Tag Archives: James Moran

East Coast of Australia colonised over 400 years ago – 164 years BEFORE Cook

Altering Maps so as to claim land is a classic practice of post war administration….Conquer a country and wipe out their lands records….it’s happened all over the planet…..Here’s a story of how it happened on Australia’s East Coast….and, unfortunately, of how it’s happening still….1714 closeupjpg

The role of the Roman Catholic Church in the Portuguese ‘discovery’,…..no, wait….better rephrase that,….the Portuguese arrival into the ancestral estates of the original Australian’s occurred in 1606, in Gladstone Qld….and actually it wasn’t into the ancestral estates exactly, because prior arrivals of islander refugees were occupying the area once the territory of the previous ancestral moieties who had been pushed inland – escaping geological catastrophes ….see my previous posts on the arrival of the Three Brothers…. https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/24/arrivals-in-the-land-of-the-bird-tribespart-1/

Pope Paul V - commenced papacy 16th May 1605 until 28th Jan 1621
Pope Paul V – commenced papacy 16th May 1605 until 28th Jan 1621

Anyway, the Catholics had a huge role in the expeditions to ‘discover’ and claim the great southern continent and actually name it ‘Australia’….The Vatican held the ancient maps of the great sea journeys into the southern latitudes – maps obtained during the Roman conquests of Egypt, long ago….and the Church is the origin of Law, and land ownership titles [geospatial records]……just like ancestral aboriginal LORE, LAND and LANGUAGE are linked [defining boundaries of ancestral estates and languages]  so too for the Church has their LAW, LAND [Tenure] and Language [on maps] as the basis of acquisition and occupation in modern governance…..and this is why documenting Aboriginal languages and dual naming processes are so important to geospatial administration today….

Catholics are taught about Australia originally being named the “Great South Land of the Holy Spirit”….This was because a Portuguese sailor called Pedro Fernandez de Queiros ‘mistakenly’ thought the New Hebrides was the Great South Land. Many others disagreed. Most notably, Cardinal Moran, disagreed, as the description of the colony of New Jerusalem that de Queiros established does not fit the geography of the New Hebrides site ….but, it does fit Port Curtis in Gladstone Queensland, on the East Coast of Australia.

Cardinal Moran
Cardinal Moran

There is an interesting article, ‘ The Discoveries of Australia’, by Mary Kalantis and Bill Cope. It explores Cardinal Moran’s analysis and states……..

“..And where was this first Australia, this Spanish Australia? De Quiros mistook the present day Vanuatu for the Great South Land, say the keepers of conventional historical wisdoms. But not Cardinal Moran, Irish-Catholic Archbishop of Sydney from 1884 to 1911. A scholar of prodigious capacity, a speaker of seven or eight languages and an historian of the Irish Catholic Church, Moran turned his mind to the voyages of de Quiros. He came to the subject with an Irish-Australian’s suspicion of the conventional wisdoms of the Anglo-Imperial establishment.

In a book published in 1906 to commemorate Australia’s three-hundredth anniversary, Moran examined all the documentary evidence of de Quiros’ voyage. He set out to prove that de Quiros was the discoverer of eastern Australia and that the first Christian settlement, albeit shortlived, was at the place now named Port Curtis, near Gladstone in Queensland ,  just below the Tropic of Capricorn

1714 closeupjpg - CopyThe settlement was called New Jerusalem by de Quiros and had its own River Jordan, as well as a second river, named the Salvador. According to The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, at this place in May 1606 de Quiros proclaimed: Be witness the heavens and the earth, and the sea and all its inhabitants, and those who are present, that I, the Captain Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, in these parts which up to the present time have been unknown … [W]ith authority from the Supreme Roman Pontiff, Clement VIII, and by order of the King, Don Philip III, King of Spain … I take possession of all the … lands that I have newly discovered … and all this region of the south as far as the Pole, which from this time shall be called Australia del Espiritu Santo.

According to Moran in his Discovery of Australia by De Quiros in the Year 1606, De Quiros reported his discoveries to the Spanish King in 1607:

“The greatness of the land newly discovered, judging from what I saw … is well established. Its length is as much as all of Europe and Asia Minor … and of such capacity that double the kingdoms and provinces of which your Majesty is at present Lord could fit into it … The Bay of Sts Philip and James contains 20 Leagues of shore … it is surrounded by a large population; at a very great distance is seen by day much smoke, and at night many fires”…..

