The Origine cultures of Australia are the oldest living cultures in the world….and the last unbroken Matristic cultures on the planet…….
Matristic Lore is neither patriarchal or matriarchal , but instead is derived from the ancient nomadic traditions which honoured both sacred masculine and scared feminine for their own essential qualities….qualities ‘gifted’ to them from the celestial realms from which all life descends
One of the reasons the Origine have survived for so long is their ability to live in harmony with the grand celestial cycles which impact our solar system and planet. The Origine people’s ability to adapt to change has allowed them to maintain their ancestral traditions unbroken since the Alcheringa, which is the Ngarakbal Githabul dialect for ‘the beginning’ of the dreamtime.
Commencing on the east coast of Australia the ancient matristic lore of the Origine Dreamtime radiates across the continent. Spiralling from the south celestial pole the ancestral creator beings rise one by one in the Australia skies in the unending celestial particle dance of All Creation. Refreshing and recreating the journeys of the Sky Ancestors which birthed our solar system including this small blue planet we all call ‘home’.
For the past 200 years, since invasion, the spirituality of the Origine culture has been deemed primitive and incapable of supporting genuine religious life. Messianic Christianity undermined Origine spirituality in the belief that the Origine had been living in darkness prior to the advent of the church in their lives. As a result the Origine people found themselves the victims of cultural genocide. Their traditions and beliefs swept aside without treaties to protect them, without even official acknowledgement of their humanity until the 1967 civil rights recognitions. And still the systemic dispossession of the ancestral traditional lore’s and customs continues today, despite many voices calling for its preservation and perpetual protection. The oppression and disenfranchising of the Origine peoples continues in an attempt by contemporary [patriarchal] corporate governance to maintain tenure of the rich and abundant resources of the great southern land….a pattern of administrative governance inherited from Rome and used all over the contemporary world today.
All administrative governance is derived from the Roman church doctrines…..all law.
These Roman laws are exclusively patriarchal and have no inclusion of the feminine to balance and sustain the earth in accordance with natural lore…..and so everything and everyone are subjected to entropic decay – and a dying planet
On the flip side the ancient natural lore, commencing with the All Mother, who is terrestrially defined in Australia as the Tweed Caldera Volcano, the most eastern land form of the southern continent, and it still holds the embers of the last fire of the ancestral matristic lore – a fractal lore of increase rights and obligations which once encircled and unified the entire planet …..even now this last fire battles from being extinguished as a result of patriarchal law processes…. and erased from the face of the earth just as the Romans encompassed all of the ancient ‘goddess’ religions of the globe.
However, today, science is validating the profound truths of the wisdom held within the ancestral matristic lores essence. Academic researchers and historians are piecing together the surviving fragments of cultural heritage and working with Origine Wisdom Keepers to reignite the fires of traditional lore and culture of the matristic lineages of Australia in peace and harmony with all nations for the greater good…..the Vision – to rebuild a new global paradigm of community and love for all, from the embers of the old matristic lore. A lore that encompasses and acknowledges the sacred connectedness of every life force and form sharing this precious orb, together….
One Earth. One Sky. One Lore
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Australia [OZ] the ‘Great Southern Land’ was claimed in 1606, by the Dutch on the West coast and the Spanish on the East coast…..and then in 1770 it was ‘re-claimed’ due to a mucky ‘divorce’, treasonous mutiny, Religious squabbles and the lucrative slave trade legacies of the Northern Hemisphere…..for 164 years we have been denied the truth due to deliberate alteration of cartographic records – MAPS…It’s the missing link to the truth of what really happened in OZ…and, here’s my [short] version of how it happened….in 3416 words…and as always, there is a nice cultural surprise at the end….but please read the info first…its important…thanx
Marriage is a sacred contract and an age old means of alliance and tenure of nations globally…..and, sometime marriages break down….and when they do, assets must be divided….and this, often, leads to WAR….Australia and its people were an asset…a land of wealth and toil…toil, as in SLAVES….
Slavery was abolished in British Colonies in 1834, but slaves were ‘apprenticed’ until 1838… this is a horrible legacy we share with many other Southern Hemisphere nations….but it was a war that took place in 1718 that would seal the fate of Australia as a Commonwealth Nation…but that war was not on Australian soil…and the evidence of why and how it happened was buried in a mountain….a mountain of cartographic geospatial paperwork…
Now, we all know that the “Alteration of Traditional Lore” by invading governance has occurred globally….Conquerors kill off knowledge holders [seen as adult threats] and then they commence destroying maps, libraries and all records of the native adults that could re-surface to be used in later times as evidence to shows prior tenure of lands….The pattern usually goes on to appropriate the cultural ‘temples’ of the invaded nation, enslave adult survivors and commence reprograming the ‘orphaned’ children to forget their ancestral heritage and become compliant slaves….
We can trace this pattern in the dissemination and subsequent assimilation [or abrogation] of ancient global lore’s….much of it can be identified in the biblical texts….and it is from the biblical texts that the legal instruments regarding Laws of Land and Title to Land have been developed….Laws that ‘validate’ tenure, and conveniently absolve the souls of those who commit the dirty deeds….
A further process of classic ‘divide and conquer’ tactics is to outlaw the use of ancestral language and replace it with the language of the conqueror – by indoctrinating the child survivors….and this too is part of ‘validating’ tenure….for Lore Land and Language are linked…So, as each ancestral land and culture are ‘claimed’ and the conquered either killed or enslaved, the conquerors then busy themselves in rewriting cartographic records [maps] – renaming places and obliterating languages associated with specific locations of the original people – they do this as quickly as they can….These processes I refer to as being ‘geospatial alterations’ ….and this type of modus operando process can be traced all the way back to the Roman invasions of Egypt…
I began learning about this stuff by default….I was a ‘helper’ for an original ancestral Australian, Mrs. Marlene Boyd – of the Ngarakbal Githabal people on Australia’s east coast…and in helping her I began to see a pattern of what appeared as geospatial alteration….our focus of attention was a sacred Ngarakbal mountain…’Wollumbin’, which had been gazetted as Mount Warning by Captain Cook… the administration were trying to have it dual named – recognise it as being a sacred site named “Wollumbin”…but that wasn’t the problem – the problem was they the administration was trying to say that the ancestral language of the location was NOT Ngarakbal, but another language from another location and another tribe ….lots of letters and meetings with departments ensured….over time a clear pattern emerged…at first it was just in Ngarakbal Githabal lands, but I quickly realised it had, and was indeed still, occurring all over Australia…but most notably [and traceably] on the east coast……So I would like to tell you a story….it’s actually His-story…no, actually it’s Her-story….and to understand how it happened in Oz we need to begin in Egypt.
The destruction of the Library of Alexandria ‘ended’ the Library of Alexandria…it was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world…..famous for having been burned, resulting in the loss of many scrolls and books, and it has become a symbol of “knowledge and culture destroyed”……..Ancient and modern sources identify four possible occasions for the partial or complete destruction of the Library of Alexandria….. Julius Caesar’s fire during his civil war in 48 BC….. the attack of Aurelian in AD 270 – 275…..the decree of Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD…..and the Muslim conquest of Egypt in (or after) AD 642…..
