office Master, Mr. Hatton of Byangum Village in the Wollumbin Parish – the site the crown had originally selected as a suitable location to build the town of Murwillumbah, which was the nearest the white man could get to pronouncing the ancestral dialect name of Moolumbah….It’s a beautiful place in the foothills of Mount Warning/Wollumbin…. A significant location to the ancestral peoples Lore, as given to them by the Sky Ancestors….Junction of two rivers encircling the central djurebil… ‘Meeting place of the waters’…Salt and Fresh…It is also the site of a battle between Ngarakbal warriors and invading settlers…The ‘last stand’ of resistance against the guns to uphold the traditions of the ancestor, Buloogan’s ‘djurebil’ from decimation and theft by the colonial invaders.

Some Background History….

By the early 1860’s English Squatters occupied some 3,000 squares miles of the ancestral aboriginal estates from the Macpherson Ranges in the north to the Clarence River in the south…the title ‘Squatter’ is exactly as it implies – an illegal occupant [of owned property]…..They, the Squatters, took the lands by force…Guns verses Spears….Guns won, of course

Around 1862 the first selectors [prospective farmers] who were, according to the crown legally entitled to occupy and later buy freehold land whether it was being occupied by either squatters, ancestral peoples, or not, began to move into the district….so by 1862 the Ngarakbal Githabal lands were under a second wave of siege…the first had been from Moreton Bay Penal Colony days [commencing 1824] but that’s another chapter so I won’t digress…I’ll just say that was the most brutal time of the invasion…

Anyway…..Joshua Bray was a Squatter who arrived in the Ngarakbal ancestral estate in 1863. He had relocated from the Brungle Run, in Tumut, which are the ancestral lands of the Ngarigu people that had been taken by force as part of the invasion process of the crown. Tumut is approx. 1500km south of the Tweed …..

James Bray and his wife Isobella
James Bray and his wife Isobella

Joshua brought with him Native Police from the south….The standard formula of the invasion process was simple – set a black man against a black man – give him a uniform, a horse, arm him, pay him with tobacco and alcohol [the currency in those times] and give him right of access to women of the defeated…pillage and rape… an effective ‘tool’ of war against the ancestral people that has been used by the crown throughout its global career….

During the 1860’s large areas had been declared and gazetted as Forest Reserves and had been the domain of Timber getters harvesting the rare rainforest timbers for export back to England…I’m leaving out a whole chunk of information here about the penal colonies and the battles of the ancestral people to hold their lands…but, by 1887 much of the Tweed Richmond had been resumed and gazetted as the Tweed Richmond Gold Fields…now, a lot of people don’t realise that the Native Police force were also responsible for policing the gold fields throughout the east coast colonies – It goes back to the Eureka Stockade days in the Victorian Gold Fields….and as the crown wasn’t [isn’t] in the habit of keeping records, today the government still refuse to recognise any form of battle ever took place at all [which is a fallacy] ….According to the crowns accredited history books they were welcomed into the country and the ancestral people happily gave them all their lands and peaceful relocated to Reserves…mmmmm.

Joshua Bray - headshotAnyway, Joshua Bray was the first Police Magistrate in Ngarakbal ‘country’ [arriving 1863] and commander of the Native Police force – He established the Kynnumboon Post Office [whilst a ‘squatter’] – He was a Justice of the Peace, the Coroner, the Gold Mining Warden, and, after his brother James left the district for another appointment, Joshua also became the Crown Land Agent….He had guns and crown instructions…basically it was, take the Ngarakbal lands and prepare a settlement for first settler selector arrivals and then sell the land to them for the crown…and presumably, destroy all records of battles, then sit back and take his place as a founding father of the Tweed confident that His-story would look after him….

Before invasion the lush landscape of the Ngarakbal Githabal supported several thousand people in the ancestral tribes….each tribe was a family clan…and it had been their home for thousands and thousands of years…

In 1882 the newly formed Aborigines Protection Board – facilitated by the police- conducted a census of Aboriginal people in NSW…….”On the Tweed River a population of one hundred and nine Aboriginal people is stated in the Aborigines Protection Board Report – these people are divided into two classifications with 97 Aboriginal, [in subsequent census identified as ‘full-bloods’], and 12 half-castes”. [Reibe 2001:52]

The 1885-86 records of Joshua Bray’s census team show 90 adults and 52 children for Tweed & Brunswick & Grafton areas….

By 1886 The NSW Aborigines Protection Board Report shows NONE in Tweed, with only two adults at Ballina and two adults in Lismore, and a state decrease of 146 males, 63 females and 260 children…total of 469 full blood deaths in one year…..

Many epic battles had been fought between the crown invaders and the Ngarakbal between first contact and 1890 – and these are in the oral traditions still …That the crown stealthily didn’t keep the records of the slaughters is classic tactical His-story sanitisation, and by 1887 most of the surviving Ngarakbal people had been placed into the Brunswick Reserve at Byron bay – Administrated by the police under the dubious title of the Aborigines Protection Board… From this reserve the survivors were systematically relocated out of their ancestral area into Barambah settlement in SE Qld…A few remnant survivors had found survival amongst the first White settlers, and some had gainful employment as postal workers, which afforded a small level of liberty to remain in their ancestral land, and the ability to move between settlements established by the invaders…and one of those postal workers was a Ngarakbal man named Johnny Brown…

So…..Let’s review….