Moran explains detail by detail how de Quiros’ description matches that 7 islands off gladstoneof Port Curtis on the Queensland coast, and not the port of Santo in the islands of Vanuatu which in Moran’s time were called the New Hebrides–the size of the bay, the two rivers (there is only one in Santo bay), the soil and the rocks, the mountains in the distance, the seven Islands visible on the horizon, the distinctive marble deposits even the kind of pebbles on the beach. We know now that the smoke and fires de Quiros saw were characteristic of Aboriginal land clearing at the beginning of the dry season…”

So Australia got its name from the Portuguese who colonised the East Coast 164 years before Cook claimed it for the crown …the same article goes on to state…….

dv20-q3-1611_00001“De Quiros left Callao, Peru in December 1605 with three ships. Accompanying him were three hundred people–Spaniards, Portuguese and others whose ancestry was of the Incas and other ancient peoples of Peru. On 1 May 1606, after crossing the Pacific Ocean, the ships entered a large bay in a place de Quiros believed to be the Great South Land. There are several interpretations of the name he gave this land. In one account, de Quiros called it Austrialia del Espiritu Santo, Austrialia of the Holy Sprit, in recognition of the Spanish King’s descent from the Royal House of Austria. Other accounts use the Spanish word for southern, Austral, and in these the land is called Tierra Austral del Espiritu Santo. In de Quiros’ own account, published as The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, 1595 to 1606, the proclamation he read when he took possession in the name of the King of Spain named the place Australia del Espiritu Santo. In the world of the English and their Australian descendants, Captain Matthew Flinders is credited with having named Australia. He was the first to map the full extent of the continent, ‘discovered’ and recorded in his voyages of 1801-03. When he published his Voyage to Terra Australis in 1814, he noted that the land had two different names: New Holland, as it was called by the Dutch who had discovered the western part, and New South Wales, as it was called by the English who had discovered the east. Since his voyages had now proven beyond doubt that New South Wales and New Holland were one and the same landmass, neither name remained satisfactory. So, in the interests of ‘geographical precision,’ in A Voyage to Terra Australis, he suggested a return to a much older name, Terra Australis, a name the Dutch themselves had originally used on their maps. And, in a footnote, he makes another suggestion: Had I permitted myself any innovation upon the original term, it would have been to convert it to AUSTRALIA; as being more agreeable to the ear, and an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth…”

 Cardinal Moran writes also about how the Spanish built a temporary Church named in honour of Our Lady of Loreto and they celebrated Pentecost on May 10 1606 and named the new continent Australia del Espiritu Santo and then on 21 May they had a Corpus Christi procession with the Blessed Sacrament including sailor boys dancing before the Eucharistic Lord.

It is also of note that on 19th May two days before Corpus Christi the land was seized with earthquakes some lasting more than an hour……. Australia was still geologically volatile at those times……. The Cardinal suggests that the natives at this time were those who now lived in the Torres Straits….. Due to these earthquakes and no doubt the invasion over the Mountains by the inland Aborigines these natives moved north to the York Peninsula and the Torres Straits Islands and New Guinea……and this analysis is qualified by ancestral ‘oral knowledge’ holders in ancestral Lore…One group of which is the Ngarakbal Githabal who were invaded by the Portuguese when they travelled down to the lower latitudes along the East Coast of Australia…..the remains of a Portuguese ‘fort’ is located south of Byron Bay in the ancestral Ngarakbal estates…and the Bootheram of the Three Brothers told in the 1950’s by Mr Alex Vesper of the Ngarakbal Githabal explains the arrival  – https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/26/ancient-arrivals-to-the-land-of-the-bird-tribespart-2/

voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiro 1595 to 1606It was documented by De Quiros, in his two volume publication for the King that due to native hostility and problems within the crew the new colony called Nova Jerusalem (New Jerusalem) – Port Curtis Gladstone Queensland – had to be abandoned…… De Queiros was also [most likely] of Marrano (Jewish Catholic) descent, so it seems that Australia was discovered and named Australia by this Catholic Jew in honour of the Holy Spirit…De Quieros also established a new knightly order called the Knights of the Holy Ghost for the defence of the new continent……unfortunately, due to political machinations, his efforts and his name was defamed and were wiped from the historical records