Whilst the library was sacked…some of the records survived….most notably the maps to the treasures of the ancient world….which included the maps of the Egyptian voyages to the lands of the Red Kings – or Australia….the land of the Bird Tribes, and Birds are what the Ngarakbal Githabal call the Feathered Serpents….
Ok….Now we need to fast forward to England to the middle- ages…to the reign of Henry VIII – 1491 to 1547….Enter, the legal instrument of DIVORCE
All-righty…so…before becoming King in 1491, Henry was the Prince of Wales…..he then became, Henry VIII and he was a Roman Catholic, under the authority of the Pope in Rome – the same ‘line’ that had invaded Egypt and sacked the library of Alexandria……The Catholic Church did not recognize divorce, and Henry wanted a divorce from his first wife, Catherine of Aragon because she could not bear him any children (specifically, male heirs)…….. He wanted to marry another young woman named Anne Boleyn…but first he needed a divorce…..so, after failing to get the Pope in Rome to give him a “papal dispensation” (which would have given him special treatment by allowing the divorce), he basically forced the Archbishop to grant him a divorce, in direct opposition to the Pope, leading to a breaking away from the Catholic Church….
By having his own Church Henry believed he had now solved his problems…. He got to marry Anne, and he saved his soul from Catholic ‘damnation’….and then he decided to behead Anne… anyway….point is regardless of Anne’s demise, the Church of England was born…..Rome was NOT happy.
So, after Henry VIII died, his son, Edward VI ruled until his death 9 years later……and before shuffling off Edward changed his will so that his cousin, Jane Grey, would become queen even though she was the 4th in line (because if not, then Mary, a staunch Roman Catholic married to the King of Spain, would succeed and reverse all Henry’s breakaway reforms)………. Poor Jane ruled for just 9 days until Edward’s sister, Mary, came and beheaded her for treason…….then, Mary ruled until her death…doing exactly what Edward feared and with great bloodshed…….. Then, Elizabeth I [I = the first] took the throne and ruled for a rich 45 years…and she also beheaded her cousin, [but] then named the cousin’s son her successor and this successor was James I ……… and he ruled England from 1603 to 1625….and it here, at this crossroads, where the invasion of Australia – and the sorry tale of the legacy of Henry’s mucky divorce – began…
It is during James I reign that Australia is ‘discovered’…. in 1606, by both Spain [Portugal] on the East and Holland [Dutch] on the West….one Catholic, one Protestant…..thanks very much Henry
Here is a brief over-view of the timeline of events……..
James I was the son of Mary Queen of Scots, so when James became King of England, he was already a king – King James VI of Scotland…… He was the first monarch to rule both countries and the first to call himself ‘King of Great Britain’…and James was married to Anne of Denmark – a Lutheran and a direct descendant of the Viking Kings – the oldest monarchy in Europe – global seafarers…..also at this time James I authorised the translation of the King James Bible…and by 1604 England and Spain make peace, whilst Spain and the Netherlands agree to an armistice
So…then…. in 1605 the ‘Gunpowder Plot’ was hatched…Guy Fawkes, and his Catholic friends, tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament, but were captured before they could do so…and at this same time, the King of Spain, along with the Pope had sent a Spanish Captain Pedro Fernandez de Quiros orders and resources to sail to the Great Southern Land, via South America……
So the Dutch set out for the Great southern land and on 26 February 1606, the made landfall near the modern town of Weipa and the Pennefather River, but were promptly attacked by the original people… the Dutch Captain, Janszoon, then proceeded down the coast for some 350 km. He stopped in some places, but was met by ‘hostile natives’ and some of his men were killed. At the final place, he initially had friendly relations with the natives, but after he forced them to hunt for him and appropriated some of their women, violence broke out and there were many deaths on both sides. These events are recorded in Aboriginal oral history that has come down to the present day…..Here Janszoon decided to turn back, the place later being called Cape Keerweer – Dutch for “turnabout”.….
Meanwhile, the Spanish [Portuguese] appeared to sail to South America…then sailed off [unnoticed] and claimed the Australian east coast – establishing a colony in Gladstone Queensland and travel along the east coast to the lower latitudes to chart – and they too experienced reprisals from the ancestral original peoples…….but they did name the continent as Terre Australe Du S Espirit….and they left other artifacts
….”A tiny drawing of a kangaroo curled in the letters of a 16th century Portuguese manuscript could rewrite Australian history.
The document, acquired by Les Enluminures Gallery in New York, shows a carefully-drawn sketch of kangaroo (know as a ”canguru” in Portuguese) nestled in its text and is dated between 1580 and 1620. It has led researchers to believe images of the marsupial were already being circulated by the time the Dutch ship Duyfken – long thought to have been the first European vessel to visit Australia – landed in 1606.
The pocket-sized manuscript, known as a Processional, contains text and music for a liturgical procession and is inscribed with the name Caterina de Carvalho, believed to be a nun from Caldas da Rainha in western Portugal….”…..Charli Newton 16th Jan 2014 – Sydney Morning Herald
Also….See my previous post for the transcripts of de Quiros… https://stellawheildon.com/2014/09/03/east-coast-of-australia-colonised-over-400-years-ago-164-years-before-cook/
So….The entire modern world has been totally indoctrinated to believe that Australia was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook….whole Libraries are filled with books espousing this as gospel truth – right around the planet….but of course, it isn’t – it’s a cartographic sleight of hand….you see the maps got changed by the conquerors….it was the same old pattern of divide and conquer and geospatial alteration….and Australia, often noted as being a nation of sheep with a “she’ll be right mate” attitude, forgot to remember the truth, let alone question it…..so, how did the British wipe out 164 years of pre-crown Australian occupation…and fool the world for 160years
Well….for a start – it’s the era of SLAVERY….and there are many twists and turns to a good story…but to tell it straight we need to stick to the timeline……so, after the Great South Land, Terre Australe Du S Espirit was colonised in 1606…what then?….
By 1625 James I second son Charles was crowned King of England and he was married to Maria of France….Charles fought against Parliament and caused a civil war and as a result got himself executed on 30th Jan 1649…..
Now, the English Civil War had begun in 1642 when Charles, seeing his rights as King slashed by the parliament, stormed the Palace of Westminster to have five members of parliament arrested for treason…but all the politicians escaped on him…and, as a result the civil war between the Roundheads [supporters of Parliament] and the Cavaliers [supporters of the King] commenced….The Civil War led to the trial and execution of Charles I, the exile of his son Charles II, and the replacement of the English monarchy with first Commonwealth of England….(1649–1653) and then with a Protectorate (1653–1659), under the personal rule of Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector……thus, England became a republic for eleven years [1649-1660]….and then the Commonwealth was declared on 19th May 1649……
So, It is this Commonwealth [Parliament] , that goes on to re-claimed Terre Australe Du S Espirit – and order the geospatial alteration of the prior 1606 colonisation of the east coast by the Portuguese…..but, it has to kick the Monarchy out first, which it does – and there has not been a Queen (or King) of England since 1707 – just figureheads [constitutional Monarch only] and the whole of the Commonwealth is controlled by the Parliament…thus, age old Marriage Lore and alliances between nations were no longer relevant….Britain and its colonies become totally administrative…kind of the same way that corporate parliament has now operated in Australia since 2001…
Ok…back to the timeline…so after the parliament takes control of the Commonwealth The South Sea Company was formed – in 1711 – supported by Robert Harley as a Tory competitor for the Whig Bank of England……The company was promised a monopoly of all trade to the Spanish colonies in South America in exchange for taking over and consolidating the national debt raised by the War of Spanish Succession – which had occurred from 1701 to 1714 ……google it – its relevant to all this, or you can read about it in one of my books, or subscribe to my newsletter….