In 1866 James Bray left Tumut … He and his family travel to the Tweed. For his ‘special services’, as a ‘Special Constable’, James received the appointment of Crown Land Agent at the Tweed and soon afterwards was also appointed Clerk of Petty Sessions. Whilst he was building a house at Dunbible Creek [near Stokers Siding- onroute to Byangum] his family stayed at Coolamon with the Gray’s [now Murwillumbah – the relocated settlement] …Whilst still at Dunbible he selected 300 acres of land across the creek and facing the Tweed River in the name of his daughter Lucy….. As Government Land Agent he could not select in his own name…..This land was what is now Byangum, or Ngungumth, a djurebil, and traditionally the place of a significant Buloogan or Warrior/Sage who faces to the East’, towards the rising sun…who sings the landscape and carries a vine….and it was also the crowns first choice of a settlement, beneath ‘Moolumbah’…

Well…imagine how outraged any ancestral person would be about such a significant site being stolen…imagine if your property was stolen…would you fight?…well the Ngarakbal fought…as depleted as they were, with all their kin incarcerated in Reserves…the remaining small remnant in the ancestral lands rallied a resistance to hold their Lore djurebil site of the Baloogun…and as fate would have it, despite crown orders to destroy all records of battles, James Bray did have at least one recorded instance of this altercation with the ancestral Aboriginal people…

It was Sunday September 16th 1866, just a few months after Joshua Bray’s arrival in Ngarakbal lands .Chained to a tree - sunset

“Blacks away all day until late in the evening when they returned I got Bony & Jimmy to accompany me to Coolamon – to put my horses over by high tide on Monday morning. When I got over H.Clarke said my place was not safe as the Tyalgum Blacks had left their Gins up there and that meant mischief. So I had a cup of tea at half past seven p.m. and got ready to return at once accompanied by Clarke. When we got to the camp the Blacks immediately ran away & swam the river….We then made all haste to Skinners and made our way through the brush on the middle arm. We succeeded ‘Thank God’ in reaching the boat before the Blacks – made our way home to Dunbible and surprised the camp – making Wollumbin Johnny prisoner -& to our surprise discovered next morning that they had planted in the scrub in close proximity to the main camp – the following grim warriors – Jacky Bundash- Big Jimmy – Jimmy Kelly or Scrammy Kelly – Wigam – Monday – Big Billy – Dickin – Charley- [and two or three names unknown] – the names of my own Blacks who were implicated in the plot were Jacky Merrylegs – Bony- Pointer- Jimmy Crow- Jimmy or Talgemma- Bob & Wallumbin Johnny.

I kept Wallumbin chained up until Monday morning and then threatened to shoot him – he then revealed a portion of the plot, that they intended murder but it was a black to be the victim – so I let him go- tho’ I was convinced that he was telling a lie – but I had no proof against him” ….James Bray  

By 1879 there were six appointed Magistrates to operate the Police Districts of Cudgen; Murwillumbah; Tweed and Brunswick…….They were Joshua Bray, Thomas Robinson, W.Hindmarsh, George Nixon, Frank Nixon and James Pringle…….At this time the Tweed District included Byron shire

James RowlandJames Rowland, pictured, left,  with ‘his’ Aborigines was a half-brother of Joshua & James Bray. Rowland also selected his lands at Byangum on the pathway from Brunswick . He was enumerator of the Aboriginal Census for Brunswick in 1871 – The number James Rowland registered was 70 [Ngarakbal Githabal descendants] …James Bray in a letter to the Register General wrote

..”He has to take a guide [black] and go across the mountains, a great part of the distance being dense scrub through which they must cut their road…”…   he used a guide to get to Byangum, and hence the name Rowlands Creek, at UKI today, near Mt Warning on route to Byangum – The guide following an ancient pathway of the Sky Ancestor Baloogan – Burrigan, Durramulan or Durrigan, the Warrior Sage who carried a vine and taught the people Lore…pathway

Because of his resistance Johnny Brown was relocated to the Brunswick Reserve. His descendants had already been incarcerated there. Because of his crimes against the crown, they sent him north to Purga Reserve, and then on to Barambah Labour Camp in south east qld…from there he was sent east to the policed labour camps on the Sunshine Coast – 500kms from his family and his ancestral homelands…Johnny Brown – along with his enslaved kinsmen, had rallied to uphold Baloogan’s durebil against all odds…he gave this song to his surviving family….It was related by his Granddaughter, Charlotte, in the 1950,s as her part in the Civil Rights campaigns to recognize Aboriginal people as legally being human, and not Flora and Fauna as the crown had so cruelly classified aboriginal people in those times….He is singing for the loss of his djurebil…His Culture, His Land, His life

The Song of the Vine….related by Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] Gullival tribe – Ngarakbal Githabal Moiety…

“There was a vine whose spirit was a man.

These forest vines’, they were the Spirit peoples vines.

They were not made by men.

And someone cut this vine, and there this man is struggling to be alive.

This is my own grandfathers song.

“I am here”, the songs say’s…”I am this vine”…

“My life is going away from me, from this ground”                         

“This place, this dust. My ears are ringing”

“Gaungun the spirit woman is making my ears no good”

“My ears are ringing. I’ll never see this world no more”

And one man came along and saw this vine struggling to be alive. He covered it with dust. When I think of my old people, how they would sit down and sing their songs to me, I could cry…”.

Rest assured…despite the best efforts of authoritarian systems Johnny’s descendants survived and so did their Bootheram Lore, just as it has done throughout time….

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