The history of the relationship between Portugal and Britain dates back to the Middle Ages…. English Crusaders aided Portugal in the Reconquista, and after taking the city in 1147, the first King of Portugal Afonso Henriques made the Englishman Gilbert of Hastings the Bishop of Lisbon…. In 1373 the Kingdom of England signed the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, the oldest alliance in the world still in force. The alliance was formalised by the Treaty of Windsor in 1386, and in 1387 Philippa of Lancaster the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, was married to John I of Portugal….During the late 16th century England found itself fighting against Spain which at this time was in personal union with Portugal. The English Armada was launched as part of this conflict in an attempt to restore Portuguese independence, destroying both Spanish and Portuguese military ships which formed the Invincible Armada……

Pietier Goos East Indies 1690
Pietier Goos East Indies 1690

And this in turn led to the Dutch–Portuguese War – an armed conflict involving Dutch forces, in the form of the Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West India Company against the Portuguese Empire… Beginning in 1602, the conflict primarily involved the Dutch companies invading Portuguese colonies in the Americas, Africa, India and the Far East….it is associated with the 80 year war…..the conflict had little to do with the war in Europe and served mainly as a way for the Dutch to gain an overseas empire and control trade at the cost of the Portuguese. English forces also assisted the Dutch at certain points in the war……and this is why the Portuguese founded colonies on the East Coast of Australia in 1606

1669 -closeupjpgNow all this pre-crown Portuguese occupation of the East Coast of Australia was wiped clean from the His-story and the maps by the Crown administrators in order to lay claim to Australia for themselves just as they have wiped clean the occupation of three quarters of Australia’s west by the Dutch…Sanitising and fabricating the location of the Portuguese east coast colony to an obscure location in the New Hebrides……and sadly, they are still altering the ancestral language attributions that they applied on the geospatial [maps] records to validate their original claim that they had been here first….see my post mapping the Bootheram https://stellawheildon.com/2014/07/16/mapping-the-bootheram-how-the-west-was-won-from-the-east/

Anyway…Aboriginal Elders of the ancestral estates, like the Ngarakbal Githabal people on the most eastern point of the Australian east coast, they know their history…..and they know why, and how, the crown continues to change the languages and the maps to this day……one such site where this stylised form of extinguishment of ancestral connection to country has occurred is in Tweed Heads, where the ancestral lore of a significant djurebil [sacred site] of the Ngarakbal Githabal dialects has been transferred to a completely different location;  and,  the original language attributions have been reclassified as a completely different language……altering the geospatial lands records, and thus sanitising and validating crown tenure…brilliantly diabolical stuff….a pattern that can be traced all the way back to the conquering of Egypt

I’ve put together a short presentation showcasing one of the original ancestral djurebil sites that has been ‘relocated’ via administration…It is a Bootheram that was first recorded in 1957 as part of the Civil Rights Campaigns to have Aboriginal Australians legally recognised as being Human….One of the legal definitions of requirement to have Human status is the presence of Religion in society…that’s according to the Churches Law’s….

What I find beautifully ironic is that just as Cardinal Moran was trying to expose the truth in [one of] the pre-crown occupations of Australia’s East Coast in his 1906 publication, that,  50 years later a Mr James Morgan from the Ngarakbal Githabal ancestral peoples told his custodial lore to prove his ancestral pre-crown occupation to his homelands, through his cultures spiritual Bird Tribe LORE…and just as De Quiros has been defamed, Mr Morgan had his djurebil name and its ancestral attributions altered also…

Mr Morgan told the Bootheram of his djurebil ‘custodianship’  …djurebil is the Ngarakbal Githabal word for Sacred Site,  and their ancestral totemic creation Lore’s centre on Birds…and they refer to themselves as Bird Tribes, or Feathered Serpent Lore Traditions.

Observatory hill tweed
Toongarabah, at Tweed Heads – also known as Razorback Ridge…..but not the ancestral djurebil of the Bootheram Lore
Toongarabah
Toongarabah in Tweed Heads

Mr Morgan’s significant djurebil is known as Dhungara-Ngaraian –   “Pelican Dancing Ground” – ……and, just as the past crown administrators have surrepticiously transferred the site of the Portuguese colony at Gladstone in Queensland out to a fictitious location in the New Hebrides and defamed De Quiros as the ‘discoverer’ of Australia’s East Coast, so, today’s crown administrators have transferred the djurebil site of Mr. Morgan from its original mountainous location on the Lamington Plateau to a small hill in Tweed Heads on the NSW Queensland border of Eastern Australia, which had originally been gazetted as Toongarabah…..