Ok, back to the timeline…..The value of this promised trade monopoly was closely tied to the outcome of war…and, the Treaty of Utrecht effectively ended the war in 1713….. The treaty curtailed the scope of trade opportunities for the South Sea Company by confirming Spain’s sovereignty over its new world colonies…..and, it’s important to remember that at this point in His-story SLAVERY is a very real thing in all the countries….and the Southern Hemisphere was where most of the Slave hunting was occurring
Ok…back on the timeline…..so, In 1714 Queen Anne, of England, dies and is succeeded by King George I, first of the Hanoverian dynasty [of the Commonwealth Parliament]….remember, the monarchs have no power by this stage and Parliament has gained total control… so then….in 1715 France fails in an attempt at crowning the ‘Old Pretendner’, James Francis Edward Stuart King, in the Jacobite Rising……and, in 1716 the Disarming Act attempts to secure the peace of the Scottish Highlands…so by 1718The War of the Quadruple Alliance begins against Spain – with Great Britain, France, Austria the Dutch Republic and Savoy opposing King Philip V’s attempt at retaking his Italian possessions which he had lost in the War of the Spanish Succession….
By 1719 there is an attempted Spanish invasion in support of Jacobites – with the fleet sailing for England dispersed by storms, troops land in Scotland, and are defeated at the Battle of Glen Shiel ……..and by 1720 Philip V loses the War of the Quadruple Alliance, renouncing his claims in Italy under the Treaty of the Hague……..This causes Collapse of the South Sea Company and results in a London stock market crash in which the average depreciation in value in stock was some 98%…….everyone is BROKEThe South Sea Company was left with limited options in the slave trade, the interest to be paid by the government on the loan from the South Sea Company, and narrowing trade opportunities in the Spanish colonies in South America…..They need assets….and so….they decide to use people, and trade the people as an asset on the markets….and remember, Slavery is legal then….so, people are deemed goods and chattels, or to put it another way, tradable assets…
So…by the time the 17th century came about, Spain had a glorious century behind and a lot of enemies ahead…and got hammered in war….this was England chance…. the Parliament controlled British Commonwealth decided to go for Terre Australe Du S Espirit – is potential for slaves was vast and it was loaded with geological assets…..and so it is here that the altering of the maps to hide the assets begins…
Cook is dispatched with orders to re-map the east coast….Following colonisation by the British, the geospatial alterations to obliterate the Portuguese cartographic records commences forthwith…and what better way to cover the Portuguese’s pre-crown colonisation than to use the original languages of Australia’s first people…
The cover-up really commences when Major Thomas Mitchell the first surveyor General of NSW, under orders from the Crown [controlled by the Parliament] was ordered to establish a claim of proprietorship over the then most distance and elusive parts of the continent….to do on land what Cook had done from the sea…to go out and map and NAME all the major geographical features….
Mapping and naming were the prerequisite functions, before the action of tilling the soil, for the British to legally claim the continent. And so Mitchell went out to map and name and thus take legal possession of the continent of Australia for the Parliament.
The crown gave explicate orders for the Aboriginal names to be used…it did this for a very important legal reason…..to wipe out the Spanish [Portuguese] tenure…. Using the Aboriginal names…the British could prove their legal tenure over the lands
As Mitchell stated…..
“The great convenience in using native names is obvious…so long as any of the Aborigines can be found in the neighbourhood…future travellers may verify my map. Whereas new names are of no use in this respect…..”…..
And it is this ‘diabolical cover-up’ that is the critical missing link of what actually occurred in global His-story….and the tradgedy is that, due to Native Title being achieved in 2001, it still occurs to this day…..you see, they have to change the geospatial records [maps, shire boundaries and geographical names] again, because the Aboriginal languages they used to cover-up the Spanish tenure in the first instance, now provide the evidence of the original peoples ancestral estates….how’s that for ironic….or karma
The Commonwealths pattern of geospatial alteration has been enacted in the ancestral lands of the Yoocum Yoocum, of which the Ngarakbal and Githabal are ancestrally and inextricably linked…..it was the original name of the most eastern ‘cultural bloc’…it included the Yugambeh [Jukambe] the Northwest, around Ipswich and as far south as Canungra and Beadesert and east as far as Oxley…..Githabul [Kitabal] to the west – including Main Range volcano…..Widjabal [Wadjie] to the South, south west – who include the Bundjalung Tribe [proper]…not Nation, but Tribe …..And; Ngarakwal [jergarbal] to the east – to the ‘boorgoor’ [the sea]
The “Yoocum-Yoocum dialect which extended from the Logan River south to midway between the Clarence and the Belinger River, and all New England from Armidale to near Warwick, whence it was joined by the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs, the dialect which came down the north side of the Brisbane River to the sea and Toorbul Point and down the Burnett to the sea at Bundaberg”..Metson 1923……
But the Commonwealths administration sliced the Yoocum Yoocum moiety up [quiet deliberately] using their classic geospatial alteration patterns when they gazetted the New South Wales/Queensland border….Their administrative headquarters was in Armidale in the times of legalised Slavery….and so, they decided to re-classify the Yoocum Yoocum lands that now were known as New South Wales to Bundjalung…and the Queensland remnant became Yugambeh…..so, by the simple stoke of an administrative pen, they have caused all manner of trouble, strife and suffering for the ancestral descendants ever since……
Mucky Divorces…Religious Cults…Slavery and Fraud with altering the maps to hide the assets……and now they are trying it again….what a tangled web…
Anyway…here’s nice cultural note to finish on…..its a recording of Aunty Millie Boyd [nee Williams] explaining the ancestral Marriage lore’s of the Eelemarni to Howard Creamer as part of the National Parks Aboriginal Site surveys of 1977….The Lore she is explaining comes from the Yoocum Yoocum epoch, so you will hear her talking about Bundjalung [as being one of the tribes of Widjabil] as a marriage clan of the Githabal, Ngarakbal and Yugambeh of up Southport way, the Northern Gold Coast in Queensland….she is talking about sites and lore pre-invasion and how they bind us all to country thru the sacred waters…
Marriage Lore – ‘Skin’ Lore is sacred – interwoven to the Rainbow Serpent [water lore] and the Seven Sisters – the Sky-Heroes and all the other Bootheram…..
In order to survive we have to drop the crap and move past the divide and conquer patterns and come back together…its time….
If you would like know more then check out the archives on my website stellawheildon.com….and to receive more of my posts then subscribe to my newsletter [it’s free]…and they will be automatically sent to your email…..Hoo Roo
Current Anthropological study of Aboriginal Mythology alongside of Genetic Science is allowing us to move out of the ‘flat earth’ theories of human evolution and propel us into the conscious understanding of the big picture of our true origins..…The ancient Mother Clans of the Bird Tribes of Australia
Lots of people from lots of places have come to the ancestral estate of the Ngarakbal and Githabal people over many thousands and thousands of years…Lots of different people from lots of different lands…..They are either refugees migrating to safer locations following cataclysmic earth events, or, they have come to trade resources, etc….some even stayed and, in time, became part of the Bird Tribes….
Bootheram is the Ngarakbal and Githabal word for the “Dreaming – Time before Time”…The oldest Bootheram are sacred stories of creation and they have corresponding ‘Djurebil’, which is the Ngarakbal/Githabal word for Sacred Sites within their ancestral landscape.
….”Sacred Sites are the locations where Spirit ancestors either burst forth into the landscape in the Dreamtime, or withdrew from it to a state of eternal vigilance….These sacred sites are strong because they have been sanctified energetically by the spirit ancestors. As well as providing Earth energy to all living species they are also the location of spirit children and the importance of these sites is reaffirmed by ceremonial and ritual activities at these sacred places…..”…Voit & Drury; Wisdom from the Earth; p 73
Bootheram cycles and there are divisions of these cycles [epochs or ages]…. And, there are areas of ‘light and dark’ within the landscape features…and Ngarakbal/Githabal Lore protocols have specific no-go zones depending on the divisions [gender, level of initiation, totem, protocol, skin descent, access rights, etc.]
Some of the ‘djurebil’ [sacred sites] have multiple Bootheram attached to them…they might be an ancestral creation place, but at the same time they might be the location of an historical event, like epic battles, encounters, or arrivals of peoples from other lands – and, just as creation sites ‘travel’ through the landscape, sometimes historical sites do too – like links in a chain of events…
For the Ngarakbal and Githabal, an historical Bootheram site marks the divisions of the epoch separation [cycles] between ancient matrilineal bloodlines [Feathered Serpent Traditions, or Bird Tribes – “who have always been here”] and the more contemporary patrilineal bloodlines [Three Brothers – “who arrived here”]….
Now, this challenges a lot of contemporary academic ideologies about who the original ‘people’ are…but rapid advances in Genetic Science has revealed that two distinct lines converge in Australia through MtDNA analysis ….This sheds new light on historical perceptions and we have to readdress the ‘academic oversight’s’ muddling ancient Bootheram and historical Bootheram together, which has caused masses of discord within the community…… the crown have used this discord in a very effective ‘divide and conquer’ strategy…This strategy has been instrumental in causing division within the people – most recently in regards Native Title claims against the crown…..It has also corrupted the original meaning within the ancestral Bootheram [which must NEVER change] and in the past 20 years [since Land Rights and Native Title] lots of skewered versions of the Three Brother story have been created…and most of those have been funded by the crown.
What the academics don’t include was the prior visitations and arrivals of people into Australia BEFORE 1770 – Pre-crown…also, the Native Title academics choose to omit the divisions of the matrilineal and patriarchal descent lore’s that govern the djurebil [sacred sites] and their respective access/custodianship rights, etc. for the djurebil sites in accordance with ancient traditional lore and custom…Completely ignoring the important Lore rites and the events of the division [cycles] within the Lore ….and this too has been an effective divide and conquer tactic.
So, let’s briefly look at some of the information that the crowns academics have ‘overlooked’….I’ll start with some maps [from the UK’s own Library] that show the prior arrivals PRE-CROWN……and work backwards from there….
Before the Crown, there was the Dutch – and here is the 1710 Cartographers depiction of New Holland, which is what they called the continent….
And before the Dutch was the Portuguese and their maps are dated 1536 and 1542 respectively….and then their maps got stolen by the French…
….”In the Lusitano-French maps of the world which originated in the year 1542 with Dieppe [above] cosmographers, such as Pierre Desceliers and his school, there is a continental configuration which of late has greatly exercised the historians of maritime discovery….That region, called then Jave-la-Grande. No historian, no documents of the 16th century, mention the existence of such an Austral continent. We also see it disappear from subsequent maps, until long afterwards, when the region looms up again, but this time as an alleged discovery accomplished by Dutch Navigators…That continental land, nevertheless, so far from being imaginary or an invention of cartographers was nothing else thatn Australia, now justly considered by competent judges as having been discovered, visited and named by unknown Portuguese mariners – whose maps furnished the cartographical data used in the Dieppe charts 60 or 70 years before the Dutch first sighted the shores of the extensive country…”…Henry Harrisse
……..”The providence of the Dauphin Map 1536 [above], too, is distinguished. We know it was ordered by King Francis I of France, as a gift to his son Dauphin, later Henry II. How it came to England we do not know, but when we hear of it next it is owned by Edward Harley, Earl of Oxford, one of the principal Lords of the Admiralty in the early 18th Century. On Harleys death in 1724 it was stolen by one of his servants, and being stolen goods was hidden for the next few decades. Dr Solander came to hear of it: and it was acquired by Sir Joseph Banks”…KG McIntyre
And that is how the English got to Australia….
..”I have a manuscript in my possession, belonging to Sir Joseph Banks…the very curious manuscript here mentioned is painted on parchment with the Dauphin Arms; it contains much lost knowledge; Kerguelen’s Land seems plainly denoted; the east coast of New Holland, as we name it, is expressed”…. Dalrymple- pamphlet on the Chagos Islands [McIntyre :344 ]
But before the Europeans arrived there had been many other visitors from the Northern Hemisphere…..more than 3,500 years BEFORE Cook and all the others the EGYPTIANS came to the Ngarakbal/Githabal lands….
…Near….“Brunswick Heads stands a mound which appears not to belong…….. Fred Fordham was a teacher at the Brunswick Heads Primary school and had heard the local tales that a grand ceremonial ground existed in the area where aborigines gathered from far and wide……Fred sent his notes and drawings and the answers were returned….. most of this correspondence and original work still exists in the valley…The answers were there. The twisting path was a snake, a kangaroo and an emu were represented, the sun was present, plus a host of others ceremonial symbols. There was only one thing wrong, which didn’t seem to worry Fred. The entire layout, names and all were ancient Egyptology – the sun god Ra and many others appeared. Fred could [still] get no backing and the second world war made people think of other things… – extract Oakes collection AIATSIS ; http:www.ancientwisdomoftheancestors.com – Sonya Van Gelder
Yes, there have been lots of visitors and migrations into the Australian Continent over thousands of years….but it goes back further …way, way back to when the first migrations arrived in the land of the Bird Tribes….which begins after an ancient war took place in the centre of the world….
The Bootheram also records the stories about the ancient war and the Bird Tribes traveling up to fight in those wars…But, there were also arrivals to the land of the bird Tribes who were fleeing from that war…ancient refugees…They are known in the historical Lore of the Ngarakbal/Githabl as The Three Brothers, and they arrived into the ancient landscape of the Bird Tribes on the East Coast because of this war……and there are records of these arrivals [and ensuring epic battles] occurring in many other ancestral Oral Lore histories in this continent…
At this point I should [clearly] point out that the arrival of the Three Brothers in the land of the Bird Tribes was dealt with by the Aboriginal people in their own PRE-CROWN version of Reconciliation way back – through a Marriage rite, known as the ‘Eelemarni’ – and discord and division only reared up again as a result of Native Title [divide and conquer issue] incited by the crown….. But, in order to understand the division cycles within the ancestral and historical, we need to look at the historical Bootheram and understand it as Historical and unrelated to Creation Bootheram…and to do that, we have to look at Lore and geology….