This is just one of many djurebil sites that have been altered all over the continent…literally, moving mountains, and in the case of De Quiro’s oceans,  in order to maintain tenure of the great southern continent……and continuing to do it today – to sever the “connections to country”  of the ancestral lore from it people

Anyway…..I spent a lovely day today, with senior Elders,  talking about this Portuguese settlement in Gladstone – “Wakka-Burri” ancestral estate…. and learning about the truth of who it was that actually named Australia….It turned out it was actually the Ancestral people….and in the near future I will film and publish here what they told me……you will love it…..in the meantime here’s the little film I put together….

Also, If you click on this link you can have a look at Cardinal Morans original analysis for yourself…and for the De Quiros published works follow this link https://archive.org/stream/voyagesofpedrofe01queiuoft#page/n3/mode/2up

….I hope you enjoy researching global truth as much as I do – please share these sorts of posts widely….awakening the masses is an important facet of obtaining true global peace….

Also, if you would like to receive more of my posts then subscribe to my newsletter [it’s free] and they will be automatically emailed to you….and thanks for reading……Hoo Roo

 

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The Feathered Serpent Traditions – Carpet Snake Clans of The Bird Tribes

The Ngarakbal Githabal peoples are part of the once vast ‘Yoocum Yoocum’ Moiety….. These ancient peoples are the East Coast ‘Custodians’ of the Feathered Serpent Traditions [or, Bird Tribe Lore] which is intrinsically linked to The Seven Sister ‘Skin’ Lore of the Rainbow Serpent…..the most ancient religion on the planetsnake

The Yoocum Yoocum are the large ‘Cultural Block’ of one of the most densely populated regions of the Australian Continent before invasion by the Crown… and, despite the aggressive invasion of the East Coast, the ancestral lore survived….it’s a wonderful thing that it did, for these people hold ancient lore that is the last piece of the puzzle to unifying many of the ancient global mysteries.

The Ngarakbal Githabal peoples are descendants of the “Carpet-snake clans” of Australia…..Their Carpet-snake [water-snake] Lore traditions and culture come from the ‘Alcheringa’ – the distant ancient ‘Dreamtime’ past….These traditions once traversed the island continent….the origin of the Rainbow Serpent Lore

300px-RainbowSerpentThe Rainbow Serpent is a most important Ancestral Being within the Yoocum Yoocum and associated aligned moieties across Australia…It governs every facet of their ‘Skin’ Marriage Lore’s of Creation and Fertility – the spiral of Birth, Death and Rebirth….Their Central Spirituality governing the ‘Cycles of all Life’…The Rainbow Serpent is intrinsically interwoven with the ‘Skin’ Marriage Lore of the Seven Sisters – Arguably the oldest Religion on the Planet…

…’…Our Rainbow Serpent Dreaming is the oldest continuous documented religious theme in the world…over 60,000 years of Women’s Lore…’…..Lorraine Mafi Williams- Widgabal – Bundjalung proper

The Lore’s begin with landscape creator journeys from the coast of the Wollumbin Caldera – the most easterly point of the ancient Australian continent – and the Lores come from the ‘Alcheringa’….This word – ‘Alcheringa’, and the Rainbow Serpent Lore, and the Seven Sisters, feature in the regional dialects of other ancestral estates across the continent….but, these traditions are not in every Aboriginal culture….Some have been replaced due to ancient invasions and wars of the distant past – They have different beliefs – creators, ancestors and cultural values – the same as different religions have spread around the planet throughout time….

The Alcheringa [Lore] once travelled right across Australia…It has been recorded as part of ‘skin’ marriage lore in several ancestral regions, including the eastern cultural blocks of the Wakka Wakka, the Gubbi Gubbi, the central New South Wales Komilaroi, and also the Urabunna and Arunta peoples in the red centre of the continent…There are also regions of the west coast moieties in the Pilbara – but the Alcheringa is certainly not limited to just these…as with all ancestral Lore, within each specific ancestral estate and with each ones specific language, the sacred sites to commemorate the ancestors creation journey are maintained and utilised by the ‘custodial’ clans…joining the creation ‘songs’ together, much like pearls on a necklace, makes the ‘songline’….and many of these ‘songlines’ are governed by celestial bodies – the transits of stars.