The Land itself is the creation of the Spirit Ancestors – the Fairy Emu Dreaming [Bootheram] of Nguthungulli, the creation ancestor who ‘sings’ the landscape into being as he walks westward – He has Four Daughters and One Son, who become the Bird Tribes – and they were ‘made here, they didn’t arrive here – this is Bird Tribe Lore – Alcheringa [ ancient epoch]……….Then, much later in time, historical events unfold…Now it is the landscape that becomes the enduring ‘keeper’ of both creation and historical events that have occurred at various locations on the land which the spirit ancestor created – thus, corresponding ‘djurebil’ [sacred sites] are scattered within the landscape- layer upon layer – and this is why one site might have many Bootheram attached to it…..
Bootheram are taught to the whole of the community under the careful guidance of the Elders who are consulted in regards to the correct meanings, rituals and responsibilities to those sacred places….The whole community learns the same Bootheram, but, the Higher knowledge may only be spoken of by the fully initiated Senior [Boss] Elders whose have obtained the full knowledge of the meaning, language, song, dance sequences and ritual associated with the site…..the Higher Lore is kept ‘closed’ as it contains elements considered too sacred for the uninitiated or of the wrong ‘Skin’ to know prior to undergoing appropriate initiation into the custodial Lore of a specific site….In Githabal and Ngarakbal Lore no-one is allowed to narrate or perform until correct consultation with the Senior Initiated [Boss] Elders is obtained in the correct ritual manner – this traditionally takes days or weeks because the ancestral lore has a defined sequence of protocols that must be strictly followed…….This ensures that the ancient lore is respected and remains intact for all time.
…”Amongst the different regional groups, the sacred knowledge of myth, song, ritual and ceremony – linked with sacred sites – is passed orally from generation to generation. This knowledge also relates to the meaning of ‘country’, and has a practical function – it helps to differentiate groups of people and it also defines tribal rights to land and resources. Such knowledge is never the sole possession of an individual but is held by a group of people who have been initiated into custodianship of that land and therefore have a right to the sacred information that is associated with it….”…Voit & Drury – Wisdom of the Earth
One Historical Sacred Site in the Ngarakbal/Githabal lands is bordering the Widjabil [Bundjalung proper] ancestral estate and records the scene of an epic battle between the Ancestral Mother Clans and one of the ‘Three Brothers’ who came to the Bird Tribe lands long, long ago…This epic battle took place at what is now known as Nimbin Rocks… The correct Ngarakbal word is ‘Nimbinje’…but, Nimbin was the closest Europeans could get to pronouncing it – ….another sacred site [with multiple Bootheram associations] that links to the historical Bootheram is Mt Burrell/Blue Knob which to the Ngarakbal and Githabal is known as ‘Biorgini’ and it is the home of the ‘Wind Spirit’
‘Nimbinje’ means ‘Hairy Man’ in the Ngarakbal/Githabal language…and this Nimbinje, from Biorgini was from the ancestral Bird Tribe…..and could commanded the Wind with sacred ‘songs’ and rituals….
Three Brothers [Historical] Bootheram has been recorded and published many times. The earliest was recorded in 1892….It is known as ‘The Legend of the Three Brothers’.
The following excerpt from a publication by Rev. Livingstone in 1892 more or less summaries the legend of the Three Brothers arrival in the land of the Mother Clans
….“Long ago Beerung, with his two brothers Mommon and Yaburong came to this land. They came with their wives and children in a great canoe, from an island across the sea. As they came near shore a woman on the land made a song that raised a storm which broke the canoe in pieces….this is how the paigal [men] came to this land…”…
And this arrival happened after a great war in the centre of the earth…..but that’s another Bootheram…
I will post the Ngarakbal/Githabal Elders narration of the Three Brothers arrival in Part Two of Ancient arrivals to the Land of the Bird Tribes… So, If you would like to receive automatic notification of future posts to this site then subscribe to my newsletter… And for more info on the Egyptians visiting the East Coast of the continent check out Sonya Van Gelders website- Ancient Wisdom of the Ancestors at http:www.ancientwisdomoftheancestors.com …it’s located in the links…Hoo Roo
Australian Bird Tribe Lore is older than anything you will read in any library on this planet…..it comes from the “time before time”….If you know how to understand the levels of the metaphoric information you start to realise that it covers just about every type of scientific discipline known to modern man, and then some…..
Modern Science is only just starting to appreciate how eloquently the ancient oral Bootheram bears testimony to the endurance of the Bird Tribes and their traditions to survive [thrive] throughout time; and recognise it as a priceless global heritage which has long been overlooked and undervalued
We have been conditioned to think that the Australian Indigenous ‘Dreamtime’ stories, which the Ngarakbal and Githabal call Bootheram, are just nice little parables about people, animals and the like [and, actually some Bootheram are just that too]….BUT; within some of the Oral Traditional Lore is profound ancient truth recording the geological, biological, geomagnetic climate events that the ‘Bird Tribe’ ancestors witnessed ‘way, way back in the time before time’…..and these truths are portrayed in Metaphor.
The ancient oral records must NEVER be changed – the penalty; Death…..Now, this doesn’t necessarily mean death by homicide….for this too is a metaphor…..It meant death by ignorance….Perishing, or ‘extinguishment’, as a result of not faithfully maintaining and following the Traditional Customary Lore…..and there is good reason for that…..
The ancient cultural knowledge explains everything you need to know about how to survive….It teaches how to survive when the earth is bountiful and stable – ie, cultural knowledge [and totemic responsibilities] for species increase, firestick farming, boundaries, access rights, trade etc…BUT, it also teaches how to survive when the earth is NOT bountiful or stable – ie; climate change, volcanism, meteorite impacts, etc [and totemic knowledge of what to watch for celestially]….and, it even has mechanisms of how to survive all the associated problems of triggered Ice Ages; Sea-level’s rising and falling, genetic isolation , maintaining and protecting water and food resources, etc….
This important knowledge is taught and celebrated through ceremonial song, dance, stories and traditional tribal design motif’s….that’s the traditional cultural way….In a perfect world it would be revered and respected to remain unchanged as a LIVING LIBRARY…..and in ancient times it was…..and for very good reason….
As we all know, the Earth has cycles…Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter…and these are linked to celestial cycles – orbits, etc….Bootheram recognises and records this too…….Modern science is only just beginning to unravel the mysteries of our Earth and it’s place in the cosmos and the cycles within the solar system and beyond….and Bootheram records this also…Cycles are about Change…..The ‘old people’ accepted change as an inevitable part of nature….they knew about cycles….and they consciously choose to live in harmony with these cycles…..and there is a very good reason for this..
…”Our Bootheram is like white man’s science…and in many ways it’s better than it….The scientists have only just started figuring out what our old people always knew….about the stars, and the cycles and the water and the animals and the people…how it all works together…..they didn’t listen…what the old people were telling them about back then…. they couldn’t understand then and they’re still catching up” ……….Marlene Boyd
One of Earths cycles as it journeys through the universe affects the geo-magnetic field of our planet….Geomagnetism is what holds our Earths Polar Axis steady – Magnetic ‘Mother Sun’ on one side and ‘Father Moon’ on the other dance around us, keeping our seasonal cycles even as we journey through the greater universe…..this present cycle of ‘steady seasons’ gave the northern hemisphere tribes time to develop agriculture and centralised habitation over the last 10 – 15, 000 years……which is quiet the polar opposite of the conscious seasonal/nomadic existence of the Australian tribal peoples….for a very good reason
The indigenous ‘nomadic’ lifestyle has historically been portrayed as evidence of the Australia moieties being prehistoric and primitive……The northern hemispheres ‘Roman’ concept of defining a ‘primitive’ peoples was there being no evidence of agriculture amongst the Aboriginal peoples [which isn’t correct either – they do…but we’ll save that for another time]…..Anyway, the action of tilling the soil became the legal ‘Act’ which was used to validate the crowns occupation and tenure of ‘Terra Nullius’ – Captain Cook sailed into Sydney, turned a sod of dirt over on Possession Island – as an act of agriculture – and then planted a flag and claimed Australia for the crown….yes, that’s all it took – according to the crown’s laws and customs…..and ignoring the sovereignty of the Aboriginal peoples Lore…
So…… let’s get back to why there is a very good reason for the [very] conscious choice of the moieties upholding the ancestral Traditional Lore Customs ways and not relying on European agricultural cropping/farming concepts…preferring to live in harmony with all species [‘Skins’] instead of tilling the soil and using mono-culture farming practices …..
As a very ancient isolated island mass – removed from the Northern Hemisphere Cultures and being the last continent to be invaded [only 240+ years ago ] the ancestral Lore has survived, and thankfully so, because the ‘old people’ knew about Earth Cycles……Earth’s cycles linked to even greater celestial cycles….….and how these greater cycles affect earths [and it’s planetary neighbours] geomagnetism and cause climate change events cyclically….which is very important knowledge…..It’s known as Star Lore ..and it’s intrinsic to Survival.
Modern Science has been busy leaning about Earths geomagnetism and been able to verify that our planets geomagnetic strength drops and reverses approx. every 250,000 years…these figures have been obtained from drill samples that show 160 million years of cyclic climatic data about the Earth……The reversal events match increased volcanism, meteorite impacts and sea levels cycles since the planet began…….However, there is one distinct exception to the 250,000 year cycle and it’s got the science fraternity very worried……Data is showing that our planet has not had a geomagnetic reversal for the last 750,000 years – and so it’s LONG overdue……Now; they are increasingly worried because their data is showing that during the past decade our poles have migrated 1500km off the ‘normal’ axis… [North and South Pole respectively]……and are continuing to migrate….lots of volcanic activity is occurring – like Yellowstone and India, etc…and lots of wild weather [natural disasters] have been occurring globally during the same 10 year period……
Our planets weakening geomagnetic field is what Scientists believe allowed our atmosphere to escape into space in past ‘extinction’ events…Magnetics dropped, oxygen escaped, and masses of species died of asphyxiation…. Currently the atmospheric data is showing that there is a large hole over Brazil…Scientists are monitoring closely…..so are Sovereign Tribal Nations…
The Scientists have also found that [contrary to public belief] the earth does not flip over or roll around in space when the geomagnetic field reverses [making the new north pole Hawaii, or where-ever] and nor does the drop in gravitational force mean that things float off the surface of the earth….No, that doesn’t’ happen at all…..the magnetism just stops….our atmosphere leaks into space….gravitational fields neutralise, and then the magnetic field reverses; and that makes compasses [which currently always point North] point South instead…it happens fast – according to the data…..As you’d expect it also causes a lot of climatic chaos in the process…escaping atmospheric oxygen, increase in volcanism, meteorite impacts and the like…Bootheram records the same information and also ‘sings’ about the continental drift changing direction and the planet reversing its spin…..in metaphor..
Presently, because Earth’s geomagnetic field is failing [it’s already weakened by 10% ] the European Space Authority has launched a trio of satellites to learn as much as they can about geomagnetic reversals, as quickly as possible…….they are passing wave frequencies through the planet to measure Earths magnetic field
I must point out that my intention is not intended to scare anyone in regards geomagnetic polar reversal, or profess to be a scientific expert – I’m not….I’m explaining why Bird Tribe Bootheram is so important and must NEVER be changed…..and for your convenience I have provided a whole heap of links about geomagnetic polar reversal at the end of this post so you can check out what the scientists are finding for yourself…..now, back to the Bootheram……
Earth events [caused by celestial cycles] like Geomagnetic reversals are embedded in the Bootheram metaphoric Lore; and align with the Seven Sisters ‘Skin Lore’- The Ngarakbal and Githabal call the ‘Seven Sisters’ [Pleiades] Waringeh or Waringge:n and they bring the Cold [ie; Ice Ages]…Warick is known as ‘Waring Waring’ and is a ‘djurebil’ [sacred site] for the Ngarakwal/Githabal Bird Tribes…… Seven Sisters traditions are held in many global tribal cultures…..Most of them, including the Roman’s, refer to them as also being BIRDS….but we won’t digress into that just yet as this post is about the Metaphor of Ice Ages in the Ngarakbal and Githabal Bird Tribe Bootheram….the Ngarakbal Githabal are descendants of the Carpet-snake Clans from the Feathered Serpent Traditions…the most ancient lore of the continent
Ok, so……..One such Bootheram of the Githabal and Ngarakbal peoples is Dirrangun at Tooloom, and it tells of the END of an Ice Age….the characters who are portrayed within this are given the physical values of being human’s or dogs or trees, etc…it reads like a nice little story about a witch who steals water….but in reality these characters are metaphors for glaciers, planets, mountains and also chronological markers of climatic events……Traditional Bootheram have accompanying songs, dances and ceremonies so that the entire community can keep the knowledge of these events, remember to live in harmony with all species [‘Skins’] – and thus survive together – Cause wouldn’t the world be a sad place without all the colour and biodiversity of the ‘Skins’……Everything is connected and deserves protection and respect….simple…
So that’s why Traditional Bootheram Lore is NEVER allowed to be changed and should never EVER be overlooked or undervalued… …It should be RESPECTED and REVERED always ….Historically, the survival of Humanity depends on it….
Enjoy reading this beautiful Bootheram about Tooloom Falls in Githabal country…..and have a go at decoding the metaphors..
Dirrangun at Tooloom – by Mr Euston Williams– Githabal – it was recorded in the 1950’s…as part of the civil rights movement
Some people say that Dirrangun is a witch, that she’s mean and cunning and brings you all the mischief in the world. Others say that she’s friendly. But she’s a very old woman and she has long hair down to her knees.
Dirrangun had two married daughters and a son-in-law. This son-in-law was a buloogan, a well-built, handsome man. The daughters of the Dirrangun were his two wives.
As far as I can make out from the old people, these two daughters quarrelled with their mother and the buloogan took the quarrel up and sided with his two wives. They starved the old woman; they didn’t pass her anything to have a feed.
Dirrangun’s camp was under a big fig-tree, here at this waterfall which is the source of the Clarence River. There was a basin here, a hollow in the rock, which contained the water. Tooloom now is the white man’s name for this waterfall. Tooloom is the nearest they could get to saying Dooloomi.
While the son-in-law and his two wives were out hunting and gathering food, Dirrangun drained the water out of the pool with a bark coolamon. Some people say that she put the fire out, too, so that there was no fire in the world.
When the buloogan and his two wives came home in the evening there was no water. The wives were running about all over the place looking for water. But there was no water. Dirrangun had put leaves and bark over the empty basin hole in the rock so that the place was hidden. For two or three days the buloogan and his wives could not get a drink.