The east coast in Ngarakbal Githabal country is the beginning of the Alcheringa – marked by a ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] that is located high in the rainforest mountains, in the aquifer watershed of the two east coast volcano’s…This djurebil [sacred site] was created by the Carpet Snake Clan ancestors….the Carpet-snake clans are the oldest clan on the continent…the ancient ones….

The Alcheringa creation ‘songline’ travels from ancient geological sites now submerged beneath the waves of the eastern Pacific Ocean – from the distant past when the sea water was locked in ice and the land extended out much farther than it does today ….but the djurebil remains…and weaves to the west – as serpents do…it is the pathway of the Rainbow Serpent ancestor, making the water paths within the geological features as it travels….

big buggram and little buggram
Big Bootheram on the left [background] and little Bootheram, snaking up on the right [foreground]
Rainforest ridges, Mountains in their own right, once named ‘little’ and ‘big’ Buggram [Bootheram] are divided by a deep gorge that the Rainbow Serpent gouged on its journey…after creating Little and Big Bootheram it travels up – higher than Wollumbin [Mount Warning] – higher than Julgumboong [Mount Lindsay]…it creates a great Plateau “Dhungura-ngarian”, which the white man named Lamington Plateau and traveling on to Mount Worendo, where it creates a series of waterfall cascades that plunge down through the rainforest…it is there, high in the remote rugged Macpherson Ranges, of the Caldera’s rim that the highest waterfall is created…and it’s djuriebil name is ‘Alcheringa’….and it is the name of that waterfall still….

Alcheringa falls - Lamington Plateau
Alcheringa Falls – Lamington National Park

The Ancestral totemic ‘beings’ not only created the geological features and aquifer systems of the continent, but also carried and distributed objects which were the sources of ritual and tribal Lore as well as the sources of all forms of life, including the people themselves….

In the Bootheram of the ‘Alcheringa’ there exists a comparatively small number of individuals who were half human and half animal or half plant…The Ngarakbal Githabal say that these ancestors didn’t ‘come here’ but that they were ‘made here’…that they are the original Carpet-snake Clan’s…The Bootheram records them as being created by ‘God’- Babbarra is one Ngarakbal Githabal word for describing God …Duramulan is another…….

yowiesBootheram teaches that these half-human creatures were endowed with far greater powers than any living men or women now possess. They could walk about either on the earth or beneath it and could fly through the air….They were the children of ‘God’ and had inherited a portion of the qualities of their creator…they were themselves as ‘demi-gods’…and these ‘demi-gods’ are the ancestors of the existing totemic clans ….’Family’…Ancestors… Nimbinje as the Ngarakbal Githabal call them – or the “Hairy fellas”…the original clans – Carpet-snake totemic clans – they went all over the country, creating the djurebil…making them with sacred ceremonies, songs and dances for the people to enact throughout time….

carn - carpetsnake clan 1
Rainbow Serpent Djurebil site

The creation ancestors, in the act of ‘creating’, would leave deposits in the ground or in some natural feature such as a rock or a water pool, which transformed the site into a djurebil…and, high on the escarpment between the two volcano lands is one such carn of boulders, which was ‘made’ by the Rainbow Serpent…and, it is in this same area that the ‘Eelemarni Marriage Lore’ is deified…joining Ngarakbal to Githabal……All Bootheram Lores link together

So, what is Bootheram?

Bootheram is the Ngarakbal Githabal dialect name for the Dreamtime LORE…or LAW of all creation…Its Spiritual, complex and parallels numerous scientific disciplines

Northern hemisphere peoples (recently) developed numerical & alphabetical values to explain time and creation of this galaxy, this solar system and this planet…Bootheram explains the same thing…

Bootheram uses plants and animals and creation Heroes and Heroines metaphorically to denote each timeframe, for each creation sequence [epoch] and ‘holds’ it orally…through ceremonial songs, dances and sacred ritual at djurebil sites

Bootheram uses the landscape and the sky as the reference points of this creation lore….a living library…written into the land and mirrored in the sky, for all to see….indelible native science held in oral format…..And it is the Lore that Bootheram must NEVER be changed…

The sum total of the Bootheram of the Ngarakbal Githabal Feathered Serpent Traditions tells the complete history of the creation of the ‘universe’ beginning with 8 culture hero’s….It is obviously metaphoric and [naturally] linked to Bird Tribe Lore…..so, let’s look at one of the metaphoric Ancestral Creator Birds…..