Dirrangun was pretending to cry for them. Some people say Dirrangun was sitting on this coolamon of water in her camp, hiding it. These people say that when the buloogan found this out, he got angry and cried, “well, your not going to have all the water! I’ll let it out!” He thrust his spear into that coolamon, biggi we call it, and let it out.
Others say that when Dirrangun, the buloogan and his two wives went to sleep, the buloogan’s two dogs, who were thirsty found the water which Dirrangun had hidden in the coolamon. You see those two mountains? They were called Dillalea and Kalloo-Guthun. They are named after those two dogs.
In the night those two dogs returned to the camp of the buloogan and stood over him. And the water dripped from their mouths. When the buloogan felt this he woke up. He followed the two dogs back to where Dirrangun was asleep with the hidden water.
When the buloogan saw where the water was hidden, he was angry. He made a big rain, a big down-pour rain. The hollow rock basin began to fill. The water rose and rose and backed up where this creek is now.
Some say that when the water began to rise Dirrangun climbed into the fig-tree and made a platform in the boughs. But the water rose and swept her and the fig-tree away and left this hollow beneath these cliffs where the waterfall is now.
Dirrangun was holding on to the fig-tree as she was swept away. She was swept over the second fall, which we call Ngalumbeh. At the bottom of this fall she was whirled round and round, still holding on to the fig-tree, in a whirlpool for half a day.
The water was getting stronger and stronger. The buloogan had cursed the water to make it unmanageable. It took her and the fig-tree away down the Clarence River. From time to time Dirrangun would sit in the torrent with her legs wide apart trying to block the water, but each time the flood would bear her away.
Where the South River comes into this river, Dirrangun sat with her legs outspread. The water rose and went up and made the South River. There she sat until the flood rose and swept her and the fig-tree on again.
Below Grafton on the river there is a fig-tree growing. Many old men would see that fig-tree and say, “Oh look! Dooloomi borrgun!”. This means, “that fig-tree belongs to Tooloom!”. Those old men would say, “Dirrangun. She’s away down there, but she belongs up there at Tooloom.”And I am told that Dirrangun is still in that fig-tree below Grafton.
If you would like to learn more about Geomagnetic Polar Reversal then visit the links I’ve posted below…..most of them are scientific sites…. too much data exists to post it all here so happy surfing…..also, if you’d like to receive more of these posts click Follow on the left hand menu and you will be automatically notified via email or please subscribe to my monthly Newsletter…..Hoo Roo
The Githabal and Ngarakwal [Nganduwal] are part of the ‘Yoocum Yoocum’ Moiety
The East Coast ‘Keepers’of the Feathered Serpent / Rainbow Serpent Traditions of the ancient ‘Bird Tribes’ of Australia…
The ancestral lands of these people are located in some of the most beautiful [and expensive] real estate in the entire country…..from north of the famous Surfer Paradise to south of Byron Bay….it really is nothing short of a miracle that the traditional totemic culture and lore of these ancient tribes survived the relentless invasion of crown colonialists. But survive [and thrive] they did…Its an amazing story of keeping the embers of an ancient fire alive despite blatant attempts to extinguish it forever. But more on that subject later. Right now here is some of what past experts have recorded about the Ngarakwal Githabal people and how they fit into the ‘cultural block’ of the most eastern moiety of this ancient land
One has to remember that the ancestral peoples didn’t write their language, and it wasn’t until the first studies by post-colonial anthropologists and academics that the original oral traditions became text. Translations were based on a somewhat myopic perspective of the conquerors and most of the information was collected from surviving tribal peoples who were either enslaved or incarcerated in those times.
Anthropologist Radcliffe-Brown refers to this same cultural bloc as the Yukum or Yukumbil tribe;
Kidjabal was Radcliffe Browns way of recording the tribal dialect of Githabal….many and various versions of spellings occur throughout the records….here is what he had to say about the Githabal and Ngarakbal peoples…..
“This large tribe, named in it’s negative [yukum = No] occupying the region of the Richmond and Clarence Rivers in the north of NSW and extending over the Qld Border. Their country extends about 100 miles north and south and about 80 miles east and west. Within the north there are considerable local differences of dialect, and a number of the sub-tribes are recognised. The sub-tribe about which I have most information is the Kidjabal of the country at the head of the Clarence River “…Radcliffe Brown 1929A:400
And then there was Archilbald Metson. He was, at one point in his career, the administrator of the Aboriginal Protection Board. This was a Police/Crown administrated board that governed all the Aboriginal Missions and Labour farms…..
“All the Tribes from Nerang to the Clarence spoke variations of the great “Yoocum-Yoocum” dialect [Yoocumbah], which went west to New England and down to the head of the Condamine at Warwick, where it joined the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs”…Metson 1894
The “Yoocum-Yoocum dialect which extended from the Logan River south to midway between the Clarence and the Belinger River, and all New England from Armidale to near Warwick, whence it was joined by the Wacca-Wacca of the Darling Downs, the dialect which came down the north side of the Brisbane River to the sea and Toorbul Point and down the Burnett to the sea at Bundaberg”..Metson 1923
“On Nerang Creek at that time [1869-70] was a Tweed river blackfellow called Tulaman, afterwards killed in a myall row where bad rum played a leading part in the programme….Tullman was my sole companion in a ten days’ tour on the MacPherson Range. He belonged to the Brunswick “Minyahgo-Wallo”, who extended from the Nerang to the “Amburra” blacks on the Richmond and the “Wadjie Wadjie” tribe of the Clarence”..Metson
And then there was the Rev. Hugh Livingstone, a Presbyterian minister who resided in the Richmond District for Ten years between 1876 and 1886 [Rowland et al 2001] In 1892 Livingstone published a paper entitled
‘A short grammar and vocabulary of the dialect spoken by the Minyug [Minyung] people on the North East Coast of NSW’. The contents of this paper are generally well known, and have been extensively quoted and cited in the literature [ see for example Sharpe 1985, Steels 1983, Crowley 1978]. According to Livingstone, the people occupying the Byron-Brunswick area spoke ‘Minyug’, [that is the people who say minyug for what?], one of a number of dialects of an unnamed language that was spoken over a large area from the Clarence River in NSW to the Albert River in Qld [Mckeown2007; Curr1877]
It is Noteworthy that Livingstone despite having resided in the Richmond area for 10 years does not identify the greater dialect area as being attributable to a group known as BUNDJALUNG…..nor does Radcliffe Brown…..nor does Metson……..So, What happened to the ‘Yoocum Yoocum”?????
Well, thankfully, the surviving descendants of the Yoocum Yoocum are alive and well…despite governance attempts to eradicate their ancient lore and culture from existence…but every day is still a struggle to survive intact in the corporate structure that deems any pre-crown native tenure to the lands as an obstacle they could do without
TODAY corporate governance HAS ALTERED ANCESTRAL LORE TO CLAIM and promote NORTHERN NSW AS BEING the ‘BUNDJALUNG NATION’, apparently [blatantly] eliminating all reference to early ethno-historical and anthropological data thus causing extensive damage to true Aboriginal Culture, Lore, Religious & Ritual practicesAcademic fraud [ or collusion] can be identified when scrutiny of academic research timelines reveals that all the ‘confusion’ about which ancestral tribal peoples belong to which ancestral tribal land is occuring AFTER the Lands Rights legislations were created and Native Title was first achieved in Australia, both of which give Traditional Owners the ability to claim un-used crown lands .
A clear pattern of the same manipulation of the early ethohistorical and anthropological data exists the throughout the country.
It appears to many in the public that government [MOU] contracted universities, academics & local historical societies who have known access to the unadulterated early ethno-historical and linguistic materials and even carry them in their collections, have either omitted them completely or have not correctly cited that earlier data, and are instead altering their reports in apparent empathy of governances Private Asset development Agendas, such as Crown Lands [Report No54/01 Jan 2008 –Local Gov Private Partnerships & Asset Development]
Further; the collusion appears to have a dual function of the Academic and Historical facilities altered data ensuring them Government favour & funding for facilities, by enact dispossession of ancestral moieties from their traditional lands [crown lands and waters] that governance wishes to profiteer from….contractual formats shifts governments duty of care to protect STATE and Archival records integrity by transferring data creation [and subsequent legal obligations & repercussions] outside of the Government departments…..but more on that later
Creative journeys abound in Aboriginal Mythology. Two cross the Australian continent & begin from ‘Cugin’ [Cudgen] in the ancestral lands of the Ngarakbal Githabal moieties….
The following Bootheram is called the Fairy Emu Dreaming and is one of several ‘Bootherams [Dreaming Lores] about the totemic journey of the ancestor creator spirits across the land. It was recorded from Charlotte Brown in the 1950’s…….Charlotte Brown was the Ngarakbal wife of Githabal man Euston Williams…
The Fairy Emu Dreaming
…”….A big rock stands in the sea six miles from Byron Bay
A man named Nguthungulli made that rock. Nguthungulli is our Father.
He’s the Father of the whole world.
He’s the man we’ve got to be afraid of.
No matter what we do wrong, or where we do it, He’ll know.
And no man has seen Him.
“….Nguthungulli had a cave in the rock. After he made the rock, he told the four fairy woman, ‘gilarmavell’, to stay there…”.
“….Then he went away from there and walked inland from the coast. He traveled over the mountains with his dog Korung. He had a walking stick, and when he put the stick into the ground He left behind a stone like a basin..”…..
…”As he traveled He left the bean-trees, and He named the different places on His journey. He named Woodenbong [where we are now], Nguthumbung.”
“He went over the range to the head of the Condamine. When he knelt down at the river to drink, He left his handprints there in the stone…”…….
“….Nguthungulli went away out into the desert, towards the sunset. In our language we say that Nguthungulli is away out in the Borrgorr now that means the sea. …”…..
“…The old people knew that the sea was out there. They knew that whichever way the butheram, the story of Nguthungalli went, it was towards the sea, Borrgorr. You can hear the sound of the sea in that word. They had seen then that we were on an island.”……….
“….Nguthungulli has big rocks in the Borrgorr, the sea, where he lives today. Out in the caves in those rocks in the sea, Nguthungulli has four daughters and one son. And his son is called Yar Birrain…”….
Ngarakwal [Yoocum] Totemic Lore as told by Charlotte Williams [nee Brown] of the Ngarakwal Githabal moieties – East Coast Australia……The name Yar Birrain has several meanings , one of which is “First Light”….The summit of this sacred Mountain [known as Mt Warning] is the first land in Australia to receive the dawn rays of ‘Mother Sun’….
This is a Dreaming [Bootheram] that is referring to marriage Lores…Right ‘Skin’ marriage is an intrinsic part of the traditional Lore and Culture of all Aboriginal peoples.
Seven sisters, who were called the Warweenggary and who were members of the Bunjellung tribe, once lived on the Clarence River in New South Wales. These girls were all very clever and inside their yam sticks they had secret charms which protected them from their enemies.
Above is a 1970’s map of the Tweed Valley showing Mt Warning [Wollumbin] on the right and the Wiangarie State Forest on the left….The Wiangarie Forest was renamed as ‘Lost World Border Ranges National Park in the early 1990’s….The area to the west is the major catchment for the Clarence River’s headwaters located in the Githabal ancestral lands
The Bootheram Continues…….
Each day, while the Warweenggary Sisters were hunting carpet snakes in the bush, they carried their yam sticks with them for protection. A young man named Karambil was very much in love with one of the girls and always followed them. The seven sisters tried to discourage his romantic inclinations, because they were all his tribal sisters and therefore any association with Karambil would be punished severely under tribal Law. Karambil however would not be deterred as he was obsessed with the beautiful young girl; one day, having hidden in the bush while the sisters were out walking, he came upon the young girl he desired most when she did not have her yam stick with her. He was therefore able to carry her off to his own camp.
The other Warweenggary sisters were furious when they found that she was missing, and decided to punish Karambil for his crime. They journeyed far into the west where they found the winter and they sent back frost and exceptionally severe weather to the camp where Karambil and the girl were living. The girl did not feel the terrible cold because her sisters had managed to send her charmed yam stick to her by a secret messenger and she was therefore protected. Karambil however shivered and suffered severely and finally sent his wife back to her own people. The seven sisters then decided that they should not cause any more hardship to the remaining people in the tribe by the severe cold so they travelled far into the east, where they found the summer, and sent the warm rays of the sun back to melt the frost and ice.
The Warweenggary then left the earth altogether and travelled into the sky, where the constellation known as the Pleiades still represents their camp. They can be seen every summer and they bring with them pleasant warm weather, after which they gradually disappear towards the west.
After the departure of the Warweenggary, Karambil looked far and wide for another wife, this time determined to comply with the marriage rules of his people. He found a young woman who belonged to the Kooran section, a beautiful young girl whom he wished to marry. Unfortunately, she was already married to a man named Bullabogabun, a great warrior. Although Karambil succeeded in seducing her and taking her away from her husband, when Bullabogabun discovered that his wife had eloped he followed Darambil in a great fury. In order to escape his pursuer, Karambil climbed a huge pine tree which grew near his camp and hid amongst the topmost branches. Bullabogabun, however, gathered all the wood he could find and piled it into a heap at the base of the tree. He set fire to the sticks and burnt the pine tree to cinders. As the flames reached high into the air, Karambil was carried with them far into the sky, where he remains today near the Warweenggary as the star Alpha Tauri, and he now follows the sisters eternally, just as he did in his youth……
extract from R.H Mathews
The Seven Sisters Bootheram begins in Widgabal [Wadjie] Women’s Lore and travels up the ancient Clarence pathway to meet with the other marriage clans in the Winagarie Forests of Tyalgum and the Border Ranges…passing through the Rainbow Serpents Abode & Ancient Hoop Pine forests
The younger sister of Lorraine Mafi Williams, and the daughter of Rev. Bill Turnbull, Aunty Elaine Turnbull, is one of our most respect and knowledgeable Senior Lore Keepers, one of our Living Treasures..
Her older sister Lorraine Mafi Williams is pictured below….
…’…Our Rainbow Serpent Dreaming is the oldest continuous documented religious theme in the world…over 60,000 years plus of Matrilineal Lore.. .’…Lorraine Mafi Williams- Widgabal – Bundjalung proper
Aboriginal Star Lore Author & Lecturer Stella Star Lore