Bootheram has many layers of meaning…and one such layer depicts (dreaming) timeframes…Oral lore for chronological markers of ‘Bird Tribe’ Mythology events….or, Totem as a Timeline……For example….One of the Landscape creation ancestors is the Turkey – ‘Woggun’ means Bush Turkey in Ngarakbal Githabal …and Woggun the Creation Ancestor Turkeys name is ‘Wollumbin’….Picture5

Picture6
Mt Wollumbin is shaped like a Bush Turkey

‘National Landscape ©’ icon Mount Warning – Wollumbin – is a World Heritage listed Erosion Caldera – what we see today is the remnant volcanic plugs of a once vast Shield Volcano…the central plug of the caldera is, for the Ngarakbal Githabal , shaped like a Bush Turkey….Male Bush Turkeys build mounds….Shield Volcanoes are Mounds….it’s a metaphor…..’Bird Tribe’ creation Lore…..there are many more profound layers to it, but it’s not relevant to a cyber format

So…..In 1977 as part of the National Parks and Wildlife Aboriginal Site Survey of NSW, Ngarakbal Githabal ‘custodial knowledge holder’ Mrs Millie Boyd recorded the significance of Mt Warning with Howard Creamer, Anthropologist …Mrs Boyd had learnt this Feathered Serpent Lore from her Mother Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] …..Aunty Millie related the Bootheram [unchanged] of the Totemic Ancestral Birds gathering to ‘learn the lingo’ [Language]…..Then all flying from Mount Brown [which is located in the Richmond Range of Northern NSW]……….All the Birds fly from Mount Brown to claim, settle and name the ancestral tribal Totem sites in the ancient Yoocum Yoocum Landscape…….

“Turkey Flew to Mount Warning…’….Mrs Millie Boyd

Ok…so what’s the Metaphor of Feathered Serpents?

“….The birds are the Feathered Serpents, the descendants of the Goanna beings; and we are the descendants of the Bird Tribes who also come from this Bootheram… The Birds gave us our lore, land and language…. We are the Bird Tribes….”…..….Marlene Boyd – Ngarakbal Githabal – grand-daughter of Charlotte Williams…

feathered-ornithomimus

When the Bootheram was being recorded western science hadn’t discovered that birds evolved out of dinosaurs….this has only come to light in the last decade….But the Ngarakbal Githabal descendants knew….they have always know…they ARE the Bird Tribe…..

Here is one of their Bootheram Lore’s from the Lamington Plateau of the Macpherson Ranges, which the Ngarakbal Githabal call “Dhungura-ngarian”…it was broadcast on radio in 1968 and published the same year….the ‘custodian’ relating this Bootheram was Mr James Morgan – who was another 1967 civil rights campaign “Hero of the people”….Like all the Bootheram, it sounds like a nice little story about animals…but it has profound layers….There are djurebil sites all around the ranges that were created by the ancestral Carpet -snake Clans to mark this important Bootheram…for this is the story of the first Corroboree ring….the very first one…it is a sacred story, and it must NEVER be changed

Picture23

……..”In the time which is Bootharrum or the dreamtime there lived a pelican who played on a plateau.

The name of the plateau was Dhungura-ngarian, which means “where the Pelican Played”. The corroboree ring of the pelican was on the plateau of Dhungura-ngarian……”……

…”In the Bootharrum all the birds were the same colour but one day they decided that it would be much better if they were not all the same, so they painted themselves in different colours. From that time they have kept the colours they painted themselves on the plateau of Dhugura-ngarian…”..

“…The Crow painted himself black….The paint that he used was made from burnt bark of the Bloodwood tree”….

….”The parrots adorned themselves with bright paints of many colours. And all the birds chose the colours they liked best. Then the birds gathered together for a corroboree on the plateau of Dhungura-ngarian….”….

….”One day, Old Man Pelican, who was very fat, was walking away from the corroboree ring when he heard someone laughing.

“He turned around to see who was laughing and saw that it was the crow…”…

“…The crow was laughing at him, laughing at the way he walked because he was so fat….”…

….”Because the crow had laughed at him Old Man Pelican picked up a piece of the dullong and threw it at the Crow…..”…..

Picture27….”The piece of clay hit the Crow in the eye and to this day the white in the eye of the crow can be seen where Old Man Pelican hit him……”

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